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Encyclopedia > Civil unions in Denmark
Same-sex civil unions
Recognized nationwide in:
Denmark (1989) | Norway (1993)
Israel1 (1994) | Sweden (1995)
Greenland (1996) | Hungary1 (1996)
Iceland (1996) | France (1999)
Germany (2001) | Portugal (2001)
Finland (2002) | Croatia1 (2003)
Luxembourg (2004) | New Zealand (2005)
United Kingdom (2005) | Andorra (2005)
Czech Republic1 (2006) | Slovenia (2006)
Switzerland (starting 2007)
Was recognized before
legalization of same-sex marriage in:
Netherlands (nationwide) (1998)
Spain (12 of 14 communities) (1998)
South Africa (1999)
Belgium (nationwide) (2000)
Canada (QC, NS and MB)2 (2000)
Recognized in some regions in:
United States (10 states) (1997)
Argentina (Buenos Aires, Rio Negro) (2003)
Australia (Tasmania, ACT) (2004)
Italy (Some municipallies) (2004)
Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) (2004)
Mexico (Mexico City) (2006)
Recognition debated in:
Austria
Brazil
Chile
Greece
Ireland
Liechtenstein
Mexico (Coahuila)
Poland
Uruguay
Italy
Colombia
Costa Rica
Notes:
1 - In form of common-law marriage.
2 - Explicitly referred to as "civil unions" in Quebec (2002), and called "domestic partnership" in Nova Scotia (2001). In Manitoba (2002), common-law marriage extended to same-sex partners nationwide (2000).
See also
Same-sex marriage
Registered partnership
Domestic partnership
Common-law marriage
Marriage, unions and partnerships by country
Homosexuality laws of the world

Civil unions were introduced in Denmark by law on June 7, 1989, the world's first such law. It has the form of a registered partnership (Danish: "registreret partnerskab"), but has almost all the same qualities as marriage. All legal and fiscal rights and obligations are like those of opposite-sex marriage, with four exceptions: A civil union is a legal partnership agreement between two persons. ... Same-sex marriage is the union of two people who are of the same biological sex or gender. ... This politics article needs to be wikified. ... Spain is divided into 17 autonomous communities, 11 of which recognize civil unions. ... Statutory cohabitation: Act of 23 November 1998: Gives limited rights to registered same-sex and opposite-sex couples. ... Same-sex marriage was legalized across Canada by the Civil Marriage Act enacted on July 20, 2005. ... Same-sex marriage, often called gay marriage, is a marriage between two persons of the same gender. ... In Argentina, marriage is allowed between a man and woman. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Same-sex marriage in Australia. ... Beginning July 2004 some Italian regions recognized coppie di fatto (de facto couples), both same-sex and opposite-sex couples, giving them legal benefits. ... The Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul legalised civil unions after a court decision in March 2004. ... In November of 2006, Mexicos capital, Mexico City, legalized civil unions between same-sex couples. ... Coahuila (formal name: Coahuila de Zaragoza) is one of Mexicos 31 component states. ... Common-law marriage (or common law marriage), sometimes called informal marriage or marriage by habit and repute is, historically, a form of interpersonal status in which a man and a woman are legally married. ... Civil unions in Quebec: Pursuant to a range of activism and to the M. v. ... Common-law marriage (or common law marriage), sometimes called informal marriage or marriage by habit and repute is, historically, a form of interpersonal status in which a man and a woman are legally married. ... Same-sex marriage is the union of two people who are of the same biological sex or gender. ... Registered partnership is one of several terms for a civil union or civil partnership similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing same-sex couples access to the legal and social benefits of traditional marriage. ... Domestic partner or domestic partnership identifies the personal relationship between individuals who are living together and sharing a common domestic life together but are not joined in any type of legal partnership, marriage or civil union. ... Common-law marriage (or common law marriage), sometimes called informal marriage or marriage by habit and repute is, historically, a form of interpersonal status in which a man and a woman are legally married. ... World laws on homosexuality US laws on homosexuality Same-sex unions in Europe. ... A civil union is one of several terms for a civil status similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing homosexual couples access to the benefits enjoyed by married heterosexuals (see also same-sex marriage); it can also be used by couples of differing sexes who do not... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Registered partnership is one of several terms for a civil union or civil partnership similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing same-sex couples access to the legal and social benefits of traditional marriage. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

  • registered partners cannot adopt, with the exception that one party can adopt the biological children of the other
  • registered partners cannot have joint custody of a child, except by adoption
  • laws making explicit reference to the sexes of a married couple do not apply to registered partnerships
  • regulations by international treaties do not apply unless all signatories agree.

Divorce for registered partners follow the same rules as ordinary divorces. Legal status of gay adoption in Europe (map needs to be changed; UK, Norway, Iceland see text). ... Divorce or dissolution of marriage is the ending of a marriage before the death of either spouse. ...


Only citizens of countries that recognise same-sex marriages can enter a registered partnership in Denmark. This rule excludes foreigners from entering registered partnerships that will not be legally valid in their home country. Same-sex marriage is the union of two people who are of the same biological sex or gender. ...


By January 1, 2002, there were more than 2000 registered partnerships in Denmark, of which 220 had children. January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


Role of state church

Registered partnership is by civil ceremony only. The Church of Denmark, the Lutheran state church, which is generally more conservative about same-sex issues than the Danish people, has yet to decide how to handle the issue, but the general attitude of the church seems approving but hesitant. Some priests perform blessings of gay couples, and this is accepted by the church, which states that the church blesses people, not institutions. Church in Holte The Evangelical Lutheran Church of Denmark (the church of Denmark or the peoples church of Denmark) (Danish:Den Danske Folkekirke) is a state church and is the largest Christian church in Denmark. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... See also civil religion. ... The blessing of same-sex unions is a practice officially sanctioned in some parishes of the Anglican Church of Canada and the Episcopal Church in the USA. It is also, according to the current Anglican Primate of Canada, widely practised in parishes of other churches of the Anglican Communion, without...


See also

Axel and Eigil Axgil were the first gay couple to enter into a civil union anywhere in the world following Denmarks legalisation of same-sex partnership registration in 1989. ...

External links


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Civil unions were introduced in Denmark by law of June 7th, 1989, the world's first such law.
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Historians conclude that Denmark was a land of frequent migrations, frequent annihilations of one tribal unit by another, and frequent changeovers of the racial texture of the peninsula as one tribe of people was either annihilated or ousted by others.
Part of Denmark's military and mercantile success derived from the general weakness of the German states to the south; part of it was because of a population explosion within Denmark, which increased the pressure for colonization.
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