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Encyclopedia > Citrus
Citrus
Citrus reticulata
Citrus reticulata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Citrus
L.
Species & major hybrids

Species
Citrus aurantifolia—Key lime
Citrus maxima—Pomelo
Citrus medica—Citron
Citrus reticulata—Mandarin & Tangerine
Major hybrids
Citrus ×sinensis—Sweet Orange
Citrus ×aurantium—Bitter Orange
Citrus ×paradisi—Grapefruit
Citrus ×limon—Lemon
Citrus ×limonia—Rangpur lime
Citrus ×latifolia—Persian lime
See also main text for other hybrids Look up citrus in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. ... Orders See text. ... Orders See text The botanical Sub-class Rosidae is a large dicotyledonous flowering plant taxon, containing over 58,000 species grouped within 108 families. ... Families See text Sapindales is a botanical name for an order of flowering plants. ... Genera About 160 genera; selected important genera: Amyris - West Indian Sandalwood Choisya - Mexican orange Citrus - Citrus Dictamnus - Burning-bush Fortunella - Kumquat Melicope - Corkwood, Alani Murraya - Curry tree Phellodendron - Cork-trees Poncirus - Trifoliate orange Ptelea - Hoptree Ruta - Rue Skimmia - Skimmia Tetradium (Euodia) - Euodias Zanthoxylum - Toothache trees Rutaceae is a family of... Carl Linnaeus, Latinized as Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 13, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... Binomial name Citrus aurantifolia (Christm. ... Binomial name Merr. ... Binomial name L. For other uses, see Citron (disambiguation). ... Binomial name The Mandarin orange or mandarin (瓯柑) is a small citrus tree (Citrus reticulata) with fruit resembling the orange. ... Binomial name Citrus reticulata Blanco For other uses, see Tangerine (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (L.) Osbeck Orange—specifically, sweet orange—refers to the citrus tree Citrus sinensis (syn. ... Binomial name Citrus aurantium L. The bitter orange, refers to a citrus tree (Citrus aurantium) and its fruit. ... Binomial name Macfad. ... This article is about the fruit. ... Rangpurs, also known as lemanderins, Citrus ×limonia Osbeck, are a hybrid between the mandarin orange and the lemon. ... This article or section is missing needed references or citation of sources. ...

Citrus is a common term and genus of flowering plants in the family Rutaceae, originating in tropical and subtropical southeast Asia. The plants are large shrubs or small trees, reaching 5–15 m tall, with spiny shoots and alternately arranged evergreen leaves with an entire margin. The flowers are solitary or in small corymbs, each flower 2–4 cm diameter, with five (rarely four) white petals and numerous stamens; they are often very strongly scented. The fruit is a hesperidium, a specialised berry, globose to elongated, 4–30 cm long and 4–20 cm diameter, with a leathery rind surrounding segments or "liths" filled with pulp vesicles. The genus is commercially important as many species are cultivated for their fruit, which is eaten fresh or pressed for juice. For other uses, see Genus (disambiguation). ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. ... Genera About 160 genera; selected important genera: Amyris - West Indian Sandalwood Choisya - Mexican orange Citrus - Citrus Dictamnus - Burning-bush Fortunella - Kumquat Melicope - Corkwood, Alani Murraya - Curry tree Phellodendron - Cork-trees Poncirus - Trifoliate orange Ptelea - Hoptree Ruta - Rue Skimmia - Skimmia Tetradium (Euodia) - Euodias Zanthoxylum - Toothache trees Rutaceae is a family of... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Raised thorns on the stem of the wait-a-bit climber Prickles on rose stems Thorns of the Ocotillo A spine is a rigid, pointed surface protuberance or needle-like structure on an animal, shell, or plant, presumably serving as a defense against attack by predators. ... ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ... Look up foliage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Flower (disambiguation). ... White-fruited Rowan (Sorbus glabrescens) corymb; note the branched structure A panicle is a compound raceme; a branched, indeterminate inflorescence with pedicellate flowers (and fruit) attached along the secondary branches (in another words, a branched cluster of flowers in which the branches are racemes). ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... A hesperidium is a fleshy berrylike fruit with a tough rind, as a lemon or an orange. ... In cell biology, a vesicle is a relatively small and enclosed compartment, separated from the cytosol by at least one lipid bilayer. ... For other uses, see Juice (disambiguation). ...


Citrus fruits are notable for their fragrance, partly due to flavonoids and limonoids (which in turn are terpenes) contained in the rind, and most are juice-laden. The juice contains a high quantity of citric acid giving them their characteristic sharp flavor. They are also good sources of vitamin C and flavonoids. Flavonoids are a group of chemical compounds naturally found in certain fruits, vegetables, teas, wines, nuts, seeds, and roots. ... Limonoids are phytochemicals, abundant in citrus fruit and other plants of the classes Rutaceae and Meliaceae. ... Many terpenes are derived from conifer resins, here a pine. ... Citric acid is a weak organic acid found in citrus fruits. ... This article is about the nutrient. ... Molecular structure of the flavone backbone (2-phenyl-1,4-benzopyrone) The term flavonoid refers to a class of plant secondary metabolites. ...


The taxonomy of the genus is complex and the precise number of natural species is unclear, as many of the named species are clonally-propagated hybrids, and there is genetic evidence that even the wild, true-breeding species are of hybrid origin. Cultivated Citrus may be derived from as few as four ancestral species. Numerous natural and cultivated origin hybrids include commercially important fruit such as the orange, grapefruit, lemon, some limes, and some tangerines. Recent research has suggested that the closely related genus Fortunella, and perhaps also Poncirus and the Australian genera Microcitrus and Eremocitrus, should be included in Citrus. In fact, most botanists now classify Microcitrus and Eremocitrus as part of the genus Citrus. This article is about a biological term. ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (L.) Osbeck Orange—specifically, sweet orange—refers to the citrus tree Citrus sinensis (syn. ... Binomial name Macfad. ... This article is about the fruit. ... Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Binomial name Citrus reticulata Blanco For other uses, see Tangerine (disambiguation). ... Species Fortunella crassifolia - Meiwa Kumquat Fortunella hindsii - Hong Kong Kumquat Fortunella japonica - Marumi Kumquat Fortunella margarita - Nagami Kumquat A kumquat (also cumquat; from the Cantonese 柑橘 Gam2 Gwat1; the Pinyin rendering of the Mandarin word is Gān Jú) is a small tree and its fruit, related to... Binomial name Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf. ...

Contents

Cultivation

Further information: Citrus production

As citrus trees hybridise very readily (e.g., seeds grown from Persian limes can produce fruit similar to grapefruit), all commercial citrus cultivation uses trees produced by grafting the desired fruiting cultivars onto rootstocks selected for disease resistance and hardiness. This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... This article is about a biological term. ... This article or section is missing needed references or citation of sources. ... Grafted apple tree Malus sp. ... This Osteospermum Pink Whirls is a successful cultivar. ...


The color of citrus fruits only develops in climates with a (diurnal) cool winter. In tropical regions with no winter, citrus fruits remain green until maturity, hence the tropical "green orange". The lime plant in particular is extremely sensitive to cool conditions, thus it is usually never exposed to cool enough conditions to develop a color. If they are left in a cool place over winter, the fruits will actually change to a yellow color. Many citrus fruits are picked while still green, and ripened while in transit to supermarkets.

Slices of various citrus fruits
Slices of various citrus fruits

Citrus trees are not generally frost hardy. Citrus reticulata tends to be the hardiest of the common Citrus species and can withstand short periods down to as cold as −10 °C, but realistically temperatures not falling below −2 °C are required for successful cultivation. A few hardy hybrids can withstand temperatures well below freezing, but do not produce quality fruit. A related plant, the Trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata) can survive below −20 °C; its fruit are astringent and inedible unless cooked. Citrus fruits from http://www. ... Citrus fruits from http://www. ... Binomial name Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf. ...


The trees do best in a consistently sunny, humid environment with fertile soil and adequate rainfall or irrigation. (Older 'abandoned' Citrus in low valleyland may suffer, yet survive, the dry summer of Central California Inner Coast Ranges. Any age Citrus grows well with infrequent irrigation in partial/understory shade, but the fruit crop is smaller.) Though broadleaved, they are evergreen and do not drop leaves except when stressed. The trees flower (sweet-scented at 2 to 20 meters) in the spring, and fruit is set shortly afterward. Fruit begins to ripen in fall or early winter months, depending on cultivar, and develops increasing sweetness afterward. Some cultivars of tangerines ripen by winter. Some, such as the grapefruit, may take up to eighteen months to ripen.

Limes in a grocery store.
Limes in a grocery store.

Major commercial citrus growing areas include southern China, the Mediterranean Basin (including Southern Spain), South Africa, Australia, the southernmost United States, and parts of South America. In the U.S., Florida, Texas, and California are major producers, while smaller plantings are present in other Sun Belt states. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3008x2000, 784 KB) Limes in a grocery store, Austin, Texas USA December 16, 2006 by photographer Steve Hopson. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3008x2000, 784 KB) Limes in a grocery store, Austin, Texas USA December 16, 2006 by photographer Steve Hopson. ... The Mediterranean Basin refers to the lands around and surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea. ... Motto (Latin) Further Beyond Anthem  1(Spanish) Royal March Spain() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() Capital (and largest city) Madrid Official languages Spanish2 Demonym Spanish, Spaniard Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Head of State King Juan Carlos I  -  President of the Government Formation 15th century   -  Dynastic union 1516   -  Unification... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The Sun Belt, highlighted in red This article is about the region of the United States. ...


Citrus trees grown in tubs and wintered under cover were a feature of Renaissance gardens, once glass-making technology enabled sufficient expanses of clear glass to be produced. The Orangerie at the Palace of the Louvre, 1617, inspired imitations that were not eclipsed until the development of the modern greenhouse in the 1840s. An orangery was a feature of royal and aristocratic residences through the 17th and 18th centuries. In the United States the earliest surviving orangery is at the Tayloe House, Mount Airy, Virginia. See also subsistence gardening, the art and craft of growing plants, considered as a circumscribed form of individual agriculture. ... This article is about the museum. ... Orangery in Kuskovo, Moscow (1760s). ... Mount Airy, near Warsaw in Richmond County, Virginia, is a mid-Georgian plantation house, the first built in the manner of a neo-Palladian villa; it was built in 1758-62 for Colonel John Tayloe, perhaps the richest Virginia planter of his generation. ...


Some modern hobbyists still grow dwarf citrus in containers or greenhouses in areas where it is too cold to grow it outdoors. Consistent climate, sufficient sunlight, and proper watering are crucial if the trees are to thrive and produce fruit. Compared to many "normal green" shrubs, citrus better-tolerates poor container care. For cooler winter areas, lime and lemon should not be grown, since they are more sensitive to winter cold than other citrus fruits. Lemons are commercially grown in cooler-summer/moderate-winter coastal Southern California, because sweetness is neither attained nor expected in retail lemon fruit. Tangerines, tangors and yuzu can be grown outside even in regions with sub-zero winters, although this may affect fruit quality. Hybrids with kumquats (citrofortunella) have good cold resistance. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... This article is about the fruit. ... It is a kind of pomelo. ... Citrofortunella is a group of hybrid plants that are citrus x fortunella. ...


Pests and diseases

Clementines have thinner skins than oranges
Clementines have thinner skins than oranges

Citrus plants are very liable to infestation by aphids, whitefly and scale insects (e.g. California red scale). Also rather important are the viral infections to which some of these ectoparasites serve as vectors such as the aphid-transmitted Citrus tristeza virus which when unchecked by proper methods of control is devastating to citrine plantations. The foliage is also used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Common Emerald, Double-striped Pug, Giant Leopard Moth, Hypercompe eridanus, Hypercompe icasia and Hypercompe indecisa. European brown snail (Helix) can be a problem in California, though laying female Mallard-based (Anas) ducks eat snails and slugs. . Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1632x1224, 720 KB) Photo taken by Tokugawapants using Konica-Minolta A200. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1632x1224, 720 KB) Photo taken by Tokugawapants using Konica-Minolta A200. ... Families There are 10 families: Anoeciidae Aphididae Drepanosiphidae Greenideidae Hormaphididae Lachnidae Mindaridae Pemphigidae Phloeomyzidae Thelaxidae Aphids, also known as greenfly or plant lice, are minute plant-feeding insects. ... Whitefly Categories: Stub ... Families Aclerdidae Asterolecaniidae Beesoniidae Carayonemidae Cerococcidae Coccidae Conchaspididae Dactylopiidae Diaspididae Electrococcidae Eriococcidae Grimaldiellidae Halimococcidae Inkaidae Jersicoccidae Kermesidae Kerriidae Kukaspididae Labiococcidae Lecanodiaspididae Margarodidae Micrococcidae Ortheziidae Phenacoleachiidae Phoenicococcidae Pseudococcidae Putoidae Stictococcidae The scale insects are small insects of the order Hemiptera, notable for their habit of secreting a waxy covering that covers... Binomial name Aonidiella aurantii Maskell California red scale is a major insect pest of citrus in California. ... A parasite is an organism that lives in or on the living tissue of a host organism at the expense of that host. ... In epidemiology, a vector is an organism that does not cause disease itself but which spreads infection by conveying pathogens from one host to another. ... Species Citrus tristeza virus Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) is a viral species of the Closterovirus genus that causes the most economically damaging disease to its namesake plant genus, Citrus. ... A larval insect A larva (Latin; plural larvae) is a juvenile form of animal with indirect development, undergoing metamorphosis (for example, insects or amphibians). ... The order Lepidoptera is the second most speciose order in the class Insecta and includes the butterflies, moths and skippers. ... Binomial name Hemithea aestivaria Hübner, 1799 The Common Emerald (Hemithea aestivaria) is a moth of the family Geometridae. ... Binomial name Gymnoscelis rufifasciata Haworth, 1809 The Double-striped Pug (Gymnoscelis rufifasciata) is a moth of the family Geometridae. ... Binomial name Ecpantheria scribonia (Stoll, 1790) The Giant Leopard Moth (Ecpantheria scribonia) is a moth of the family Arctiidae. ... Hypercompe is a genus of moths of the family Arctiidae. ... Hypercompe is a genus of moths of the family Arctiidae. ... Hypercompe is a genus of moths of the family Arctiidae. ... Binomial name Helix aspersa (Müller, 1774) The brown garden snail (Helix aspersa) (syn. ... A mature Khaki Campbell drake. ... For other uses, see Mallard (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Anas (disambiguation). ... Subfamilies Dendrocygninae Oxyurinae Anatinae Aythyinae Merginae Duck is the common name for a number of species in the Anatidae family of birds. ...

This article is a list of diseases in citrus plants. ...

Uses

Culinary

Oranges are used in many foods.
Oranges are used in many foods.

Many citrus fruits, such as oranges, tangerines, grapefruits, and clementines, are generally eaten fresh. They are typically peeled and can be easily split into segments. Grapefruit is more commonly halved and eaten out of the skin with a utensil. Orange and grapefruit juices are also very popular breakfast beverages. More astringent citrus, such as lemons and limes are generally not eaten on their own. Though 'Meyer' "Lemon" can be eaten 'out of hand', it is both sweet and sour. Lemonade or limeade are popular beverages prepared by diluting the juices of these fruits and adding sugar. Lemons and limes are also used as garnishes or in cooked dishes. Their juice is used as an ingredient in a variety of dishes; it can commonly be found in salad dressings and squeezed over cooked meat or vegetables. A variety of flavors can be derived from different parts and treatments of citrus fruits. The rind and oil of the fruit is generally very bitter, especially when cooked. The fruit pulp can vary from sweet and tart to extremely sour. Marmalade, a condiment derived from cooked orange and lemon, can be especially bitter. Lemon or lime is commonly used as a garnish for water, soft drinks, or cocktails. Citrus juices, rinds, or slices are used in a variety of mixed drinks. The colorful outer skin of some citrus fruits, known as zest, is used as a flavoring in cooking; the white inner portion of the peel, the pith, is usually avoided due to its bitterness. The zest of a citrus fruit, typically lemon or an orange, can also be soaked in water in a coffee filter, and drunk. Download high resolution version (640x752, 112 KB)Ambersweet oranges, a new cold-resistant orange variety. ... Download high resolution version (640x752, 112 KB)Ambersweet oranges, a new cold-resistant orange variety. ... Binomial name (L.) Osbeck Orange—specifically, sweet orange—refers to the citrus tree Citrus sinensis (syn. ... Binomial name Citrus reticulata Blanco For other uses, see Tangerine (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Macfad. ... For other uses, see Clementine (disambiguation). ... Breakfast is the last meal of the week, typically eaten in the afternoon. ... Binomial name Citrus X limon {{{author}}} Lemons are the citrus fruit from the tree Citrus X limon. ... Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Binomial name The Meyer lemon (Citrus × meyeri) is originally from China and thought to be a cross between a true lemon and a mandarin orange or sweet orange. ... This article is about the drink made with lemons. ... Limeade is a beverage similar to lemonade, but is made with lime juice or lime flavor(s) instead of those of the lemon. ... Peel, also known as rind, is the outer protective layer of a fruit. ... An essential oil is a concentrated, hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aromatic compounds from plants. ... For other uses, see Marmalade (disambiguation). ... Garnish is a substance used primarily as an embellishment or decoration to a prepared food or drink item. ... Zest is the outer, colored shell of citrus fruit and is often used for baking. ... For other uses, see Coffee (disambiguation). ...


Medical

Citrus fruits of orange, lemon, lime and grapefruit
Citrus fruits of orange, lemon, lime and grapefruit

Citrus juice also has medical uses - the lemon juice is used to relieve the pain of bee stings. The orange is also used in Vitamin C pills, which prevents scurvy. Scurvy is caused by Vitamin C deficiency, and can be prevented by having 10 milligrams of Vitamin C a day. An early sign of scurvy is fatigue. If ignored, later symptoms are bleeding and bruising easily.And also after some people eat them they use the peels as a facial cleanser. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Binomial name (L.) Osbeck Orange—specifically, sweet orange—refers to the citrus tree Citrus sinensis (syn. ... This article is about the fruit. ... Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Binomial name Macfad. ... For other uses, see Bee sting (disambiguation). ... This article is about the nutrient. ... ...

History

Mandarin oranges, still on the tree
Mandarin oranges, still on the tree

Prior to human cultivation, the genus Citrus has been suggested as originating in Southeast Asia and consisted of just a few species: Download high resolution version (1024x768, 190 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 190 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ...

There are, however, a number of native citrus species particular to the Australian Continent. Binomial name Citrus maxima The Pummelo (Citrus maxima) or Shaddock is a citrus fruit, usually a pale green when ripe, larger than a grapefruit, with sweet flesh and thick spongy rind. ... World map depicting Malay Archipelago The Malay Archipelago is a vast archipelago located between mainland Southeastern Asia (Indochina) and Australia. ... Citron is a citrus fruit of the species Citrus medica. ... Key lime (Citrus aurantifolia), also called the Mexican lime or bartenders lime, is a small lime used in making margaritas and key lime pie, a specialty of American cuisine in Florida. ... Satsuma Mandarin Orange The Mandarin orange is a small citrus tree (Citrus reticulata) with fruit resembling the orange. ... Map of Peninsular Malaysia Peninsular Malaysia (Malay: Semenanjung Malaysia) is the part of Malaysia which lies on the Malay Peninsula, and shares a land border with Thailand in the north. ...

Six small citrus species known as lime are native to Australia. ... Binomial name Citrus glauca (Lindl. ... Binomial name Citrus australasica F. Muell. ...

List of citrus fruits

Pair of lemons
Pair of lemons
Lemon, whole and in section
Lemon, whole and in section

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1067, 203 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Lemon Citrus ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1067, 203 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Lemon Citrus ... Binomial name Citrus × natsudaidai Hayata Amanatsu ) is a yellowish orange citrus fruit, a group of cultivars of natsumikan (Citrus natsudaidai), which were discovered in 1740 in the Yamaguchi prefecture of Japan. ... Trinomial name Citrus aurantium subsp. ... Binomial name Citrus aurantium L. The bitter orange, refers to a citrus tree (Citrus aurantium) and its fruit. ... The blood orange is a variety of orange (Citrus sinensis) with crimson, blood-colored flesh. ... Buddhas Hand, Buddhas Hand citron, or Fingered citron (Citrus medica var. ... Packaged whole fruits and a popular soft drink made from the fruit known as calamansi Calamondin or calamansi—X Citrofortunella microcarpa (Bunge) Wijnands—is a fruit tree in the Family Rutaceae that presumably comes from and is very popular throughout Southeast Asia, especially the Philippines. ... Several cam sành The cam sành (literally terra-cotta orange) is a variety of citrus fruit similar to an orange, originating from Vietnam. ... Binomial name L. For other uses, see Citron (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Clementine (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Citrus aurantium L. var daidai (Makino) The daidai (Japanese:橙、臭橙; Chinese:代代花; Korean:ê´‘ê·¤), is an Asian variety of bitter orange. ... Bitter Orange is a name used to refer to several citrus or citrus-like fruit trees. ... Dekopon (Japanese: デコポン) is a highly sweet and expensive hybrid between ChungGyun mandarins and Ponkan that are grown in Japan and Korea, presumed to be first cultivated in the early 1990s. ... Ponkan (Japanese: ポンカン) (Chinese Honey Orange)– is a member of the tangerine family, but its fruits are the size of oranges. ... Binomial name Citrus glauca (Lindl. ... Binomial name Citrus australasica F. Muell. ... Binomial name Macfad. ... The Ichang Lemon (Citrus ichangensis, also called Ichang papeda) is a slow-growing species of the genus Citrus, which has characteristic lemon-scented foliage and flowers. ... Binomial name Citrus limon × Citrus paradisi (L.) Burm. ... The iyokan (伊予柑), also known as anadomikan (穴門みかん), is a Japanese citrus fruit. ... Kabosu fruit Kabosu (カボス, 香母酢) is a Japanese citrus tree and its fruit. ... Kaffir limes on sale Kaffir lime (left), used in Thai cooking, with galangal root. ... Binomial name Citrus aurantifolia (Christm. ... The Kinnow (also Kinoo) is a variety of citrus fruit grown in Pakistan, which resembles Mandarin oranges. ... Species 6, see text. ... Species See text Potted kumquat trees at a kumquat liqueur distillery on Corfu. ... Species Fortunella crassifolia - Meiwa Kumquat Fortunella hindsii - Hong Kong Kumquat Fortunella japonica - Marumi Kumquat Fortunella margarita - Nagami Kumquat A kumquat (also cumquat; from the Cantonese 柑橘 Gam2 Gwat1; the Pinyin rendering of the Mandarin word is Gān Jú) is a small tree and its fruit, related to... Citrofortunella is a group of hybrid plants that are citrus x fortunella. ... This article is about the fruit. ... Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Key lime (Citrus aurantifolia), also called the Mexican lime or bartenders lime, is a small lime used in making margaritas and key lime pie, a specialty of American cuisine in Florida. ... Bitter Orange is a name used to refer to several citrus or citrus-like fruit trees. ... Binomial name Citrus × Fortunella (L.) Burm. ... This article is about a biological term. ... Rangpurs, also known as lemanderins, Citrus ×limonia Osbeck, are a hybrid between the mandarin orange and the lemon. ... Binomial name The Mandarin orange or mandarin (瓯柑) is a small citrus tree (Citrus reticulata) with fruit resembling the orange. ... Binomial name The Meyer lemon (Citrus × meyeri) is originally from China and thought to be a cross between a true lemon and a mandarin orange or sweet orange. ... This article is about Mandarin orange. ... Natsumikan is a fruit of Japan developed in 1740. ... Binomial name (L.) Osbeck Orange—specifically, sweet orange—refers to the citrus tree Citrus sinensis (syn. ... Orange blossoms and oranges on tree For other uses of orange, see orange (disambiguation) Oranges are the fruits of an orange tree, one of the most common citrus fruits. ... Citrus fruit, and famous exclamation of the nemesis of Mr Lardtree, the pollidge-eating owner of weeb. ... An orangelo is a hybrid citrus fruit believed to have originated in Puerto Rico. ... The orangequat is a cross between a orange and a kumquat. ... An oroblanco is a cross between a white grapefruit and an acidless pummelo. ... This article or section is missing needed references or citation of sources. ... Binomial name Merr. ... Binomial name Citrus maxima The Pummelo (Citrus maxima) or Shaddock is a citrus fruit, usually a pale green when ripe, larger than a grapefruit, with sweet flesh and thick spongy rind. ... Binomial name Citrus limon × Citrus medica (L.) Burm. ... Ponkan (Japanese: ポンカン) (Chinese Honey Orange)– is a member of the tangerine family, but its fruits are the size of oranges. ... Rangpurs, also known as lemanderins, are a hybrid between the mandarin orange and the lemon. ... The satsuma mandarin (Citrus reticulata) was first introduced to the United States from Japan in 1876. ... Binomial name Citrus × depressa (Hayata) Shekwasha (Citrus × depressa, formerly , Okinawan シークヮーサー shÄ«kwāsā, Japanese ヒラミレモン hirami remon), in English sometimes called Taiwan tangerine, flat lemon, hirami lemon, or thin-skinned flat lemon, is a small, green citrus fruit rich in flavonoids and native to Taiwan and Okinawa, Japan. ... Sudachi (すだち or スダチ)is a small, round, green citrus fruit that is relatively unknown to the world except in Japan. ... Sunki is a tribal village in Kotaput district of Orissa state, India. ... Sweetie fruit, whole and cross section. ... Binomial name ??? The tangelo is a citrus fruit that is a hybrid of any mandarin orange, popularly known as a tangerine, and either a pomelo or a grapefruit. ... The Minneola tangelo is a citrus fruit hybrid of a grapefruit and a tangerine. ... An ugli fruit is a citrus fruit created by hybridizing a grapefruit (or pomelo according to some sources) and a tangerine, and is sometimes called uniq fruit or unique fruit. ... Binomial name Citrus reticulata Blanco For other uses, see Tangerine (disambiguation). ... Satsuma Mandarin Orange The Mandarin orange is a small citrus tree (Citrus reticulata) with fruit resembling the orange. ... The tangor is a Citrus which is a hybrid of the Tangerine and the Orange. ... Three Ugli fruits Ugli fruit, peeled and sectioned An ugli fruit is a citrus fruit created by hybridizing a grapefruit (or pomelo according to some sources) and a tangerine, and is sometimes called uniq fruit or unique fruit. ... It is a kind of pomelo. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1200x848, 313 KB) An edit of Image:Lemon. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1200x848, 313 KB) An edit of Image:Lemon. ...

References

  • Freitas de Araújo, E., Paganucci de Queiroz, L., and Machado, M. A. 2003. What is Citrus? Taxonomic implications from a study of cp-DNA evolution in the tribe Citreae (Rutaceae subfamily Aurantioideae). Organisms Diversity & Evolution 3(1): 55-62 (abstract online here)
  • Nicolosi, E., Z. N. Deng, A. Gentile, S. La Malfa, G. Continella, and E. Tribulato. 2000. Citrus phylogeny and genetic origin of important species as investigated by molecular markers. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 100(8): 1155 - 1166 (abstract online here).
  • Sackman. Douglas Cazaux. Orange Empire: California and the Fruits of Eden (2005) comprehensive, multidimensional history of citrus industry in California
  • Various authors (2002). in Giovanni Dugo and Angelo Di Giacomo, eds.: Citrus. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0-415-28491-0. 
    • Calabrese, Francesco. "Origin and history".
  • 2 Citrus fruits from Purdue University
  • Citrus taxonomy (abstract)

Purdue redirects here. ...

See also

The holdings of the Citrus Variety Collection by the University of California [1].


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Citrus County Board of County Commissioners Official Website (239 words)
Citrus County, located on "Florida's Nature Coast", is located 70 miles north of Tampa and 60 miles northwest of Orlando, along Florida's west-central coast and the Gulf of Mexico.
The surrounding counties include Levy to the north - northwest, Marion to the northeast, Sumter to the east - southeast, and Hernando to the south.
Citrus County is known for its beautiful waterways, crystal clear springs, and gentle manatees.
Citrus Alarm Clock: Free Alarm Clock Software (231 words)
Citrus is a software alarm clock, and the result of many missed busses.
BETA VERSION AVAILABLE: Citrus Alarm Clock 2.0ß1, which supports Windows Vista, adds a snooze mode, and wakes your computer from sleep state, is available for testing.
Citrus Alarm Clock requires either Windows 98, ME, 2000, XP or higher plus an installed media player of your choice.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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