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Encyclopedia > City status in Sweden
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Historically, the city status in Sweden, or stad, was granted through a Royal Charter. In 1971, the term was legally abolished in favour of the municipalities, or kommuner. In the United Kingdom and Canada a Royal Charter is a charter granted by the Sovereign on the advice of the Privy Council, which creates or gives special status to an incorporated body. ... The Municipalities or Kommuner represent the local level of self government in Sweden. ...


The distinction of being a city distinguished it from market towns (exact definition: köping), and smaller entities such as villages, hamlets and parishes. In common speech today, the term stad usually refers to any larger urban area, regardless if it once had city privileges or not. The market town is a medieval phenomenon. ... Köping, cognate to the Saxon word chipping, is a Swedish term similar to market town. In medieval times it was the designation of an official for town or market place. ... A village is a human settlement commonly found in rural areas. ... A hamlet is (usually — see below) a small settlement, too small or unimportant to be considered a village. ... A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ... Urban area is a term used to define an area where there is an increased density of man-made structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ...


Before the latest municipal reform in 1971, the term city was reserved for towns that had received a Royal charter. Apart from being of a certain size, there were several requirements that a town needed to fulfil to be granted city charter, although the criteria tended to vary throughout the centuries, and were often at the discretion of the Riksdag or the monarch. For example, when Oskarshamn (in south-eastern Sweden) applied for a charter during the early 19th century, it was required to fund and build a council hall and a prison, among other things. Jump to: navigation, search 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... In the United Kingdom and Canada a Royal Charter is a charter granted by the Sovereign on the advice of the Privy Council, which creates or gives special status to an incorporated body. ... The Riksdag or Sveriges Riksdag is the Parliament of Sweden. ...


Before a city became chartered it usually had previously been given the status of köping (merchant town). Exceptions would be when a city was founded under Royal supervision, in which case the city would often bear the name of the monarch, such as Kristianstad or Karlskrona (named after kings Christian IV of Denmark and Karl IX of Sweden). Köping, cognate to the Saxon word chipping, is a Swedish term similar to market town. In medieval times it was the designation of an official for town or market place. ... Kristianstad is a municipality and city in Scania in southernmost Sweden. ... Karlskrona is a city in south-eastern Sweden. ... King Christian IV. Christian IV (1588–1648), king of Denmark and Norway, the son of Frederick II, king of Denmark and Norway, and Sophia of Mecklenburg, was born at Frederiksborg castle in 1577, and succeeded to the throne on the death of his father (April 4, 1588), attaining his majority... Charles IX (Karl IX) (October 4, 1550 – October 30, 1611), was King of Sweden from 1604 until his death. ...

Contents


History

At the end of the medieval age, cirka 1450, Sweden had 41 chartered cities. By around 1650 there were 60. With the hostile incorporation of the southern Scanian lands in 1658, the number reached 81. The number was 103 by 1917. By the time of the municipal reform of 1971, a total of 134 towns had held the privilege. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Skåneland is a denomination for the area once making up the eastern part of Denmark, which was permanently ceded to Sweden under the Treaty of Roskilde (1658). ...


The cities with a population exceeding 15,000 in the year 1900 were: Stockholm (300,624), Gothenburg (130,609), Malmö (60,857), Norrköping (41,008), Gävle (29,522). Helsingborg (24,670), Karlskrona (23,955), Jönköping (23,143), Uppsala (22,855), Örebro (22,013), Lund (16,621), Borås (15,837) and Halmstad (15,362). [1] 1900 is a common year starting on Monday. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Old town in Stockholm from the air Stockholm [â–¶] is the capital of Sweden, located on the east coast at the entrance of lake Mälaren. ... Jump to: navigation, search Gothenburg viewed from Liseberg amusement park Gothenburg (Swedish: Göteborg â–¶(?)) is a city and a municipality on the western coast of Sweden, in the County of Västra Götaland. ...   Malmö? IPA: [málmø:] is a town and municipality in the southernmost Swedish province of SkÃ¥ne. ... Norrköping [ˈˈnÉ”rʃøːpɪŋ] is a city in Östergötland County in midth-east Sweden. ... Gävle Municipality [jÉ›vlÉ™] is a Municipality in east central Sweden where the City Gävle is the seat of residence. ... Helsingborg in Sweden Helsingborg is located in southernmost Sweden with a population of 87,000, and is the seat of Helsingborg Municipality, which together with immediate surroundings has 121,000 inhabitants. ... Jönköping Municipality [jÅ“ncøːpiÅ‹] is a Municipality in southern Sweden where the City Jönköping is the seat of residence. ... Uppsala (older spelling Upsala) 59°51′ N 17°38′ E is a Swedish City in central Sweden, located about 70 km north of Stockholm. ... Örebro [Å“rÉ™bruː] is a city in Sweden, in central Sweden, with 95,354 inhabitants (2000). ... Jump to: navigation, search Lund â–¶(?) is a Scanian city in the SkÃ¥ne province of southernmost Sweden. ... BorÃ¥s Municipality [buroːs] is a municipality in western Sweden, where the city BorÃ¥s is the seat of government. ... Jump to: navigation, search Halmstad [hulm-stɑː(d), pr. ...


After the reform, the cities were designated as municipalities. Following a decision by the Swedish Parliament in 1983, a Swedish municipality may use the name city in some instances. The cities which use this term are Stockholm, Gothenburg, Helsingborg, Haparanda, Vaxholm, Västerås, Borås, Lidingö and Mölndal. The Municipalities or Kommuner represent the local level of self government in Sweden. ... The Riksdag or Sveriges Riksdag is the Parliament of Sweden. ... Haparanda is a Municipality in Norrbotten County, in northern Sweden. ... Scenery from Vaxholm Vaxholm is a municipality of the Stockholm archipelago in central Sweden. ... Jump to: navigation, search VästerÃ¥s [vÉ›stÉ™roːs] is a Swedish town in central Sweden, located on the shore of Lake Mälaren in the province Westmannia, 100 km west of Stockholm. ... Lidingö is a Municipality just east of Stockholm in central Sweden, with its main part located on the island Lidingö. It also consists of a few smaller islands in the surrounding, such as Fjäderholmarna, the nearest islands of the Stockholm archipelago. ... Mölndal is a Municipality in Västra Götaland County, in western Sweden. ...


Today

Formally, the term "city" is totally discontinued. In daily speech, the term "city" (Sw: stad) is used as frequently as ever. Previously, however, a "city" included the surrounding area, much as a municipality today, while nowadays, "city" refers only to the urban area. Urban area is a term used to define an area where there is an increased density of man-made structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ...


Naturally it leads to complications when a municipality decides to call itself "city", when the "city" only refers to the urban area in daily speech.


Notes

  1. 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, article Sweden

Jump to: navigation, search Supporters contend that the Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1910-1911) represents the sum of human knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century; indeed, it was advertised as such. ...

See also

This is a list of urban areas in Sweden that have had town privileges and the year they are held to have been established or by when they got their Royal Charter. ...

Sources

  • Corresponding article on Swedish Wikipedia

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