FACTOID # 19: Cheap sloppy joes: Looking for reduced-price lunches for schoolchildren? Head for Oklahoma!
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Cinema of Quebec

The history of cinema in Québec started on June 27, 1896 when the French Louis Minier inaugurated the first movie projection in North America in a Montreal theatre room. However, it would have to wait until the 1960s before a genuine Quebec cinema industry would emerge. During the 1960s, a terrorist group known as the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) launched a decade of bombings, robberies and attacks on government offices. ... June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... City motto: Concordia Salus (Latin: Well-being through harmony) Province Quebec Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area  - % water 366. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ...

Contents


Before the Office national du film

From the 1896 to the 1960s, the Catholic clergy tried to control what movies Quebecers could see. Two methods were employed: censorship and restriction of attendance by children under 16. In 1913, the Bureau de censure de vues animées (Office of censorship for motion pictures) began regulating the projection of movies in Quebec. In 1927, the Laurier-Palace theatre burned down, killing many children. The church then almost succeeded at closing down all projection rooms in the province. However the Parliament of Quebec passed a law preventing children under 16 from attending movie projections. 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Nevertheless, some films were produced in Quebec during this period. Those were mostly documentaries, some of which were made by priests. In the 1940s and 1950s, the first commercial attemps at cinema happened. Two production houses were at the origins of all the movies of this period: Renaissance Films and Québec Productions. Le gros Bill and Un homme et son péché were both released in 1949. A popular movie from that era is 1952's La petite Aurore l’enfant martyr by Jean-Yves Bigras, a drama movie based on the story of abused child Aurore Gagnon. // Events and trends World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrination, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atomic bomb. ... // Events and trends This map shows two essential global spheres during the Cold War in 1959. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday. ...


After the Office national du film

The National Film Board of Canada is established by the Parliament of Canada in 1939. Its office moved from Ottawa to Montreal in 1955. In 1957, the new commissioner, Trueman, recommended the creation of a separately funded French production wing. Minister J.W. Pickersgill rejected Trueman's recommendation as Ottawa feared that two separate organizations would develop under the same roof. This decision intensified the campaign of the Quebec French language press for an autonomous French language branch. Guy Roberge was appointed Commissioner in April 1957. The French branch of the National Film Board of Canada was established and the NFB became autonomous in 1959. The National Film Board of Canada (usually National Film Board or NFB) is a Canadian public filmmaking organization established to produce and distribute films that inform Canadians and promote Canada around the world. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The National Film Board of Canada (usually National Film Board or NFB) is a Canadian public filmmaking organization established to produce and distribute films that inform Canadians and promote Canada around the world. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Cinema-Vérité ("truth cinema") authors Michel Brault and Pierre Perrault made their debut. For most of the 1960s, Quebec films were about the country. Other important filmmakers of the 60s include Gilles Groulx and Claude Jutra. That decade also saw the beginnings of directors Gilles Carle and Denys Arcand. Gilles Groulx ( 30 May 1931, Montréal, Quebec, Canada - 22 August 1994) grew up in a working-class family with 14 children. ... Claude Jutra (March 11, 1930 - November 5, 1986) was a Quebec film director and writer. ... Denys Arcand recieving the Order of Canada from Governor General Adrienne Clarkson in a ceremony performed at Rideau Hall on Friday, June 10, 2005. ...


The 1970s

As it is with many other historical periods, Quebec's cinema of the 70's began some years before. The stage is set by two phenomena. First, in 1967, Quebec's (religious) censorship bureau was replaced by a film ratings system administered by the province, film distribution was now free of catholic rigidity. The other phenomenon was the introduction, in 1968, by the federal government, of its Canadian Film Development Corporation (CFDC, to become Telefilm Canada). Heavily subsidised "private" filmmaking will now reach the screen.


Commercial directors such as Denis Héroux are now making hugely profitable movies, a first in Quebec since La Petite Aurore..., done with such fare as Valérie and Deux femmes en or, two comedies with erotic overtones. Denis Héroux (born July 15, 1941, Montreal, Quebec) is a Quebec film director and producer. ... Valérie is a 1969 black-and-white Quebec film starring Danielle Ouimet, who plays Valérie, and Guy Godin. ...


The seventies also marked a high in national filmmaking seen from an artistic perspective, an assessment supported by opinion polls such as the TIFF List of Canada's Top Ten Films of All Time, which has included several films from that decade every year that the poll was taken. Arcand and Carle had critical (especially at Cannes) and some commercial success with films such as Gina (Arcand) and La vraie nature de Bernadette (Carle). In 1975, director Claude Jutra released one of the most critically praised Quebec film to date, Mon oncle Antoine. However, his next movie, an adaptation of Anne Hébert's Kamouraska, was a commercial and critical failure. It should be mentioned that this film suffered re-editing done to accommodate theater owners. The longer, 2 hours restored version, seen in 2003, shows more artistic coherence. Opinion polls are surveys of opinion using sampling. ... The Toronto International Film Festival list of Canadas Top Ten Films of All Time is a list of movies produced by the Toronto International Film Festival Group approximately every ten years since 1984. ... The seaside town of Cannes, in southern France, as seen from a ferry speeding towards lîle Saint Honorat Cannes (Canas in Provençal) (pronounced ) is a city and commune in southern France, located on the Riviera, in the Alpes-Maritimes département. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... Mon oncle Antoine (1971) is a dramatic film by Quebec director Claude Jutra. ... Anne Hebert Anne Hébert (August 1, 1916 - January 22, 2000) was a Canadian author and poet. ... Kamouraska is a novel written by Anne Hébert and published in 1970. ...


The 1980s

The victory of the "no" camp in the referendum on Sovereignty-Association was a turning point in Quebec history and culture. Denys Arcand [1] made one of his most acclaimed picture with the NFB, Le confort et l'indifférence, about the result of the referendum. He then proceeded to direct two movies that were nominated for best foreign picture at the Academy awards: 1986's Le Déclin de l'empire américain and 1989's Jésus de Montréal. Documentary following the 1980 referendum for independance of Quebec. ... Academy Awards The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent film awards in the United States and most watched awards ceremony in the world. ... Le Déclin de lempire américain (The Decline of the American Empire) is a French Canadian comedy/drama film directed by Denys Arcand and released in 1986. ... Jésus de Montréal is a 1989 film by Quebec film director Denys Arcand. ...


After 1980, a lot of artists felt that the struggle to build a nation that had animated early Quebec cinema was lost. Quebec filmmakers began to make movies that were no longer centered on the Quebec identity. The 1986 success, at home and abroad, of Le déclin... marked another turning point in the movie history of the province. The government-funded movie industry tried to repeat Arcand's success with international co-productions, big budget movies and so-called "mass audience movies". 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Meanwhile, videast Robert Morin made himself known with personal movies like Requiem pour un beau sans-coeur. Claude Jutra committed suicide in the 1980s after a struggle with Alzheimer's disease, and Gilles Carle became too sick to direct.


The 1990s and beyond

1990-2002 saw the solidification of Quebec's movie industry. Independent films such as Denis Villeneuve's Maelström, Denis Chouinard's L’Ange de goudron, and Un crabe dans la tête caught the media's attention. 2003 was called "the year of Quebec cinema's rebirth" with Arcand winning the foreign film Oscar for Les Invasions barbares, the sequel of Le déclin de l'empire américain and with Gaz bar blues and Seducing Doctor Lewis gaining critical and public acclaim. Denis Villeneuve (born on October 3, 1967 in Gentilly, Quebec) is a Quebecois film director and writer. ... Saltstraumen maelstrom A maelstrom is a powerful whirlpool; a large, swirling body of water. ... Les Invasions Barbares (The Barbarian Invasions) is a Quebec comedy/drama film directed by Denys Arcand and released in 2003. ... Seducing Doctor Lewis (La Grande séduction) is a 2003 comedy film and the first film directed by Jean-François Pouliot. ...


Bibliography

Books

  • Janis L. Pallister, The cinema of Québec : masters in their own house, Madison [N.J.] : Fairleigh Dickinson University Press 1995
  • Gendering the nation : Canadian women's cinema, edited by Kay Armatage, Toronto : University of Toronto Press 1999

Journals


CineAction


See also

As a North American society, and the only society on the continent with a French-speaking majority, the culture of the province of Quebec, Canada shows many unique features. ... This is a list of Quebec film directors. ... This is a list of Quebec movies. ... The cinema of Canada has produced many people who have made an impact in the cinema of the world, despite the small scale of the Canadian film industry. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Cinema of Quebec - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1005 words)
The French branch of the National Film Board of Canada was established and the NFB became autonomous in 1959.
After 1980, a lot of artists felt that the struggle to build a nation that had animated early Quebec cinema was lost.
Quebec filmmakers began to make movies that were no longer centered on the Quebec identity.
Culture of Quebec - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4582 words)
The architecture of Quebec is characterized by the juxtaposition of the old and the new and a wide variety of architectural styles, the legacy of two successive colonizations by the French, the British, and the close presence of the architecture of the United States to the south.
Quebec has a number of classical music festivals, such as the Festival de Lanaudière, Festival Orford chamber music festival held at the Orford Art Centre, and where the distinguished ensemble the Orford String Quartet was first formed.
Quebec's rich heritage of culture and history can be explored through a network of museums, which include the Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal, the Musée de la civilisation and the Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m