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Encyclopedia > Cinque Ports

Flag of the Cinque Ports
Flag of the Cinque Ports

Formally, in Kent and Sussex there are five 'Head Ports' making up the Confederation of the Cinque Ports, often pronounced as the anglicised sink ports, and meaning 'five ports' ("cinque" in French means "five" and "ports" is to be connected to the Italian word "porto", i.e. "harbours"). The primary Corporate Members are represented by the ports of Hastings, New Romney, Hythe, Dover, and Sandwich. They are supported by the two 'ancient towns' of Rye and Winchelsea, whose councils have held a long standing tradition of maintaining defence contingents for the realm of England. King Edward I of England granted the citizens of the Cinque Ports special privileges, including the right to bring goods into the country without paying import duties; in return the Ports would supply him with men and ships in time of war. The associated ports, known as 'limbs', were given the same privileges. The five head ports and two ancient towns were entitled to send two Members to the UK Parliament. A Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports was appointed, and whilst this office exists today, it is now a purely honorary title. Image File history File links Cinque_Ports_Flag. ... Image File history File links Cinque_Ports_Flag. ... Kent is a county in England, south-east of London. ... Sussex is a traditional county in south-eastern England, corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex. ... Hastings is a town and local government district in South East England, in the county of East Sussex. ... Map sources for New Romney at grid reference TR0624 New Romney is a small seaside town in Kent, England. ... Map sources for Hythe at grid reference TR158350 The small seaside resort and town of Hythe, in the District of Shepway, (derived from sheep-way, since shepherds drove their flocks across Romney Marsh and the Downs) is one of the five original Cinque Ports on the south coast of Kent... Arms of Dover Borough Council This article is about the English port. ... Arms of Sandwich Town Council Sandwich is an historic town in Kent, south-east England. ... Location within the British Isles Rye is a small town in East Sussex, England, on the edge of the Romney Marsh. ... Location within the British Isles Winchelsea is a small walled town in East Sussex, England, at the southern corner of the Romney Marsh. ... Edward I (June 17, 1239–July 7, 1307), popularly known as Longshanks because of his 6 foot 2 inch frame and the Hammer of the Scots (his tombstone, in Latin, read, Hic est Edwardvs Primus Scottorum Malleus, Here lies Edward I, Hammer of the Scots), achieved fame as the monarch... The British Houses of Parliament, London, UK A parliament is a legislature, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system derived from that of the United Kingdom. ... Flag of the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports The Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports is a ceremonial official in the United Kingdom. ...


The town of Hastings was the head port of the Cinque Ports in mediƦval times. The seven other members of the Cinque Ports Confederation are called 'Limbs' of the Cinque Ports. These are Lydd (Limb of New Romney), Folkestone, Faversham and Margate (Limbs of Dover), Deal and Ramsgate (Limbs of Sandwich) and Tenterden (Limb of Rye). There are in addition some 23 towns, villages and offices which have varying degrees of connection to the ancient 'Liberties of the Cinque Ports'. Pevensey was once a Limb of Hastings, and the 'coastal confederation' and during its mediƦval period consisted of a confederation of 42 towns in all. Location within the British Isles Arms of Lydd Town Council Lydd is a town in Kent, England, lying on the Romney Marsh. ... Map sources for Folkestone at grid reference TR2236 folkestone iz da best an should be made capotal of da world!!!!!!!!!!! ... Location within the British Isles Faversham is a town in Kent, England, in the district of Swale. ... Margate was known as Meregate (in 1254) or Margate (in 1293) is on the Isle of Thanet in Kent, England. ... Deal is a town in Kent, England. ... Ramsgate is an English seaside town on the Isle of Thanet in East Kent. ... Tenterden is a small town in the Weald of Kent, England. ... Pevensey is a small village (1991 pop. ...


History of the Ports

A Royal Charter of 1155 established the ports to maintain ships ready for the Crown in case of need. In return the towns received: Events Frederick I Barbarossa crowned Holy Roman Emperor. ...

"Exemption from tax and tallage, Right of soc and sac,
tol and team, blodwit and fledwit, pillory and tumbril,
infrangentheof and outfrangentheof, mundbryce,
waives and strays, flotsam and jetsam and ligan"
(Exemption from tax and tolls; self-government;
permission to levy tolls, punish those who shed blood or flee justice, punish minor offences,
detain and execute criminals both inside and outside the port's jurisdiction, and punish breaches of the peace;
and possession of lost goods that remain unclaimed after a year, goods thrown overboard, and floating wreckage.)

In other words, the authorities would turn a blind eye to ships and sailors from these ports. This led to smuggling becoming a major local industry. Traditionally, Flotsam and jetsam are words that describe goods of potential value that have been thrown into the ocean. ... A skirmish with smugglers from Finland at the Russian border, 1853, by Vasily Hudiakov. ...


The towns also had their own system of courts, and the right to send barons to hold the canopy above a new monarch in the coronation ceremony. While this custom no longer continues, the barons still have the right to attend the ceremony. British coronations are held in Westminster Abbey. ...


As time went by and some ports declined or silted up, others were added. Rye and Winchelsea were attached to Hastings as "Ancient Towns" in the 12th century. Rye is a small town in East Sussex, England, on the edge of the Romney Marsh. ... Location within the British Isles Winchelsea is a small walled town in East Sussex, England, at the southern corner of the Romney Marsh. ... Hastings is a town and local government district in South East England, in the county of East Sussex. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ...


Lydd, Faversham, Folkestone, Deal, Tenterden, Margate and Ramsgate were all added as "limbs" in the 15th century. Other places associated with the Cinque Ports and sometimes described as "limbs" included Bekesbourne, Birchington, Brightlingsea, Fordwich, Pevensey, Reculver, Seaford, Stonor and Walmer. Location within the British Isles Arms of Lydd Town Council Lydd is a town in Kent, England, lying on the Romney Marsh. ... Location within the British Isles Faversham is a town in Kent, England, in the district of Swale. ... Map sources for Folkestone at grid reference TR2236 folkestone iz da best an should be made capotal of da world!!!!!!!!!!! ... Deal is a town in Kent, England. ... Tenterden is a small town in the Weald of Kent, England. ... Margate was known as Meregate (in 1254) or Margate (in 1293) is on the Isle of Thanet in Kent, England. ... Ramsgate is an English seaside town on the Isle of Thanet in East Kent. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... Birchington-on-sea is a town in Thanet, Kent. ... Location within the British Isles Brightlingsea is a coastal town in Essex in the Tendring district, roughty between Colchester and Clacton-on-Sea, situated at the mouth of the River Colne, on Brightlingsea Creek. ... Fordwich is the smallest town in England, with a population of around 300 people. ... Pevensey is a small village (1991 pop. ... Reculver is a small seaside farmstead and summer resort situated about 3 miles east of Herne Bay along the North Kent coast and is popular with visitors. ... Seaford is the name of a place in the United Kingdom: Seaford, East Sussex Seaford is the name of some places in the United States of America: Seaford, Delaware Seaford, New York Seaford, Virginia Seaford is also a place in Victoria, Australia: Seaford, Victoria This is a disambiguation page — a... Stonor Park is the location if a historic house and park in Oxfordshire, England, on the border with Buckinghamshire north of Henley-on-Thames. ... Location within the British Isles Walmer is in Dover District, Kent in England: located on the coast, the parish of Walmer is 6 miles (10 km) north-east of Dover. ...


In 1985 HMS Illustrious established an affiliation with the Cinque Ports. In 2005 the affiliation was changed to HMS Kent. The fifth HMS Illustrious (R06) is an Invincible-class light aircraft carrier of the Royal Navy, affectionately known as Lusty to her crew. ... Eleven ships of the British Royal Navy have been named HMS Kent, after the county of Kent. ...


During the 15th Century, New Romney, once a port of great importance at the mouth of the river Rother (until it became completely blocked by the shifting of sands during the great storm of 1287), was considered the central port in the confederation, and the place of assembly for the Cinque Port Courts, the oldest such authority being vested in the 'Kynges high courte of Shepway', which was being held from at least 1150. It was here that from 1433 The White (1433-1571) and Black (1572-1955) Books of the Cinque Port Courts were kept.


The continuing decline of the confederation of the Cinque Ports may be ascribed to a variety of different circumstance, but they were not so hampered by the raids from the Danes and the French to be removed by the numerous destructive impact of plagues, and survived the politics of the 13th Century Plantagenets, and the subsequent War of the Roses. (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Angevin is the name applied to two distinct medieval dynasties which originated as counts (from 1360, dukes) of the western French province of Anjou (of which angevin is the adjectival form), but later came to rule far greater areas including England, Hungary and Poland (see Angevin Empire). ... York Lancaster For other uses see Wars of the Roses (disambiguation) The Wars of the Roses (1455–1485) is the name generally given to the intermittent civil war fought over the throne of England between adherents of the House of Lancaster and the House of York. ...


Although by the 14th Century the confederation faced wider challenges from a greater consolidation of national identity in the monarchy and Parliament, the legacy of the Saxon authority remained. Even after the 15th Century, the 'ancient towns' continued to serve with the supply of transport ships. This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... A map showing the general locations of the Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms circa 600 CE. The Anglo-Saxons were culturally-related Germanic tribes from Angeln, a peninsula in what is now Lower Saxony in northwestern Germany. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ...


A significant factor in the need to maintain the authority of the Cinque Ports by the King was the development of the Royal Navy. With the advance in shipbuilding techniques came a growth in towns such as Bristol and Liverpool and the wider development of ports such as London, Gravesend, Southampton, Chichester, Plymouth and the royal dockyards of Chatham, Portsmouth, Greenwich, Woolwich and Deptford. A further reason for the decline of many older ports may be ascribed to the development of the railway network across Britain, and the increased quantity of overseas trade it could distribute from the new major ports developing from the 18th Century. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... Bristol is a unitary authority with city and ceremonial county status in South West England. ... Liverpool waterfront by night, as seen from the Wirral. ... The Houses of Parliament and the clock tower containing Big Ben Part of the London skyline viewed from the South Bank London is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ... Gravesend is a town in North-West Kent, England, on the south bank of the Thames, opposite Tilbury in Essex. ... Civic Centre, Southampton Southampton is a city and major port situated on the south coast of England. ... Chichester Cross, in a circa 1831 illustration. ... Plymouth is a city in the South West of England, or alternatively the Westcountry, and is situated within the traditional county of Devon. ... Location within the British Isles Chatham is an English town that developed around an important naval dockyard on the east bank of the River Medway in the county of Kent. ... -1... Greenwich (pronounced gren-itch , or by the locals) is a town, now part of the south eastern urban sprawl of London, on the south bank of the River Thames in the London Borough of Greenwich. ... Woolwich (pronounced Woolitch) is a town in south-east London, England in the London Borough of Greenwich, on the south side of the River Thames, though the tiny exclave of North Woolwich (which is now part of the London Borough of Newham) is on the north side of the river. ... Deptford is an area of the London Borough of Lewisham, on the south bank of the River Thames in south-east London. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ...


Ongoing changes in the coastline along the south east coast, from the Thames estuary to Hastings and the Isle of Wight did undoubtedly influence the significance of a number of the Cinque port towns, as port authorities, but ship building and repair, fishing, piloting, off shore rescue and sometimes even 'wrecking' continued to play a large part in the activities of the local community. Several places exist with the name Thames, and the word is also used as part of several brand and company names Most famous is the River Thames in England, on which the city of London stands Other Thames Rivers There is a Thames River in Canada There is a Thames... The Isle of Wight is an English island, south of Southampton off the southern English coast. ...


Exemption from taxation and the right to levy tolls; the authority to detain and execute felons both inside and outside the Ports' jurisdiction; power to claim wreckage off the shore or goods thrown overboard; these were privileges granted to the Cinque ports, along with the right of assembly as a Guild, which gave the confederation the authority to act in such matters. A guild is an association of people of the same trade or pursuits (with a similar skill or craft), formed to protect mutual interests and maintain standards of morality or conduct. ...


However by the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, the Cinque Ports had effectively ceased to be of any real significance, and were absorbed into the general administration of the Realm. Local Government reforms and Acts of Parliament passed during the 19th and 20th Centuries (notably the Great Reform Act of 1832,) have eroded the administrative and judicial powers of the Confederation of the Cinque Ports, when New Romney and Winchelsea were disenfrachised from Parliament, with representation provided through their Counties alone, while Hythe and Rye's representation was halved. Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. ... The British Reform Act of 1832 (2 & 3 Will. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
CINQUE PORTS - LoveToKnow Article on CINQUE PORTS (935 words)
The incorporation of the Cinque Ports had its origin in the necessity for some means of defence along the southern seaboard of England, and in the lack of any regular navy.
Actions may be transferred to it, and appeals made to it, from the county courts in all cases, arising within the jurisdiction of the Cinque Ports as defined by that act.
The Cinque Ports from the earliest times claimed to be exefi~pt from the jurisdiction of the admiral of England.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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