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Encyclopedia > Cirencester
Cirencester

Cirencester shown within Gloucestershire
Population 19,000
OS grid reference SP022021
District Cotswold
Shire county Gloucestershire
Region South West
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CIRENCESTER
Postcode district GL7
Dialling code 01285
Police Gloucestershire
Fire Gloucestershire
Ambulance Great Western
European Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Cotswold
List of places: UKEnglandGloucestershire

Coordinates: 51°43′07″N 1°58′06″W / 51.7185, -1.9682 Image File history File links Size of this preview: 504 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 714 pixel, file size: 398 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... Gloucestershire (pronounced ; GLOSS-ter-sher) is a county in South West England. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Cotswold is a local government district in Gloucestershire in England. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of English administrative division used for the purposes of local government. ... Gloucestershire (pronounced ; GLOSS-ter-sher) is a county in South West England. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... South West England is one of the regions of England. ... Constituent countries is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a number of countries make up a larger entity or grouping, concerning these countries; thus the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has used the phrase in reference to the parts of former Yugoslavia... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The GL postcode area, also known as the Gloucester postcode area[2], is a group of postal districts around Badminton, Berkeley, Blakeney, Cheltenham, Chipping Campden, Cinderford, Cirencester, Coleford, Drybrook, Dursley, Dymock, Fairford, Gloucester, Lechlade, Longhope, Lydbrook, Lydney, Mitcheldean, Moreton-in-Marsh, Newent, Newnham, Ruardean, Stonehouse, Stroud, Tetbury, Tewkesbury, Westbury-on... +44 redirects here. ... There are a number of policing agencies in the United Kingdom. ... Gloucestershire Constabulary is the police force covering the non-metropolitan county of Gloucestershire in England. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... The Gloucestershire Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory emergency fire and rescue service for the county of Gloucestershire, England. ... The Great Western Ambulance Service NHS Trust provides services in Bath and North East Somerset, Bristol, Gloucestershire, North Somerset, South Gloucestershire, Swindon and Wiltshire in the South West England region. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... The constituency (first used 2004) within England; Gibraltar is in the inset. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Cotswold is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the county of Gloucestershire, England. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Cirencesterpronounced (listen)  is a market town in Gloucestershire, England, 93 miles (150 km) west northwest of London. Cirencester lies on the River Churn, a tributary of the River Thames, and is the largest town in Cotswold District. It is home of the Royal Agricultural College, the oldest agricultural college in the English-speaking world founded in 1840. The town's Corinium Museum is well-known for its extensive Roman collection. The Roman name for this place was Corinium, which is thought to have been associated with the ancient British Cornovii tribe, having the same root word as the River Churn.[1] The earliest known reference to the town was by Ptolemy in 150 AD. The market town is a medieval phenomenon. ... Gloucestershire (pronounced ; GLOSS-ter-sher) is a county in South West England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The River Churn rises at Seven Springs near Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England and flows south across the Cotswold dip slope passing through Cirencester and joining the River Thames near Cricklade in Wiltshire. ... This article is about the River Thames in southern England. ... Cotswold is a local government district in Gloucestershire in England. ... Royal Agricultural College is a United Kingdom university college based at Cirencester in Gloucestershire. ... List of agricultural universities and colleges is an incomplete list of agricultural universities and colleges. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Corinium Museum in the Cotswold town of Cirencester in England has a large collection of objects found in and around the locality. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... The Cornovii (perhaps meaning people of the horn Cornwall), were a people of Iron Age and Roman Britain, who lived in the modern counties of North Staffordshire, Shropshire and Cheshire in the English West Midlands. ... The River Churn rises at Seven Springs near Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England and flows south across the Cotswold dip slope passing through Cirencester and joining the River Thames near Cricklade in Wiltshire. ... This article is about the geographer, mathematician and astronomer Ptolemy. ...


Cirencester is twinned with the following towns: [2] Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Contents

Itzehoe [] is a town in Germany, in the Bundesland of Schleswig-Holstein, the capital of the district of Steinburg. ...

Local geography

Cirencester lies on the lower dip-slopes of the Cotswold Hills, an outcrop of oolitic limestone. Natural drainage is into the River Churn, which flows roughly north to south through the eastern side of the town and joins the Thames near Cricklade a little to the south. The Thames itself rises just a few miles west of Cirencester. The Cotswolds is the name given to a range of hills in central England, sometimes called the Heart of England, a hilly area reaching over 300 m or 1000 feet. ... For other uses, see Oolite (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ... , Cricklade is a small town in north Wiltshire in England, on the River Thames, situated midway between Swindon and Cirencester. ...


The town is split into five main areas: The town centre, the suburbs of Chesterton, Stratton (originally villages outside the town), Watermoor and the Beeches Estate (a 1950s housing development). The village of Siddington to the south-west of the town is now almost connected to Watermoor.


The town serves as a centre for the surrounding area, providing employment, amenities, shops, commerce, and education.


Transport

Cirencester is the hub of a significant road network with important routes to Gloucester (A417), Cheltenham (A435), Warwick (A429), Oxford (A40 via the B4425), Wantage (A417), Swindon (A419), Chippenham (A429), Bristol and Bath (A433), and Stroud (A419). This article is about the city of Gloucester in England; for other uses see Gloucester (disambiguation). ... The A417 is a main road in England. ... This article is about the town of Cheltenham in England. ... The A435 is a main road in England running between Birmingham and Alcester. ... Warwick (pronounced or War-ick (silent w in middle)) is the historic county town of Warwickshire in England and has a population of 25,434 (2001 census). ... The A429 is a main road in England. ... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... The A40 is a trunk road in England and Wales, connecting London to Fishguard. ... , , Wantage is a town and civil parish in the Vale of the White Horse, near the Thames Valley, in the English county of Oxfordshire (formerly in Berkshire), and approximately 10 miles south-southwest of Oxford. ... , For other places with the same name, see Swindon (disambiguation). ... The A419 road is an English dual carriageway trunk road between Chiseldon near Swindon at junction 15 of the M4 with the A346, and Whitminster in Gloucestershire. ... Statistics Population: 30,000 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: ST919733 Administration District: North Wiltshire Shire county: Wiltshire Region: South West England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Wiltshire Services Police force: Wiltshire Constabulary Fire and rescue: Wiltshire Fire and Rescue Service Ambulance: Great Western Post office... This article is about the English city. ... , Bath is a small city in Somerset, England most famous for its historic baths fed by three hot springs. ... For other places with the same name, see Stroud (disambiguation). ...


These good transport links bring the town passing trade. Although the ring-road and by-pass take traffic away from the town centre, both roads have busy service areas with adequate parking. Access to the railway system is at Kemble railway station on the main line to London (Paddington), about four miles from the town. The nearest airports are at Bristol, London (Heathrow) and Birmingham, all just one hour away by road. Kemble railway station is a railway station that serves the village of Kemble in Gloucestershire. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Paddington Station, March 2005 during rush hour Paddington station or London Paddington station is a major National Rail and London Underground station complex in the Paddington area of London. ... Bristol International Airport (IATA: BRS, ICAO: EGGD) is the commercial airport serving the city of Bristol and the south west of England. ... London Heathrow Airport (IATA airport code: LHR, ICAO airport code: EGLL, and often simply Heathrow) is the United Kingdoms busiest and best-connected airport. ... Birmingham International Airport (IATA: BHX, ICAO: EGBB) is a major airport located 5. ...


History

Roman Corinium

Main article: Corinium Dobunnorum

The larger area in the vicinity of Cirencester was known to be an important early Roman area including evidence of significant area roadworks.[3] When the Romans built a fort where the Fosse Way crossed the Churn, to hold two quingenary alae tasked with helping to defend the provincial frontier c. AD 49, native Dobunni were drawn from Bagendon, a settlement of the Dobunni situated 3 miles (5 km) to the north, to create a civil settlement near the fort. When the frontier moved to the north following the conquest of Wales, this fort was closed and its fortifications levelled c. 70, but the town persisted and flourished under the name Corinium Dobunnorum. Corinium Dobunnorum was a town in the Roman province of Britannia. ... The Fosse Way was a Roman road in England which linked Exeter (Isca Dumnoniorum) in South West England, to Lincoln (Lindum) in the East Midlands, via Bath (Aquae Sulis), Cirencester (Corinium) and Leicester (Ratae Coritanorum). ... Churn is a river that runs through Gloucestershire. ... Ala, Alares, Alarii. ... The Dobunni were one of the Celtic tribes living in the British Islands prior to the Roman invasion of Britain. ... Bagendon is a village and civil parish in the Cotswold district of Gloucestershire, England, about four miles north of Cirencester. ... This article is about the country. ...


Even in Roman times, there was a thriving wool trade and industry, which contributed to the growth of Corinium. A large forum and basilica was built over the site of the fort, and archeological evidence shows signs of further civic growth. When a wall was erected around the Roman city in the late second century, it enclosed 240 acres (1 km²), making Corinium, in area, the second-largest city in Britain. It was made the seat of the province Britannia Prima in the fourth century, and some historians would date the pillar the governor L. Septimus erected to the god Jovian to this period, providing evidence of a sign of pagan reaction under the Roman Emperor Julian. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Separation barrier. ... Flavius Claudius Iulianus (331–June 26, 363), was a Roman Emperor (361–363) of the Constantinian dynasty. ...


There are many Roman remains in the surrounding area, including several Roman villas near the villages of Chedworth and Withington. A Roman villa is a villa that was built or lived in during the Roman Empire. ... Chedworth is a village in Gloucestershire, best known as the location of a Roman villa administered since 1924 by the National Trust. ... Withington is a village in Gloucestershire, England, about eight miles south-east of Cheltenham. ...


Sub-Roman and Saxon times

The Roman amphitheatre
The Roman amphitheatre

The Roman amphitheatre still exists in an area known as the Querns to the SW of the town, but has only been partially excavated. Investigations in the town show that it was fortified in the fifth or sixth centuries. Possibly this was the palace of one of the British kings defeated by Ceawlin in 577. It was later the scene of a battle again, this time between the Mercian king Penda and the West Saxon kings Cynegils and Cwichelm in 628. Download high resolution version (2322x622, 289 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2322x622, 289 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Colosseum in Rome, Italy. ... The Querns, Cirencester The Querns is an area of Cirencester, an ancient market town in the Cotswold hills of England. ... Ceawlin of Wessex (also spelled Ceaulin or Caelin) is recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle as being king of the West Saxons, or Wessex from 560 to 591, and named by Bede in his Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum as the second king to hold imperium over other Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. ... The Kingdom of Mercia at its greatest extent (7th to 9th centuries) is shown in green, with the original core area (6th century) given a darker tint. ... Stained glass window from the cloister of Worcester Cathedral showing the death of Penda of Mercia. ... For the helicopter, see Westland Wessex. ... Cynegils of Wessex (died 643) (Means roughly Royal Arrow Shaft) was King of Wessex (611-643). ... Cwichelm (died 636) was the son of Cynegils of Wessex, the King of Wessex, and shared power with him from the mid-620s until his death, perhaps ruling Upper Wessex. ...


The minster church of Cirencester, founded in the 9th or 10th century, was probably a royal foundation. It was destroyed by Augustinian monks in the 12th century, and replaced by the great abbey church. In English usage a Minster is a grand type of church; the term may be extended to apply to a cathedral, such as York Minster and Southwell Minster. ... Cirencester Abbey in Gloucestershire was founded as an Augustinian monastery in 1117 on the site of an earlier church, the longest known saxon church in England, which in turn had been built on the site of a roman structure. ...


Norman times

At the Norman Conquest the royal manor of Cirencester was granted to the Earl of Hereford, William Fitz-Osbern, but by 1075 it had reverted to the Crown. The manor was granted to Cirencester Abbey, founded by Henry I in 1117, and following half a century of building work during which the minster church was demolished, the great abbey church was finally dedicated in 1176. The manor was granted to the Abbey in 1189, although a royal charter dated 1133 speaks of burgesses in the town. Bayeux Tapestry depicting events leading to the Battle of Hastings The Norman Conquest of England was the conquest of the Kingdom of England by William the Conqueror (Duke of Normandy), in 1066 at the Battle of Hastings and the subsequent Norman control of England. ... For the 17th century system in Canada, see Seigneurial system of New France. ... William fitzOsbern (died February 22, 1071) was a relative and close counsellor of William the Conqueror who became one of the great magnates of early Norman England. ... Abbey House, Cirencester was a country house in the English county of Gloucestershire that developed on the site of the former Cirencester Abbey following the dissolution and demolition of the abbey at the Reformation in the 1530s. ... Henry I (c. ...


The struggle of the townsmen to prove that Cirencester was a borough, and thus gain the associated rights and privileges, probably began in the same year, when they were amerced for a false presentment. Four inquisitions during the 13th century supported the abbot's claims, yet the townspeople remained unwavering in their quest for borough status: in 1342, they lodged a Bill of complaint in Chancery. Twenty townspeople were ordered up to Westminster, where they declared under oath that successive abbots had bought up many burgage tenenments, and made the borough into an appendage of the manor, depriving it of its separate court. They claimed that the royal charter that conferred on the men of Cirencester the liberties of Winchester had been destroyed when fifty years prior the abbot had bribed the burgess who held the charter to give it to him, whereupon the abbot had had it burned. In reply, the abbot refuted these claims, and the case passed on to the King's Bench. When ordered to produce the foundation charter of his abbey the abbot refused, apparently because that document would be fatal to his case, and instead played a winning card. In return for a "fine" of £300, he obtained a new royal charter confirming his privileges and a writ of supersedeas. Look up Borough in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... One of the courts of equity in England and Wales. ... Westminster is a district within the City of Westminster in London. ... One of the ancient courts of England, the Kings Bench (or Queens Bench when the monarch is female) is now a division of the High Court of Justice of England and Wales. ... FINE was created in 1998 and is an informal association of the four main Fair Trade networks: F Fairtrade Labelling Organizations International (FLO) I International Fair Trade Association (IFAT) N Network of European Worldshops (NEWS!) and E European Fair Trade Association (EFTA) // The aim of FINE is to enable these...


Yet the townspeople continued in their fight: for their aid to the crown against the earls of Kent and Salisbury, Henry IV in 1403 gave the townsmen a gild merchant, although two inquisitions reiterated the abbot's rights. The struggle between the abbot and the townspeople continued with the abbot's privileges confirmed in 1408‑1409 and 1413, and in 1418 the abbot finally removed this thorn in his side when the gild merchant was annulled. and in 1477 parliament declared that Cirencester was not corporate. After several unsuccessful attempts to re-establish the gild merchant, the government in 1592 was vested in the bailiff of the lord of the manor. Henry IV (3 April 1367 – 20 March 1413) was the King of England and France and Lord of Ireland from 1399 to 1413. ... The title of Lord of the Manor arose in the English medieval system of Manorialism following the Norman Conquest. ...


Tudor times

As part of the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1539, Henry VIII ordered the total demolition of the Abbey buildings. Today only the Norman Arch and parts of the precinct wall remain above ground, forming the perimeter of a public park in the middle of town. Despite this, the freedom of a borough continued to elude the townspeople, and they only saw the old lord of the manor replaced by a new lord of the manor as the King acquired the abbey's title. For other uses of the term dissolution see Dissolution. ... Henry VIII redirects here. ...


Sheep rearing, wool sales, weaving and cloth-making were the main strengths of England's trade in the Middle Ages, and not only the abbey but many of Cirencester's merchants and clothiers gained wealth and prosperity from the national and international trade. The tombs of these merchants can be seen in the parish church, while their fine houses of Cotswold stone still stand in and around Coxwell Street and Dollar Street. Their wealth funded the rebuilding of the nave of the parish church in 1515-30, to create the large parish church, often referred to as the 'Cathedral of the Cotswolds'. Other wool churches can be seen in neighbouring Northleach and Chipping Campden. Species See text. ... For other uses, see Wool (disambiguation). ... A wool church is an English church built primarily from the proceeds of the mediaeval wool trade. ... Northleach is a small Cotswold market town in Gloucestershire. ... Chipping Campden is a Cotswold town in Gloucestershire, England, famous for its beautiful terraced High Street, dating from the 14th – 17th centuries. ...


During the Civil War

The English Civil War came to Cirencester in February 1643 when Royalists and Parliamentarians came to blows in the streets. Over 300 were killed, and 1200 prisoners were held captive in the church. The townsfolk supported the Parliamentarians but gentry and clergy were for the old order, so that when Charles I was executed in 1649 the minister, Alexander Gregory, wrote on behalf of the gentry in the parish register, 'O England what did'st thou do, the 30th of this month'. For other uses, see English Civil War (disambiguation). ... Prince Rupert of the Rhine Cavaliers was the name used by Parliamentarians for the Royalist supporters of King Charles I during the English Civil War (1642–1651). ... The English parliament in front of the King, c. ...


Recent history

At the end of the 18th century Cirencester was a thriving market town, at the centre of a network of turnpike roads with easy access to markets for its produce of grain and wool. A local grammar school provided education for those who could afford it, and businesses thrived in the town, which was the major urban centre for the surrounding area. A toll road, turnpike or tollpike is a road on which a toll authority collects a fee for use. ... Cirencester Grammar School was an historic school in Cirencester, Gloucestershire, United Kingdom. ...

Cotswold stone buildings in Castle Street
Cotswold stone buildings in Castle Street

In 1789 the opening of a branch of the Thames and Severn Canal provided access to markets further afield, by way of a link through the River Thames. In 1841 a branch railway line was opened to Kemble to provide a link to the Great Western Railway at Swindon. The Midland and South Western Junction Railway opened a station at Watermoor in 1883. Cirencester thus was served by two railway lines until the 1960s. Download high resolution version (1268x1065, 167 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1268x1065, 167 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Thames and Severn Canal is a canal in the south of England, linking the River Thames to the River Severn, via Cricklade and Stroudwater. ... Kemble is a village in Gloucestershire, England. ... , For other places with the same name, see Swindon (disambiguation). ... The Midland and South Western Junction Railway (MSWJR) was, until the 1923 Grouping, a wholly independent railway built to form a link between the Midland (MidR) and London and South Western Railways (LSWR) allowing MidR and Great Western Railway (GWR) trains, inter alia, to reach the port of Southampton. ...


The loss of canal and the direct rail link encouraged dependency on road transport. An inner ring road system was completed in 1975 in an attempt to reduce congestion in the town centre, which has since been augmented by an outer bypass with the expansion of the A417. Coaches depart from London Road for Victoria in central London and Heathrow Airport, taking advantage of the M4 Motorway. Kemble Station to the west of the town, distinguished by a sheltered garden, is served by fast trains from Paddington via Swindon. London Heathrow Airport (IATA airport code: LHR, ICAO airport code: EGLL, and often simply Heathrow) is the United Kingdoms busiest and best-connected airport. ... , For other places with the same name, see Swindon (disambiguation). ...


In 1894 the passing of the Local Government Act brought at last into existence Cirencester's first independent elected body, the Urban District Council. The reorganization of the local governments in 1974 replaced the Urban District Council with the present two-tier system of Cotswold District Council and Cirencester Town Council. A concerted effort to reduce overhead wiring and roadside clutter has given the town some picturesque streetscenes. Many shops cater to tourists and many house family businesses. The Local Government Act 1894 (57 & 58 Vict. ... Cotswold is a local government district in Gloucestershire in England. ... In the United Kingdom, town councils are civil parish councils, where the civil parish is a town. ...


Under the patronage of the Bathurst family, the Cirencester area, notably Sapperton, became a major centre for the Arts and Crafts movement in the Cotswolds, when the furniture designer and architect-craftsman Ernest Gimson opened workshops in the early 20th century, and Norman Jewson, his foremost student, practiced in the town. The Sapperton Tunnels are:- the Sapperton canal tunnel, formerly one of the longest canal tunnels in the country, but now fallen into disrepair, and the Sapperton railway tunnel, which runs a similar route, and is on the Golden Valley Line from Stroud and Swindon. ... Artichoke wallpaper, by John Henry Dearle for William Morris & Co. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...


Name

The name stem Corin is cognate with Churn (the modern name of the river on which the town is built) and with the stem Cerne in the nearby villages of North Cerney, South Cerney, and Cerney Wick; also on the River Churn. The modern name 'Cirencester' is formed from the cognate root Ciren and the standard -cester ending indicating a Roman fortress or encampment. It seems certain that this name root goes back to pre-Roman times and is similar to the original Brythonic name for the river, and perhaps the settlement. An early Welsh ecclesiastical list from St David's gives another form of the name Caerceri where Caer is the Welsh for fortress and Ceri is cognate with the other forms of the name. South Cerney is a village and civil parish in the Cotswold district of Gloucestershire, a few miles south of Cirencester and close to the border with Wiltshire. ... Brythonic is one of two major divisions of Insular Celtic languages (the other being Goidelic). ... St Davids (Welsh: Tyddewi) is the smallest city in the United Kingdom, with a population of under 2,000 people. ...


In Saxon times the name of the town was written Cirrenceastre or Cyrneceastre (the Saxon 'c' was pronounced like the 'ch' in change). The Normans mispronounced the 'ch' sound as [ts] resulting in the modern name Cirencester IPA: /ˈsaɪrənsɛstɚ/. The form Ciceter /sɪsɪtɚ/ invented by William Shakespeare[citation needed] was once used locally as an abbreviation. Sometimes the form Cicester /ˈsɪsɪstɚ/ was heard instead. These forms are now very rarely used, while many local people abbreviate the name to Ciren (/ˈsaɪrən/). Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Today it is usually pronounced /ˈsaɪrənsɛstɚ/, although occasionally it is still /ˈsɪsɪtɚ/),


Leisure and entertainment

Cirencester has an important tourist trade as well as providing shopping, entertainment, and sports facilities for the inhabitants of the town and the surrounding area. Cirencester boasts a number of popular pubs. The town also has a local chess club - Cirencester Chess Club An amusingly named pub (the Old New Inn) at Bourton-on-the-Water, in the Cotswold Hills of South West England A pub in the Haymarket area of Edinburgh, Scotland A public house, usually known as a pub, is a drinking establishment found mainly in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada...


Sites of interest

St John the Baptist parish church
St John the Baptist parish church

The parish church of St John the Baptist, often referred to as the Cathedral of the Cotswolds, has a nave built in 1515 – 1530, and also features a high embattled tower and a remarkable south porch with parvise. A fine example of the wool church, among its numerous chapels, that of St Catherine has a beautiful roof of fan-tracery of stone that dates to 1508. Other wool churches can be seen in neighbouring Northleach and Chipping Campden. John the Baptist (also called John the Baptizer or John the Dipper) is regarded as a prophet by at least three religions: Christianity, Islam, and Mandaeanism. ... A wool church is an English church built primarily from the proceeds of the mediaeval wool trade. ... Tracery is implementation of net-like decorations in a building used especially in Gothic architecture. ... Northleach is a small Cotswold market town in Gloucestershire. ... Chipping Campden is a Cotswold town in Gloucestershire, England, famous for its beautiful terraced High Street, dating from the 14th – 17th centuries. ...


The town also has a Roman Catholic Church of St Peter's; the foundation stone was laid on 20 June 1895. According to tradition, Peter was crucified upside-down, as shown in this painting by Caravaggio. ...


To the west of the town is Cirencester House, the seat of Earl Bathurst and the site of one of the finest landscape gardens in England, laid out by the first Earl Bathurst after 1714. Cirencester House (or Park), at Cirencester in Gloucestershire, is the seat of the Bathurst family, Earls Bathurst. ... Earl Bathust can also refer to 5051 Earl Bathurst, a Castle class locomotive. ... The English Grounds of Wörlitz were one of the largest English parks in 18th-century Europe. ...


Abbey House, Cirencester was a country house built on the site of the former Cirencester Abbey following its dissolution and demolition at the Reformation in the 1530s. The site was granted in 1564 to Richard Master, physician to Queen Elizabeth I. The house was rebuilt and altered at several dates by the Master family, who still own the agricultural estate. By 1897 the house was let, and it remained in the occupation of tenants until shortly after the Second World War. It was finally demolished in 1964. Abbey House, Cirencester was a country house in the English county of Gloucestershire that developed on the site of the former Cirencester Abbey following the dissolution and demolition of the abbey at the Reformation in the 1530s. ...


On Cotswold Avenue is the site of a Roman amphitheatre which, while buried, retains its shape in the earthen topography of the small park setting. Cirencester was one of the most substantial cities of Roman-era Britain. The Colosseum in Rome, Italy. ...


Famous Inhabitents

Cirencester has a good few well know inhabitants like:.

  • Liz Hurley Hollywood actor.
  • Tony Adams football manager and ex England international.
  • Laurence Llewelyn-Bowen interior designer famous for appearing in the BBC's Changing rooms.
  • Emma Samms actor.

Local Celebrities Elizabeth Hurley in Bedazzled Elizabeth Hurley (born June 10, 1965) is a British model, actress, producer and designer. ... Tony Adams is the name of several well-known people, including: Tony Adams (actor), Welsh actor. ... Laurence Llewelyn-Bowen (March 11, 1965) is a British interior designer and television personality best known for his appearances on the BBC television programme Changing Rooms. ... Emma Samms Emma Samms (born Emma Samuelson on 28 August 1960, in London) is a British television actress // Career Samms played Holly Sutton Scorpio on the daytime soap opera General Hospital from 1982 to 1985, and from 1992 to 1993 and again in 2006. ...

Dom Joly (full name Dominic John Joly) is a British television comedian. ... Sulzeer Jeremiah Sol Campbell (born 18 September 1974 in Plaistow, London) is an English footballer. ... This article is about the English television hostess. ... Melinda Jayne Messenger (born 23 February 1971 in Swindon, Wiltshire) is an English television presenter and was one of the countrys most successful glamour models. ...

Sport

In April 2006 the Cotswold Leisure Centre moved to its new site, the centre is run by the local district council. It includes a swimming pool, sauna, steam room, showers, relaxation area, a large sports hall, gym and fitness centre.[1] The town also has an open air swimming pool, this is run by a charity and local volunteers and is only open during the summer months.[2] Cotswold is a local government district in Gloucestershire in England. ...


Football

The local football club, Cirencester Town F.C., was relegated from the Southern League Premier Division in 2007, however were reinstated due to changes to the football league. The team is known as The Centurions and moved in 2002 from their former ground at Smithsfield on the Tetbury Road to a purpose built sports complex known as the Corinium Stadium. Cirencester Town is a football club currently playing in the Southern League. ... The Southern League Premier Division is a football league covering central and south western England. ...


The club is designated by The Football Association as a Community Club because each week it provides football awareness, coaching and competition for over 300 children ranging from age 6+ to 18.


As well as the main pitch there are six additional football pitches, mainly used by the junior football teams. The club has also developed a full size indoor training area, known as The Arena, which is used for training, for social events and for 5 a side leagues throughout the year.


The town also has another football team Cirencester United F.C. and they play in the Hellenic Football League Division One West. Cirencester United F.C. is a football club based in Cirencester, England. ... The Hellenic Football League is an English football league covering the Thames Valley area to the west of London. ...


Other Sports

Cirencester also has a Netball Club, Cirencester Ladies, with three squads. The A team play in the 1st division of the Gloucestershire League. The B team in the 3rd Division and the C team in the 5th Division.[3] A netball game in Australia Netball is a non contact sport similar to, and derived from, basketball. ...


The town has its own Rugby Club who are based at the Whiteway. They have four main teams, a colts as well as a Youth and Mini sections.[4] For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ...


The town also has Cirencester Polo Club, the oldest polo club in the UK. Its main grounds are located in Earl Bathurst's Cirencester Park.[5] Its is frequently used by Prince Charles and his sons William and Harry. [6] [7] For other uses, see Polo (disambiguation). ... Earl Bathust can also refer to 5051 Earl Bathurst, a Castle class locomotive. ... “Prince Charles” redirects here. ... Prince William redirects here. ... Officer Cadet Wales on parade when New Colours were presented to Sandhurst, 21 June 2005. ...


The town is also home to Cirencester Car Club, one of the oldest car clubs in the UK.[8] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The Cotswold Gliding Club is some 6 miles (10 km) to the west at Aston Down airfield. Aston Down airfield from the south Aston Down is a former Royal Air Force airfield near Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire, South West England. ...


Education

The town and the surrounding area have several Primary schools and two Secondary schools, Deer Park School located on the Stroud Road and Kingshill off the London Road. It also offers an Independent School, catering for 3-18 year olds, Rendcomb College. The town used to have a 500 year old Grammar School, which in 1966 joined with the Secondary Modern to form Cirencester Deer Park School. In 1991 Cirencester College was created taking over the sixth form of Deer Park, the College is located adjacent to the Deer Park School. Education in England is the responsibility of Department for Education and Skills at national level and, in the case of publicly funded compulsory education, of Local Education Authorities. ... Education in England is the responsibility of Department for Education and Skills at national level and, in the case of publicly funded compulsory education, of Local Education Authorities. ... Cirencester Deer Park School is a Comprehensive Secondary school in Cirencester, Gloucestershire, United Kingdom. ... Cirencester Grammar School was an historic school in Cirencester, Gloucestershire, United Kingdom. ... Cirencester Deer Park School is a Comprehensive Secondary school in Cirencester, Gloucestershire, United Kingdom. ... Cirencester College is a Sixth form college in Cirencester, Gloucestershire. ...


The town also hosts the Royal Agricultural College which is located between the Stroud and Tetbury Roads. Royal Agricultural College is a United Kingdom university college based at Cirencester in Gloucestershire. ...


References

Bibliography

  • H.P.R. Finberg. "The Origin of Gloucestershire Towns" in Gloucestershire Studies, edited by H.P.R. Finberg. Leicester: University Press, 1957

External links

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: Cirencester (1951 words)
Cirencester lies on the River Churn, a tributary of the Thames, and is the largest town in Cotswold District.
Cirencester lies on the lower dip-slope of the Cotswold Hills, an outcrop of oolitic limestone.
Cirencester is the hub of a significant road network with important routes to Gloucester (A417), Cheltenham (A435), Warwick (A429), Oxford (A40 via the B4425), Wantage (A417), Swindon (A419), Chippenham (A429), Bristol and Bath (A433), and Stroud (A419).
Cirencester - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2575 words)
Cirencester is a market town in Gloucestershire, England, 93 miles (150 km) west northwest of London.
Cirencester lies on the River Churn, a tributary of the River Thames, and is the largest town in Cotswold District.
To the west of the town is Cirencester House, the seat of Earl Bathurst.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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