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Encyclopedia > Cinema of the Netherlands
European cinema

The Dutch film industry has long been renowned for its documentaries. The most prominent Dutch directors, especially those who started their careers before World War II, came from a documentary background, for instance Joris Ivens and Bert Haanstra. Since the early 1970s, however, documentary production aimed at a theatrical release has declined, perhaps due to a shift towards television documentary. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... European cinema is the cinema of Europe. ... The Cinema of Albania had its start in the years 1911-1912. ... Austria has produced a number of films in the cinema industry. ... The Cinema of Belgium // History Early history While the invention of the cinématographe by the French Lumière brothers is widely regarded as the birth of cinema, a number of developments in photography preceded the advent of film. ... // Directors Slatan Dudow Rangel Valtchanov Nikola Kovachev Sophia Peer Vulo Radev Dimitar Petkov- Opashkata Na Diavola aka Devils Tail Nikola Korabov Ivan Andonov Ludmil Staikov Metodi Andonov Zornitsa-Sophia Vladimir Yanchev Nikolai Volev Actors and actresses See also List of Bulgarian actors Stoyan Bachvarov Rusi Chanev Georgi Cherkelov Stefan... The cinema of Croatia has suffered in recent years, with quality films being few and far between in comparison to other countries. ... The Czech Republic (both as an independent country and as a part of former Czechoslovakia) was a seedbed for many acclaimed film directors. ... Danish cinema pioneer Peter Elfelt, a photographer, was the first Dane to make a film. ... Cinema in Estonia started in 1908 with the production of a newsreel about Swedish King Gustav IV’s visit to Tallinn. ... Norwegian Anneke von der Lippe as the Faroese Barbara in the 1997 Danish motion picture The Faroe Islands do not have a long history of cinema. ... In Finnish cinema, Aki Kaurismäki is a big name. ... France has been influential in the development of film as a mass medium and as an art form. ... Cinema in Germany can be traced back to the very beginnings of the medium at the end of the 19th Century and German cinema has made major technical and artistic contributions to film. ... // Beginning In the spring of 1897, the Greeks of Athens had the opportunity and privilege to watch the first cinematic attempts (short movies in journal). The projection of an animated movie resulted in excited reactions and the new-seen spectacle became a usual matter of discussion. ... Hungary has had a notable cinema industry for some time. ... Iceland has had a notable cinema industry for some time. ... The Irish film industry has grown somewhat in recent years thanks partly to the promotion of the sector by Bord Scannán na hÉireann (The Irish Film Board) and the introduction of heavy tax breaks. ... The history of Italian cinema began just a few months after the Lumière brothers had discovered the medium, when Pope Leo XIII was filmed for a few seconds in the act of blessing the camera. ... The Luxembourg film industry is quite small, but this is unsurprising given that the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg has a population of only about 400,000 people. ... Montenegro has been the site of many domestic films. ... Norway has had a notable cinema industry for some time. ... // Directors Józef Arkusz Stanisław Bareja Aleksander Ford Wojciech Has Agnieszka Holland Jerzy Hoffman Jerzy Kawalerowicz Krzysztof Kieślowski -- The Three Colors trilogy, The Decalogue Jan Jakub Kolski Kazimierz Kutz Juliusz Machulski Andrzej Munk Marek Piwowski Roman Polański Ladislas Starevich Wladyslaw Starewicz Andrzej Wajda Krzysztof Zanussi Andrzej Zulawski... Portuguese cinema is better known internationally for its directors Manoel de Oliveira and João César Monteiro. ... The Cinema of Romania came into being as an affective reality. ... The first films seen in the Russia Empire were via the Lumière brothers, in Moscow and St. ... Serbia (both as an independent country and as part a part of former Yugoslavia) has been home to many internationally acclaimed films and directors. ... Soviet Cinema should not be used as a synonym for Russian Cinema. Although Russian language films predominated, several of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union contributed films reflecting elements of their pre-Soviet culture, language and history, although sometimes censored by the Central Government. ... Spanish cinema is not held in as high esteem worldwide as French or American cinema. ... Swedish cinema is one of the most widely-known national cinemas in the world, and certainly the most prominent of Scandinavia. ... Cinema of Switzerland // List of Swiss films Charles-Georges Duvanel Kurt Früh Jean-Luc Godard Claude Goretta Leopold Lindtberg Franz Schnyder Casimir Sivan Alain Tanner Anne-Marie Blanc Zarli Carigiet Heinrich Gretler Max Haufler Emil Hegetschweiler World cinema Swiss Films Swiss Film Directory Categories: | | ... The first film showing in Turkey was held in the Yildiz Palace, Istanbul in 1896. ... Michael Caine in Get Carter (1971). ... Cinema in Ukraine One of the largest film production studios in Ukraine is the Olexandr Dovzhenko Film Studios, located in Kiev, Ukraine. ... The historical country of Yugoslavia had a notable cinema industry of its own. ... Documentary film is a broad category of cinematic expression united by the intent to remain factual or non-fictional. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom France Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Charles de Gaulle Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian... Joris Ivens (November 18, 1898 - June 28, 1989) was a Dutch documentary filmmaker and devout communist, and is generally respected as one of the foremost documentarists of the twentieth century. ... Bert Haanstra (31 May 1916 - 23 October 1997) was a Dutch film and documentary director and Academy Award winner. ...


Because the Dutch film industry is relatively small, and there is little to no international market for Dutch films, almost all films rely on state funding. This funding can be achieved through several sources, for instance through the Dutch Film Fund or the Dutch public broadcast networks ('omroepen'). In recent years the Dutch Government has established several tax shelters for private investments in Dutch films.

Contents

History

Although the Dutch film industry is relatively small, there have been several active periods in which Dutch filmmaking thrived. The first boom came during the First World War when The Netherlands was one of the neutral states. Studios like Hollandia produced an impressive cycle of feature films. A second wave followed in the 1930s, as talking pictures led to a call for Dutch-spoken films, which resulted in a boom in production: between 1934 and 1940, 37 feature films were released. To accommodate the rapid growth, the Dutch film industry looked to foreign personnel experienced with sound film technology. Mostly these were Germans who had fled their country as Hitler took power. Several renowned German directors who would go on to work in Hollywood directed films in the Netherlands in this period, most notably Douglas Sirk (Boefje, 1939). Dutch ( ) is a West Germanic language spoken by around 22 million people, mainly in the Netherlands and Belgium. ... Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. ... Douglas Sirk - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ...


During World War II, the Dutch film industry came to a near halt. In the years directly following the war, most effort was given to the reconstruction of the country; film was not a priority. In the late 1950s the Dutch film industry professionalized. The Nederlands Film Fund (Dutch) (Dutch Film Fund) was established in 1957, the Nederlandse Filmacademie (Dutch) (Dutch Film Academy) in 1958. Documentary filmer Bert Haanstra made his first fiction film, Fanfare, in 1958. Even though the film was a big success, this success was only incidental. Bert Haanstra (31 May 1916 - 23 October 1997) was a Dutch film and documentary director and Academy Award winner. ... A fanfare is a short piece of music played by trumpets and other brass instruments, frequently accompanied by percussion, usually for ceremonial purposes. ...


A more lasting success for Dutch film came in the 1970s, mostly under the influence of one man: Paul Verhoeven. Verhoeven five films of the decade - Business Is Business (Wat zien ik?, 1971), Turkish Delight (Turks Fruit, 1973), Katie Tippel (Keetje Tippel, 1975), Soldier of Orange (Soldaat van Oranje, 1977) and Spetters (1980) - were box-office hits; they are still in the top-twenty most successful Dutch films ever. Turkish Delight and Soldier of Orange were successful abroad as well and eventually led to Verhoeven's Hollywood career. In 2006 Verhoeven returned to his own language and made Black Book (Zwartboek), his first Dutch spoken film since The Fourth Man (De Vierde Man) that came out in 1983. This article is about the Dutch director; for the German director, actor, and writer see Paul Verhoeven (Germany). ... Business is business (in french, Les affaires sont les affaires) is a french comedy in three acts, by the novelist and playwright Octave Mirbeau, performed in april 1903 on the stage of Comédie-Française, in Paris, and world-wide acclaimed, especially in Russia, Germany and United States. ... Turkish Delight is the English title of the 1973 movie Turks fruit, directed by Paul Verhoeven, based on a novel by Jan Wolkers. ... Katie Tippel (Dutch title: Keetje Tippel) is 1975 film by Paul Verhoeven. ... Soldaat van Oranje (Soldier of Orange) is a 1977 film by Paul Verhoeven, starring Rutger Hauer and Jeroen Krabbe. ... Spetters, a Dutch film released in 1980, was the controversial mainstream debut film by infamous director Paul Verhoeven. ... Black Book (Dutch: Zwartboek) is a 2006 thriller war film by director Paul Verhoeven, starring Carice van Houten and Sebastian Koch. ... In The Fourth Man (original Dutch title is De Vierde Man), an alcoholic novelist, Gerard Reve, leaves Amsterdam to deliver a lecture at the Vlissingen Literary Society where he becomes sexually involved with its attractive treasurer, Christine Halslag. ...


In the mid-1990s, the Dutch government introduced tax shelters (the so-called 'CV-regeling') to encourage private investments in Dutch films. After implementation of these new rules there was a boom in production of Dutch movies. It were however not the movies made through the tax shelter, but movies aimed at a young audience, such as Costa! (2001), that won back the confidence in the commercial viability of Dutch film. Costa! is about Dutch teenagers vacationing at the Spanish coast. The success of the film spawned several copycat films (for instance Volle Maan (Full Moon; 2002)) and a spin-off sitcom (also called Costa!), which ran for several seasons on the public broadcasting network BNN. BNN is a three letter abbreviation which can refer to A broadcasting network in the Netherlands, BNN (television) The IATA airport code for Brønnøysund Airport, Brønnøy Category: ...


After a while the formula wore down and the new commercial flavor became films with a multicultural feel. Hush Hush Baby (Shouf Shouf Habibi, 2004) and Schnitzel Paradise (Het Schnitzelparadijs, 2005) were both comedies featuring Dutch/Moroccan actors and became a commercial success. The difference with Volle Maan is that the films were also acclaimed by critics (both in the Netherlands as internationally) and both films were shown at the Berlin Film Festival. Hush Hush Baby (original title: Shouf Shouf Habibi!) is a 2004 Dutch comedy film, written and directed by Albert ter Heerdt. ... Schnitzel Paradise (Dutch: Het Schnitzelparadijs) is a 2005 Dutch comedy film. ... The Berlin International Film Festival, also called the Berlinale, is one of the most important film festivals in Europe and the world. ...


Acclaimed Dutch directors

Joris Ivens (November 18, 1898 - June 28, 1989) was a Dutch documentary filmmaker and devout communist, and is generally respected as one of the foremost documentarists of the twentieth century. ... Bert Haanstra (31 May 1916 - 23 October 1997) was a Dutch film and documentary director and Academy Award winner. ... This article is about the Dutch director; for the German director, actor, and writer see Paul Verhoeven (Germany). ... Martin Koolhoven (The Hague, 25 April 1969) is a Dutch film maker Born as Martinus Wouter Koolhoven, Koolhoven graduated from Dutch film school in 1996 and almost immediately made an impact on the Dutch film industry with his 53 minute televison film Duister Licht in which the slaying of a... Alex van Warmerdam (14 August 1952 - ) is a Dutch actor, director and writer. ... Nanouk Leopold (Rotterdam, 25 July 1968) is a Dutch film maker Leopold graduated from Dutch filmschool in 1997, starting of making films for Dutch television. ... Writer-director from the Netherlands. ...

Acclaimed Dutch films

Top-10 visited Dutch films since 1945

As of December 31st, 2003. Source: Hans Schoots, Van Fanfare tot Spetters (2004), p. 211.

  1. Turks Fruit (Turkish Delight, 1973) - 3.328.804
  2. Fanfare (nl) (1958) - 2.635.178
  3. Ciske de rat (1955 film) (nl) (1955) - 2.432.500
  4. Wat zien ik? (Business Is Business, 1971) - 2.358.946
  5. Blue Movie (nl) (1971) - 2.335.301
  6. Flodder (nl) (1986) - 2.313.701
  7. Keetje Tippel (Katie Tippel, 1975) - 1.829.116
  8. Alleman (1963) - 1.664.645
  9. Ciske de Rat (1984 film) (nl) (1984) - 1.593.311
  10. Soldaat van Oranje (Soldier of Orange, 1977) - 1.547.183

Turkish Delight is the English title of the 1973 movie Turks fruit, directed by Paul Verhoeven, based on a novel by Jan Wolkers. ... Business is business (in french, Les affaires sont les affaires) is a french comedy in three acts, by the novelist and playwright Octave Mirbeau, performed in april 1903 on the stage of Comédie-Française, in Paris, and world-wide acclaimed, especially in Russia, Germany and United States. ... Katie Tippel (Dutch title: Keetje Tippel) is 1975 film by Paul Verhoeven. ... Soldaat van Oranje (Soldier of Orange) is a 1977 film by Paul Verhoeven, starring Rutger Hauer and Jeroen Krabbe. ...

Oscar nominations and wins

Year Film title Award category
1942 High Stakes in the East Documentary
1959 Glass (Glas) Documentary Short Subject
1959 The Village on the River (Dorp aan de rivier) Best Foreign Language Film
1962 Big City Blues Live Action Short Film
1962 Pan Live Action Short Film
1964 The Human Dutch (Alleman) Documentary Feature
1967 Sky over Holland Live Action Short Film
1971 Adventures in Perception Documentary Short Subject
1972 Ape and Super-Ape (Bij de beesten af) Documentary Feature
1972 This Tiny World (Deze kleine wereld) Documentary Short Subject
1973 Turkish Delight (Turks fruit) Best Foreign Language Film
1978 Oh My Darling Animated Short Film
1986 Anna & Bella Animated Short Film
1986 The Assault (De aanslag) Best Foreign Language Film
1995 Antonia's Line (Antonia) Best Foreign Language Film
1997 Character (Karakter) Best Foreign Language Film
1999 3 Misses Animated Short Film
2000 Father and Daughter Animated Short Film
2002 Hotel Paraiso (Zus & zo) Best Foreign Language Film
2003 Twin Sisters (De tweeling) Best Foreign Language Film
Source: The Official Academy Awards Database. Winning films are marked with blue.

Glass (Dutch: Glas) is a 1958 Dutch short documentary film by director and producer Bert Haanstra. ... This is a list of films that have received an Oscar and nomination for best documentary short subject. ... The Academy Award (Oscar) for Best Foreign Language Film is a yearly US award for the best non-English film released in the period October - September in the country of origin. ... This name for the Academy Award for Live Action Short Film was introduced in 1974. ... The Academy Award for Documentary Feature is one of the most prestigious awards for documentary films. ... Turkish Delight is the English title of the 1973 movie Turks fruit, directed by Paul Verhoeven, based on a novel by Jan Wolkers. ... This class was known as Short Subjects, cartoons from 1932 until 1970, and as Short Subjects, animated films from 1971 to 1973. ... The Assault (Dutch: De Aanslag) is a 1986 film adaptation of the novel of the same name by Harry Mulisch. ... Antonias Line (original title Antonia) is the award winning Dutch film about living a liberal life in a small Dutch town. ... Father and Daughter is a 2000 Dutch animated short film, made by Michael Dudok de Wit. ... Twin Sisters is a film, directed by Ben Sombogaart, based on the novel Twin Sisters by Tessa de Loo. ...

Other acclaimed Dutch films

  • 1983: De Lift (The Lift) - reviews
  • 1983: De vierde man (The Fourth Man) - reviews
  • 1986: De aanslag (The Assault) - reviews
  • 1988: Spoorloos (The Vanishing) - reviews
  • 1997: Karakter (Character) - reviews
  • 2001: De ontdekking van de Hemel (The Discovery of Heaven) - reviews
  • 2001: De grot (The Cave) - reviews
  • 2001: Minoes - reviews
  • 2002: De tweeling (Twin Sisters) - reviews
  • 2004: Simon - reviews

De Lift (The Elevator) is a 1983 film by the Dutch director Dick Maas. ... In The Fourth Man (original Dutch title is De Vierde Man), an alcoholic novelist, Gerard Reve, leaves Amsterdam to deliver a lecture at the Vlissingen Literary Society where he becomes sexually involved with its attractive treasurer, Christine Halslag. ... The Vanishing (Spoorloos) is a film directed by George Sluizer and produced by Anne Lordon and George Sluizer. ... Character (Dutch title Karakter) is a 1997 Dutch film, based on a best-selling novel by Ferdinand Bordewijk and directed by Mike van Diem. ... Undercover Kitty (Dutch: Minoes) is a 2001 Dutch film, based on the childrens novel Minoes by Annie M.G. Schmidt. ... Twin Sisters is a film, directed by Ben Sombogaart, based on the novel Twin Sisters by Tessa de Loo. ...

Film festivals

There are three large film festivals in the Netherlands: A film festival is a festival in one or more movie theaters with a special program showcasing many films. ...

  • The International Film Festival Rotterdam (IFFR) is a film festival for independent, innovative and experimental cinema and visual arts. The international festival is held since 1972 in Rotterdam. During the festival the Tiger Awards are awarded to starting filmmakers.
  • The Nederlands Film Festival (NFF) is since 1981 the annual film festival for Dutch film productions. The seven day festival is held in the end of September and early October in Utrecht. Dutch films from the previous year are shown, and the Golden Calves are awarded to the best films, best actors and best other crew members judged by a independent and professional jury.
  • The International Documentary Filmfestival Amsterdam (IDFA) is world's largest documentary festival. It is held since 1988 in Amsterdam.

There are several smaller film festivals in the Netherlands, and several of them are held in Amsterdam. These festivals are either local festivals or festivals specialized in films of a specific genre (e.g. fantastic films), for/about a specific target group (e.g. films for/about deaf people), or from a specific region (e.g. Japanese films). IFFR logo The International Film Festival Rotterdam (IFFR) is one of the larger film festivals in Europe (arguably in the Big Five, alongside Cannes, Venice, Berlin and Locarno). ... Rotterdam Location Coat of arms The coat of arms reads Sterker door Strijd, i. ... The Netherlands Film Festival (Dutch: Nederlands Film Festival) is an annual film festival, held in September and October of each year in the city of Utrecht. ... Utrecht ( (help· info)) is a municipality and the capital city of the Dutch province of Utrecht. ... The Golden Calf (Dutch: Gouden Kalf) is the award of the Netherlands Film Festival, which is held annually in Utrecht. ... The International Documentary Filmfestival Amsterdam (IDFA) is the largest documentaryfestival in the world. ... Amsterdam Location Flag Country Netherlands Province North Holland Population 741,329 (1 August 2006) Demonym Amsterdammer Coordinates Website www. ...


See also

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article deals with the culture of the Netherlands. ... There are ca. ...

External links

  • Dutch Film Fund (Dutch)
  • Holland Film: acts as the official organisation for the submission of the Oscar nominee for Best Foreign Language Feature from the Netherlands.
  • Nederlandse Film Database: Dutch Film Database.
  • Dutch Filmmuseum (Dutch)
  • Dutch Filmacadamy (Dutch)
  • Cinema Context: an encyclopedia of film culture in the Netherlands from 1896 (Dutch and English)
  • Mediadesk (institute with information about EU funding)
  • Omroep.nl: Portal of the Dutch public broadcasting organisations, contributors and investors in Dutch films.
World cinema
Lists of films | Years in film | By Country | By Genre | By Language
Cinema topics
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Actors • Archives • Animation • Awards • Characters • Cinematography • Cinematographers • Directors • Distributors • Editing • Film theatres • History • Festivals • Industry • Movements • Organizations • Pioneers • Production • Production companies • Sound production • Soundtracks • Special effects • Studios • Techniques • Technology  • Theory • Types of film • Download high resolution version (4000x2949, 1546 KB)Physical World Map 2004-04-01 CIA World Factbook; Robinson Projection; standard parallels 38°N and 38°S File links The following pages link to this file: Wikipedia:WikiProject Maps/World World map Categories: CIA World Factbook images ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Here is a structured list of movie lists: // By year By letter List of films: numbers List of films: A-D List of films: E-I List of films: J-R List of films: S-Z By genre List of comedy films List of United States comedy films List of... This page indexes the individual year in film pages. ... This category lists individual films by their genre. ... List of Albanian films List of Arabic language films List of Catalan language films List of Chinese language films List of English language films Esperanto language films List of French language films List of German language films List of Greek movies List of Hindi language films List of Japanese language... The following are lists of actors: Overall: List of male movie actors (A-K) List of male movie actors (L-Z) List of female movie actors Theater actors: List of male theater actors List of female theater actors Television actors: List of male television actors List of female television actors... This is a list of groups, organizations and festivals that recognize achievements in cinema, usually by awarding various prizes. ... This category lists cinematographers. ... This is a list of motion picture and television directors. ... Film editing, also called montage, is the connecting of one or more shots to form a sequence, and the subsequent connecting of sequences to form an entire movie. ... Subcategories There are 11 subcategories to this category shown below (more may be shown on subsequent pages). ... The history of film or cinema has brought this mass media from its early stages as an obscure novelty to one of the most important tools of communication and entertainment in the modern world. ... . ... Subcategories There are 3 subcategories to this category shown below (more may be shown on subsequent pages). ... This category contains articles about albums of music from or inspired by a particular motion picture. ... A film studio is an environment - interior or exterior - which is designed specifically for the production of motion pictures. ... Special effects (FX): 3-D film for movie history Stereoscopy for 3D technical details 3-D computer graphics Computer-generated imagery Digital compositing Optical effects Bluescreen/chroma key Stop trick Stop motion Editing: Timecode A Roll B Roll Cross cutting Cutaway Cut in Cut out Dissolve Establishing shot Hairy Arm...

Africa

Burkina Faso  •  Nigeria  •  South Africa The term African cinema usually refers to the film production in countries south of the Sahara since they gained formal independence, which for many countries happened in the 1960s. ... The film industry in Burkina Faso is considered the best in West Africa, if not in Africa, with advanced production and distribution facilities. ... Cry, the Beloved Country (1995) Drum (2004) Fiela se Kind (1988) Forgiveness (2004) Inside Out (2000) Jump the Gun (1997) Mr Bones (2001) Paljas (1998) Promised Land (2002) Sarafina (1992) Story of an African Farm (2004) Yesterday (2004) In My Country (2005) This is an incomplete list. ...

Asia

East Asia :  China  •  Hong Kong  •  Japan  •  Korea  •  Taiwan  |  Southeast Asia :  Cambodia  •  Indonesia  •  Malaysia  •  Myanmar  •  Philippines  •  Singapore  •  Thailand  •  Vietnam  |  South Asia :  Bangladesh / Bengali  •  India (below)  •  Nepal  •  Pakistan  •  Sri Lanka Asian cinema refers to the film industries and films produced in the continent of Asia. ... East Asian cinema (sometimes called Far Eastern cinema, Eastern cinema, Asian cinema or Oriental cinema) is a term used to refer to the film industry and films produced in, and/or by natives of, East Asia. ... The cinema of Hong Kong is one of the three major threads in the history of Chinese language cinema, alongside the cinema of China, and the cinema of Taiwan. ... Korean cinema encompasses the motion picture industries of North Korea and South Korea. ... Southeast Asian cinema refers to the film industry and films produced in, and/or by natives of, Southeast Asia. ... South Asian cinema refers to the cinema of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan and the Maldives. ... Bengali cinema, or the Bengali film industry, is one of the earliest film industries in India. ... Sri Lankan cinema is highly acclaimed abroad - its films have won dozens of awards at international festivals. ...

India :  Assam  /  Bengali  /  Bollywood  /  Karnataka  /  Kollywood (Tamil)  /  Malayalam  /  Tollywood (Telugu) Assamese cinema was born in 1935 when Jyoti Prasad Agarwala released his movie Joymoti. ... Bengali cinema, or the Bengali film industry, is one of the earliest film industries in India. ... Bollywood (DevanāgarÄ«: बॉलीवुड, Nastaliq: بالیوڈ) is the informal name given to the popular Mumbai-based Hindi language film industry in India. ... The Cinema of Karnataka encompasses movies made in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Kollywood (Tamil : கோலிவூட்) is a name often applied to Tamil Cinema, based in Chennai (formerly Madras) in the state of Tamil Nadu in South India. ... Tamil may refer to: Tamil language, one of the Dravidian languages primarily spoken in South Asia Tamil script, primarily used to write the Tamil language Tamil people The word Tamil is also used as an adjective to qualify something of or pertaining to the Tamil people, culture, or language. ... Malayalam cinema, or movies in Malayalam language, forms a significant component of the Cinema of India, both as a form of art and as mass medium. ... This article is about the Telugu film industry. ... Telugu may refer to: Telugu language Telugu literature Telugu people Telugu script Telugu films Look up Telugu in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Middle East

Egypt  •  Iran  • Israel  •  Turkey Middle eastern cinema refers collectively to the film output and film industries of the middle east. ...

Europe

Albania  •  Austria  •  Belgium  •  Bulgaria  •  Croatia  •  Czech Republic  •  Denmark  •  Estonia  •  Faroe Islands  •  Finland  •  France  •  Germany  •  Greece  •  Hungary  •  Iceland  •  Ireland  •  Italy  •  Luxembourg  •  Montenegro  •   Netherlands  •  Norway  •  Poland  •  Portugal  •  Romania  •  Russia  •  Serbia  •  Soviet Union  •  Spain  •  Sweden  •  Switzerland  •  Ukraine  •  U.K.  •  Yugoslavia European cinema is the cinema of Europe. ... Norwegian Anneke von der Lippe as the Faroese Barbara in the 1997 Danish motion picture The Faroe Islands do not have a long history of cinema. ... Montenegro has been the site of many domestic films. ... Serbia (both as an independent country and as part a part of former Yugoslavia) has been home to many internationally acclaimed films and directors. ... Soviet Cinema should not be used as a synonym for Russian Cinema. Although Russian language films predominated, several of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union contributed films reflecting elements of their pre-Soviet culture, language and history, although sometimes censored by the Central Government. ... Michael Caine in Get Carter (1971). ... The historical country of Yugoslavia had a notable cinema industry of its own. ...

Americas

North America :  Canada  (Quebec)  •  U.S.A.  |  Latin America :  Argentina  •  Brazil  •  Colombia  •  Cuba  •  Mexico  •  Paraguay  •  Peru  •  Puerto Rico For information on the cinema of the Americas, see: North American cinema Cinema of Canada Cinema of Quebec Cinema of the United States Latin American cinema Cinema of Argentina Cinema of Brazil Cinema of Colombia Cinema of Cuba Cinema of Mexico Cinema of Paraguay Cinema of Peru Cinema of Puerto... North American cinema refers collectively to the film output and film industries of North America. ... The history of cinema in Québec started on June 27, 1896 when the French Louis Minier inaugurated the first movie projection in North America in a Montreal theatre room. ... Much like American popular music, American cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century. ... Latin American cinema refers collectively to the film output and film industries of Latin America. ... The history of film in Puerto Rico begins with a silent documentary from 1918, After Twenty Years: Porto Rico. ...

Australasia

Australia  •  New Zealand Australasian cinema refers collectively to the film output and film industries of Australasia. ... Strictly speaking, New Zealand cinema refers to films made by New Zealand-based production companies in New Zealand. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Portal:Netherlands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (618 words)
The Netherlands (Dutch: Nederland; IPA pronunciation: /"ne:dərland/) is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (Dutch: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden).
The Netherlands is one of the most densely populated and geographically low-lying countries in the world (its name literally means "Low-lands") and is popularly famous for, among other things, its dikes, windmills, wooden shoes, tulips, bicycles and social tolerance.
The Afsluitdijk (Closure-dike) is a major dam in the Netherlands, constructed between 1927 and 1933 and running from Den Oever on Wieringen in North Holland province, to the village of Zurich (mun.
Culture of the Netherlands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1327 words)
Aruba and the five main islands of the Netherlands Antilles are part of the Lesser Antilles island chain.
In the Netherlands it is common to have two cold meals and one hot meal.
For snacks, people of the Netherlands usually eat fruit, candy bars, liquorice, or other snacks such as cakes, sausage rolls etc. Bread is generally eaten with breakfast and lunch while sometimes crispbread, crackers, ontbijtkoek, rye bread, cereal flakes or muesli substitute for the bread.
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