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Encyclopedia > City car
The Fiat "Panda," a 1980s city car
The Fiat "Panda," a 1980s city car
A current model Toyota Aygo city car
A current model Toyota Aygo city car

A city car (or urban car) is a small, moderately powered automobile intended for use in urban areas. It is more substantial and faster than a neighborhood electric vehicle ("NEV") and has four seats, unlike microcars which are two-seaters; they are typically between 3400 mm and 3600 mm long. These cars have been sold in Europe since the 1960s, and now are an official car classification. Most mainstream manufacturers have one or even two city cars in their lineup. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 538 KB) Beschreibung Beschreibung: Fiat Panda Quelle: selbst fotografiert Fotograf: Sven Storbeck Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Fiat Panda City car Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 538 KB) Beschreibung Beschreibung: Fiat Panda Quelle: selbst fotografiert Fotograf: Sven Storbeck Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Fiat Panda City car Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Download high resolution version (1280x960, 249 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1280x960, 249 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Karl Benzs Velo model (1894) - entered into the first automobile race An automobile or motor car (usually shortened to just car) is a wheeled passenger vehicle that carries its own motor. ... A Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) is an American term for a speed limited battery electric vehicle (usually 25 miles per hour in the U.S.A.) restricted by law to operation on roads with speed limits not exceeding 35 MPH. Often such vehicles are not built from scratch but instead... A Messerschmitt KR200. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... Car classification is subjective since many vehicles fall into multiple categories. ...


Unlike an NEV, the city car's greater speed and occupant protection allow relatively safe operation in mixed traffic environments and in all weather conditions.


City cars are often used as station cars. A City Car is a small, moderately powered vehicle (often battery electric powered) intended for use in urban areas. ...

Contents

Internal combustion engine city cars

Early ages

One of the earliest city cars was the American-made Crosley, a four passenger vehicle from the late 1940's. While many cars of the 1960s are small enough to be considered city cars today, these cars have been replaced by larger cars with each passing generation. Exceptions are the smaller Fiats, especially the Fiat 500 and Fiat 126. They were in the region of 3.0 metres in length, but had seating for four people, putting them outside the microcar category. The Crosley was an automobile manufactured by the Crosley Corporation and later by Crosley Motors Incorporated in the United States from 1939 to 1952. ... Fiat S.p. ... The Fiat 500 (the cinquecento from the Italian word for 500) is a car produced by the Fiat company of Italy between 1957 and 1975 (the Fiat 500 K alone was produced until 1977). ... {{Infobox Automobile | image = Fiat 126 | name = Fiat 126 | manufacturer = Fiat | production = 1972-2000sfdsfsfsdfsfsdfdsf| class = city car RR | body_style = 2-door saloon | engine = 594 cc Flat-2 652 cc Flat-2 | transmission = | length = 3. ... A Messerschmitt KR200. ...


The Fiat/SEAT Panda, launched in 1980, was 3.40m long but was clearly aimed at the city car category, and did not grow significantly larger during its development. The replacement for the 126, the Fiat Cinquecento was presented in 1991 as a true city car. At only 3200 mm long, it had room for four and entry-level prices. The Fiat Panda is a city car from the Italian automotive manufacturer Fiat. ... Fiat Cinquecento Sporting The Fiat Cinquecento is a city car released by Fiat in late 1991 to replace the 126. ...


The boom

In the late 1980s superminis had grown so much that many buyers wanted even smaller four-seat cars. Renault followed Fiat in 1993 with the Renault Twingo, which featured a MPV-like design and interior room, despite its size and height (3430 mm long and 1420 mm tall). Combined with an original exterior and interior design, it quickly became a best-seller. In 1996 the Ford Ka was presented with its radical New Edge design. Its egg-shaped body did not leave much room in the rear seats, but many customers did not need them and preferred the Ka over more conservative designs. Renault S.A. is a French vehicle manufacturer producing cars, vans, buses, tractors, and trucks. ... The Renault Twingo is a city car built by the French automaker Renault, launched at the 1992 Mondial de lAutomobile and going on sale in early 1993. ... An MPV or multi-purpose vehicle is a passenger-carrying vehicle based on a car platform, and is generally a one box design—neither a distinct bonnet (US: hood) nor boot (US: trunk), but rather a maximised interior space. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... New Edge was the name given to a style of automobile design used by Ford Motor Company for many of its passenger vehicles in the late 1990s and early 2000s. ...


In the mid 1990s, South Korean brands Daewoo and Hyundai introduced their city car entries, both for the Asian and European markets. The Hyundai Atos, launched in 1997, was 3500 mm long and 1600 mm high, which was much taller than any European models (usually under 1450 mm) and provided considerable interior space. Its boxy shape provoked mixed reactions. Motto None (Unofficial: Broadly benefit humankind also translated as Devotion to the welfare of humanity) Anthem Aegukga Patriotic Hymn Capital (and largest city) Seoul Official languages Korean Government Presidential republic  -  President Roh Moo-hyun  -  Prime Minister Han Duck-soo Establishment  -  Independence declared March 1, 1919 (de jure)   -  Liberation August 15... This article is about the chaebol Daewoo Group. ... South Korean business tycoon Chung Ju-yung, founder and honorary chairman of Hyundai Group, 1998 Hyundai refers to a group of companies founded by Chung Ju-yung in South Korea, and related organizations. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... 2004 Hyundai Atos Prime Image:Atos. ...


The Daewoo Matiz followed in 1998 with a Giorgetto Giugiaro design and a moderate height (1500 mm), which proved more eye-catching. Hyundai tried to react to this with the rounder Atos Prime but without much success. The Daewoo Matiz is a city car made by GM Daewoo (in Poland by FSO, and in Pakistan by Nexus Automotive). ... Giorgetto Giugiaro Giorgetto Giugiaro (August 7, 1938) is an Italian car designer. ...


These Korean city cars were much cheaper than most of the European models, especially the Opel Agila (2000) and Volkswagen Lupo (1999), yet were still reliable. However, sales were dominated by the Renault Twingo and Ford Ka. The Agila, badged either as Opel in Europe and Vauxhall in the UK, is a small wagon built in Poland, with sales commencing in summer 2000. ... The Volkswagen Lupo was a city car manufactured by German automaker Volkswagen from 1998 to 2005. ... The Renault Twingo is a city car built by the French automaker Renault, launched at the 1992 Mondial de lAutomobile and going on sale in early 1993. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


City car / supermini crossovers

While small family cars and superminis grew considerably from the 1990s to the 2000s, so happened with city cars. After some new superminis were over 3900 mm long (like the Ford Fiesta, the SEAT Ibiza, Maruti Alto and the Volkswagen Polo) some many makers designed models above 3650 mm long. A Ford Focus, classed as a small family car. ... 1996 Volkswagen Polo, a popular modern European supermini A supermini is a European hatchback car category. ... The Ford Fiesta is a mid-class supermini car designed and built by the Ford Motor Company in Europe, and also manufactured in Brazil, Mexico, Venezuela, China, India and South Africa. ... The SEAT Ibiza is a supermini manufactured by the Volkswagen Group and sold under the SEAT brand. ... Maruti Alto is a subcompact car manufacted by Maruti Udyog in India. ... Volkswagen Derby The Volkswagen Polo is a mini-sized car manufactured by Volkswagen of Germany. ...


The first of these models was the Nissan Micra (2002), which is 3720 mm long and smaller that many superminis of the late 1990s. Other cars are the Citroën C2, Suzuki Swift, Smart Forfour, Toyota Yaris and Peugeot 1007 (the last one which can also be labelled as a mini MPV). The Nissan Micra is a supermini produced by the Japanese automaker Nissan Motors since 1982. ... The Citroën C2 is a supermini produced by the French manufacturer Citroën since 2004. ... The Suzuki Swift is a subcompact automobile from the Suzuki Motor Corporation. ... Smart Forfour The Smart Forfour is a supermini produced by Smart from 2004 to 2006. ... The Toyota Vitz and Platz are Toyotas current model of subcompact car, with the Vitz name used for hatchbacks and Platz for sedans in Japan. ... The Peugeot 1007 is a supermini produced by the French manufacturer Peugeot since 2004. ... A modern minivan - 2004 Chrysler Town & Country Typical early minivan (a Dodge Caravan) A minivan, minibus, people carrier, multi utility vehicle (MUV), or multi purpose vehicle (MPV) is a type of vehicle which has a body that resembles a van, but which has rear side doors, rear side windows, and...


These vehicles are hard to classify, since their size does not fit the "city car" or "supermini" categories. A possibility is to compare the price and interior room with superminis: the Yaris is definitely a supermini, whereas the Tata Indica is closer to a city car. The Tata Indica is a small hatchback automobile manufactured by Tata Motors of India. ...


In addition, in the last few years some "true" city cars were released, like the Fiat Panda (2003), the Kia Picanto (2004) and the Citroën C1/Peugeot 107/Toyota Aygo trio. Other mainstream European manufacturers will release all-new models in 2007: the Renault Twingo, Fiat Nuova 500 and the Ford Ka. The Fiat Panda is a city car from the Italian automotive manufacturer Fiat. ... A green Kia Picanto The Kia Picanto (known as the Kia Morning in South Korea) is a small low cost car produced by Kia Motors. ... The Citroën C1 is a city car produced by the French manufacturer Citroën since 2005. ... The Peugeot 107 is a city car produced by the French automaker Peugeot since summer 2005. ... The Toyota Aygo (pronounced , Japanese romaji) is a city car sold since 2005. ... The Renault Twingo is a city car built by the French automaker Renault, launched at the 1992 Mondial de lAutomobile and going on sale in early 1993. ... Fiat 500 in Piazza San Carlo, Turin. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


See also

Car classification
American English British English Segment EuroNCAP Example
Microcar Microcar,Bubble car  -  - Smart Fortwo
 - City car A class Supermini Renault Twingo
Subcompact car Supermini B class Hyundai Accent
Compact car Small family car C class Small family car Ford Focus
Mid-size car Large family car D class Large family car Volkswagen Passat
Entry-level luxury car Compact executive car Audi A4
Full-size car Executive car E class Executive car Chrysler 300
Mid-size luxury car BMW 5 Series
Full-size luxury car Luxury car F class  - Mercedes-Benz S-Class
Sports car Sports car  -  - Porsche 911
Grand tourer Grand tourer  -  - Jaguar XK
Supercar Supercar  -  - Ferrari F50
Convertible Convertible  -  - Volkswagen Eos
Roadster Roadster  - Roadster BMW Z4
 - Leisure activity vehicle B class Small MPV Peugeot Partner
 - Mini MPV B class Opel Meriva
Compact minivan Compact MPV C class Mazda5
Minivan Large MPV D class MPV Toyota Previa
Mini SUV Mini 4x4 B class Small Off-Roader Suzuki SX4
Compact SUV Compact 4x4 C/D class Honda CR-V
Mid-size crossover SUV Large 4x4 E class Large Off-Roader BMW X5
Mid-size SUV Off-roader E class Jeep Grand Cherokee
Full-size SUV  - Cadillac Escalade

  Results from FactBites:
 
City Car Care (210 words)
City Car Care specifically caters to returning vehicles to their former glory, using the safest and highest quality products.
City Car Care has experienced staff with over 15 years experience in the automotive and car care industry.
City Car Care staff is regularly trained on this and other products, to ensure we get the best out of each product.
city car: Information from Answers.com (1153 words)
Another name for a city car is station car, where the intended use is to travel from a suburban home to a transit interchange or park and ride lot where the vehicle remains until the operator returns from a commute to and from their workplace.
In these cases, a city car may be battery electric powered; in some locations, electric recharging is provided to encourage the use of electric vehicles.
While many cars of the 1960s are small enough to be considered city cars today, these cars have been replaced by larger cars with each passing generation, and most of them have ended up as superminis.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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