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Encyclopedia > Civil law

Civil Law may refer to:


1- *Civil law (common law), the area of law in common law countries governing relations between private individuals; it includes the private law in common law systems, as well as non-criminal statutes regulating actions of individuals and corporations in a society. In this usage the term divides the relevant area of law from criminal law and other areas of public law. In the common law, civil law refers to the area of law governing relations between private individuals. ... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Criminal law (also known as penal law) is the body of statutory and common law that deals with crime and the legal punishment of criminal offenses. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

2- *Civil law (legal system), a system of law based on the Corpus Juris Civilis prevalent in continental Europe, Central and South America, South Africa, Scotland, Qu├ębec and Louisiana. In this sense the term is opposed to common law. Japan modernised its legal system by adopting the civil law model in the nineteenth century. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Criminal law (also known as penal law) is the body of statutory and common law that deals with crime and the legal punishment of criminal offenses. ... A contract is a legally binding exchange of promises or agreement between parties that the law will enforce. ... An obligation can be legal or moral. ... Tort is a legal term that means a civil wrong, as opposed to a criminal wrong, that is recognized by law as grounds for a lawsuit. ... Property designates those things that are commonly recognized as being the possessions of a person or group. ... Succession is the act or process of pooing or of following in order or sequence. ... Family Law was a television drama starring Kathleen Quinlan as a divorced lawyer who attempted to start her own law firm after her lawyer husband took all their old clients. ... Civil law or continental law is the predominant system of law in the world, with its origins in Roman law, and sets out a comprehensive system of rules, usually codified, that are applied and interpreted by judges. ... Justinian I depicted on a mosaic in the church of San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy The Corpus Juris Civilis (Body of Civil Law) also known as Codex Justinianus is a fundamental work in jurisprudence, issued from 529 to 534 by order of Justinian I, Byzantine Emperor. ... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ...


Civil law is the law that regulates the law directed to individuals, regulates the law directed to the interaction of individuals with each other and regulates the law directed to Property. In Quebec Civil Law, the Quebec Civil Code will regulate these interactions in harmony with the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and the general principles of law.


Civil Law establishes the common law applicable to all persons.


A civil code is the systematic compilation of civil law . A civil code is a systematic compilation of laws designed to comprehensively deal with the core areas of private law. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
civil law. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (738 words)
In general usage, civil law also means the rules that govern private legal affairs; in this sense it contrasts with criminal law and, to a lesser degree, public law.
The law that had been in force throughout the Roman Empire when it controlled most of Europe and the Middle East was to some extent supplanted by Germanic laws when Germanic tribes carried out their great conquests.
Nevertheless, civil law influenced the common law in the fields of admiralty law, testamentary law, and domestic relations, and civil law became part of the basis for the system of equity.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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