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Encyclopedia > Citroën Traction Avant
A black Traction Avant
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1934 Traction Avant 11CV

Citroën's Traction Avant, or simply Traction, was the name of a very innovative car produced in the 1930s by Citroën. Traction Avant, French for pull from the front, is a general term referring to any front wheel drive car, of which the Citroën was one of the most famous examples. It was available in 7 cv, 11 cv and 15 cv variants. 22 cv prototypes featuring a V8 engine were built but none is known to have survived Download high resolution version (1200x780, 207 KB)A Citroën Traction Avant. ... Download high resolution version (1200x780, 207 KB)A Citroën Traction Avant. ... A 11CV Traction Avant. ... A 11CV Traction Avant. ... Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, started in 1919 by André Citroën. ... Events and trends Technology Jet engine invented First atom was split with a particle accelerator Golden Age of radio begins in U.S. Disney adopts a three-color Technicolor process for cartoons First Kit Kat in UK The photocopier is invented by Carlson Air mail service across the Atlantic Science... Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, started in 1919 by André Citroën. ... Front wheel drive is the most common form of engine/transmission layout used in modern automobiles, where the engine drives the front wheels. ... CV can stand for: aircraft carrier (United States Navys hull classification symbol) Cape Verde Islands (ISO 3166 digram and NATO country code) Cardiovascular Cargolux (IATA code) Central Vermont Railway (AAR reporting mark CV) Combat Vehicle Constant Velocity joint (mechanical and automotive engineering) Cross of Valour (Canadian military decoration) Curriculum... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration :See also V8 (beverage) A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders. ...


Traction Avant was designed by André Lefèbvre in late 1933/early 1934. In addition to front-wheel-drive, the car also introduced the use of an arc-welded monocoque frame, independently sprung front wheels, and a torsion bar suspension. It was considerably lighter than "conventional" designs of the era, allowing it to reach 100 km/h (62.6 Mph), very fast for the era, and use only 10 litres of petrol per 100 km (23.5 mpg). Design as a process can take many forms depending on the object being designed and the individual or individuals participating. ... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Welding is a fabrication process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing coalescence. ... Monocoque (French for single shell) or unibody is a construction technique that uses the external skin of an object to support some or most of the load on the structure. ... A torsion spring is a ribbon, bar, or coil that reacts against twisting motion. ... The front suspension components of a Ford Model T. Suspension is the term given to the system of shock absorbers and linkages which connect a vehicle to its wheels. ... Kilometre per hour (American spelling: kilometer per hour) is a unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector). ... Miles per hour is a unit of speed, expressing the number of international miles covered per hour. ... The litre (or liter in US) is a metric unit of volume. ...


The cars were built in three European factories: World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ...

The English cars were built in a right-hand drive version. The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Forest within the Brussels-Capital Region Forest (French) or Vorst (Dutch) is one of the nineteen municipalities located in the Brussels-Capital Region of Belgium. ... Slough (pronounced ) is a town and unitary authority in the county of Berkshire in the south of England. ...


The original models were a small sedan with a 1303 cc engine. Later models had a 4 cylinder 1911 cc engine with the "big six" having a 2867 cc six cylinder. This article is about the type of car. ... CC in Roman numerals is 200. ... A colorized automobile engine An internal combustion engine is an engine that is powered by the expansion of hot combustion products of fuel directly acting within an engine. ...


Michelin owned the Citroën company from 1934 until 1976, so it is not surprising that they used the Traction Avant as the test bed for their radial tyres. Michelin logo Michelin (full name: Manufacture Française des Pneumatiques Michelin, French manufacturer of tyres Michelin), based in Clermont-Ferrand, France in the Auvergne région of France, is primarily a tyre (In American English, tire) manufacturer but is also famous for its series of travel guides and road maps... Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, started in 1919 by André Citroën. ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... A radial is a line drawn along a vector. ... Firestone tire A tire (US spelling) or tyre (UK spelling) is a roughly toroidal piece of (usually) rubber placed on a wheel to cushion it. ...


By 1955 Citroën had moved on to the DS, which initially used the same engine. Production of the Traction ended in July 1957. 760,000 were built. 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The DS (also known as Déesse, or Goddess, after the punning initials in French) was a model of Citroën automobile manufactured and sold between 1955 and 1975. ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Traction is generally associated in movie iconography with the Second World War: the cliché is that of Gestapo agents, clad in black, driving around in black Tractions. It has been said “A picture is worth a thousand words”, and so it is that iconography is the traditional art of portraying figures in pigment that symbolically mean more than a simple depiction of the person involved. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... A cliché (from French, stereotype) is a phrase or expression, or the idea expressed by it, that has been overused to the point of losing its intended force or novelty, especially where the same expression was at one time distinctively forceful or novel. ... The Gestapo was the official secret police force of Nazi Germany. ...


External links

  • Club (http://www.tractionavant.com)
  • Traction Owners Club - UK (http://www.traction-owners.co.uk)
  • Traction Avant links Citroën World (http://home.versatel.nl/CitroenWorld/traction.htm)
  • P CITROËN TRACTION AVANT (http://home.versatel.nl/P-citroen/traction.html)
  • Traction Avant district CitCity (http://home.versatel.nl/CitCity/TractionAvant/)
  • Traction Avant articles citroenz.nl (http://www.citroenz.nl/traction.htm)
  • Citroën Crash Test: Traction Avant 1934 (http://home.versatel.nl/CitroenCrashTest/TractionAvant/)
Preceded by:
Citroën Type C
Succeeded by:
Citroën DS


The DS (also known as Déesse, or Goddess, after the punning initials in French) was a model of Citroën automobile manufactured and sold between 1955 and 1975. ...

Citroën


In production Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, started in 1919 by André Citroën. ... Citroen Logo, claiming fair use This work is copyrighted. ...

Berlingo | C1 | C2 | C3 | C4 | C5 | C6 | C8 | C15 | Elysée | Jumpy | Jumper | Xsara


Historic The Citroën Berlingo is a small utility vehicle from Citroën developed in a common project with Peugeot, who have named their version Partner. ... The Citroën C1 is a minicar developed by PSA Group ( Peugeot/ Citroën) in a joint-venture with japanese group Toyota Motor Corporation. ... Citroën C2 The Citroën C2 is a supermini car produced from 2004 as the new entry point for the Citroën brand. ... Citroën C3 The Citroën C3 is a supermini car made by Citroën. ... 2004 Citroën C4 Coupe The Citroën C4 is a European compact car designed to be the successor to the Citroën Xsara. ... The Citroën C5 is the medium segment car in the Citroën range, available as a saloon (sedan) or estate (wagon). ... The Citroën C6 is a large automobile manufactured by Citroën of France, sold from 2005 and presented for the first time at the 2005 Geneva Motor Show. ... The Citroën C8 is a European minivan seating up to eight people. ... The C15 was the forerunner to todays utility vehicles. ... The Citroën Elysée is a sedan designed in China and derived from the ZX, with a front reminiscent of that of the Xsara. ... The Citroën Jumpy (called Citroën Dispatch on the UK market) is a small van produced at Sevel Nord from 1995. ... The Citroën Jumper is a van produced by Sevel Sur from 1994. ... The Citroën Xsara was an automobile made by Citroën from 1997 to 2004. ...

Traction Avant | TUB | TUC | 2CV | Acadiane | Ami 6 | Ami 8 | Ami Super | Axel | AX | BX | CX | C25 | C35 | Dyane | DS | ID | Evasion | FAF | GS | GSA | H Van | LN | LNA | M35 | Méhari | Saxo | SM | Visa | XM | Xantia | ZX


Prototypes and Concept Cars The Citroën TUB and TUC (from the French Traction Utilitaire de type B or type C) were light trucks derived from the Traction Avant and produced by Citroën between 1939 and 1941. ... The Citroën TUB and TUC (from the French Traction Utilitaire de type B or type C) were light trucks derived from the Traction Avant and produced by Citroën between 1939 and 1941. ... 1960 2CV. Notice suicide doors The 2CV (deux chevaux - French, literally two horses, from the tax horsepower rating) was a popular French car made by Citroën. ... The Acadiane is a small commercial vehicle derived from the Dyane, produced from 1978 to 1987. ... The Citroën Ami series was launched in 1961 and remained in production until May 1978. ... The Citroën Ami series was launched in 1961 and remained in production until May 1978. ... The Citroën Ami series was launched in 1961 and remained in production until May 1978. ... The Citroën Axel was a car sold in some countries in Western Europe between 1985 and 1990. ... The Citroën AX is a small car, built by Citroën from 1986 to 1998. ... 1989 BX GTI The Citroën BX was introduced in 1982 and was a somewhat radical car compared to many of its contemporaries. ... 1986 Citroën CX 25 Prestige The CX was a model of Citroën automobile manufactured and sold between 1974 and 1991. ... The Citroën C25 is a van produced by Sevel Sur from 1981 to 1993. ... Citroën C32 and Citroën C35 were vans produced by Citroën from 1974 to 1992. ... Dyane Dyane 6 The Citroën Dyane was an automobile model of the French company based on the famous Citroën 2CV. It was a hatchback with some styling differences, such as conventional round headlamps set into the bodyshell with a squared enjoliveur, as opposed to the bug eye ones... The DS (also known as Déesse, or Goddess, after the punning initials in French) was a model of Citroën automobile manufactured and sold between 1955 and 1975. ... The DS (also known as Déesse, or Goddess, after the punning initials in French) was a model of Citroën automobile manufactured and sold between 1955 and 1975. ... 1998 SX 2. ... The Citroën FAF was a car derived from the 2CV and designed for the Third World countries. ... The Citroën GS / GSA: was a popular, comfortable and very agile French car made by Citroën. ... The Citroën GS / GSA: was a popular, comfortable and very agile French car made by Citroën. ... The Citroën H Van or HY was a light truck produced by Citroën between 1947 and 1981. ... The Citroën LN and LNA was a subcompact automobile. ... The Citroën LN and LNA was a subcompact automobile. ... The Citroën M35 was a coupé derived from the Ami 8, and equiped with a Wankel engine and an hydropneumatic suspension. ... The Citroën Méhari is an open car based on the 2CV, with a body made of ABS, and which was produced from 1968 to 1988. ... The Citroën Saxo is a car built by Citroën from 1996 to 2003. ... 1974 Citroën SM Citroën SM Citroën purchased Maserati in 1968 with the intention of harnessing Maseratis high performance engine technology to produce a true Gran Turismo car, combining sophisticated Citroën suspension with a Maserati power unit. ... The Citroën Visa is a small, roomy, light, 5-door car derived from the Peugeot 104 and produced by Citroën from 1978 to 1988. ... Citroen XM with suspension fully lowered Regarded by some as the last real Citroën, the XM was not really a great success. ... The Citroën Xantia is an mid-sized automobile produced by PSA Peugeot-Citroen, and was produced between 1993 and 2001. ... 1997 Citroën ZX The Citroën ZX was launched early in 1991 as the French marques competitor in the Ford Escort class. ...

G Van | Prototype C | 2CV Pop | GS Camargue | C44 | Karin | Zabrus

Citroën Website (http://www.citroen.com/en/default_content.htm) Citroën World (http://home.versatel.nl/CitroenWorld/) The Citroën G Van was the 1948 prototype built by Citroën of a small truck which looked like a scaled down version of the H Van, and equipped with the 375 cc engine of the 2CV. One model of the G Van has survived till today. ... The Citroën Prototype C was a range of vehicles created by Citroën from 1955 to 1956 under the direction of André Lefèbvre. ... The Citroën 2CV Pop was the study by Citroën of a luxuous execution of the 2CV, built in 1973. ... The Citroën GS Camargue was a concept car of a Citroën GS Coupé 2+2 which was designed by the Italian company Bertone. ... The Citroën C44 is a little-known CX-engined VW Iltis jeep. ... The Citroën Karin was a concept car presented at the Paris Motor Show in 1980. ... Citroën Zabrus The Citroën Zabrus was a concept car of a Coupé 2+2 which was designed by the Italian company Bertone. ...

 (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/wiki.phtml?title=Template:Citroën&action=edit)

 
 

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