City and Village Councils (full title is: Provincial, City, District and Village Councils) are local councils which are elected by public vote in all cities and villages throughout Iran. Council members in each city or village are elected by direct public vote to a 4 year term.
According to article 7 of the Iranian Constitution, these local councils together with the Majlis (Parliament) are "decision-making and administrative organs of the State". The councils are in charge of electing mayors, supervising the activies of municipalities; study of social, cultural, educational, health, economic, and welfare requirements of their constituencies; the planning and coordination of national participation in the implementation of social, economic, constructive , cultural, educational and other welfare affairs. The December 1979 constitution, and its 1989 amendment, define the political, economic, and social order of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ... Majlis is an Arabic term used to describe various types of formal legislative assemblies in countries with linguistic or cultural connections to Islamic countries. ...
Iranian Constitution Article 7: http://www.iranologyfo.com/low-e01.htm Overview of Iranian Political System: http://www.irtp.com/howto/partner/partner/chap1/chap1v.htm BBC News: Iran prepares for first-ever local elections: http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/monitoring/newsid_276000/276816.stm BBC News: Iran's women show political muscle: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/289503.stm Article in The Iranian: http://www.iranian.com/Features/2003/February/Council/
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