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Encyclopedia > Citrus production
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Gathering of Oranges Cayo, Belize Central America
Gathering of Oranges Cayo, Belize Central America

Citrus fruits are highest value fruit crop in terms of international trade. There are two main markets for citrus fruit: Wikipedia Logo File links The following pages link to this file: Talk:Amino acid Australian Army Boxing Bioterrorism Brick Broadway (Manhattan) Geography of Canada Transportation in Chile Confucius Colorado Rockies Origins beliefs Democracy Document Type Definition Equuleus East Slavic languages Flanders Fifth Monarchy Men Grenada Geyser Harry Potter Information explosion... Gathering of Oranges Cayo, Belize Central America. ... Gathering of Oranges Cayo, Belize Central America. ...

  • the fresh fruit market
  • the processed citrus fruits market (mainly orange juice)

Most citrus production is accounted for by oranges, but significant quantities of grapefruits, pomeloes, lemons and limes are also grown.

Contents


Volume of citrus production

Total production of citrus fruit has grown continuously in the last decades of the 20th century. Current annual citrus production is estimated at over 105 million tons, with more than half of this being oranges.


According to the United Nations Commission on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the rise in citrus production is mainly due to the increase in cultivation areas, rising incomes and consumer preference for healthy foods.


Countries involved in citrus production

Citrus fruits are produced all over the world. According to UNCTAD, in 2004 there were 140 citrus producing countries.


Around 70% of total citrus production most citrus fruits are grown in the Northern Hemisphere, in particular Brazil, the Mediterranean countries, the United States (where citrus fruits for consumption as fresh fruit are mainly grown in California, Arizona and Texas, while most orange juice is produced in Florida) and China. These countries represent more than two thirds of global citrus fruit production.


Orange juice

About a third of citrus fruit production goes for processing: more than 80% od this is for orange juice production.


The two main players are Florida in the United States and Sao Paulo in Brazil. Production of orange juice between these two makes up roughly 85 percent of the world market. Brazil exports 99 percent of its production, while 90 percent of Florida’s production is consumed in the US. Orange juice is traded internationally in the form of frozen concentrated orange juice to reduce the volume used, so that storage and transportation costs are lower.


References

UNCTAD report


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Citrus production - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (647 words)
Citrus production in most of Europe continues to decline, although the clementines produced by Spain are increasing in popularity among consumers.
Citrus production is often cut short in many areas by outbreaks of bacteria known as Xanthomonas axonopodis, or Citrus canker, which cause unsightly lesions on all parts of the plant, affecting tree vitality and early drop of fruit.
Citrus canker affects all varieties of citrus trees, and recent outbreaks in Australia, Brazil and the United States have slowed citrus production in parts of those countries.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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