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Encyclopedia > Citrus Heights, California
Citrus Heights, California
Location in Sacramento County and the state of California
Location in Sacramento County and the state of California
Country United States
State California
Counties Sacramento
Area
 - City  14.3 sq mi (37.2 km²)
 - Land  14.3 sq mi (37.2 km²)
 - Water  0 sq mi (0 km²)
Population (2000)
 - City 85,071
 - Density 5,949/sq mi (2,286.9/km²)
Website: http://www.ci.citrus-heights.ca.us/

Citrus Heights is a city in Sacramento County, California, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 85,071. As of 2006, the city's total increased to 86,883. [1] It has two ZIP Codes: 95610 and 95621. Image File history File links Sacramento_County_California_Incorporated_and_Unincorporated_areas_Citrus_Heights_Highlighted. ... Sacramento County is a county of the U.S. state of California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The U.S. state of California is divided into 58 counties. ... Sacramento County is a county of the U.S. state of California. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Sacramento County is a county of the U.S. state of California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...

Contents

Geography

Citrus Heights is located at 38°41′41″N, 121°17′26″W (38.694702, -121.290548).GR1 According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.2 km² (14.4 mi²), all land. The city incorporated January 2, 1997 (1 January according to the official city website), becoming only the fifth city in Sacramento County. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

Citrus Heights
Population by Year
1970 21,760
1980 85,911
1990 107,439
2000 85, 071
2005 81, 824

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 85,071 people, 33,478 households, and 21,660 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,288.9/km² (5,929.3/mi²). There were 34,897 housing units at an average density of 938.9/km² (2,432.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.64% White, 2.87% African American, 1.01% Native American, 2.85% Asian, 0.34% Pacific Islander, 3.56% from other races, and 4.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.04% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 33,478 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.06. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $43,859, and the median income for a family was $51,207. Males had a median income of $38,614 versus $29,399 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,744. About 5.6% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Early history

(Early and 20th century histories sourced extensively from the city's website including considerable copying)


Throughout most of the Spanish-Mexican period of the growth of California (1542-1848), settlement was limited to a narrow coastal strip along El Camino Real, with only a few isolated frontier outposts of civilization. One of these outposts was the vast estate of John Augustus Sutter, a German-Swiss immigrant, who was granted 11 square leagues of land in the Sacramento Valley under the condition that he settle 12 other families on the land. One of these Mexican land sub-grants was the Ranch Del San Juan, an approximately 20,000 acre (80 km²) tract of rich farm land originally granted in 1844. This sub-grant included present-day Citrus Heights. An early map traces the mission trail in Baja California as it existed in 1769. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... The Sacramento Valley is the portion of the California Central Valley that lies to the north of the San Joaquin-Sacramento Delta. ...


The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo of February 1848 ended the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), and California was ceded to the United States. The discovery of gold and the rush of 1849 that followed saw the population of the new territory increase from roughly 10,000 in 1848 to approximately 50,000 at the end of 1849. In September of 1850, California pressed the United States government for admittance into the Union and became the 31st state. California's Mexican land grant parcels were then divided up into a smaller American county-township system, with Sacramento County being one of California's original 27 counties. Townships were established throughout the county, with present-day Citrus Heights a part of Sacramento County's Central Township. Central Township had no settlements, few inhabitants, and no roads when it was first established. The Mexican Cession (red) and the Gadsden Purchase (orange). ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia José Mariá Flores Strength 78,790 soldiers 25,000–40,000 soldiers Casualties KIA: 1733 Total dead: 13,271 Wounded: 4,152 AWOL: 9,200+ 25,000... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began on January 24, 1848, when gold was discovered at Sutters Mill. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... A land grant is a gift of land made by the government for projects such as roads, railroads, or especially academic institutions. ... Sacramento County is a county of the U.S. state of California. ...


Central Township's isolation ended abruptly in 1850 when a new shorter road to Auburn knifed its way diagonally through the Township following along present-day Auburn Boulevard to Sylvan Corners, where it veered off in a northerly direction along today's Old Auburn Road. From early spring to late fall, heavily loaded freight wagons traversed this dusty road bound for Auburn, leading to a number of way stations along the route for teamsters to stop for a night's sleep. Auburn is the county seat of Placer County, California, USA. The population was 12,462 at the 2000 census. ... A teamster was a person who drove a team of oxen, a horse-drawn or mule-drawn wagon or a muletrain (in the latter case, he was also known as a muleteer or muleskinner). ...


Early pioneer settlers in the Central Township established their ranches in the late 1850s along Old Auburn Road. As a rule, each pioneer family settled on a quarter section (160 acres) of land, built a house and a barn, dug a well, and set about clearing the land for farming. Because the land had to be cleared of native oak trees, many of the early settlers earned their income selling cords of firewood to nearby Sacramento. Early farmers sold their wheat crops to flouring mills, while hay and barley were grown mostly for use as food for their livestock. A family of Russian settlers in the Caucasus region, ca. ... A family of Russian settlers in the Caucasus region, ca. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... For other uses, see Flour (disambiguation). ... Binomial name L. Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is an annual cereal grain, which serves as a major animal feed crop, with smaller amounts used for malting and in health food. ... Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ...


A schoolhouse was built in 1862, spurred on by W.A. Thomas' conviction that Citrus Heights housed enough children to justify a school district. Mr. Thomas donated five acres of land on the northwest corner of Sylvan corners, and deemed it Sylvan School. Once completed, it became the educational, civic, social, and religious center of the community. Community parties and church services were held in the small, one-room building, as well as daily classes. In 1864, the County Board of Supervisors approved a petition by local farmers to provide an access road from Old Auburn Road to the eastern part of the district, which has since been known as Greenback Lane. In January 1863, ground was broken for the Central Pacific Railroad, and a year later the railroad passed through the Central Township. The completion of the railroad through the area brought an influx of settlers and increased exportation of agricultural crops by local farmers. Continued migration of settlers to the area led to the need for a second grammar school, the San Juan School, south of Winding Way. The Gov. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... A family of Russian settlers in the Caucasus region, ca. ... For other uses, see Farmer (disambiguation). ...


Among the newcomers of the 1860s and 70s was Cornelius Donahue, who established a ranch near Citrus Heights in 1863, then expanded it in 1872 to include the lands that now house Sunrise Mall and Birdcage Center shopping centers. Peter Van Maren, an early settler who was a leading agriculturalist in the region, maintained a vast estate of nearly 1,000 acres (4 km²) by 1875. In 1910, the quiet pastoral life of the rural Sylvan district underwent a marked change when the real estate firm Trainor & Desmond bought up large tracts of idle land and subdivided them into 10 acre lots. As a promotional ploy to attract buyers, the firm replaced the name Sylvan with the more euphonious sounding name of Citrus Heights, and it has remained so.


20th century history

Irrigation water, provided originally (1911) by the Citrus Heights Water Takers Association and distributed by the North Fork Ditch Company, transformed the rural grain farms, grazing areas and orchards[1] into the present urbanized community. Further impetus to the urbanization of Citrus Heights occurred in 1912 with the construction of the state highway system and Highway 40, the predecessor to today's Interstate 80. Highway 40 originated in San Francisco and followed a northeasterly route toward Sacramento, and on along Auburn Road to Roseville. As early as 1914, the Golden Eagle-Barker Stage line offered passenger bus service from Roseville to Sacramento, via Citrus Heights. Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the soil usually for assisting in growing crops. ... Grazing To feed on growing herbage, attached algae, or phytoplankton. ... A community apple orchard originally planted for productive use during the 1920s, in Westcliff on Sea (Essex, England) An orchard is an intentional planting of trees or shrubs maintained for food production. ... U.S. Route 40 is an east-west United States highway. ... Interstate 80 (abbreviated I-80) is the second-longest Interstate Highway in the United States. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... “Sacramento” redirects here. ... Location in Placer County Coordinates: , County Incorporated April 10, 1909 Government  - Mayor Jim Gray[1] Area  - City 79. ...

City Hall

Adolph Van Maren, successor to his father Peter Van Maren, played a leading role in community development for many years. He served on the San Juan School Board, and contributed to the development of the San Juan High School in 1915. The present site of the Citrus Heights Community Club House on Sylvan Road is on land donated by Van Maren, while the actual building is the old Sylvan School House moved after a new school facility was built in 1927. The increase in both resident population and visitors traveling on the new state highway led to increased business opportunities. William Cobb established a store and service station opposite the school, and Mr. Alexandra established the Cripple Creek Service Station and Auto Camp further up on Auburn Boulevard. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2048 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2048 pixel, file size: 1. ...


A volunteer fire-fighting group was organized in 1934, and later in 1935 the Citrus Heights Fire District, Inc. was born. One of the most fondly remembered community activities was the annual Road Days, sponsored by the Community Club. Begun in 1924, almost all of the township's 200 families came out to help patch holes in country roads, clean drainage ditches, plant trees on school grounds, and lay sidewalks. Although the first small library facility in Citrus Heights was run out of a private home with an inventory of 50 books in 1908, the community built a new library building at the corner of Auburn Boulevard and Sylvan Road in 1930. The year 1932, during the Great Depression, saw the end of the Citrus Heights attempts at fruit farming, as a winter freeze destroyed most of the working orchards.


A substantial influx of newcomers following the end of World War II put a severe strain on Citrus Heights' limited water supply. New subdivisions of one, two, and five-acre lots were creating increasing needs for the provision of public facilities to new families seeking a rural town. In 1947, Citrus Heights obtained its own post office. New businesses continued to appear along Auburn Boulevard, Mariposa Avenue, and Greenback Lane to accommodate the growing population. Increasing demand for housing in the 1940s attracted developers to the area, which was easily accessible from Interstate Highway 80 and the Southern Pacific Railroad system, with a local switchyard.[1] Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Interstate 80 (abbreviated I-80) is the second-longest Interstate Highway in the United States. ...


The San Juan Unified School District saw phenomenal growth and completed the decade with eight elementary schools and one high school. Around this time, Mrs. Eugene Desimone organized the Citrus Heights Ladies in White as an emergency rescue unit of 50 members, each holding advanced first-aid cards and required to respond 24 hours a day. The advent of professional ambulance service in 1983 led to the group's disbandment.


By 1960, the population of rural Citrus Heights had reached 22,600. Auburn Boulevard continued to serve as the community's main street, spurred by the construction of the Grand Oaks Plaza (1960), one of the first enclosed malls in the country. Later, significant commercial development, including Sunrise Mall, Birdcage Walk, Fountain Square, and Sunrise Village, shifted the commercial focus eastward toward Greenback Lane. During this time, the rocket motor manufacturing plant Aerojet General was booming; employing more than 19,000 people at its peak during the early 1960s, after which it saw a steady decline to less than 4,000 in 1977. The plant attracted new residents to Citrus Heights, developing a more professional and scientific demographic. For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see pedestrian street or promenade. ...


In 1970, ground was broken for the giant Sunrise Mall, spurring a great deal of new growth in the Sunrise Boulevard-Greenback Lane area. By 1975, 101 shops, anchored by four department stores, employed 2,500 people within Sunrise Mall. Then in 1976, across Sunrise Boulevard from the Mall, rose Birdcage Walk, a collection of shops and businesses laid out along a park-like walkway. The two shopping centers spurred the construction of hundreds of businesses in the surrounding area. Sunrise Village, the third of the city's big three retail centers, began construction around 1976. The Village, located at the intersection of Sunrise Boulevard and Madison Avenue, added approximately 40,000 square feet (4,000 m²) of retail space in the 1980s. Radiating outward from the Sunrise and Greenback commercial corridors were large office buildings and row upon row of new apartment house complexes and housing tracts, the bulk of which were built during the 1970s and 1980s.


In 1974, a Community Planning Advisory Council was formed to update the Community Plan and provide for orderly growth of the area. The objective of the updated Community Plan was to provide a balance of land uses that were mutually compatible, functional, healthful, and aesthetically pleasing. The community then decided the solution to achieving orderly and efficient development, circulation and public facilities was incorporation, rather than annexation into the city of Sacramento. That same year, voters affirmed their position with an overwhelming defeat to consolidate with the capital city.


The incorporation movement experienced a number of defeats throughout the 1970s and 1980s, attributable primarily to opposition by the County Board of Supervisors. During this time, the Citrus Heights Community Council, an advisory body to the County Board of Supervisors, fought for increased land use controls and public services. The community's population was spiraling upward, and quickly developing the last of the area's rural properties. The county seemed unable to resolve growing problems resulting from increased urban growth, particularly the number of county Sheriff officers needed to combat the community's car thefts, residential burglaries, and vandalism.


In November of 1984, the leadership of the Chamber of Commerce led the final effort to bring cityhood to Citrus Heights. A handful of citizen-members of the Chamber of Commerce circulated petitions and received the necessary signatures to start the incorporation process, forming the Citrus Heights Incorporation Project (CHIP).


During the next several years, CHIP fought an uphill battle with the County of Sacramento to place the incorporation on the ballot. The County Board of Supervisors sued the County Local Agency Formation Commission and CHIP, arguing that all County residents, rather than Citrus Heights residents alone, should be allowed to vote on incorporation. Opponents argued that all residents of the County would be affected by possible tax revenue losses from a Citrus Heights incorporation. In 1993 the matter was appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, who declined to hear the case, letting the Supreme Court of California ruling stand that only residents of the proposed City should vote on incorporation. Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries  Atlas  Politics Portal      The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym... Justices of the Supreme Court of California (circa May 2005). ...


In 1994, after agreement with the County was reached, the effort gained momentum and took on the challenge to raise funds to pay for the mandated Environmental Impact report. Once accomplished, the County Board of Supervisors approved the measure for the November 1996 ballot and a full campaign was initiated.


Finally, after a 12-year battle with the County of Sacramento, the Citrus Heights residents voted on the issue. The voters approved the measure to incorporate the City on November 5, 1996, effective January 1, 1997. The measure won handily, with 62.5% of the votes.


Police Department

The CHPD offices near the city hall.

In January of 2006, the City of Citrus Heights formed its own police department. The department attracted lateral police officers from 62 different police agencies throughout California. Under the leadership of police chief Christopher Boyd, the newly formed department took over law enforcement responsibility from the Sacramento County Sheriff's Department on June 26, 2006. The police department is a full service agency, with specialty units such as SWAT, Special Investigations, Traffic and School Resource Officers. The department operates its own state of the art communications center, which answers 911 calls and dispatches police units throughout the city. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2048 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2048 pixel, file size: 1. ...


The department operates under a unique philosophy, much akin to a corporate environment as opposed to a government or military philosophy. Examples include officers receiving bonuses in the form of cash for exemplary performance and officers who work patrol receive a one month paid sabbatical in addition to their regular vacation time. The department’s motto is to have a work/life balance and department heads are very attuned to the idea of family and making sure officers enjoy that balance.


Environmental

Average annual precipitation in Citrus Heights is approximately 22.9 inches[2] The acoustical environment commonly violates environmental noise guidelines as set forth by Sacramento County, the county guidelines calling for residential levels not to exceed 60 CNEL (Community Noise Equivalent Level). For example sound level measurements in some established residential areas are above the value of 63 CNEL.[3] Most of the noise content in Citrus Heights is contributed by motor vehicle operation, with smaller amounts coming from aircraft noise and other sources. Environmental Noise, is unwanted sound, which may cause either nuisance or damage to health. ... Sacramento County is a county of the U.S. state of California. ... Roadway noise is the most prevalent form of environmental noise. ... Aircraft noise is defined as sound produced by any aircraft on run-up, taxiing, take off, over flying or landing. ...


See also

The Rusch Botanical Gardens (2 acres) are located at 7801 Auburn Boulevard, Citrus Heights, California, USA. Originally laid out in 1916, these gardens are a State Site of Historical Interest, and represent seven biomes of California, featuring rose, herb, citrus, and African plants. ... The Sunrise Mall is located in the southern portion of the city of Citrus Heights, California; and it provides Citrus Heights with a hearty economy based on sales. ... Sleep Train is one of the top three mattress retailers in the United States and the largest on the west coast. ... Delta Tao Software Delta Tao Software is a small software company based in Citrus Heights, California. ... Cheri Elliott at the 2001 Sea Otter Classic Cheri Elliott (b: April 17, 1970 in Citris Heights, California) was an old school American champion female bicycle motocross (BMX) racer in the 1980s, and also a champion Downhill and Slalom mountain bike racer in the 1990s and early 2000s. ... Seal of the Army National Guard The California Army National Guard is a component of the California National Guard, the United States Army and the United States National Guard. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Environmental Site Assessment, Grand Oaks Shopping Center, Citrus Heights, California, Earth Metrics Inc. Report 10164, Oct. 4, 1989
  2. ^ Citrus Heights historic weather data
  3. ^ Acoustical Analysis, 206 Unit Apartment Complex, Citrus Heights, California, Lumina Technologies, prepared for Sacramento County, Ca., November 29, 1998

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Top 20 Encyclopedia (487 words)
Citrus Heights is a city located in Sacramento County, California, USA.
It has two ZIP Codes: 95610 and 95621.
Citrus Heights is located at 38°41'41" North, 121°17'26" West (38.694702, -121.290548)
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