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Encyclopedia > Civil engineer

A civil engineer is a person who practices civil engineering. Originally a civil engineer worked on public works projects and was contrasted with the military engineer, who worked on armaments and defenses. Over time, various branches of engineering have become recognized as distinct from civil engineering, including chemical engineering, mechanical engineering, and electrical engineering, while much of military engineering has been absorbed by civil engineering. The Falkirk Wheel in Scotland. ... For the Technical Symposium of NITK Surathkal Engineer , see Engineer (Technical Fest). ... Polish military engineers at work in Pakistan A military engineer is primarily responsible for the design and construction of offensive, defensive and logistical structures for warfare. ... Chemical engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with the application of physical science (e. ... Mechanical engineers design and build engines and power plants. ... Electrical Engineers design power systems… … and complex electronic circuits. ...


In most countries, a civil engineer has graduated from a post-secondary school with a degree in civil engineering, which requires a strong background in mathematics and the physical sciences; this degree is typically a four-year degree, though many civil engineers continue on to obtain additional degrees. In many countries, civil engineers are subject to licensure, and often, persons not licensed may not call themselves "civil engineers". Licensure refers to the granting of a license (in the US, whilst, elsewhere the term registration is used), usually to work in a particular profession. ...


In the United States, most civil engineers practice in particular specialties of civil engineering, such as geotechnical engineering, structural engineering, transportation engineering, hydraulic engineering, or environmental engineering. Civil engineers are typically employed by municipalities, construction firms, consulting engineering firms, state governments, and the federal government. Bostons Big Dig presented geotechnical challenges in an urban environment. ... Taipei 101, the worlds tallest building as of 2004. ... Transport engineering aims to ensure the safe and efficient movement of people and goods. ... Hydraulic engineering is a sub-discipline of civil engineering concerned with the flow and conveyance of fluids, principally water. ... Environmental engineering[1][2] is the application of science and engineering principles to improve the environment (air, water, and/or land resources), to provide healthy water, air, and land for human habitation and for other organisms, and to remediate polluted sites. ...


In some places, a civil engineer may perform land surveying; in others, surveying is limited to construction surveying, unless an additional qualification is obtained. Surveyor at work Surveying is the art and science of accurately determining the position of points and the distances between them. ...

Contents

Civil engineering in European countries

Belgian civil engineers

In Belgium, civil engineer (abbreviated ir.) (burgerlijk ingenieur in Dutch)is a legally protected title applicable to graduates of the five-year engineering course of an university or the Royal Military Academy. Their speciality can be all fields of engineering: civil, structural, electrical, mechanical, chemical. This use of the title may cause confusion to the English speaker as the Belgian "civil" engineer can have a speciality other than civil engineering. Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... The Falkirk Wheel in Scotland. ... Taipei 101, the worlds tallest building as of 2004. ... Electrical Engineers design power systems… … and complex electronic circuits. ... Mechanical engineers design and build engines and power plants. ... Chemical engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with the application of physical science (e. ...


The formation of the civil engineer has a strong mathematical and scientifical base and is more theoretical in approach than the practical oriented industrial engineer (ing.) educated in a four-year program at a polytechnic. Traditionally, students were required to pass an entrance exam on mathematics to start civil engineering studies. This exam was abolished in 2004 for the Flemish Community, but is still organised in the French Community. Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, as imagined by by Raphael in this detail from The School of Athens. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... This is a list of industrial and systems engineers, people who were trained in or practiced industrial engineering or systems engineering. ... The term polytechnic, from the Greek πολύ polú meaning many and τεχνικός tekhnikós meaning arts, is commonly used in many countries to describe an institution that delivers vocational or technical education and training, other countries do not use the term and use alternative terminology. ... In education, certification, counselling, and many other fields, a test or exam (short for examination) is a tool or technique intended to measure students expression of knowledge, skills and/or abilities. ... the Flemish community has jurisdiction over Flanders and over the Dutch language institutions in Brussels. ... The French Community area of Belgium The French Community of Belgium (French: , Dutch: , German: ) is one of the three official communities in Belgium along with the Flemish Community and the German speaking Community. ...


Scandinavian civil engineers

In Scandinavian countries, some Master of Science and Master of Technology degrees are called civil engineer (civilingenjör (Swedish), sivilingeniør (Norwegian), civilingeniør (Danish)). That is if they have their graduation, or "diploma", from an institute of technology. As in English the word has its origin in the distinction between civilian and military engineers, as in before the start of the 19th century only military engineers existed and the prefix "civil" was a way to separate those who had studied engineering in a regular University from their military counterparts. During the middle of 19th century (before [1] 1874), its Swedish interpretation also became "a person graduated from an institute of technology", and now the profession represents all fields within engineering professions, like civil engineering, computer science, electronics engineering, etc. Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe and includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate (or graduate) course of one to three years in duration. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate (or graduate) course of one to three years in duration. ... Institute of technology, and polytechnic, are designations employed in a wide range of learning institutions awarding different types of degrees and operating often at variable levels of the educational system. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Although a 'college engineer' (högskoleingenjör, diplomingenjör/mellaningenjör (Swedish), høgskoleingeniør (Norwegian), diplomingeniør (Danish)) represents a Bachelor of Science in Scandinavia, to become a 'civil engineer' one often has to do up to one extra year of overlapping studies compared to attaining a B.Sc./M.Sc. combination. This is because the higher educational system is not fully adopted to the international standard graduation system, since it is treated as a professional degree. A Scandinavian "civilingenjör" will in international contexts commonly call itself "Master of Science in engineering" and will occasionally wear an engineering class ring possibly inspired by the Canadian iron ring. A bachelors degree (Artium Baccalaureus, A.B. or B.A.) is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three, four, or in some cases and countries, five or six years. ... A professional degree is an academic degree designed to prepare the holder for a particular career or profession, fields where scholarly research and academic activity are not the work, but rather a profession such as law, medicine, engineering, religious ministry, or education. ... A class ring (also known as a graduate, or grad, ring) is a ring worn by students and alumni to commemorate their graduation, generally for a high school, college, or university. ... Iron Ring, stainless steel version, circa 2004. ...


In Norway the title "Sivilingeniør" will no longer be issued after 2007, and have been replaced with "Master i teknologi", which translates to "Master of Technology". The extra overlapping year of studies have also been abolished with this change to make Norwegian degrees more equal to their international counterparts.


Spanish civil engineers

In Spain, a civil engineering degree is obtained after six years of study in the various branches of mathematics, physics, mechanics, etc. The official title of Civil Engineers in Spain, Ingeniero de Caminos, Canales y Puertos (often shortened to Ingeniero de Caminos) literaly means Engineer of Roads, Canals and Harbors, though civil engineers in Spain practice in the same fields beyond those as civil engineers do elsewhere. The first Civil Engineering Institute, the Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Caminos Canales Y Puertos de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid: [2] was founded by Agustín de Bethencourt y Molina in 1802.


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Civil engineering - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1669 words)
Civil engineering is the broadest of the engineering fields, partly because it is the oldest of all engineering fields.
Civil engineering was defined to distinguish it from military engineering.
The main subject of the field of geotechnical engineering is concerned with foundations, soil properties, soil mechanics, compression and swelling of soils, seepage, slopes, embankments, retaining walls, ground and rock anchors, use of synthetic tensile materials in soil structures, soil-structure interaction, and soil dynamics.
Department of Civil Engineering (164 words)
Civil engineering is the oldest of all the engineering fields, yet it is as contemporary as the need to provide solutions to today's environmental problems and to develop advanced transportation systems.
The civil engineer plans, designs, builds, and operates projects for the advancement and well being of society while coordinating and conserving human resources.
Civil engineering projects range from small to monumental and include public water systems, buildings, bridges, rail and highway networks, wastewater treatment plants, solid and hazardous waste disposal facilities, airports, and soil conservation and flood diversion controls.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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