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Encyclopedia > Cinema of Sri Lanka
South Asian cinema
Bengali cinema
Assamese cinema
Bengali cinema
Bollywood
Kollywood
Karnataka cinema
Malayalam cinema
Marathi cinema
Punjwood
Tollywood

Sri Lankan cinema in recent years has featured films that tackle gritty subjects, including family relationships, abortion and the years of conflict between the military and Tamil Tiger rebels in the north. South Asian cinema refers to the cinema of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan and the Maldives. ... This article addresses Persian and Pashto cinemas of Afghanistan. ... The Bangladeshi film industry is based in Dhaka As of 2004, it produced approximately 100 movies a year. ... Bengali cinema, or the Bengali film industry, is one of the earliest film industries in India. ... The Indian film industry is the largest in the world in terms of ticket sales and number of films produced annually (877 feature films and 1177 short films were released in the year 2003 alone). ... Assamese cinema was born in 1935 when Jyoti Prasad Agarwala released his movie Joymoti. ... Bengali cinema, or the Bengali film industry, is one of the earliest film industries in India. ... Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal term popularly used for Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ... Kollywood (Tamil : கோலிவூட் ) is a name often applied to the home of the Tamil-language film industry based in India, and to the industry as a whole. ... The Cinema of Karnataka encompasses movies made in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Malayalam cinema refers to films made in the Indian state of Kerala in the Malayalam language. ... Marathi cinema (मराठी चित्रपट) is one of the oldest in regional Indian films industry. ... Punjwood is the informal name given to the Punjabi-language film industry in India. ... Telugu Cinema refers to the Telugu film industry. ... The Himalayan country of Nepal does not have a very long film history, but the industry has its own place in the cultural heritage of Nepal. ... Lollywood (Urdu: لالیوڈ) refers to the Pakistani film industry, based in the city of Lahore. ... The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, pronounced L-T-T), also known as the Tamil Tigers, is the main Tamil anti-government organization operating in Sri Lanka. ...

Kadawunu Poronduwa 1947
Kadawunu Poronduwa 1947

Many films are based on Sinhalese literature. Its style is similar to neighbouring South Indian cinema, and often features the beautiful scenery of Sri Lanka. The first film to be produced and shown in Sri Lanka was Kadawunu Poronduwa (The Broken Promise) which was released in 1947. The first colour film of Sri Lanka was Ran Muthu Doova. Hundreds of movies were made in Sri Lanka afterwards. However the most influential filmmaker in the history of Sri Lankan cinema is Lester James Peiris who has directed many movies of prodigious quality which led to global acclaim. His latest film, 'Wekanda Walawwa' (Mansion by the Lake) became the first movie to be submitted from Sri Lanka for the Best Foreign Language film award at the Academy Awards. 'Nidhanaya' directed by Lester James Peiris is however considered as the best movie ever made in Sri Lanka. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Kadawunu Poronduwa (Sinhala, The Broken Promise) was the first film to be made in the Sinhala language; it is considered to be the beginning of Sri Lankan cinema. ... Sinhalese or Sinhala (සිංහල, ISO 15919: , pronounced ], earlier referred to as Singhalese) is the mother tongue of the Sinhalese, the largest ethnic group of Sri Lanka. ... Kadawunu Poronduwa (Sinhala, The Broken Promise) was the first film to be made in the Sinhala language; it is considered to be the beginning of Sri Lankan cinema. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sir Lester James Peiris (born April 05, 1919), one of the pioneers of Sri Lankan cinema, is the director of the globally acclaimed Rekhava and also sometimes known as the Father of Sinhalese Cinema. // Lester James Peiris was born as the second child of Dr. James Francis Peiris, a medical... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ...


In 2005 Director Vimukthi Jayasundara became the first Sri Lankan to ever win the prestigious Caméra d'Or award for Best First Film at the world renowned Cannes Film Festival for his Sinhalese language film Sulanga Enu Pinisa (The Forsaken Land). Manay Sri Lankan film makers have won prestigous awards.the highest Documentary film award being the Golden Mercury at Venice in 1952 and again in 1972 by Pragnasoma Hettiarcahi.(this information only come from Dr.D.B Nihalsinge's Book "Public Enterprise in Film Development success and failure In Sri Lanka"no Local or International record about this award,Best film award in Venice film festival is Golden Lion) Vimukthi Jayasundara was born in Ratnapura in southern Sri Lanka. ... The Caméra dOr (Golden Camera) is an award of the Cannes Film Festival for the best first feature film presented in one of the Cannes selections (Official Selection, Directors Fortnight or International Critics Week). ... The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival de Cannes), founded in 1939, is one of the worlds oldest, most influential and prestigious film festivals. ... The Venice Film Festival ( ) is the oldest film festival in the world. ... The Golden Lion (it: Leone dOro) is the name of the highest prize given to a film at the Biennale Venice Film Festival. ...


Controversial filmmaker Asoka Handagama's films Considered by many prestigious names in the Sri Lankan film world to be the best films of honest response to the ethnic conflict currently raging in the Country.


Prasanna Vithanage is one of Sri Lanka's most notable filmmakers.His films have won many awards, both local and international. His last two films, 'Death on a Full Moon' and 'August Sun' have been critically acclaimed. While both films deal with the ethnic conflict, Death on a Full Moon can be regarded as one of the best films made to date by a Sri Lankan filmmaker.


Recent releases like 'Sooriya Arana', 'Samanala thatu', 'Hiripoda wessa' have attracted Sri Lankans to cinemas.'Sooriya Arana' was the highest grossing film in Sri Lankan cinema history, generating Rs.121 million at the box office


Sri Lankan films are usually of Sinhalese language. Tamil language movies are also filmed in Sri Lanka but they are not part of Kollywood which is Indian Tamil cinema. However some Kollywood films are based in Sri Lanka as well. Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... Kollywood (Tamil : கோலிவூட் ) is a name often applied to the home of the Tamil-language film industry based in India, and to the industry as a whole. ...

Contents

History

Rukmani Devi in a scene of Kadawunu Poronduwa
Rukmani Devi in a scene of Kadawunu Poronduwa

Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Kadawunu Poronduwa (Sinhala, The Broken Promise) was the first film to be made in the Sinhala language; it is considered to be the beginning of Sri Lankan cinema. ...

Beginnings (1901-1947)

1901 marked the introduction of film to Sri Lanka (then called Ceylon) when a film was shown for the first time in the country at a private screening for the British governor West Ridgeway and prisoners of the Second Boer War. It was a short film that documented the British victory in the Boer War, the burial of Queen Victoria and the coronation of Edward VII. More English screenings followed and attracted British settlers and Anglicized Sinhalese. Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants British Empire Orange Free State South African Republic Commanders Sir Redvers Buller Lord Kitchener Lord Roberts Paul Kruger Louis Botha Koos de la Rey Martinus Steyn Christiaan de Wet Casualties 6,000 - 7,000 (A further ~14,000 from disease) 6,000 - 8,000 (Unknown number from disease) Civilians... Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819–22 January 1901) was a Queen of the United Kingdom, reigning from 20 June 1837 until her death. ... Edward VII King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Emperor of India His Majesty King Edward VII (Albert Edward) (9 November 1841–6 May 1910) was the first British monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ...


Cinema in Sri Lanka became a public affair due to the efforts of Warwick Major, a Englishman who developed "bioscope" showings. These were films screened out in open areas and makeshift tents. The first permanent theaters were built by Madan Theaters in 1903. The company showed Indian films and achieved success, prompting the development of theaters by the rival Olympia. Year 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...


In 1925 Rajakeeya Wickremaya (English:Royal Adventure) became the first film to be made in Sri Lanka. Dr. N.M. Perera played the lead in the film which was shown in India and Singapore. In 1933 the film Paliganeema was screened in Colombo. Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nanayakkarapathirage Martin Perera, better known as N. M. Perera (6 June 1905 - 14 August 1979) was one of the leaders of the Sri Lankan Trotskyist Lanka Sama Samaja Party (LSSP). ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


During the 1920s and 1930s films with American stars like Charlie Chaplin, Greta Garbo, John Barrymore, Rudolph Valentino, and Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. were popular in Sri Lanka. The Shiek and The Thief of Bagdad were especially popular. By the 1930s Indian films started to surpass English films in popularity. Bilwa Mangal set an early record for Sri Lankan box office earnings. Charles Chaplin redirects here. ... Greta redirects here. ... This article is about John Barrymore, Sr. ... Rudolph Valentino (May 6, 1895 – August 23, 1926) was an Italian actor. ... Douglas Elton Fairbanks, Jr. ... The Sheik was a 1921 silent movie produced by Paramount, directed by George Melford and starring Rudolph Valentino, Agnes Ayres and Adolphe Menjou. ... This is about the 1924 film starring Douglas Fairbanks. ...


Fifty years of cinema

Gamini and Malini in Nidhanaya which comes to the 1st place in 50 years of cinema.
Gamini and Malini in Nidhanaya which comes to the 1st place in 50 years of cinema.
Main article: Sri Lankan Cinema in Fifty Years

The Sri Lankan cinema history from January 1947 to January 1997 completed fifty years and also the committee appointed by the cinema authorities to rank the top 10 movies during this period. Nidhanaya (English: The Treasure) is a 1972 Sinhalese language film directed by Lester James Peries, starring Gamini Fonseka and Malini Fonseka. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ...


Nidhanaya (English: The Treasure) 1972 Sri Lankan film directed by Lester James Peries, starring Gamini Fonseka and Malini Fonseka and based on a story murdering of his wife for the purpose of gaining the treasure. The film won the Silver Lion of St Mark award at the Venice International Film Festival 1972 and also selected one of the outstanding films of the year, receiving a Diploma, at the London Film Festival. This film also selected as the best film of the first 50 years of Sri Lankan cinema. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... // Top grossing films The Godfather Fiddler on the Roof Diamonds Are Forever Whats Up, Doc?, starring Barbra Streisand and Ryan ONeal Dirty Harry The Last Picture Show A Clockwork Orange Cabaret, starring Liza Minnelli The Hospital Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex Academy Awards Best Picture... Sri Lankan film maker Lester James Peries (Born in 1919) is internationally recognised as one of the worlds great film directors. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Malani Senehelatha Fonseka (born April 30, 1949 in Kelaniya) is an award-winning Sri Lankan film actress, once known as the Queen of Sinhalese cinema[1]. Her cinema career which has spanned many decades began with Tissa Liyansooriyas Punchi Baba in 1968. ...

Rank Film title Director Year released
1 Nidhanaya Lester James Peiris 1972
2 Gamperaliya Lester James Peiris
3 Viragaya Tissa Abeysekere
4 Bambaru Evith Dharmasena Pathiraja
5 Sath Samudura Siri Gunasinghe 1966
6 Thun Mang Handiya
7 Palangettiyo Wasantha Obesekere
8 Dadayama Wasantha Obesekere
9 Rekava Lester James Peiris 1956
10 Parasathumal Gamini Fonseka
10 Welikathara D.B.Nihalsinghe

Nidhanaya (English: The Treasure) is a 1972 Sinhalese language film directed by Lester James Peries, starring Gamini Fonseka and Malini Fonseka. ... Sir Lester James Peiris (born April 05, 1919), one of the pioneers of Sri Lankan cinema, is the director of the globally acclaimed Rekhava and also sometimes known as the Father of Sinhalese Cinema. // Lester James Peiris was born as the second child of Dr. James Francis Peiris, a medical... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sir Lester James Peiris (born April 05, 1919), one of the pioneers of Sri Lankan cinema, is the director of the globally acclaimed Rekhava and also sometimes known as the Father of Sinhalese Cinema. // Lester James Peiris was born as the second child of Dr. James Francis Peiris, a medical... Prof. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Sir Lester James Peiris (born April 05, 1919), one of the pioneers of Sri Lankan cinema, is the director of the globally acclaimed Rekhava and also sometimes known as the Father of Sinhalese Cinema. // Lester James Peiris was born as the second child of Dr. James Francis Peiris, a medical... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article needs cleanup. ...

International award winning films

Wekande Walauwa

Ravindra, Malini, Paboda and Vasanthi in a scene
Ravindra, Malini, Paboda and Vasanthi in a scene

Wekande Walauwa (Mansion by the Lake) is a 2002 award winning Sinhalese language film directed by Lester James Peries that follows the lives of wealthy people in Sri Lanka. As per the film director the story is inspired by Anton Chekov's play The Cherry Orchard adapted to a Sri Lankan family context. Also see: 2002 (number). ... Sinhalese or Sinhala (සිංහල, ISO 15919: , pronounced ], earlier referred to as Singhalese) is the mother tongue of the Sinhalese, the largest ethnic group of Sri Lanka. ... Sri Lankan film maker Lester James Peries (Born in 1919) is internationally recognised as one of the worlds great film directors. ... Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (Анто́н Па́влович Че́хов) (born January 29, 1860 (Jan. ... Bust of Anton Chekhov at Badenweiler, Germany The Cherry Orchard (Вишнëвый сад or Vishniovy sad in Russian) is Russian playwright Anton Chekhovs last play. ...


Sulang Kirilli

Damitha and Linton a scene in Sulang Kirilli
Damitha and Linton a scene in Sulang Kirilli

Sulang Kirilli (The Wind Bird) directed by Inoka Sathyangani, which deals with the theme of abortion. The film bagged the highest number of awards won by a single film in the history of Sri Lanka's film industry. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Sulang Kirilli (The Wind Bird) is a 2002 Sinhalese language romance film directed by Inoka Sathyangani which won many Sri Lankan and international awards, that follows the lives of middle class people in Sri Lanka. ... Sulang Kirilli (The Wind Bird) is a 2002 Sinhalese language romance film directed by Inoka Sathyangani which won many Sri Lankan and international awards, that follows the lives of middle class people in Sri Lanka. ... Inoka Sathyangani Keerthinanda is an internationally acclaimed Sri Lankan film director and producer. ...


Award winning actors

Joe Abeywickrama is a Sri Lankan actor. ... Kamal Addararachchi (born Adddararachchige Gunendra Kamal on February 5, 1962)[1] [2] is an award-winning Sri Lankan film and teledrama actor, singer and presenter. ... Ravindra Randeniya is a Sri Lankan actor and politician. ... Jackson Anthony is one of the most celebrated actors in Sri Lankan cinema (refer to Cinema of Sri Lanka). ... This article needs cleanup. ...

See also

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Asian cinema refers to the film industries and films produced in the continent of Asia. ... South Asian cinema refers to the cinema of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan and the Maldives. ... Kollywood (Tamil : கோலிவூட் ) is a name often applied to the home of the Tamil-language film industry based in India, and to the industry as a whole. ...

References

  • Forgotten face of Sinhala cinema
  • Sri Lanka: Fewer films, more quality
  • Sri Lankan government bans local film Aksharaya (Letter of Fire)
  • A dead end for Sri Lankan film industry?
  • Nimmi Harasgama:Actress Alert
  • Protests over Sri Lanka war film : BBC News - 16 May, 2003
  • Jolie backs Sri Lanka peace : BBC News - 17 April, 2003

External links


 
 

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