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Encyclopedia > City rights in the Netherlands

City rights are a medieval phenomenon in the history of the Low Countries. A liegelord, usually a count, duke or similar member of high nobillity, granted a settlement he owned certain privileges that settlements without city rights did not have. The Low Countries, the historical region of de Nederlanden, are the countries (see Country) on low-lying land around the delta of the Rhine, Scheldt, and Meuse (Maas) rivers. ...


To stimulate the establishment of cities, landlords started to grant privileges to settlements around the year A.D. 1000. The total package of these privileges are the city rights. City rights turned settlements into interesting locations for merchants. This resulted in economic growth of the cities. The liegelord took profit from this economic growth by means of taxes. City rights were also often granted in exchange for additional support to the city's liege. This support often consisted of additional taxes, sorely needed for the costly medieval wars. Originally the liegelord remained in charge of the composition of local government, he continued to exercise some political influence. However, as cities accumulated privileges, and the power of cities grew, several cities managed to acquire a reasonable amount of autonomy over the years (especially after the privilege to construct and defend city walls was granted). Some cities even managed to develop into city states. The growing economomical and military power concentrating in the cities lead to a very powerful class of well-to-do merchants and traders, in turn allowing the Netherlands to become the first modern republic in the 16th century. // Events World Population 300 million. ... In a broad definition, a republic is a state or country that is led by people whose political power is based on principles that are not beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ...


A settlement is (often proudly) called a city in the Netherlands when it has received city rights somewhere in its history. The actual number of inhabitants has no relevance on this, so there is a reasonable number of very small cities in the Netherlands.


The first community in the Netherlands to receive city rights was Deventer in 956. Though it can be argued that Nijmegen already received city rights during the Roman Empire. With the end of the Middle Ages, the number of city rights granted dramatically dropped with a short lived romantic revival in the early 19th century, when several important settlements (predominantly the Hague) wanted the right to call themselves city, rather than town. The last community in the Netherlands to receive city rights was Winschoten in 1825. Deventer is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands in the province of Overijssel on the east bank of the IJssel river. ... Deaths April 8 - Gilbert of Chalon, Duke of Burgundy Categories: 956 ... Country Netherlands Province Gelderland Area 57. ... The Roman Empire was a phase of the ancient Roman civilization characterized by an autocratic form of government. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Arms of The Hague Flag of The city of The Hague. ... Winschoten (Gronings: Winschoot) is a municipality and city in the northeast of the Netherlands. ... 1825 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


City rights

  • Privileges
City walls (the right to erect a defence wall around an inhabited area)
Market right (the right to hold a market and receive income from the markets)
Toll right (the right to charge toll)
Mint right (the right to mint city coinage)
  • Freedoms
Personal freedom (citizens had a relative degree of personal freedom in comparison to citizens of rural areas)
  • Governance
City governance (Well-to-do citizens could sometimes elect local government officials)

Granting of city rights, chronologically

Voorburg is a town in the municipality of Leidschendam-Voorburg in the province of South Holland of the Netherlands. ... Deventer is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands in the province of Overijssel on the east bank of the IJssel river. ... Groningen (or Grunn in the local dialect) is a municipality and a middle-size city in the north of the Netherlands, and capital of Groningen province. ... Nijefurd is a municipality in the northern Netherlands, in the province of Friesland. ... Utrecht ( (help· info)) is a municipality and the capital city of the Dutch province of Utrecht. ... Fortification Walls Aardenburg is a small city (population as of 2001: 2,130) close to the Dutch-Belgian border. ... Terneuzen is a city and municipality in the southwestern Netherlands, in the province of Zeeland, in the middle of Zeeuws-Vlaanderen. ... s-Hertogenbosch (literally The Dukes Forest in Dutch; translated in French as Bois-le-Duc), unofficially also called Den Bosch, is a municipality in the Netherlands, the capital of the province of North Brabant. ... Zutphen (old alternate spelling: Zutfen) is a municipality and a town in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands on the right bank of the IJssel at the influx of the Berkel, and a junction station 29 km by rail N.N.E. of Arnhem. ... Hulst is a municipality and a city in the southwestern Netherlands in the east of Zeeuws-Vlaanderen. ... Flag of Maastricht. ... Axel is a town about 5km southeast of Terneuzen in the municipality of Terneuzen. ... Geertruidenberg is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... This is about the city in the Netherlands. ... This is about the Dutch city of Dordrecht. ... Veere is a municipality and a city in the southwestern Netherlands, on Walcheren in the province of Zeeland. ... Domburg (population as of 2001: 1,360) is a seaside resort on the North Sea, on the north coast of Walcheren in the municipality of Veere. ... Country Netherlands Province Gelderland Area 57. ... Oisterwijk is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... Country: Netherlands Province: Overijssel Coordinates: 52°30′ N 6°5′ E Area - Land - Water 119. ... Harderwijk is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. ... Roermond is a municipality and a city in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Sint-Oedenrode is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... Eindhoven is a municipality and a city located in the province of Noord-Brabant in the south of the Netherlands, originally at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender brooks. ... Elburg is a municipality and a city in eastern Netherlands. ... Grave is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... Lochem is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. ... Arnhem is a municipality and a city in the east of the Netherlands, located on the Lower Rhine, and the capital of the Gelderland province. ... Lingewaard is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands. ... Harlingen is a municipality and a city in the northern Netherlands, in the province of Friesland at the Wadden Sea. ... Kampen is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. ... Doesburg is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. ... Doetinchem (Low German: Deutekem) is a city and municipality in the east of the Netherlands. ... Oostburg (population: 18,174) is a town in the southwestern Netherlands, in the province of Zeeland. ... Sluis is a municipality and a town in the southwestern Netherlands in the west of Zeeuws-Vlaanderen. ... Rijssen-Holten is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands, the result of a merger in 2001, but until 2003 just called Rijssen. ... Sittard-Geleen is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... ... Delft is a city in South Holland (Zuid-Holland), the Netherlands, located halfway between Rotterdam and The Hague (Den Haag). ... s-Gravenzande (population: 19,418) is a town in the municipality of Westland, in the province of South Holland in the Netherlands. ... Ommen is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. ... Winkel () is a town in the Dutch province of North Holland. ... Schouwen-Duiveland is a municipality and an island in the southwestern Netherlands. ... Oldenzaal is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands, near the border with Germany. ... Breda is a municipality and a city in the southern part of the Netherlands. ... Zwartewaterland is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands. ... Accijnstoren, Alkmaar Alkmaar is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of Noord Holland. ... Naarden is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Rhenen is a municipality and a city in the central Netherlands. ... Amersfoort is a municipality and the second largest city of the province of Utrecht in central Netherlands. ... Loenen is a municipality in the central Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. ... Hof van Twente is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands. ... Wageningen is a municipality and a historical town in the central Netherlands, in the province of Gelderland. ... Oudewater is a municipality and a town in the central Netherlands. ... Leyden redirects here. ... Ambt Montfort is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Echt-Susteren is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Goudas 15th Century Town Hall Flag of Gouda Goudas Cheese Market Gouda (population 71,797 in 2004) is a city in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. ... Steenbergen is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... Venlo is a municipality and a city in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Queens Day performance outside the town hall Vlaardingen ( (help· info)) is a city in South Holland in the Netherlands. ... Zwartewaterland is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands. ... Nickname: Brandersstad Motto: Official website: http://www. ... Echt-Susteren is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Groenlo is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. ... Schoonhoven (population: 12,303 in 2004) is a city in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. ... Liesveld (population: 9,724 in 2004) is a municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. ... Woudrichem is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... Leeuwarden (Frisian: Ljouwert) is a municipality and the capital city of the Dutch province of Friesland. ... Medemblik (population: 8,037 in 2004) is a town in the north-western Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Sluis is a municipality and a town in the southwestern Netherlands in the west of Zeeuws-Vlaanderen. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Muiden is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Beverwijk (population: 36,995 in 2004) is a municipality and a town in the north-western Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Dongeradeel is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Ermelo is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands, in the province of Gelderland. ... Hattem is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. ... Tiel is a municipality and a town in the middle of the Netherlands. ... Amsterdam Location Flag Country Netherlands Province North Holland Population 743,905 (1 April 2006) Demonym Amsterdammer Coordinates Website www. ... Baarn is a municipality and a town in the central Netherlands. ... IJzendijke is a city in the municipality of Sluis, about 5 km east of Oostburg, in the Dutch province of Zeeland. ... Waalwijk is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... Brielle, also called Den Briel, (population: 15,948 in 2004) is a town in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. ... Goedereede (population: 11,544 in 2004) is a town in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. ... Lingewaal is a municipality in the middle of the Netherlands. ... Wymbritseradiel is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Flushing (Dutch Vlissingen) is a municipality and a city in the southwestern Netherlands on the former island of Walcheren. ... Satellite image of the northernmost part of the Dutch province of North Holland, showing Wieringen (bottom right) and the island of Texel (center). ... Wijk bij Duurstede is a municipality and a city in the central Netherlands. ... Zaltbommel is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. ... Culemborg is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. ... Heusden is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands. ... Dalem Gate Gorinchem (population: 34,623 in 2004), also called Gorkum, is a city in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. ... Ammerstol is a village in the municipality of Bergambacht, in the Netherlands. ... Raadhuisstraat in Enschede, with the Grote Kerk in the background Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Enschede Enschede or Eanske in the local dialect (Twents) is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands, in the province of Overijssel, in the Twente region. ... Ootmarsum () is a town in the Dutch province of Overijssel. ... Appingedam is a municipality and a Netherlands. ... Steenwijkerland (before 2003 called Steenwijk) is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands. ... West Maas en Waal is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands. ... Montfoort (population: 13,285) is a municipality and a town in the central Netherlands. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... IJsselstein is a municipality and a city in the central Netherlands. ... Kampen is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. ... Delden is a city in the province of Overijssel and, since 2001, in the municipality of Hof van Twente. ... Kampen is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. ... Vianen is a municipality and a city in the central Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. ... Rotterdam Location Flag Country The Netherlands Province South Holland Population 588,718 (2006) Coordinates 51° 55 N.; 4° 30 E. Website www. ... Echt-Susteren is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Eemnes is a municipality and a town in the central Netherlands. ... Helmond is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... Bergen op Zoom is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... Lingewaard is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands. ... Wijchen is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. ... Steenwijkerland (before 2003 called Steenwijk) is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands. ... Enkuizen Enkhuizen is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Monnickendam () is a town in the Dutch province of North Holland. ... Veere is a municipality and a city in the southwestern Netherlands, on Walcheren in the province of Zeeland. ... Weesp (population: 17,843 in 2004) is a town in the north-western Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Edam (mun. ... Hoorn is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Moerdijk is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant. ... Megen is a small city in the southern part of the Netherlands, in the province North Brabant, close to the river the Maas. ... Hardenberg is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands, in the province of Overijssel. ... Stede Broec is a municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Rhenen is a municipality and a city in the central Netherlands. ... Tholen is a municipality and a city in the southwest of the Netherlands. ... Gennep is a municipality and a city in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Woerden is a municipality and a city in the central Netherlands. ... Nijefurd is a municipality in the northern Netherlands, in the province of Friesland. ... Franeker (Frisian: Frjentsjer) is one of the eleven cities of Friesland. ... The name Reimerswaal can mean:- A lost city in the Netherlands: see below. ... Nijefurd is a municipality in the northern Netherlands, in the province of Friesland. ... Borculo is a former municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands, in the Province of Gelderland. ... Montferland is a municipality in Gelderland, the Netherlands. ... Bernisse (population 12,684 in 2004) is a municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. ... Vianen is a municipality and a city in the central Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. ... Bunschoten is a municipality and a town in the central Netherlands. ... Baarn is a municipality and a town in the central Netherlands. ... Lingewaal is a municipality in the middle of the Netherlands. ... Almelo is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. ... Buren is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands and is strongly linked to the royal family. ... Vlist (population: 9,803 in 2004) is a town in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. ... Noordwijk (population: 24,707 in May 2006), formerly known as Noordwÿk, is a municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. ... Oss is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant. ... Zederik (population: 13,546 in 2004) is a municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. ... Venhuizen (population: 7,812) is a town in the north-western Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Bronckhorst is the name of a municipality in Gelderland, the Netherlands. ... Goes is a municipality and a city in the southwestern Netherlands, in Zuid-Beveland. ... Leerdam (population: 21,050 in 2004) is a town in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. ... Coevorden is a municipality and a city in the northeastern Netherlands. ... Purmerend is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Nijkerk is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands, in the province of Gelderland. ... Noorder-Koggenland (population: 10,500 in 2004) is a municipality in the north-western Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Opmeer is a municipality and town in the north-western Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Opmeer is a municipality and town in the north-western Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... This is about the city in the Netherlands. ... Wognum (population: 8,081 in 2004) is a town in the north-western Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Niedorp (population: 11,617 in 2004) is a municipality in the north-western Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Langedijk is a municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Niedorp (population: 11,617 in 2004) is a municipality in the north-western Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Schagen (population: 18,198 in 2004) is a town in the north-western Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... This article is about the Dutch island Texel. ... Gaasterlân-Sleat (Dutch name: Gaasterland-Sloten) is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Zevenbergen is a Dutch city which is a part of the municipality of Moerdijk. ... Noord-Beveland is a municipality in the southwestern Netherlands and a former island, now part of the Walcheren-Zuid-Beveland-Noord-Beveland peninsula. ... Eemnes is a municipality and a town in the central Netherlands. ... Hardenberg is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands, in the province of Overijssel. ... Valkenburg aan de Geul - a town in the Netherlands. ... Bolsward (Frisian: Boalsert) is a municipality and a city in the northern Netherlands. ... Sneek (Frisian Snits) is a municipality and a city in Fryslân in the northern Netherlands. ... Bernisse (population 12,684 in 2004) is a municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. ... Schouwen-Duiveland is a municipality and an island in the southwestern Netherlands. ... Ravenstein (population: 8,466) is a city and former municipality in the southern Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant. ... Bronkhorst Bronkhorst is a city in the municipality of Bronckhorst. ... Zevenaar is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. ... Moerdijk is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant. ... Tholen is a municipality and a city in the southwest of the Netherlands. ... This is about the city in the Netherlands. ... New municipality; the articles have been provisionally merged. ... Terneuzen is a city and municipality in the southwestern Netherlands, in the province of Zeeland, in the middle of Zeeuws-Vlaanderen. ... Steenwijkerland (before 2003 called Steenwijk) is a Netherlands. ... Arms of The Hague The Hague (with capital T; Dutch: Den Haag, or officially s-Gravenhage) is the administrative capital of the Netherlands, located in the west of the country, in the province South Holland of which it is also the capital. ... Assen railway station Assen is a municipality and a city in the north eastern Netherlands, capital of the province of Drenthe. ... Meppel ( (help· info)) is a municipality and a city in the northeast of the Netherlands, in the south-west of the province Drenthe. ... Oosterhout is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... Tilburg is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, located in the southern province of Noord-Brabant. ... Church of Maassluis Maassluis (population: 32,847 in 2004) is a town in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. ... Drechterland (population: 10,378 in 2004) is a municipality in the north-western Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Place with a railway station, in the municipality Zaanstad Zaandam is the largest town of the municipality. ... Winschoten (Gronings: Winschoot) is a municipality and city in the northeast of the Netherlands. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Haarlem, Netherlands, The (3725 words)
Haarlem is a city in the west of the Netherlands, capital of the North Holland province.
The old defenses weren't strong enough for the expanded city, and at the end of the 14th century a 16,5 meter high wall was built, along with a 15 meters wide canal around the city.
On November 17, 1572 all citizens of the city of Zutphen were murdered by the Spanish army, and on December 1st the city of Naarden suffered the same fate.
City rights in the Netherlands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (459 words)
City rights are a medieval phenomenon in the history of the Low Countries.
However, as cities accumulated privileges, and the power of cities grew, several cities managed to acquire a reasonable amount of autonomy over the years (especially after the privilege to construct and defend city walls was granted).
Mint right (the right to mint city coinage)
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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