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Encyclopedia > Civil Marriage Act
Same-sex marriage in Canada
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Civil Marriage Act · Re: Same-Sex Marriage

The Civil Marriage Act (full title: "An Act respecting certain aspects of legal capacity for marriage for civil purposes") was introduced as Bill C-38 in the first session of the 38th Canadian Parliament on February 1, 2005. It passed the House of Commons on June 28, 2005, and the Senate on July 19, 2005. The bill became law when it received Royal Assent on July 20. The legislation legalized same-sex marriage in Canada. As usual for federal legislation in Canada, the bill also includes a French text of equal force to the English. The title in French for Projet de loi C-38 is Loi sur le mariage civil, or in full, Loi concernant certaines conditions de fond du mariage civil. Same-sex marriage was legalized across Canada by the Civil Marriage Act enacted on July 20, 2005. ... Image File history File links National Flag of Canada / lUnifolié For more information, see Department of Canadian Heritage and Image_talk:Canada_flag_large. ... Flag of Alberta Same-sex marriage in Alberta: The province of Alberta does not currently issue marriage licences to same-sex couples. ... Flag of B.C. Same-sex marriage in British Columbia: In May 2003, the British Columbia Court of Appeals ruled that denial of marriage licences to same-sex couples was a violation of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. ... Flag of Manitoba Same-sex marriage in Manitoba began on September 16, 2004, when Manitoba became the fifth jurisdiction in Canada to legalize same-sex marriage, after the provinces of Ontario, British Columbia, and Quebec, and Yukon Territory. ... Flag of New Brunswick Same sex marriage in New Brunswick: The province of New Brunswick does not currently issue marriage licences to same-sex couples. ... Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador Same-sex marriage in Newfoundland and Labrador: Newfoundland and Labrador has issued marriage licences to same-sex couples since December 21, 2004. ... Flag of the NWT Same-sex marriage in the Northwest Territories: The Northwest Territories began granting marriage licences to same-sex couples on July 20, 2005 upon the granting of Royal Assent to the Civil Marriage Act. ... Flag of Nova Scotia Same-sex marriage in Nova Scotia: In August 2004, three couples in Nova Scotia brought the suit against the provincial and federal governments requesting that it issue same-sex marriage licences. ... Nunavut Territory does not currently perform same-sex marriages, however, the territory does recognize same-sex marriages performed elsewhere by choice. ... Flag of Ontario Same-sex marriage was legalized in Ontario in 2003 after the Ontario Court of Appeal upheld a lower court ruling which declared that defining marriage in heterosexual-only terms violated the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. ... Flag of Prince Edward Island Same-sex marriage in Prince Edward Island: The Canadian province of Prince Edward Island began the process of updating its laws to recognize same-sex marriage after the passage in the House of Commons of Bill C-38, the Civil Marriage Act, the federal law... Flag of Quebec On March 19, 2004, the Quebec Court of Appeals ruled similarly to the Ontario and B.C. courts, upholding and ordering that it take effect immediately. ... Flag of Saskatchewan Saskatchewan is one of the seven Canadian provinces and territories that recognize same-sex marriage, as of November 5, 2004. ... Flag of Yukon Territory Same-sex marriage in Yukon began on July 14, 2004, when Yukon Territory became the fourth jurisdiction in Canada to legalize same-sex marriage, after the provinces of Ontario, British Columbia, and Quebec. ... The Parliament of Canada (French: Parlement du Canada) is Canadas legislative branch, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, which also includes the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... (Some entries on this page have been duplicated on August 1. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... The Senate (French: Sénat) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, which also includes the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the House of Commons. ... July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... The granting of Royal Assent is the formal method by which the Sovereign of the United Kingdom, or the Sovereigns representative in Commonwealth Realms, completes the process of the enactment of legislation by formally assenting to an Act of Parliament. ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... Legislation refers 1. ... Same-sex marriage was legalized across Canada by the Civil Marriage Act enacted on July 20, 2005. ...

Contents


The Bill

This is the bill's official legislative summary:

This enactment extends the legal capacity for marriage for civil purposes to same-sex couples in order to reflect values of tolerance, respect and equality, consistent with the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. It also makes consequential amendments to other Acts to ensure equal access for same-sex couples to the civil effects of marriage and divorce.[1]

Section 1 simply specifies the bill's short title. Sections 2-4 form the key provisions of the bill, and read in full as follows: In Westminster System parliaments, an Act of Parliament is a part of the law passed by the Parliament. ... Marriage is a relationship and bond between individuals that plays a key role in the definition of many families. ... Civil law has at least three meanings. ... Equality is a social state of affairs in which certain different people have the same status in a certain respect. ... The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is a constitutionally entrenched bill of rights which forms part of the Constitution of Canada adopted in 1982. ... Amendment has at least two meanings: An amendment is a formal alteration to any official document or record, typically with the aim of improving it. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

Marriage - certain aspects of capacity
2. Marriage, for civil purposes, is the lawful union of two persons to the exclusion of all others.
Religious officials
3. It is recognized that officials of religious groups are free to refuse to perform marriages that are not in accordance with their religious beliefs.
Marriage not void or voidable
4. For greater certainty, a marriage is not void or voidable by reason only that the spouses are of the same sex.

The remaining sections are "consequential amendments" that simply adjust the wording of existing acts to conform to this one.



At the committee stage, the bill was amended with addition of section 3.1:

Freedom of conscience and religion and expression of beliefs
3.1. For greater certainty, no person or organization shall be deprived of any benefit, or be subject to any obligation or sanction, under any law of the Parliament of Canada solely by reason of their exercise, in respect of marriage between persons of the same sex, of the freedom of conscience and religion guaranteed under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms or the expression of their beliefs in respect of marriage as the union of a man and woman to the exclusion of all others based on that guaranteed freedom.

Politics

As a government bill, C-38 represents the official position of Paul Martin's Liberal government, and the cabinet were thus bound to vote in its favor. Liberal backbenchers and members of the Conservative Party and Bloc Québécois had a free vote. The New Democratic Party (NDP) whipped its members in favour. Bev Desjarlais opposed and suffered abasement to a lower position. Conservatives tend to vote against C-38, while Bloquistes tend to vote in favour. At least two House cabinet ministers stepped down to vote against the bill. Joe Comuzzi resigned just hours before the final vote on the bill, and Martin lamented his leave. As expected, Comuzzi voted against the bill. The Right Honourable Paul Edgar Philippe Martin, PC , MP , LL.B , BA (born August 28, 1938 in Windsor, Ontario) is the Prime Minister of Canada. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: Parti libéral du Canada) is Canadas current governing political party. ... The Cabinet of Canada plays an important role in the Canadian government in accordance with the Westminster System. ... A backbencher is a Member of Parliament or a legislature who does not hold governmental office and is not a Front Bench spokesperson in the Opposition. ... The Conservative Party of Canada (French: Parti conservateur du Canada) is a right wing political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ... The Bloc Québécois is a left-wing federal political party in Canada that is devoted to the promotion of sovereignty for Quebec. ... The New Democratic Party (French: Nouveau Parti démocratique) is a democratic socialist political party in Canada. ... In politics, a whip is a member of a political party in a legislature whose task is to ensure that members of the party attend and vote as the party leadership desires. ... Bev Desjarlais (August 19, 1955 in Regina, Saskatchewan) is a member of the Canada House of Commons, representing the northern Manitoba riding of Churchill for the social-democratic New Democratic Party of Canada. ... Joseph R. Joe Comuzzi (born April 5, 1933) is a Canadian politician. ...


The composition of Parliament was such that the prevailing opinion among political commentators indicated the bill would likely pass the House (see a detailed analysis at members of the 38th Canadian Parliament and same-sex marriage). Although there was some challenge to it, this opinion was verified with a 158-133 vote at third reading in House on June 28. The bill passed in the Senate on July 19, with a 46-22 vote. A bill can be one of: in American English, paper documents used as currency (notes in British English): see Banknote. ... This article lists the members of the 38th Parliament of Canada and how they voted on Bill C-38, now known as the Civil Marriage Act. ...


The legislative process

See [2] for the full history of the bill.


The bill was given its first reading on February 1, 2005 after its introduction by Justice minister Irwin Cotler. C-38 was written on the basis of a draft bill produced by then-Justice minister Martin Cauchon in 2003, which had been submitted to the Supreme Court of Canada in December 2004 as the reference question Re: Same-Sex Marriage. A first reading is when a bill is introduced to a legislature. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... Minister of Justice of Canada is the minister in the Cabinet of Canada who is responsible for the Department of Justice and is also Attorney General of Canada. ... Irwin Cotler The Honourable Irwin Cotler PC , OC , BA , BCL , LL.D. , LL.M. , Ph. ... The Honourable Martin Cauchon, P.C. (born November 21, 1962) is a Canadian politician and former Liberal Party of Canada cabinet minister. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Supreme Court Building in Ottawa The Supreme Court of Canada is Canadas highest court and is located in the capital city of Ottawa. ... A Reference Question in Canada is a submission by the federal or a provincial government to the Supreme Court of Canada or the provinces respective Court of Appeal in which the submitting government would like the court to answer a legal question regarding the Constitution Acts, the constitutionality of...


Due to the government's tenuous minority position, there was a strong possibility that the government could have fallen on a motion of confidence through the budget bills, causing the bill to die on the order paper. It would then have been up to a new post-election government to re-introduce the bill affirming same-sex marriage (or to introduce a bill, of uncertain constitutionality, defining marriage as one man and one woman). However, the government survived the last of the budget votes on June 23, 2005, and successfully passed a resolution to extend the current sitting of Parliament. In order to pass the resolution extending the session, the Liberals provided a written promise to the Bloc Québécois that they would bring C-38 to a vote before the end of the current session. A Motion of Confidence is a motion of support proposed by a government in a parliament or other assembly of elected representatives to give members of parliament (or other such assembly) a chance to register their confidence for a government. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... The Bloc Québécois is a left-wing federal political party in Canada that is devoted to the promotion of sovereignty for Quebec. ...


Finally, on June 28, the bill was passed on third reading by the House; 158 voting in favour, 133 voting against. On July 19, it passed the Senate by a 47-21 vote with 3 abstentions, and received Royal Assent (thereby becoming law) on July 20. (Some entries on this page have been duplicated on August 1. ... July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ... The granting of Royal Assent is the formal method by which the Sovereign of the United Kingdom, or the Sovereigns representative in Commonwealth Realms, completes the process of the enactment of legislation by formally assenting to an Act of Parliament. ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ...


A summary of the legislation's progress is given below.

Stage House of Commons Senate
Introduction and First Reading February 1, 2005 June 29
Second Reading Debate February 16 to May 4 July 4 to 6
Second Reading May 4 July 6
Committee Name Special Committee on Bill C-38 Legal and Constitutional Affairs
Committee Stage May 5 to June 15 July 11 to 14
Committee Report June 16 July 18
Debates at Report Stage June 27 -
Report Stage Vote June 28 -
Third Reading Debate June 28 July 19
Third Reading and Passage June 28 July 19
Royal Assent July 20

Chronology

  • February 1, 2005 - Cotler introduces the bill and the House grants first reading. Accordingly, it is designated Bill C-38 and published.
  • February 2, 2005 - Conservative support for the bill doubles to four MPs as former PCs Jim Prentice and Gerald Keddy announce they will vote in favour. Belinda Stronach (now a Liberal Cabinet Minister) and James Moore were already on record as being in favour.
  • February 8, 2005 - The Calgary-based Canada Family Action Coalition [3] seeks to boycott Famous Players Theatres because of a 10 second ad that urged moviegoers to contact their MPs to say they support same-sex marriage. They refused to buy an ad when they learn it was paid for by Salah Bachir on behalf of Canadians for Equal Marriage.
  • February 16, 2005 - Second reading begins on the bill with speeches by Prime Minister Paul Martin; Opposition Leader Stephen Harper; Bloc Québécois leader Gilles Duceppe; and NDP human rights critic Bill Siksay. [4]
  • April 12, 2005 - The Conservative Party's motion against the bill is defeated 164-132 against.
  • May 4, 2005 - Bill C-38 passes second reading in the House of Commons with a final vote of 164-137 for.
  • May 5, 2005 - Bill C-38 has its 1st special legislative committee meeting to study the bill, to listen from witnesses both against and for the bill, as well as propose amendments.
  • May 19, 2005 - Paul Martin's minority government survives a close (153-152) motion of confidence; with the Liberals still in power and Stephen Harper's Conservatives hinting that they'll back off future votes of non-confidence. Bill C-38 showed a strong promise of being made law (after a 3rd reading and vote) sometime before parliament adjourns for the summer as the Prime Minister indicated MPs may sit in the summer, and the Senate would deal with the bill in July.
  • June 15, 2005 - Paul Martin's minority government survives no fewer than 16 confidence votes in the House of Commons. A defeat on any of them would have forced an election. But in the end, there was no repeat of the single-vote squeaker win of May 19. The closest vote passed 153 to 149; Gurmant Grewal on stress leave over the tape scandal and 2 MPs sick with cancer, and Thibault from the BQ away due to the passing away of her father. As well, a series of public opinion polls released just days earlier all showed the Liberals in the lead, one of them released just a week ago showing the Liberals have a 14% lead over the Tories. The Tories seem themselves to not be wanting an election now, either.
  • June 15, 2005 - It is appearing less likely the bill will be out of 3rd reading stage by the time MPs recess from the summer on June 23rd (unless sittings area extended) due to Conservatives stalling the budget bill (C-48), and the Government wants to deal with C-48 before C-38. The Government can invoke closure and force a vote on C-38 immediately, but it seems unlikely to happen since even the Liberal Government has disgruntled MPs against C-38 that want more debate now that the committee has reported. Weeks ago, Pat O'Brien left the Liberal caucus over the same-sex marriage legislation, that he felt was being rushed through the Commons. Cotler says the Government is where they expected to be which is now at Report Stage and that although he wants to see the legislation passed by the summer, he's only the Minister of Justice.
  • June 16, 2005 - The special legislative committee studying C-38 reported back to the House of Commons, with an amendment designed to help further protect religious officials who are against performing a same-sex marriage, and that those opposed to same-sex marriage should be able to speak their mind. Another amendment will be finalized soon that protects religious officials from losing their charitable tax status.
  • June 23, 2005 - Traditionally, it is around this date that the House of Commons closes. But with Bill C-38 in the process, MPs of the Liberal, Bloc and NDP parties vote to extend the sitting time through the following week to pass Bill C-38 in third and final reading. The same night, the budget bill (Bill C-48) passes after a late night snap vote is called, ending the threat by Bill C-38 opponents to derail the bill by defeating the budget thereby bringing down the government and forcing a general election.
  • June 27, 2005 - A late night motion for time allocation is passed 163 to 106 limiting further debate on Bill C-38 to nine hours: one before concurrence on the report and eight thereafter. The sitting, which extended until the early morning hours of the next day, ends with a series of votes on proposed amendments in which nine amendments proposed by same-sex marriage opponents are defeated. The report is then concurred in. This closes the amendment stage and frees the House to begin final debate on third reading.
  • June 28, 2005 - Bill C-38 passes its final reading a few minutes after 21:00 EST, 158-133, through the House of Commons. Liberal cabinet ministers were ordered by Prime Minister Paul Martin to vote for the legislation, while it remained a free vote for Liberal backbench MPs. Joe Comuzzi, a traditional opponent of same-sex marriage, resigned from Cabinet and voted against the bill. Almost all New Democrat and Bloc Québécois MPs voluntarily voted in favour of the bill, while the Conservative MPs were virtually unanimous in voting against it. Stephen Harper made a controversial claim that "the law lacks legitimacy because it passed [only] with the support of the separatist Bloc party", and a majority of the federalist side was against. NDP MP Bev Desjarlais is stripped of her position in the NDP's shadow cabinet and faces possible expulsion from the NDP caucus as a result of her vote against Bill C-38.
  • June 29, 2005 - First reading of Bill C-38 occurred in the Senate[5]. Debate on second reading was then scheduled for July 4 and the forthcoming days.
  • July 4, 2005 - The debate on second reading begins with Senator Serge Joyal as mover of the bill. Senator Gerry St. Germain argues against the bill and Senator Jack Austin concludes the first day of debate arguing for the bill's adoption.[6] The government introduces a notice of motion for time allocation that would restrict debate on the bill to six hours.[7]. Debate on second reading is to continue the next day.
  • July 5, 2005 - Debate on second reading continued, although the actual debate occurred only for a few minues. This was then followed by a long and heated debate on whether to invoke closure (rather than on the main bill).[8] Closure was invoked by a margin of 40 to 17 with 2 abstentions.[9]
  • July 6, 2005 - The Senate passed Bill C-38 on second reading by a margin of 43 to 12. The Bill went to the Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs.[10]
  • July 14, 2005 - The Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs finished seeing witnesses, and performed a clause-by-clause consideration. [11]
  • July 18, 2005 - The Committee reported back to the Senate without amendment, and the final debate was then scheduled to start the next day. Unanimous consent required to proceed directly to a vote on third reading was denied.[12]
  • July 19, 2005 - Debate on third reading of Bill C-38 began in the Senate. An attempt to delay third reading of the bill by six months was defeated 19 to 52, and an amendment to the bill that have declared "traditional marriage" as being between a man and a woman and "civil marriage" as between two persons failed, 24 to 46, with 4 abstentions. Shortly after 11 p.m., the Senate passed Bill C-38 on third and final reading by a margin of 47 to 21, with 3 abstentions.[13]
  • July 20, 2005 - Bill C-38 receives Royal Assent from Chief Justice Beverley McLachlin acting on behalf of ailing Governor General Adrienne Clarkson and is proclaimed into law.[14] [15]

February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (PC) was a Canadian centre-right conservative political party that existed from 1867 to 2003. ... Jim Prentice (born July 20, 1956, in South Porcupine, Timmins, Ontario) is a Canadian lawyer and politician. ... Gerald Keddy (born February 15, 1953 in Bridgewater, Nova Scotia) is a Canadian politician. ... Belinda Stronach The Honourable Belinda Stronach, PC, MP, (born May 2, 1966 in Newmarket, Ontario) is a Canadian businesswoman, politician, and a Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) in the Canadian House of Commons. ... James Moore is the name of more than one person of note. ... February 8 is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... Motto: Heart of the new west Area: 712. ... Famous Players is one of the Canadian movie theatre banners operated by Cineplex Galaxy LP; it includes numerous locations stretching from British Columbia to Quebec. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to a parliament; in the Westminster system, specifically to the lower house. ... Canadians for Equal Marriage is a Canadian special interest group representing Egale Canada, PFLAG Canada, the Canadian Federation of Students, the Canadian Labour Congress, the Canadian Psychological Association, the Canadian Association of University Teachers, and the Canadian Association of Social Workers, among others to promote the legalization of same-sex... February 16 is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... A second reading is the state of the legislative process where a draft of a bill is read a second time. ... The Prime Minister of Canada, the head of the Canadian government, is usually the leader of the political party with the most seats in the Canadian House of Commons. ... The Right Honourable Paul Edgar Philippe Martin, PC , MP , LL.B , BA (born August 28, 1938 in Windsor, Ontario) is the Prime Minister of Canada. ... The Leader of the Opposition in Canada is the Member of Parliament in the Canadian House of Commons who leads Her Majestys Loyal Opposition (the body in Parliament recognized as the Official Opposition). ... Stephen Harper The Honourable Stephen Joseph Harper, PC, MP, MA (born April 30, 1959, in Toronto, Ontario) is leader of the Conservative Party of Canada, and leader of Her Majestys Loyal Opposition. ... The Bloc Québécois is a left-wing federal political party in Canada that is devoted to the promotion of sovereignty for Quebec. ... Gilles Duceppe Gilles Duceppe, MP (b. ... The New Democratic Party (French: Nouveau Parti démocratique) is a democratic socialist political party in Canada. ... The current New Democratic Party Shadow Cabinet is listed below. ... Bill Siksay is a Canadian politician, the Member of Parliament who represents the British Columbia riding of Burnaby-Douglas for the New Democratic Party of Canada. ... April 12 is the 102nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (103rd in leap years). ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... The Conservative Party of Canada (French: Parti conservateur du Canada) is a right wing political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ... A motion is a formal step to introduce a matter for consideration by a group. ... May 4 is the 124th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (125th in leap years). ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... A second reading is the state of the legislative process where a draft of a bill is read a second time. ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (126th in leap years). ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (140th in leap years). ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... For minority régime, see Apartheid. ... A Motion of Confidence is a motion of support proposed by a government in a parliament or other assembly of elected representatives to give members of parliament (or other such assembly) a chance to register their confidence for a government. ... The debating chamber or hemicycle of the European Parliament in Brussels. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... For minority régime, see Apartheid. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... For closure in computer science, see closure (computer science). ... A third reading is the stage of a legislative process in which a bill is read with all amendments and given final approval by a legislative body. ... (Some entries on this page have been duplicated on August 1. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... The Right Honourable Paul Edgar Philippe Martin, PC , MP , LL.B , BA (born August 28, 1938 in Windsor, Ontario) is the Prime Minister of Canada. ... Joseph R. Joe Comuzzi (born April 5, 1933) is a Canadian politician. ... The New Democratic Party (French: Nouveau Parti démocratique) is a democratic socialist political party in Canada. ... The Bloc Québécois is a left-wing federal political party in Canada that is devoted to the promotion of sovereignty for Quebec. ... Stephen Harper The Honourable Stephen Joseph Harper, PC, MP, MA (born April 30, 1959, in Toronto, Ontario) is leader of the Conservative Party of Canada, and leader of Her Majestys Loyal Opposition. ... Quebec The Quebec sovereignty movement is a movement calling for the attainment of sovereignty for Quebec, a province of the country of Canada. ... Bev Desjarlais (August 19, 1955 in Regina, Saskatchewan) is a member of the Canada House of Commons, representing the northern Manitoba riding of Churchill for the social-democratic New Democratic Party of Canada. ... The Shadow Cabinet (also called the Opposition Front Bench) is a senior group of opposition spokespeople in the Westminster System of government who together under the leadership of the Leader of the Opposition (or the leader of other smaller opposition parties) form an alternative cabinet to the governments, whose... A caucus is most generally defined as being a meeting of supporters or members of a political party or movement. ... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 185 days remaining. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... A first reading is when a bill is introduced to a legislature. ... The Senate (French: Sénat) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, which also includes the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the House of Commons. ... A second reading is the state of the legislative process where a draft of a bill is read a second time. ... July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. ... July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... Serge Joyal (born in Montreal, February 1, 1945) is a Canadian Senator. ... Gerry St. ... Categories: People stubs | 1932 births | Canadian senators | Members of the Canadian House of Commons ... For closure in computer science, see closure (computer science). ... July 5 is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 179 days remaining. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... July 6 is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 178 days remaining. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 170 days remaining. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... The granting of Royal Assent is the formal method by which the Sovereign of the United Kingdom, or the Sovereigns representative in Commonwealth Realms, completes the process of the enactment of legislation by formally assenting to an Act of Parliament. ... The Right Hon. ... The Right Honourable Chief Justice Beverley McLachlin The Right Honourable Chief Justice Beverley McLachlin, PC , LL.B. , MA , BA (born September 7, 1943) is the Chief Justice of Canada, the first woman to hold that position. ... The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneur général or Gouverneure générale) is the representative of the Canadian monarch. ... Her Excellency the Right Honourable Adrienne Louise Clarkson, CC, CMM, COM, CD (born February 10, 1939) is the current Governor General of Canada. ...

See also

  • Members of the 38th Canadian Parliament and same-sex marriage
  • Bill C-250

This article lists the members of the 38th Parliament of Canada and how they voted on Bill C-38, now known as the Civil Marriage Act. ... An Act to amend the Criminal Code (hate propaganda), popularly known as Bill C-250, its title during the second session of the 37th Canadian parliament in which it was passed, was a controversial piece of Canadian legislation. ...

External links

Wikinews
Wikinews has news related to this article:
Canadian House of Commons approves same-sex marriage
  • Full text of Bill C-38 in English and French (parl.gc.ca)
  • Discussion paper prepared by Library of Parliament (parl.gc.ca)
  • Address by Prime Minister Paul Martin to the House of commons on Bill C-38 (pm.gc.ca)

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