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Encyclopedia > Cinema of Puerto Rico
North American cinema
Quebec cinema

The history of film in Puerto Rico begins with a silent documentary from 1918, After Twenty Years: Porto Rico. But until the 1950s, only one other film was shot there, both produced by the United States. While U.S. productions have continued strong to the present day, the pool of talent in Puerto Rico has created its own film industry. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... North American cinema refers collectively to the film output and film industries of North America. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The history of cinema in Qu̩bec started on June 27, 1896 when the French Louis Minier inaugurated the first movie projection in North America in a Montr̩al theatre room. ... Cuban Cinema There was no real viable Cuban cinema prior to the Cuban Revolution of 1959. ... The history of Mexican cinema goes back to the beginning of the 20th century, when several enthusiasts of the new medium documented historical events Рmost particularly the Mexican Revolution Рand produced some movies that have been only recently been rediscovered. ... Much like American popular music, the American film industry has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century. ...


The 1950s to 1970s

The first truly Puerto Rican film, 1953's Los Peloteros, featured a Puerto Rican cast and was based on a real story. Ramón Rivero (a.k.a. Diplo) starred as the inspirational coach of a children's baseball team. His impoverished team played with old, broken equipment and longed for uniforms. Known as a comedian, the role enabled Rivera to demonstrate his dramatic abilities. The children in the movie were not professional actors; they actually were poor children cast at the shooting locale. American photographer Jack Delano directed the film, his only foray into moving pictures. Some consider Los Peloteros to be the best Puerto Rican film ever made. Ramón Rivero (May 29, 1909 - August 24, 1956) —better known as Diplo— was a comedian and actor from Nagüabo, Puerto Rico. ... Jack Delano Jack Delano (August 1, 1914 – August 12, 1997) was an American photographer for the Farm Security Administration (FSA), which was later subsumed by the Office of War Information (OWI) in 1943 when the FSA was eliminated as budget waste. ...

Three films were shot in Puerto Rico in the 1950s. Two were Puerto Rican, the musical drama El Camino Otro (1955) and the drama/romance Maruja (1959). Axel Anderson, a German ex-patriate who became a star in both Puerto Rican television and film, played lead roles in both pictures. Other actors and actresses in the films also built successful careers, including future children's television host Rosaura Andreu. The third movie was the American film noir Man With My Face (1951), a thriller centering on Americans living in Puerto Rico. Axel Anderson (born Axel Levy on December 11, 1929) is a German born Puerto Rican actor. ... Rosaura Andreu (born c. ...

With the 1960s came an explosion of filmmaking on the island. About half of the films shot in this period were co-productions between Puerto Rico and Mexico. Mexico also shot a few stand-alone productions, plus a few co-productions with Spain and Venezuela. Puerto Rico hosted a sizeable number of U.S. movies throughout the decade, plus one Argentinian and one UK picture. Although none of the movies from this period received wide critical acclaim, director Leopoldo Torre Nilsson was nominated for the Golden Palm award at the Cannes Film Festival for his work on La Chica del Lunes (1967). Also notable are the Bob Hope comedy The Private Navy of Sgt. O'Farrell (1968) and a film adaptation of William Golding's novel Lord of the Flies. Bob Hope, KBE, KCSG, (May 29, 1903 – July 27, 2003), born Leslie Townes Hope, was a famous British-born American entertainer who appeared in vaudeville, on Broadway, on radio and television, in movies, and in performing tours for U.S. Military personnel. ... Lord of the Flies is an allegorical novel by Nobel Prize-winning author William Golding about a group of young boys who are stranded on a desert island and subsequently attempt to govern themselves, a task at which they fail disastrously. ...

Filmmaking in the 1970s slowed substantially. Among the handful of Puerto Rican pictures (mostly co-productions), only the Jacobo Morales film Dios los Cria... (1979) stands out as exceptional. Morales had a solid background as an actor and writer, going back to the inception of Puerto Rican television in the 1950s. Dios los Cria... marked the beginning of his work writing and directing for the big screen. The collection of five comedic tales earned him acclaim. Jacobo Morales (born approx. ...

The U.S. produced more films in Puerto Rico in the 1970s than any other country did. Most of them were schlock movies typical of the time, such as producer Sydney W. Pink's last movie The Man From O.R.G.Y. (1970). The Woody Allen film Bananas (1971) is the only classic American film of the time. Jacobo Morales played a supporting role. Woody Allen (born Allen Stewart Konigsberg on December 1, 1935) is an Academy Award-winning American film director, writer, actor, musician, and comedian. ...

The 1980s to present

Following up on his previous success, Morales has continued to write and direct his own films. Nicolas y los Demas (1986) and Lo que le Pasó a Santiago (1989) both won audience appreciation. In addition, Lo Que le Paso a Santiago received an Oscar nomination for Best Foreign Film. Linda Sara (1994) didn't earn as much respect as his earlier works, though it's generally considered enjoyable. His latest release was 2004's sequel Dios los Cria 2. Lo que le pasó a Santiago (1989) is considered by many to be the greatest movie ever produced in Puerto Rico. ...

The number of films produced in the 1980s remained fairly low. Of the American movies filmed there, Clint Eastwood's Heartbreak Ridge (1986) garnered the most critical acclaim, as well as nominations for Oscars and several other awards. Heartbreak Ridge is a 1986 film, directed by and starring Clint Eastwood about the 1983 U.S. invasion of Grenada, West Indies. ...

In the 1990s, another filmmaking boom began and it hasn't slowed yet. The number of films made by Puerto Ricans has increased dramatically. So has the variety, including documentaries, short films, and animation. 2004's Voces Inocentes, co-produced by Mexico/Puerto Rico/U.S., won a slew of international awards. Both the Puerto Rico Film Commission and the Corporation for the Development of Arts, Science and Film Industry in Puerto Rico promote local and international filmmaking, including loans and financial incentives.

See also

This is a List of famous Puerto Ricans (including people of Puerto Rican descent) in alphabetical order by last names, where applicable. ... This is a partial list of films set in Puerto Rico; either the movies plot includes that island, the movie has been filmed there, or both. ...




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