FACTOID # 29: 73.3% of America's gross operating surplus in motion picture and sound recording industries comes from California.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Citroën DS

The DS (also known as Déesse, or Goddess, after the punning initials in French) was a model of Citroën automobile manufactured and sold between 1955 and 1975. The DS is characterized by long, smooth, fluid body lines, a hydraulic suspension system, front-wheel drive, and a large, preternaturally comfortable interior. A goddess is a female deity in contrast with a male deity known as a god. A great many cultures have goddesses, sometimes alone, but more often as part of a larger pantheon that includes both of the conventional genders and in some cases even hermaphroditic (or gender neutral) deities. ... Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, started in 1919 by André Citroën. ... 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... Hydropneumatic is the name given to a suspension system invented by Citroën and fitted to Citroën cars, as well as being adapted by other car manufacturers, notably Mercedes-Benz and Peugeot. ...


Model History

1968 - 1975 DS

After 10 years of development in secret as the successor to the venerable Traction Avant, the DS 19 was introduced on October 5, 1955 at the Paris Motor Show. The car's appearance and innovative engineering captured the imagination of the public and the automobile industry almost overnight. 743 orders were taken in the first 15 minutes after opening of the show, the total order count for the show was 12,000. Citroën DS, 1967 Pallas model. ... Citroën DS, 1967 Pallas model. ... A black Traction Avant 1934 Traction Avant 11CV The term traction avant is literal French for pull from the front or front wheel drive. ... October 5 is the 278th day of the year (279th in Leap years). ... 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Mondial de lAutomobile (Paris Motor Show in English) is an annual auto show in Paris. ...


The high price tag, however, hurt general sales, and a submodel, the ID (Idée, or Idea), was introduced in 1957 to appeal to more cost-conscious buyers. The ID shared the basic body design with the DS, but had more traditional features under the hood. A station wagon variant, the Break ID, was introduced in 1958. 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In September 1962, the car was restyled with a more aerodynamically efficient nose, better ventillation and one or two other improvements. In 1965 a luxury upgrade kit, the DS Pallas (after Greek goddess Pallas), was introduced. This included comfort features such as better noise insulation, leather upholstery and external trim embellishments. 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Pallas Athena. ...


In 1967 the model line was again restyled. This version had a more streamlined headlight mount, giving the car a notably shark-like appearance. The headlights swivelled with the steering wheel, allowing the driver to see around turns. The station wagon edition, the Break (called the ID Safari on the UK market), was also upgraded. The hydraulic fluid changed in all markets (except the US) to the technically superior LHM (Liquide Hydraulique Minéral). 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Rarest of DS variants, a convertible was offered from 1958 until 1973. The convertibles were mostly constructed on the estate floorplan for added structural strength. The convertibles were built in small series by French carrossier Henri Chapron, for the Citroën factory. In addition, Chapron also produced a few coupes and enlarged sedans (DS Lorraine for instance). 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... Henri Chapron was a famous French coachbuilder established in Levallois-Perret. ... Henri Chapron was a famous French coachbuilder established in Levallois-Perret. ... 1995 Buick Riviera coupe A coupe (or coupé) is a two or four-seater car with a fixed roof and two doors. ... This article is about the type of car. ...

1972 Citroën DS Safari
1972 Citroën DS Safari

The DS and ID powerplants evolved throughout its 20 year production life. The initial 1911cc 3 main bearing motor (carried forward from the Traction Avant) of the DS19 was replaced in 1965 with the 1985cc 5 bearing motor of the DS19a (called DS20 from Sept 1969) The DS21 was also introduced for model year 1965. This was a 2175cc, 5 main bearing engine. This engine received a substantial increase in power with the introduction of Bosch electronic fuel injection for model year 1970 making the DS one of the first mass-market cars to use electronic fuel injection. Lastly, model year 1973 saw the introduction of the 2347cc engine of the DS23 in both carburetted and fuel injected form. 1972 Citroen DS Safari. ... 1972 Citroen DS Safari. ... A black Traction Avant 1934 Traction Avant 11CV The term traction avant is literal French for pull from the front or front wheel drive. ... 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ...


IDs and their variants went through a similar evolution, generally lagging the DS by about one year. ID models never received the DS23 engine or fuel injection.


The model was phased out in 1975 (Saloon) and 1976 (Break) in favor of the new Citroën CX. 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1986 Citroën CX 25 Prestige The CX was a model of Citroën automobile manufactured and sold between 1974 and 1991. ...


Throughout its model lifetime the DS managed to remain well ahead of its time. It featured power disc brakes, the previously mentioned hydropneumatic suspension including an automatic levelling system, power steering and a semi-automatic transmission system. Above all the smooth, aerodynamic body lines gave the car an amazingly futuristic appearance.


DS in Popular Culture

To a France still deep in reconstruction after the devastation of World War II, and struggling to find its identity in the post-colonial world, the DS was a symbol of French ingenuity. More importantly, it posited the nation's relevance in the Space Age, as the car bore a remarkable resemblance to images of flying saucers just then becoming famous. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The first rocket to reach space was the German V2 rocket launched during the latter stages of WWII. The Space Age began on October 4, 1957 with the launch of Sputnik 1. ... A UFO -- posed or genuine? A UFO or unidentified flying object in the original, literal sense is any airborne object or optical phenomenon, detected visually or by radar, whose nature is not readily known. ...


Structuralist philosopher Roland Barthes, in an essay about the car, said that it looked as if it had "fallen from the sky." [1] (http://www.id-ds.com/Pages/Citroen/DS.Barthes.html) Structuralism is an approach that grew to become one of the most widely used methods of analyzing language, culture, philosophy of mathematics, and society in the second half of the 20th century. ... Roland Barthes (November 12, 1915 – March 25, 1980) was a French literary critic, literary and social theorist, philosopher and semiotician. ... For other uses, see Sky (disambiguation). ...


The DS was adopted as the official car for the French government for a number of uses – as police cars, as ambulances (in the station-wagon form), and even as limousines for the nation's highest officials. President Charles de Gaulle was a big fan of the DS, and used one for all official functions. He survived an assassination attempt on 22 August 1962 (a machine gun ambush by the Organisation de l'Armée Secrète) because the DS he was on board was able to escape on only three working tires, thanks to its hydropneumatic suspension. Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (November 22, 1890 – November 9, 1970), in France commonly referred to as général de Gaulle, was a French military leader and statesman. ... Jack Ruby murdered the assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, in a very public manner. ... August 22 is the 234th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (235th in leap years), with 131 days remaining. ... 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ... The Organisation de larmée secrète (OAS; Secret Army Organization) was a short-lived French right-wing terrorist group formed in February 1961 to resist the granting of independence to the French colony of Algeria (Algérie française). ...


Outside of France, the car's radical and cosmopolitan image and design appealed to non-conformists. An United States advertisement summarized the car's main selling point: "It takes a special person to drive a special car." Design as a process can take many forms depending on the object being designed and the individual or individuals participating. ...


The car is seen in many films and television shows, notably Back to the Future, The Day of the Jackal, and Buffy the Vampire Slayer. In the 1967 film, Le Samourai, (http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0062229/combined) Alain Delon's (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alain_Delon) hitman character carried a large ring of keys that enabled him to steal any DS he encountered. A 2000 movie by Clara Law called The Goddess of 1967 [2] (http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0255195/) is entirely devoted to the DS. Back to the Future is a 1985 film by Robert Zemeckis, written by Robert Zemeckis and Robert Gale, and starring Michael J. Fox. ... The Day of the Jackal is a thriller novel by Frederick Forsyth about a professional assassin who, contracted by the Organisation de lArmée Secrète, a French terrorist group of the early 1960s, attempts to kill Charles de Gaulle. ... Buffy the Vampire Slayer is a U.S. television series loosely based on the 1992 movie of the same name. ... 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also: design classic. Some industrial designs are viewed as classic pieces of design that can be regarded as much as works of art as pieces of engineering. ...

Preceded by:
Citroën Traction Avant
Succeeded by:
Citroën CX

A black Traction Avant 1934 Traction Avant 11CV Citroëns Traction Avant, or simply Traction, was the name of a very innovative car produced in the 1930s by Citroën. ... 1986 Citroën CX 25 Prestige The CX was a model of Citroën automobile manufactured and sold between 1974 and 1991. ...

external links

  • DS links Citroën World (http://http://home.versatel.nl/CitroenWorld/ds-id.htm)
  • DS on the ROAD! (http://home.versatel.nl/citroad/ds.html)
  • P CITROËN DS (http://home.versatel.nl/P-citroen/ds.html)
  • DS district CitCity (http://home.versatel.nl/CitCity/DS/)
  • DS articles citroenz.nl (http://www.citroenz.nl/idds.htm)


Citroën


In production Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, started in 1919 by André Citroën. ... Citroen Logo, claiming fair use This work is copyrighted. ...

Berlingo | C1 | C2 | C3 | C4 | C5 | C6 | C8 | C15 | Elysée | Jumpy | Jumper | Xsara


Historic The Citroën Berlingo is a small utility vehicle from Citroën developed in a common project with Peugeot, who have named their version Partner. ... The Citroën C1 is a minicar developed by PSA Group ( Peugeot/ Citroën) in a joint-venture with japanese group Toyota Motor Corporation. ... Citroën C2 The Citroën C2 is a supermini car produced from 2004 as the new entry point for the Citroën brand. ... Citroën C3 The Citroën C3 is a supermini car made by Citroën. ... 2004 Citroën C4 Coupe The Citroën C4 is a European compact car designed to be the successor to the Citroën Xsara. ... The Citroën C5 is the medium segment car in the Citroën range, available as a saloon (sedan) or estate (wagon). ... The Citroën C6 is a large automobile manufactured by Citroën of France, sold from 2005 and presented for the first time at the 2005 Geneva Motor Show. ... The Citroën C8 is a European minivan seating up to eight people. ... The C15 was the forerunner to todays utility vehicles. ... The Citroën Elysée is a sedan designed in China and derived from the ZX, with a front reminiscent of that of the Xsara. ... The Citroën Jumpy (called Citroën Dispatch on the UK market) is a small van produced at Sevel Nord from 1995. ... The Citroën Jumper is a van produced by Sevel Sur from 1994. ... The Citroën Xsara was an automobile made by Citroën from 1997 to 2004. ...

Traction Avant | TUB | TUC | 2CV | Acadiane | Ami 6 | Ami 8 | Ami Super | Axel | AX | BX | CX | C25 | C35 | Dyane | DS | ID | Evasion | FAF | GS | GSA | H Van | LN | LNA | M35 | Méhari | Saxo | SM | Visa | XM | Xantia | ZX


Prototypes and Concept Cars A black Traction Avant 1934 Traction Avant 11CV Citroëns Traction Avant, or simply Traction, was the name of a very innovative car produced in the 1930s by Citroën. ... The Citroën TUB and TUC (from the French Traction Utilitaire de type B or type C) were light trucks derived from the Traction Avant and produced by Citroën between 1939 and 1941. ... The Citroën TUB and TUC (from the French Traction Utilitaire de type B or type C) were light trucks derived from the Traction Avant and produced by Citroën between 1939 and 1941. ... 1960 2CV. Notice suicide doors The 2CV (deux chevaux - French, literally two horses, from the tax horsepower rating) was a popular French car made by Citroën. ... The Acadiane is a small commercial vehicle derived from the Dyane, produced from 1978 to 1987. ... The Citroën Ami series was launched in 1961 and remained in production until May 1978. ... The Citroën Ami series was launched in 1961 and remained in production until May 1978. ... The Citroën Ami series was launched in 1961 and remained in production until May 1978. ... The Citroën Axel was a car sold in some countries in Western Europe between 1985 and 1990. ... The Citroën AX is a small car, built by Citroën from 1986 to 1998. ... 1989 BX GTI The Citroën BX was introduced in 1982 and was a somewhat radical car compared to many of its contemporaries. ... 1986 Citroën CX 25 Prestige The CX was a model of Citroën automobile manufactured and sold between 1974 and 1991. ... The Citroën C25 is a van produced by Sevel Sur from 1981 to 1993. ... Citroën C32 and Citroën C35 were vans produced by Citroën from 1974 to 1992. ... Dyane The Citroën Dyane was a an automobile model of the French company based on the famous Citroën 2CV. It was a hatchback with some styling differences, such as conventional round headlamps set into the bodyshell with a squared enjoliveur, as opposed to the bug eye ones found... 1998 SX 2. ... The Citroën FAF was a car derived from the 2CV and designed for the Third World countries. ... The Citroën GS / GSA: was a popular, comfortable and very agile French car made by Citroën. ... The Citroën GS / GSA: was a popular, comfortable and very agile French car made by Citroën. ... The Citroën H Van or HY was a light truck produced by Citroën between 1947 and 1981. ... The Citroën LN and LNA was a subcompact automobile. ... The Citroën LN and LNA was a subcompact automobile. ... The Citroën M35 was a coupé derived from the Ami 8, and equiped with a Wankel engine and an hydropneumatic suspension. ... The Citroën Méhari is an open car based on the 2CV, with a body made of ABS, and which was produced from 1968 to 1988. ... The Citroën Saxo is a car built by Citroën from 1996 to 2003. ... 1974 Citroën SM Citroën SM Citroën purchased Maserati in 1968 with the intention of harnessing Maseratis high performance engine technology to produce a true Gran Turismo car, combining sophisticated Citroën suspension with a Maserati power unit. ... The Citroën Visa is a small, roomy, light, 5-door car derived from the Peugeot 104 and produced by Citroën from 1978 to 1988. ... Citroen XM with suspension fully lowered Regarded by some as the last real Citroën, the XM was not really a great success. ... The Citroën Xantia is an mid-sized automobile produced by PSA Peugeot-Citroen, and was produced between 1993 and 2001. ... 1997 Citroën ZX The Citroën ZX was launched early in 1991 as the French marques competitor in the Ford Escort class. ...

G Van | Prototype C | 2CV Pop | GS Camargue | C44 | Karin | Zabrus

Citroën Website (http://www.citroen.com/en/default_content.htm) Citroën World (http://home.versatel.nl/CitroenWorld/) The Citroën G Van was the 1948 prototype built by Citroën of a small truck which looked like a scaled down version of the H Van, and equipped with the 375 cc engine of the 2CV. One model of the G Van has survived till today. ... The Citroën Prototype C was a range of vehicles created by Citroën from 1955 to 1956 under the direction of André Lefèbvre. ... The Citroën 2CV Pop was the study by Citroën of a luxuous execution of the 2CV, built in 1973. ... The Citroën GS Camargue was a concept car of a Citroën GS Coupé 2+2 which was designed by the Italian company Bertone. ... The Citroën C44 is a little-known CX-engined VW Iltis jeep. ... The Citroën Karin was a concept car presented at the Paris Motor Show in 1980. ... Citroën Zabrus The Citroën Zabrus was a concept car of a Coupé 2+2 which was designed by the Italian company Bertone. ...

 (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/wiki.phtml?title=Template:Citroën&action=edit)

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m