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Encyclopedia > Citroën GS

The Citroën GS / GSA: was a popular, comfortable and very agile French car made by Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, started in 1919 by André Citroën. Originally a mass-market car maker with relatively straight-forward designs, Citroën shocked the world in 1934 with the innovative Traction Avant (front wheel drive) ( 1934- 1956). Until the late 1980s... Citroën. 2,5 million were produced from 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. Events January-February January 1 - Construction begins on Arcosanti, by Paolo Soleri, in Mayer, Arizona, located 65, miles north of Phoenix, Arizona. January 1 - Unix epoch at 00:00:00 UTC. January 12 - Biafra capitulates, ending the Nigerian civil war. January 15... 1970 to 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January January 1 - Spain and Portugal enter the European Community January 1 - Aruba gains increased autonomy from the Netherlands and is separated from the Netherlands Antilles. January 9 - After losing a patent battle with Polaroid, Kodak leaves... 1986.


The initial body shape was a 'berline' (three lateral glass). The vehicle displayed fluid body lines and was equipped with Front wheel drive is the most common form of engine/transmission layout used in modern automobiles, where the engine drives the front wheels. Rear wheel drive was the traditional standard while four wheel drive is also sometimes used. The history of front wheel drive goes back to the 1934 Traction... front wheel drive, a A flat-4 is a four cylinder internal combustion engine where the cylinders are arranged in a flat configuration. This is not a common configuration, but some brands of automobile have favoured such engines and it is a common configuration for smaller aircraft engines such as made by Lycoming. Volkswagen... flat-four air-cooled engine with roots at Panhard, originally Panhard et Levassor, is a French automobile manufacturer. It was established in 1889, making this the first automobile manufacturing company. From 1965 on it has only made armored vehicles - The civil branch has been absorbed by Citroën in 1965. The company was founded when Rene Panhard and... Panhard. Its central hydraulic system powering the four disc-brakes and the Hydropneumatic is the name given to a suspension system invented by Citroën and fitted to Citroën cars, as well as being adapted by other car manufacturers, notably Mercedes-Benz. This system uses a belt driven pump from the engine to pressurise special LHM fluid around the hydraulic system... hydropneumatic suspension system was derived from the The DS (also known as Déesse, or Goddess, after the punning initials in French) was a model of Citroën automobile manufactured and sold between 1955 and 1975. The DS is characterized by long, smooth, fluid body lines, a hydraulic suspension system, front-wheel drive, and a... Citroën DS.


The motors were 1015, 1129, 1220, 1299 cm³ producing from 55 to 65 ch DIN, plus a Dr. Felix Heinrich Wankel (August 13, 1902–October 9, 1988) was the German inventor of the Wankel engine. Wankel was born in Lahr, Germany. Since his mother was widowed in World War I, Wankel received no university education or even an apprenticeship. However he was able to teach himself... Wankel birotor produced by Comotor on the Citroën GZ version.


From 1972 was a leap year that started on a Saturday. Events January January 2 - the Pierre Hotel Heist - Six men rob the safety deposit boxes of the Pierre Hotel in New York City. Loot is at least $4 million January 5 - President of the United States Richard Nixon orders the... 1972 a 'break' (estate) bodyshell was introduced as were 'Enterprise' service vans.

GS Service Van - 1978 model File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 10:51, 6 Jun 2004 . . Eric.brough@bluevalley...
GS Service Van - 1978 model File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 10:51, 6 Jun 2004 . . Eric.brough@bluevalley... Enlarge
GS Service Van

The original vehicles (approx 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. Events January-February January 1 - Construction begins on Arcosanti, by Paolo Soleri, in Mayer, Arizona, located 65, miles north of Phoenix, Arizona. January 1 - Unix epoch at 00:00:00 UTC. January 12 - Biafra capitulates, ending the Nigerian civil war. January 15... 1970 - Events January January 1 - The Copyright Act of 1976 takes effect, making sweeping changes to United States copyright law. January 1 - Air Indias Boeing 747 explodes near Bombay - 213 dead. January 4 - Referendum in Chile supports policies of Augusto Pinochet. January 7 - Emilio Palma is born in Antarctica, making... 1978) were branded GS; a later face-lifted series with a hatchback and plastic bumpers (approx 1979 is a common year starting on Monday. Events January January 1 - United States and the Peoples Republic of China establish diplomatic relations January 4 - State of Ohio agrees to pay $675,000 to families of dead and injured in Kent State University shootings. January 7 - Vietnam and Vietnam... 1979 - 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January January 1 - Spain and Portugal enter the European Community January 1 - Aruba gains increased autonomy from the Netherlands and is separated from the Netherlands Antilles. January 9 - After losing a patent battle with Polaroid, Kodak leaves... 1986) were branded GSA. Among the unusual features on these models was a magnifying glass in front of cylinder-based speedometer and tachometer.


The GS was voted Car of the Year is a phrase usually considered to have been invented by Motor Trend magazine in the 1950s for their annual award for best automobile. The magazine still gives this award. It also refers to an award given yearly to the new automobile selected best by a jury... European Car of the Year for 1971. An advanced car for its time packing a lot of advanced technology for its low price. A masterpiece of Citroen concept engineering rather let down by poor manufacturing quality. In part, this was because Citroën produced so many of them in 1979. These then lay unsold in Southampton, often for as long as two years, exposed to salt air and with no corrosion-proofing other than the thin coat of grease applied to new cars at the factory. This meant that UK X-, Y- and A-registered models can have deteriorated far more than their older counterparts. Unfortunately, the ongoing corrosion problems meant that many of them were scrapped in the early 1990s, often requiring as little as an hour's work to see them fit for the road.


Driving the GSA

The GSA takes a bit of getting used to, with a ride and control feel quite unlike any other car. The front brakes are mounted on the gearbox, leaving the wheel hubs clear. This means that the front wheels pivot through their centre (imagine a line drawn across the diameter of the wheel, through the centre of the tyre's tread band), instead of moving in a segment of a circle as on conventional cars. This gives it incredibly sharp steering with a lot of resistance to bump-steer. The dual-wishbone front suspension, coupled with the self-levelling hydraulics, allows a lot of suspension travel which soaks up bumps like a The Rolls Royce logo Rolls-Royce is a set of several companies, all deriving from the British automobile and aero-engine manufacturing company founded by Henry Royce and C.S. Rolls in 1906. The companies are: Rolls-Royce plc, by far the most significant in economic terms, is a British... Rolls-Royce (who used a very similar system derived from the larger 1986 Citroën CX 25 Prestige The CX was a model of Citroën automobile manufactured and sold between 1974 and 1988. A total of 1,042,460 CXs were produced. The CX is often cited by enthusiasts as the last real Citroën before Peugeot took... Citroën CX on their own cars). The strongly-damped suspension gives the car remarkable roadholding, even with the tall skinny tyres.


The cabin is surprisingly roomy, in part due to the flat floor (although there is a large centre console with the gear lever, and the radio mounted sideways between the seats). Both versions have the characteristic single-spoke steering wheel, with the GS and older GSAs having conventional "stalk" controls mounted on the steering column. These are substantial chromed items, that operate with a very smooth and satisfying click. The later GSA with the "Starship Enterprise" dashboard has two "cylinders" with switches on, the one on the right carrying up to eight push buttons for fog lights, hazard warning lights, heated rear window, and so on. The one on the left has the "PRN" controls ("Pluie, Route, Nuit" - Rain, Road and Night). There's a big rocker switch for the indicators (which don't self-cancel), a rotary switch at the top for the headlights, the centre of which depresses to flash the headlights and switch from dipped to main beam, and a rotary switch at the bottom for the windscreen wipers (with the washers in the centre). Right at the back, behind the indicators, is the horn. It looks scary and complicated, but after five miles or so it falls to hand so easily that you wonder why no other manufacturer has this. The instrument panel is largely taken up by a green illuminated diagram of the car, with little arrows pointing to the bits corresponding to the various warning lights.


The engine starts with a sharp rasp from the tailpipe, and settles down into a gentle thrumming unlike any inline engine. It's not much like the lolloping burble of the Subaru (In katakana: スバル), a Japanese car company, is a subsidiary of Fuji Heavy Industries. General Motors is a 20% minority shareholder. Subaru is the Japanese word for the star cluster Pleiades that is depicted in the company logo. While an automotive minnow compared to many of its... Subaru flat-four engines, more like an elderly The Porsche 912, a Porsche of the 1960s Porsche (Dr. Ing. h. c. F. Porsche AG), is a German manufacturer of sports cars, founded in 1931 by Ferdinand Porsche, the engineer who created the first Volkswagen. The company is located in Zuffenhausen, a city district of Stuttgart. Porsche has a... Porsche, or a very well-silenced The New Piper Aircraft, Inc., is a manufacturer of general aviation aircraft, located in Vero Beach, Florida. Founded as the Taylor Aircraft Company during the 1920s by the Taylor brothers, W. T. Piper reorganized it as the Piper Aircraft Corporation in 1937, after the Taylor brothers had gone on... Piper J-3. The aircooled engine needs a lot of choke until it is thoroughly warm. There's a slotted squarish plastic plate that is kept in the spare wheel (which is under the bonnet, on top of the gearbox - so you don't need to dig everything out of the boot if you get a puncture) - this is the "grille muff" which should be slotted into place in front of the huge cooling fan when it gets below 10C outside (so that's pretty much all the time in Scotland), otherwise the engine will never warm up and will stall at every junction. Ease off the handbrake (a big plastic handle emerging from high up in the centre of the dashboard), up with the clutch, and you're off!


The first thing you'll notice is how smooth the ride is. If the car is well-maintained (sadly, this is not always the case), the hydraulic suspension will turn bumps and ripples that would be uncomfortable in a conventionally-sprung car into a slight nodding and a bit of noise. Speed bumps become a distinct undulation and a "buh-dumpf" at anything below thoroughly antisocial speeds. The next thing you'll notice is that the brake pedal only moves about 5mm from fully-off to fully-on. Although it requires a fair bit of pressure to operate, the brake valve is very sensitive. It's nice to know that stopping is as responsive as the throttle.


The crisp steering lends itself well to twisty country roads, although there is a lot of body roll. The turbine-smooth engine redlines at around 7,500rpm and pulls strongly from around 2,000, and the gearbox is smooth with well-chosen ratios. Even with only 67hp from the 1300cc version, the GSA will cruise happily on the motorway at the same speed as the other traffic all day.


The smooth ride, the indescribable exhaust note and the sure-footed roadholding, all tends to lead to one thing - hooligan behaviour on back roads. Seems like the old girl ought to know better at her age.


1985 Citroen GSA This is a photograph I took of my old Citroën GSA Spéciale. Built in 1985, this is one of the last ones ever made. For a while, it was one of only three left in Scotland, making it more unusual (and arguably cooler) than an... Image:citroen_gsa.jpg


External links

  • la GS (http://www.gs-gsa.org)


Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, started in 1919 by André Citroën. Originally a mass-market car maker with relatively straight-forward designs, Citroën shocked the world in 1934 with the innovative Traction Avant (front wheel drive) ( 1934- 1956). Until the late 1980s... Citroën


In production

The Citroën Berlingo is a small utility vehicle from Citroën developed in a common project with Peugeot, who have named their version Partner. It was released in 1996, a revised version featuring a redesigned interior and front end was released in 2003. The passenger car version... Berlingo | The Citroën C1 is a minicar developed by PSA Group ( Peugeot/ Citroën) in a joint-venture with japanese group Toyota Motor Corporation. It was presented for the first time at the 2005 Geneva Motor Show. Its a 4-seater, 2 or 4-door city car... C1 | Citroën C2 The Citroën C2 is a supermini car produced from 2004 as the new entry point for the Citroën brand. The C2 and similar Citroën C3 replaced the Citroën Saxo in the companys lineup. Its relatively high price... C2 | Citroën C3 The Citroën C3 is a supermini car made by Citroën. Launched in 2003 as one of two replacements for the Citroën Saxo (the other being the smaller Citroën C2 of 2004), the car seems to be a turning... C3 | 2004 Citroën C4 Coupe The Citroën C4 is a European compact car designed to be the successor to the Citroën Xsara. It has been launched in the fall of 2004. A 3-door coupe or a 5-door hatchback are the available body shapes... C4 | The Citroën C5 is the medium segment car in the Citroën range, available as a saloon (sedan) or estate (wagon). It replaced the Xantia in early 2001, and is a key rival to the Ford Mondeo and Renault Laguna. The C5 is powered by 1.8... C5 | The Citroën C6 is a large automobile manufactured by Citroën of France, sold from 2005 and presented for the first time at the 2005 Geneva Motor Show. It is inspired by the C6 Lignage prototype which was first shown at the Geneva Motor Show in the... C6 | The Citroën C8 is a European minivan seating up to eight people. It was launched in 2002 to replace the Evasion. The C8 was developed by the Sevel Nord joint-venture agreement between PSA ( Peugeot- Citroën) and Fiat. Its design makes it identical to the Peugeot... C8 | The C15 was the forerunner to todays utility vehicles. It has been on the market since 1984 and has sold over 1,200,000 models. It is renowned for its practicality and reliability. The C15 now features a 1.9 D 43 kW (60 bhp) engine. It is 3... C15 | The Citroën Elysée is a sedan designed in China and derived from the ZX, with a front reminiscent of that of the Xsara. Categories: Automobile stubs | Citroën vehicles ... Elysée | Jumpy | Jumper | Xsara


Historic

Traction Avant | TUB | TUC | 1960 2CV. Notice suicide doors The 2CV (deux chevaux - French, literally two horses, from the tax horsepower rating) was a popular French car made by Citroën. 3,872,583 2CV sedan, 1,246,306 utility models and even more derivatives were produced from 1948 to 1990. History Pierre... 2CV | The Acadiane is a small commercial vehicle derived from the Dyane, produced from 1978 to 1987. Acadiane Categories: Citroën vehicles | Automobile stubs ... Acadiane | The Citroën Ami series was launched in 1961 and remained in production until May 1978. Although it was in no way its commercial name, the Ami was often called in France Citroën 3CV (trois chevaux). The Ami Super was a 4 cylinder variant powered by the... Ami 6 | The Citroën Ami series was launched in 1961 and remained in production until May 1978. Although it was in no way its commercial name, the Ami was often called in France Citroën 3CV (trois chevaux). The Ami Super was a 4 cylinder variant powered by the... Ami 8 | The Citroën Ami series was launched in 1961 and remained in production until May 1978. Although it was in no way its commercial name, the Ami was often called in France Citroën 3CV (trois chevaux). The Ami Super was a 4 cylinder variant powered by the... Ami Super | The Citroën Axel was a car sold in some countries in Western Europe between 1985 and 1990. It was a rebadged version of the small Oltcit hatchback produced in Romania. Categories: Citroën vehicles | Automobile stubs ... Axel | The Citroën AX is a small car, built by Citroën from 1986 to 1998. It was launched at the 1986 Paris Salon motor show to replace the Citroën Visa. It was available in 3-door form, with 1.0 L, 1.1 ... AX | 1989 BX GTI The Citroën BX was introduced in 1982 and was a somewhat radical car compared to many of its contemporaries. Being French, the car was launched under the Eiffel Tower with great fanfare. Oddly enough, the body design of the BX is strongly inspired from a... BX | 1986 Citroën CX 25 Prestige The CX was a model of Citroën automobile manufactured and sold between 1974 and 1988. A total of 1,042,460 CXs were produced. The CX is often cited by enthusiasts as the last real Citroën before Peugeot took... CX | The Citroën C25 is a van produced by Sevel Sur from 1981 to 1993. It is similar to the Peugeot J5 or to the Talbot Express. Categories: Automobile stubs | Citroën vehicles ... C25 | Citroën C32 and Citroën C35 were vans produced by Citroën from 1974 to 1992. This van was the result of a cooperation with Fiat and was sold under the name Fiat 242 in Italy. Both vehicles were produced in Italy till 1987, and then... C35 | Dyane The Citroën Dyane was a an automobile model of the French company based on the famous Citroën 2CV. It was a hatchback with some styling differences, such as conventional round headlamps set into the bodyshell with a squared enjoliveur, as opposed to the bug eye... Dyane | The DS (also known as Déesse, or Goddess, after the punning initials in French) was a model of Citroën automobile manufactured and sold between 1955 and 1975. The DS is characterized by long, smooth, fluid body lines, a hydraulic suspension system, front-wheel drive, and a... DS | The DS (also known as Déesse, or Goddess, after the punning initials in French) was a model of Citroën automobile manufactured and sold between 1955 and 1975. The DS is characterized by long, smooth, fluid body lines, a hydraulic suspension system, front-wheel drive, and a... ID | 1998 SX 2.0i with both sliding doors open. Roof bars were optional. 1998 Evasion. The front grille was updated with the corporate style the following year. The Citroën Evasion is a minivan or MPV manufactured from 1994 to 2002. It could seat two to eight people, with... Evasion | The Citroën FAF was a car derived from the 2CV and designed for the Third World countries. FAF standed for the French Facile à Fabriquer and Facile à Financer (easy to build, easy to finance). The body was made of easy to produce folded elements and the car... FAF | GS | GSA | H Van | LN | LNA | M35 | Méhari | Saxo | SM | Visa | XM | Xantia | ZX


Prototypes and Concept Cars

G Van | Prototype C | The Citroën 2CV Pop was the study by Citroën of a luxuous execution of the 2CV, built in 1973. The car featured a special bonnet which made it look like the Traction Avant and the engine was the four-cylinder engine of the GS, following the... 2CV Pop | GS Camargue | The Citroën C44 is a little-known CX-engined VW Iltis jeep. It was proposed by Citroën to the French Army in 1981 but the Peugeot P4 (based on the Mercedes G-Class) got finally selected. Therefore, it never entered production. However, some Citroën... C44 | Karin | Zabrus

Citroën Website (http://www.citroen.com/en/default_content.htm)

 (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/wiki.phtml?title=Template:Citroën&action=edit)

 
 

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