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Encyclopedia > Cinema of the Czech Republic
EUROPEAN CINEMA

The Czech Republic (both as an independent country and as a part of former Czechoslovakia) was a seedbed for many acclaimed film directors. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... European cinema is the cinema of Europe. ... The Cinema of Albania had its start in the years 1911-1912. ... The cinema of Croatia has suffered in recent years, with quality films being few and far between in comparison to other countries. ... Danish cinema pioneer Peter Elfelt, a photographer, was the first Dane to make a film. ... France has been influential in the development of film as a mass medium and as an art form. ... Cinema in Germany can be traced back to the very beginnings of the medium at the end of the 19th Century and German cinema has made major technical and artistic contributions to film. ... // Beginning In the spring of 1897, the Greeks of Athens had the opportunity and privilege to watch the first cinematic attempts (short movies in journal). The projection of an animated movie resulted in excited reactions and the new-seen spectacle became a usual matter of discussion. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, tone, style, and voice). ... The Luxembourg film industry is quite small, but this is unsurprising given that the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg has a population of only about 400,000 people. ... The Dutch film industry is relatively small, though there have broadly been several very active periods in recent history in which Dutch filmmaking thrived. ... // Directors Józef Arkusz Stanisław Bareja Aleksander Ford Wojciech Has Agnieszka Holland Jerzy Hoffman Jerzy Kawalerowicz Krzysztof Kieślowski -- The Three Colors trilogy, The Decalogue Jan Jakub Kolski Kazimierz Kutz Juliusz Machulski Andrzej Munk Marek Piwowski Roman Polański Ladislas Starevich Wladyslaw Starewicz Andrzej Wajda Krzysztof Zanussi Andrzej Zulawski... Portuguese cinema is better known internacionally for its directors Manoel de Oliveira and João César Monteiro. ... The Russian Empire (1896-1917) The first films seen in Russia were via the Lumiere Brothers, in Moscow and St. ... The first films seen in the Russia Empire were via the Lumière brothers, in Moscow and St. ... Soviet Cinema should not be used as a synonym for Russian Cinema. Although Russian language films predominated, several of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union contributed films reflecting elements of their pre-Soviet culture, language and history, although sometimes censored by the Central Government. ... Spanish cinema is not held in as high esteem worldwide as French or American cinema. ... Swedish cinema is one of the most widely-known national cinemas in the world, and certainly the most prominent of Scandinavia. ... Michael Caine in Get Carter (1971) The United Kingdom has been influential in the technological, commercial, and artistic development of cinema. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ...


Three Czech/Czechoslovak movies that won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film were The Shop on Main Street (Obchod na korze) by Ján Kadár and Elmar Klos in 1965, Closely Watched Trains (Ostře sledované vlaky) by Jiří Menzel in 1967 and Kolya (Kolja) by Jan Svěrák in 1996. Several others were nominated. // As a Special Award 1947 Shoeshine (Sciuscià) (Italy) - Societa Co-operativa Alfa Cinematografica - Paolo William Tamburella producer - Vittorio De Sica director 1948 Monsieur Vincent (France) - E. D. I. C., Union Général Cinématographique - George de la Grandiere producer - Maurice Cloche director 1949 The Bicycle Thief (Ladri di biciclette... The Shop on Main Street (also known as Obchod na korze) is a Slovak language film from Czechoslovakia which tells the story of a poor Slovak Tono who is offered the chance to take over the sewing store of an old Jewish woman during World War II. The woman thinks... Ján Kadár (1918 in Budapest - 1979), was a Czechoslovakian film director of the New Wave movement. ... Elmar Klos (1910 - 1993) was a Czechoslovakian film director who collaborated for 17 years with Jan Kadar and with him won the 1965 Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film with the film The Shop on Main Street. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Closely Watched Trains - is a Czech - 1966 Academy Award winning film based on the story of Bohumil Hrabal. ... Jiří Menzel (born February 23rd, 1938), is a Czech film director, theatre director, actor, and scriptwriter. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Kolya is an award-winning 1996 Czech Republic motion picture drama that demonstrates how lives can be reshaped in unexpected ways. ... Jan SvÄ›rák (born February 6, 1965 in Žatec and living in Prague) is the most successful Czech film director since the Velvet Revolution in 1989. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


The Czechoslovak new wave is a term used for the early works of directors Miloš Forman, Věra Chytilová and some others. In the middle 1960s, influenced by Italian neorealism, they made several films based on absurd humour and unscripted dialogues of (usually amateur) actors. The Firemen's Ball (Hoří, má panenko) directed by Forman is supposed to be the greatest example. The Czechoslovak New Wave (also Czech New Wave or Czechoslovakian New Wave) is a term used for the early works of 1960s Czechoslovakian directors MiloÅ¡ Forman, VÄ›ra Chytilová, Ivan Passer, Jaroslav PapouÅ¡ek, Jirí Menzel, Jan NÄ›mec, Jaromír JireÅ¡, and others. ... Wax figure of MiloÅ¡ Forman at Prague wax museum Jan Tomáš Forman (born February 18, 1932), better known as MiloÅ¡ Forman, is a film director, actor and script writer. ... VÄ›ra Chytilová (1929-) is an avant-garde Czech film director and pioneer of Czech cinema. ... Italian neorealism is a film movement which started in 1943 with Ossessione and ended in 1952 with Umberto D.. The movement is characterized by stories set amongst the poor and working class, filmed in long takes on location, frequently using non-actors for secondary and sometimes primary roles. ... The last film MiloÅ¡ Forman would make in his native Czechoslovakia, The Firemens Ball (Hori, ma panenko) is also the first one he shot in color and a milestone of Czech New Wave. ... Wax figure of MiloÅ¡ Forman at Prague wax museum Jan Tomáš Forman (born February 18, 1932), better known as MiloÅ¡ Forman, is a film director, actor and script writer. ...


List of notable Czech directors

  • Věra Chytilová
  • Miloš Forman
  • Jiří Menzel
  • Zdeněk Svěrák
  • Jan Svěrák
  • Oldřich Lipský
  • František Vláčil
  • Jan Hřebejk
  • Petr Zelenka
  • Jan Švankmajer
  • Karel Reisz, Czech-born British director
  • Ivan Passer
  • Jaromil Jires
  • Bohdan Sláma

Věra Chytilová (1929-) is an avant-garde Czech film director and pioneer of Czech cinema. ... Wax figure of Miloš Forman at Prague wax museum Jan Tomáš Forman (born February 18, 1932), better known as Miloš Forman, is a film director, actor and script writer. ... Jiří Menzel (born February 23rd, 1938), is a Czech film director, theatre director, actor, and scriptwriter. ... Zdeněk Svěrák (born March 28, 1936 in Prague) is a Czech actor, humorist and scriptwriter. ... Jan Svěrák (born February 6, 1965 in Žatec and living in Prague) is the most successful Czech film director since the Velvet Revolution in 1989. ... Oldrich Lipský (1924-1986) was a popular and influential Czech film director. ... František Vláčil (February 19, 1924, Český Těšín - January 27, 1999, Prague) was a Czech film director, painter and graphic. ... Jan Hřebejk was born in 27. ... Petr Zelenka (born August 21, 1967 in Prague, Czechoslovakia) is a Czech writer and director. ... Animation: Dimensions of Dialogue Jan Švankmajer (born 4 September 1934 in Prague) is a Czech surrealist artist. ... Karel Reisz (born 1926, Ostrava, Czechoslovakia, died London, United Kingdom, 2002) was a Jewish refugee who became one of the most important film-makers in post war Britain. ... Ivan Passer, (b. ... Bohdan Sláma is a Czech movie director. ...

See also

This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... Barrandov Studios logo Barrandov Studios are a famous film studios in Prague, Czech Republic. ... Karlovy Vary - venue The Karlovy Vary International Film Festival is a film festival held annually in July in Karlovy Vary (Carlsbad), Czech Republic. ...

External links

  • GreenCine primer on Czech and Slovak Cinema

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Czech Republic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1775 words)
The Czech Republic (Czech: Česká republika or Česko) is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
The Czech landscape is quite varied; Bohemia to the west consists of a basin, drained by the Elbe (Czech: Labe) and Vltava rivers, surrounded by mostly low mountains such as the Sudeten with its part Krkonoše, where one also finds the highest point in the country, the Sněžka at 1,602 metres (5,256 ft).
The majority of the inhabitants of the Czech Republic (95%) are ethnically Czech and speak Czech, a member of the Slavic languages.
Czech Republic - definition of Czech Republic in Encyclopedia (923 words)
The republic borders Poland to the north, Germany to the northwest and west, Austria to the south, and Slovakia to the east.
The Czech parliament (Parlament) is bicameral, with a Chamber of Deputies (Poslanecká sněmovna) and a Senate (Senát).
The Czech landscape is quite varied; Bohemia to the west consists of a basin, drained by the Elbe (Labe) and Vltava rivers, surrounded by mostly low mountains such as the Sudeten with its part Krkonose, where one also finds the highest point in the country, the Snezka at 1,602 m.
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