A citadel is a fortress for protecting a town, sometimes with a castle in its middle. Citadels are most often used to protect a garrison or political power from the inhabitants of the town it is defending. They were designed to ensure loyalty from the town which they defended.
In a fort with bastions, the citadel is the strongest part of the fort, well inside of the outer walls and bastions.
the citadel, placed on a commanding eminence, was important in the life of the people, serving as a refuge and stronghold in peril and containing military and food supplies, the shrine of the god and a royal palace.
In the Middle Ages the citadel was the last defense of a besieged army, often held after the town had been conquered, and affording retreat to the country around the town.
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