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Encyclopedia > Citadelle of Quebec
View of the fortifications of the Citadel, with the Parliament Building behind
View of the fortifications of the Citadel, with the Parliament Building behind

The Citadel - the French name is used both in English and French - is a military installation and official residence located atop Cap Diamant, adjoining the Plains of Abraham in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. This citadel is part of the fortifications of Quebec City, the only city with extant city walls in North America. View of Quebec Citys Citadelle with the Quebec National Assembly behind. ... View of Quebec Citys Citadelle with the Quebec National Assembly behind. ... Combatants Britain France Commanders James Wolfe † Louis-Joseph, Marquis de Montcalm † Strength 4,800 regulars 4,000 regulars and militia Casualties 58 dead 600 wounded 644 dead or wounded The Battle of the Plains of Abraham, fought September 13, 1759, was a decisive battle of the North American theatre of... Motto: « Don de Dieu feray valoir Â» (I shall put Gods gift to good use) Site in the province of Quebec Official logo Provincial region Province Country Capitale-Nationale Quebec Canada Gentilé Québécois, Québécoise Mayor Term Andrée P. Boucher 2005-2009 federal Members of Parliament... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 75 24 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 1st 1,542,056 km² 1,183,128 km² 176,928... This article is about a type of fortification. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Separation barrier. ...


The Quebec Parliament Building and many other provincial government buildings and several large hotels are also nearby, towering over this sunken or flat citadel, typical of late 18th century and early 19th century castrametation. The Quebec Parliament Building at night The National Assembly is the legislative body of the Canadian province of Quebec. ...


The first protective wall (enceinte) was built in the 17th century under Louis de Buade, sieur de Frontenac. A plan of fortifications was developed by the French military engineer Jacques Levasseur de Néré (1662-1723) and approved by Louis XIV's commissary general of fortifications Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban in 1701. Considerable work took place on the fortifications after the fall of Louisbourg in 1745 under the direction of military engineer Gaspard-Joseph Chaussegros de Léry. Categories: People stubs | 1622 births | 1698 deaths | Canadian historical figures | Michigan history ... Fortification. ... Events March 18 – Short-timed experiment of the first public buses holding 8 passengers begins in Paris May 3/May 2 - Catherine of Braganza marries Charles II of England – as part of the dowry, Portugal cedes Bombay and Tangier to England May 9 - Samuel Pepys witnessed a Punch and Judy... Events February 16 - Louis XV of France attains his majority Births February 24 - John Burgoyne, British general (d. ... Vauban designed this pentagonal fortress to withstand sieges. ... Fortress Louisbourg (fr. ...


The existing star-shaped fortifications were built by the British between 1820 and 1831 under the direction of Royal Engineer lieutenant colonel Elias Walker Durnford and incorporated a section of the French "enceinte" of 1745. Their purpose was to secure the strategic heights of Cape Diamond against the Americans and to serve as a refuge for the British garrison in the event of attack or rebellion. The preservation of much of the fortifications and defences of Quebec is due to the intervention of Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava, Governor General of Canada 1872–1878, who also established the Citadelle as a vice-regal residence. 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1831 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Lord Dufferin as a young man The Most Honourable Frederick Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava, KP, GCB, GCSI, GCMG, GCIE, PC (21 June 1826–12 February 1902) was a British public servant and prominent member of Victorian society. ... The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneure générale du Canada or Gouverneur général du Canada) is the representative of the Canadian monarch. ...


The Quebec Conferences of 1943 and 1944, in which Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and William Lyon Mackenzie King discussed strategy for World War II, were held at the Citadelle of Quebec. Several meetings held at Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, are called the Quebec Conference. ... The Rth Hon. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945), 32nd President of the United States, the longest-serving holder of the office and the only man to be elected President more than twice, was one of the central figures of 20th century history. ... William Lyon Mackenzie King, PC, LLB, PhD, MA, BA (December 17, 1874 – July 22, 1950) was the tenth Prime Minister of Canada from December 29, 1921, to June 28, 1926; September 25, 1926, to August 7, 1930; and October 23, 1935, to November 15, 1948. ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others. ...


The Citadelle is the home station of the Royal 22e Régiment of the Canadian Forces. In addition to its use as a military installation, it is also an official residence of the Governor General of Canada, who by tradition resides there for several weeks out of the year. (The Governor General's primary official residence is Rideau Hall in Ottawa.) Badge of Le Royal 22e Régiment The Royal 22e Régiment is an infantry regiment and the most famous francophone organization of the Canadian Forces. ... The Canadian Forces (French: Forces canadiennes) are the combined armed forces of Canada. ... The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneure générale du Canada or Gouverneur général du Canada) is the representative of the Canadian monarch. ... Rideau Hall is the official residence of the Governor General of Canada, and is the place of residence of the Monarch of Canada when visiting Ottawa. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Advance Ottawa/Ottawa en avant Established: {{{Established}}} Area: 2,778. ...

See also: List of forts

This is a list for articles on notable historic forts which may or may not be under current active use by a military. ...

Other Canadian official residences

Rideau Hall is the official residence of the Governor General of Canada, and is the place of residence of the Monarch of Canada when visiting Ottawa. ... The Governor General and Commander-in-Chief in and over Canada, normally simply known as the Governor General of Canada in French, Gouverneur(e) général(e) is the Canadian representative of the monarch (presently Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II). ... Side View of 24 Sussex Drive 24 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, is the official residence of the Prime Minister of Canada. ... Stephen Harper is the current Prime Minister of Canada. ... Stornoway Stornoway is the name of the official residence of the Leader of the Opposition in Canada. ... The Leader of the Opposition is a title traditionally held by the leader of the largest party not in government in a Westminster System of parliamentary government. ... The Farm is the official residence of the Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... 7 Rideau Gate 7 Rideau Gate is the official guest house of the Canadian government, located in Ottawa, Ontario. ...

See also

The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneure générale du Canada or Gouverneur général du Canada) is the representative of the Canadian monarch. ... This is a list of Government Houses in Canada. ... Government House is the name usually given to the residence of Governors-General, Governors and Lieutenant-Governors in the Commonwealth and the former British Empire. ...

External links


Flag of Quebec City Quebec City Flag of Quebec City

Boroughs
La Cité (1st) · Les Rivières (2nd) · Ste-Foy--Sillery (3rd) · Charlesbourg (4th) 

Beauport (5th) · Limoilou (6th) · La Haute-Saint-Charles (7th) · Laurentien (8th)  Image File history File links Summary Flag of Quebec city. ... Motto: « Don de Dieu feray valoir Â» (I shall put Gods gift to good use) Site in the province of Quebec Official logo Provincial region Province Country Capitale-Nationale Quebec Canada Gentilé Québécois, Québécoise Mayor Term Andrée P. Boucher 2005-2009 federal Members of Parliament... Image File history File links Summary Flag of Quebec city. ... La Cité is a borough of Quebec City. ... Les Rivières is a borough of Quebec City. ... Sainte-Foy—Sillery is a borough of Quebec City. ... Charlesbourg is a borough of Quebec City, in the northeastern part of the city. ... Beauport is a borough of Quebec City, on the St. ... Limoilou is a borough of Quebec City. ... La Haute-Saint-Charles is a borough of Quebec City. ... Laurentien is a borough of Quebec City. ...

Districts
Gay · Latin/Old Quebec · Saint-Jean-Baptiste · Saint-Roch
Val-Bélair Le Quartier gai de Québec (English : The Gay Quarter of Quebec) is a part from La Cité, in Quebec City. ... Old Quebec (French: Vieux-Québec) is a neighbourhood of Quebec City, the capital of the Quebec Province of Canada. ...

See also
Quebec City on Wikitravel
List of presidents of districts of Quebec City · Quebec City Council
List of mayors of Quebec City · Agglomeration of Quebec
Greater Quebec City Area · Quebec City Area
List of articles about Quebec City

Website about the 400th birthday of Quebec City in 2008 : http://www.quebec400.qc.ca
Every borough have his/her president. ... The Quebec City Council is the city council for Quebec City, Quebec. ... List of mayors of Quebec City, Quebec Elzear Bedard - 1833 - 1834 Rene-Edouard Caron - 1834 - 1836 / 1840 - 1846* Georges OKill Stuart - 1846 - 1850 Narcisse-Fortunat Belleau - 1850 - 1853 Ulric-Joseph Tessier - 1853 - 1854 Charles Alleyn - 1854 - 1855 Joseph Morrin - 1855 - 1856 Olivier Robitaille - 1856 - 1857 Joseph Morrin - 1857 - 1858... The Agglomeration of Quebec is formed by Quebec City, LAncienne-Lorette and Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures. ... The Quebec City metropolitan area is all the suburbs cities in Quebec which is used to develop projects together, procedures, etc. ... La Région de Québec est la constituante de deux régions administratives, celles de la Capitale-Nationale et de Chaudières-Appalaches. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
1 more Quebec City Information and English Language Links Site (1339 words)
Quebec City is probably the most bombed city in America; it was bombed by British, American and French forces.
Mural of Quebecers or Quebec mural is a five story three dimensional painting that displays a very successful trompe-l'oeil (to trick the eye) effect.
French general Montcalm who was defeated by British general Wolfe and who died at the battle of the plains of Abraham in 1759 is buried in the chapel of the convent; General Wolfe who was also killed during this historic battle is buried in England.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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