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Encyclopedia > Cistus


Rockrose

Cistus incanus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Violales
Family: Cistaceae
Genus: Cistus
Species

C. albanicus
C. albidus
C. chinamadensis
C. clusii
C. creticus
C. crispus
C. heterophyllus
C. ladanifer - Gum Rockrose
C. laurifolius
C. libanotis
C. monspeliensis - Montpelier Cistus
C. munbyi
C. osbeckiaefolius
C. parviflorus
C. populifolius
C. psilosepalus
C. salviifolius - Salvia Cistus
C. symphytifolius
C. varius


Ref: Ellul et al. (2002)


The rockrose is the name for the genus Cistus of the flowering plant family Cistaceae. These are perennial shrubs found on dry or rocky soils around the Mediterranean, from the Canary Islands through to the Middle East. The leaves are opposite, simple, usually slightly rough-surfaced, 2-8 cm long; in a few species (notably C. ladanifer), the leaves are coated with a highly aromatic resin-scented gum. They have showy 5-petaled flowers ranging from white to purple and dark pink, in a few species with a conspicuous dark red spot at the base of each petal. The genus Cistus contains about 20 species, and together with its many hybrids and cultivars is commonly encountered as a garden flower.

Note: sometimes the name "rockrose" is used for the related genera Halimium and Helianthemum of the family Cistaceae.

Ecology

The rockroses are thermophilous plants, which require open sunny places. As with many other Cistaceae, the species of Cistus have the ability to form mycorrhizal associations with truffles (Tuber) and are thus to thrive on poor sandy soils or rocks.


The rockroses are the only host of Cytinus hypocistis, a small parasitic plant which lives on the roots and is noticeable only for a short period of time when in flower. The presence of the parasite does not seem to hurt the host population.

Enlarge
Cistus salviifolius
A flower of a species of Cistus, possibly C. ladanifer



References

  • Ellul P., M. Boscaiu, O. Vicente, V. Moreno, J. A. Rossello (2002). Intra_ and Interspecific Variation in DNA Content in Cistus (Cistaceae). Annals of Botany 90(3): 345_351. (Available online: Abstract (http://www.aob.oupjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/90/3/345) | Full text (HTML) (http://www.aob.oupjournals.org/cgi/content/full/90/3/345) | Full text (PDF) (http://www.aob.oupjournals.org/cgi/reprint/90/3/345.pdf))

External links

  • Page R. J. The Cistus & Halimium Website (http://www.cistuspage.org.uk/)





  Results from FactBites:
 
Rockrose - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (277 words)
The rockrose is the name for the genus Cistus of the flowering plant family Cistaceae.
These are perennial shrubs found on dry or rocky soils around the Mediterranean, from the Canary Islands through to the Middle East.
As with many other Cistaceae, the species of Cistus have the ability to form mycorrhizal associations with truffles (Tuber) and are thus to thrive on poor sandy soils or rocks.
Sage-Leaved Cistus Flora - ProvenceBeyond (104 words)
The Sage-Leaved Cistus grows on a bushy, evergreen shrub.
The flowers are borne on long stalks, either singly or in small groups.
The leaves are distinctive from other white cistus: 4 cm long, pale to deep green, oval to elliptical, rough and hairy on both surfaces, and often undulate along the margins.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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