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Encyclopedia > Cinema of Portugal
European cinema


Portuguese cinema has a long tradition, reaching back to the birth of the medium in the late 19th century. In the 1950s, Cinema Novo, (literally "New Cinema") sprang up as a movement concerned with showing realism in film, in the vein of Italian Neorealism and the French New Wave. Directors Manoel de Oliveira and João César Monteiro have gained Portuguese cinema international attention. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... European cinema is the cinema of Europe. ... The Cinema of Albania had its start in the years 1911-1912. ... Cinema of Armenia was born on April 16, 1923, when the Armenian State Committee on Cinema was established by the government decree. ... Austria has produced a number of films in the cinema industry. ... The Cinema of Belgium // History Early history While the invention of the cinématographe by the French Lumière brothers is widely regarded as the birth of cinema, a number of developments in photography preceded the advent of film. ... // Directors Slatan Dudow Rangel Valtchanov Nikola Kovachev Sophia Peer Vulo Radev Dimitar Petkov- Opashkata Na Diavola aka Devils Tail Nikola Korabov Ivan Andonov Ludmil Staikov Metodi Andonov Zornitsa-Sophia Vladimir Yanchev Nikolai Volev Actors and actresses See also List of Bulgarian actors Stoyan Bachvarov Rusi Chanev Georgi Cherkelov Stefan... The cinema of Croatia has suffered in recent years, with quality films being few and far between in comparison to other countries. ... The Czech Republic (both as an independent country and as a part of former Czechoslovakia) was a seedbed for many acclaimed film directors. ... Danish cinema pioneer Peter Elfelt, a photographer, was the first Dane to make a film. ... Cinema in Estonia started in 1908 with the production of a newsreel about Swedish King Gustav IV’s visit to Tallinn. ... Norwegian Anneke von der Lippe as the Faroese Barbara in the 1997 Danish motion picture The Faroe Islands do not have a long history of cinema. ... In Finnish cinema, Aki Kaurismäki is a big name. ... The art of motion-picture making within the nation of France or by French filmmakers abroad is collectively known as French cinema. ... Cinema in Germany can be traced back to the very beginnings of the medium at the end of the 19th Century and German cinema has made major technical and artistic contributions to film. ... // Beginning In the spring of 1897, the Greeks of Athens had the opportunity and privilege to watch the first cinematic attempts (short movies in journal). The projection of an animated movie resulted in excited reactions and the new-seen spectacle became a usual matter of discussion. ... Hungary has had a notable cinema industry for some time. ... Iceland has had a notable cinema industry for some time. ... The Irish film industry has grown somewhat in recent years thanks partly to the promotion of the sector by Bord Scannán na hÉireann (The Irish Film Board) and the introduction of heavy tax breaks. ... The history of Italian cinema began just a few months after the Lumière brothers had discovered the medium, when Pope Leo XIII was filmed for a few seconds in the act of blessing the camera. ... The Luxembourg film industry is quite small, but this is unsurprising given that the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg has a population of only about 400,000 people. ... Montenegro has been the site of many domestic films. ... The Dutch film industry has long been renowned for its documentaries. ... Norway has had a notable cinema industry for some time. ... // Directors Józef Arkusz StanisÅ‚aw Bareja Aleksander Ford Wojciech Has Agnieszka Holland Jerzy Hoffman Jerzy Kawalerowicz Krzysztof KieÅ›lowski -- The Three Colors trilogy, The Decalogue Jan Jakub Kolski Kazimierz Kutz Juliusz Machulski Andrzej Munk Marek Piwowski Roman PolaÅ„ski Ladislas Starevich Wladyslaw Starewicz Andrzej Wajda Krzysztof Zanussi Andrzej Zulawski... The Cinema of Romania came into being as an affective reality. ... The Russian Empire (1896-1917) The first films seen in Russia were via the Lumiere Brothers, in Moscow and St. ... The first films seen in the Russian Empire were via the Lumière brothers, in Moscow and St. ... Serbia (both as an independent country and as part a part of former Yugoslavia) has been home to many internationally acclaimed films and directors. ... // Vlado Bahna Stanislav Barabáš Paľo Bielik Eduard Grečner DuÅ¡an Hanák Elo Havetta Juraj Herz Martin Hollý Juraj Jakubisko Ján Kadár Otakar Krivánek Viktor Kubal Leopold Lahola Andrej Lettrich Miroslav Luther Juraj Nvota Stanislav Párnický Peter Solan Martin Å ulík Å tefan Semjan Å tefan... Soviet Cinema should not be used as a synonym for Russian Cinema. Although Russian language films predominated, several of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union contributed films reflecting elements of their pre-Soviet culture, language and history, although sometimes censored by the Central Government. ... Spanish cinema is not held in as high esteem worldwide as French or American cinema. ... Swedish cinema is one of the most widely-known national cinemas in the world, and certainly the most prominent of Scandinavia. ... Cinema of Switzerland // List of Swiss films Charles-Georges Duvanel Kurt Früh Jean-Luc Godard Claude Goretta Leopold Lindtberg Franz Schnyder Casimir Sivan Alain Tanner Anne-Marie Blanc Zarli Carigiet Heinrich Gretler Max Haufler Emil Hegetschweiler World cinema Swiss Films Swiss Film Directory Categories: | | ... The first film showing in Turkey was held in the Yildiz Palace, Istanbul in 1896. ... Michael Caine in Get Carter (1971). ... Cinema in Ukraine One of the largest film production studios in Ukraine is the Olexandr Dovzhenko Film Studios, located in Kiev, Ukraine. ... The historical country of Yugoslavia had a notable cinema industry of its own. ... Italian neorealism is a film movement often considered to have started in 1943 with Ossessione and ended in 1952 with Umberto D. The movement is characterized by stories set amongst the poor and working class, filmed in long takes on location, frequently using nonprofessional actors for secondary and sometimes primary... François Truffauts New Wave film Jules et Jim The New Wave (French: la Nouvelle Vague) was a blanket term coined by critics for a group of French filmmakers of the late 1950s and 1960s, influenced (in part) by Italian Neorealism. ... Manoel Cândido Pinto de Oliveira is a Portuguese film director born in Oporto on December 12, 1908. ... João César Monteiro was a Portuguese film director. ...

Contents

Silent film

Portuguese silent film began its course on June 18, 1896, at the Real Colyseu da Rua da Palma nº 288, in Lisbon, as Edwin Rousby presented Robert William Paul's Animatograph, using a Teatrograph projector. This places the Portuguese début around six months after the Lumière brothers's inaugural presentation in Paris. June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Lisboa  - Subregion Grande Lisboa  - District or A.R. Lisbon Mayor Carmona Rodrigues  - Party PSD Area 84. ... The Lumière Brothers, Louis Jean (October 5, 1864–June 6, 1948) and Auguste Marie Louis Nicholas (October 19, 1862–April 10, 1954), were the creators of the cinematographic projector. ...


The early days

However, the portuguese audience was already familiar with photograph projection, first at the "cicloramas", "dioramas" and the "stereoscopic" views and, later, the magic lantern, with the projection of transparent photographs in glass plate then colored.


On December 28, 1894, the German photographer Carlos Eisenlohr opened his "Imperial Exhibition" at the galleries of the Avenida Palace Hotel. Beyond the projections already familiar to the Lisbon audience, he presented the great novelty: the live photograph - shown not through an Edison Kinetograph, as it was announced at the time, but by the Elektrotachyscop or Schnellseher, an invention by Ottomar Anschutz, that A. J. Ferreira calls Electro-Tachiscópio Eisenlohr. The device projected images of actions, of a dog passing by or the gallop of a horse, contained in disks of small diameter that produced images of extremely short seconds. December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman who developed many devices which greatly influenced life around the world. ... Interior view of Kinetoscope with peephole viewer at top of cabinet. ...


In the beginning of 1895, the tobacco shop Tabacaria Neves presents Edison's Kinetoscope (in fact, a copy of said invention, built in London by Robert William Paul, ordered by the greek George Georgiades, who presented the machine in Lisbon). Unlike the precededing invention, the Kinestoscope provided individual visioning and the film with about 1380 photographs enabled a projection of 20 seconds. Interior view of Kinetoscope with peephole viewer at top of cabinet. ...


The machine that presented the movie session at the Real Colyseu was not the Cinematograph of the Lumiére brothers, but rather one of its competitors, the Teatrograph, also by Robert W. Paul, that merely projected. The machine projected behind the screen, where natural size images appeared for about a minute. The session was very well received and in the upcoming months, many were the machines swirling at the movie theatres of Lisbon, vying for the favour of the movie audience.


At the Real Colyseu of the Rua da Palma of António Santos Júnior, on June 18, 1896, Edwin Rousby showed the films of the producing house of british Robert-William Paul, for whom it worked. Those are films of about a minute, "animated views" taken by the operators of the british proucer: "Parisian balls", "The Pont Neuf in Paris", "The Train", "The Serpentine Dance", "A Barber and Shoeshine Store in Washington".


Edwin Rousby meets Manuel Maria da Costa Veiga, a photographer with electrical and mechanical skills, who assisted him in preparing his session. Thrilled, Costa Veiga begins acting as an exhibitor, acquiring a projectoscope from Edison that same year and showing films in Lisbon venues.


Robert W. Paul will also send his operator Henry Short to Southern Europe, to record the animated views of landscapes enrichening the programme of the english producing house. Short also passes by Portugal, registering several views that, though destined to be shown in London, would be integrated in the program of Rousby's Portuguese sessions, in 1897.


The success is overwhelming, prolonging his stays and increasing the sessions. However, when Rousby proceeds with his tour to the Teatro-Circo Príncipe Real, in Oporto, that the animated photograph gains not only an enthusiast but also a professional, who would found Portuguese cinema: Aurélio da Paz dos Reis. A modern view of the ancient city of Porto, the city that gave the name to the country. ...

Saída do Pessoal da Fábrica Confiança, the first Portuguese film, by Aurélio Paz dos Reis
Saída do Pessoal da Fábrica Confiança, the first Portuguese film, by Aurélio Paz dos Reis

From July to August, Rousby presents his films at the Teatro do Príncipe Real (currently the Teatro Sá da Bandeira), without achieving, however, the success of Lisbon. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 793 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1620 × 1225 pixel, file size: 191 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Fotograma do filme Saída do Pessoal da Fábrica Confiança - (Porto) Autor: Aurélio Paz dos Reis Ano: 1896 Fotograma do... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 793 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1620 × 1225 pixel, file size: 191 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Fotograma do filme Saída do Pessoal da Fábrica Confiança - (Porto) Autor: Aurélio Paz dos Reis Ano: 1896 Fotograma do...

The pioneers and the producing houses

Three years after beginning is exhibition business, Costa Veiga purchases a movie camera and registers his first film, Aspectos da Praia de Cascais ("Views of the Cascais beach"), with images of King D. Carlos bathing in Cascais. Costa Veiga begins recording official visits and other relevant political events of the nation. He founds the first Portuguese producing house, "Portugal Film", headquartered in Algés, close to his home. Carlos I, King of Portugal KG RVC (pron. ... District or region Lisbon Mayor   - Party António Capucho PSD/CDS-PP Area 97. ...


In 1909 are born, in Lisbon, the "Portugália Film", of João Freire Correia and Manuel Cardoso, financed by D. Nuno de Almada, and the"Empresa Cinematográfica Ideal" of Júlio Costa.


João Freire Correia, a photographer, begins his activity by buying a projector for the opening of the "Salão Ideal ao Loreto" in 1904, the first Portuguese movie theatre. He founds his producing company five years later, for which he'll turn several films, such as the Batalha de Flores ("Battle of Flowers") that garnered vast success. He was the operator of O Rapto de Uma Actriz ("The kidnapping of an Actress"), the first scripted Portuguese film, directed by Lino Ferreira in 1907.


Freire Correia however directed two documentaries of significant success in 1909: A Cavalaria Portuguesa ("The Portuguese Cavalry") and the O Terramoto de Benavente ("The earthquake of Benavente"). The first showed already some technique on image capture, displaying the prowess of portuguese cavalry in such a way as to create situations of danger, fictitious, to the audience. The earthquake was filmed in April, having been shown two days later - a remarkable speed - and with the export of 22 copies abroad.


João Freire Correia would also be responsible for the production of the two versions of Os Crimes de Diogo Alves ("The Crimes of Diogo Alves"), whose direction he entrusted first to Lino Ferreira in 1909 but that remained incomplete, with João Tavares a then directing a second version in 1911.


Of note still the early attempt at sound films with the incomplete Grisette (1908), using the Gaumont method but with the adaptations by Freire Correia, who attempted to synchronize image and sound. Portugália produced also the first film from the adaptation of a literary work. Carlota Ângela was based in the work with the same name by Camilo Castelo Branco and was directed by João Tavares, in 1912. Gaumont Pictures were founded in 1895 by the engineer-turned-inventor, Léon Gaumont (1864-1946). ... Camilo Castelo Branco (16th March 1825 - 1st June 1890) (sometimes called the Portuguese Balzac) was a portuguese writer born in Lisbon, he is creditted with 100 volumes of poems and plays, but is best known for his 58 novels. ...


Júlio Costa, partnering with João Almeida, acquired the "Salão Ideal" from Freire Correia and Nuno Almada in 1908 and starts the "Empresa Cinematográfica Ideal", producer and distributor. Remodelled and appropriately refitted, the Salão Ideal presents a predecessor of the talkies, the "Animatógrafo Falado" (Spoken Animatograph): a group of people reads the texts and produces sound in synch with the film's exhibition. That group was made up by the Volunteer Firefighters of Ajuda, of which not only Júlio Costa but also António Silva, the unforgettable actor of the Portuguese Golden Age comedies, were members. Ajuda is a Portuguese parish (freguesia) in the municipality (concelho) of Lisbon with 3. ... António Maria da Silva (Lisbon, August 15, 1886 — Lisbon, March 3, 1970) was a great Portuguese actor. ...


While waiting for the construction of his studio at Rua Marquês Ponte de Lima, Júlio Costa begins his activity filming "views". He begins filming features with Chantecler Atraiçoado ("Chantecler Betrayed") and then with Rainha depois de Morta ("Queen After Dead"), by Carlos Santos, the first Portuguese film with an historic motif. Júlio Costa's company was also a pioneer for having grouped for the first time production, distribution and exhibition. The company would cease activity after a suspicious fire.


In 1918, "Lusitânia Film" is born, a production company with an ambitious project, led by Celestino Soares and Luís Reis Santos. They rework the old studio of Portugália Film, in São Bento, and begin activities filming documentaries.


Still in 1918, two short films are done outdoors by Costa Veiga and directed by young Leitão de Barros: Malmequer ("Daisy") and Mal de Espanha ("Evil From Spain"). The shooting of O Homem dos Olhos Tortos ("The man with the Twisted Eyes") begins, based upon a polcie serial by Reinaldo Ferreira, directed by Leitão de Barros. However, due to financial pressures, it would remain incompelte. A well-organized conspiracy would close down the company that intended to film A Severa as its next production. José Leitão de Barros (Lisbon, 22 October 1896 — , 29 June 1967) was a Portuguese film director and playwright. ... A Severa is a Portuguese 1931 film, directed by Leitão de Barros, famous for being the first Portuguese sound film, a biopic of the fado singer Maria Severa Onofriana, known as A Severa, based on the novel by Júlio Dantas. ...


Closd the "cycle of Lisbon", the first Oporto producer is founded, who would ensure for some years the continuous production of cinema in Portugal.


The foreign Portuguese cinematography

After founding a production company bearing his name in 1910, the Oporto exhibitor Nunes de Mattos, adds "Invicta Film" to its corporate name, two years later.


The company films current events and documentaries, among them O Naufrágio do Silurian ("The Sinking of the Silurian"), of which 108 copies will be shipped to Europe. In November 1917, Nunes de Mattos decides to found the second "Invicta Film, Lda", increasing the number of partners and the equity. Henrique Alegria takes over the Art Direction and they acquire the Quinta da Prelada, in Oporto, where the studios and laboratories of the producer are to be built.


In 1918 they leave for Paris, from where they bring a technical team from the Pathé studios. The team is led by Georges Pallu, the director who would author virtually all the feature films of the Oporto producing house. In the team were also André Lecointe, architect-decorator; Albert Durot, camera operator and Georges and Valentine Coutable - the couple who would be, respectively, the Chief Lab and Chief Editor. Durot would later be replaced by Maurice Laumann, also from Pathé. Pathé or Pathé Frères is the name of various businesses founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France. ...


For six years, "Invicta Film" produces several films and documentaries, enrichening the Portuguese film landscape. In 1924, however, the company shows severe financial distress, leading to laying off all its personnel and ensuring only the lab work. They would shutdown in 1928.


Rino Lupo is another milestone of cinematography. He shows up through Georges Pallu, who accepts his direction of Mulheres da Beira ("Women from Beira"), after a tale by Abel Botelho, with photography by Artur Costa de Macedo. Though the financial disagreements and the unfulfilment of deadlines force his removal from the company, Rino Lupo still directs Os Lobos ("The Wolves"), another pearl of the Portuguese silent cinema. He'll direct other movies, however without the quality of the earlier works. Abel Acácio de Almeida Botelho (23 September 1855 – 1917), born in Tabuaço and deceased in Argentina, was a Portuguese military officer and diplomat, but distinguish himself as a writer. ...


Three other companies are setup in the 20s to fill in the gap from the brief existence of the Portuguese studios: "Caldevilla Film", "Fortuna Film" and "Pátria Film". These also follow the Portuguese motif, hiring foreign technicians to use their experience in the portuguese production. Though the directors brought from French production houses were presented as recognised stars in their countries, in fact, they made use of that limelight to progress their careers without having the claimed background.


Raul de Caldevilla founds in 1920 his "Caldevilla Film", placing production in Lisbon, at Quinta das Conchas, in Lumiar. Frenchman Maurice Mariaud is the director chosen for the works Os Faroleiros ("The Lighthouse Men") and As Pupilas do Senhor Reitor ("The Wards of the Dean"), for its only two productions. The company would shut down due to acute disagreement among partners due to financial matters.


Virgínia de Castro e Almeida, a writer of children's books, founds in Lisbon the studio "Fortuna Film". She hires a french lawyer, Roger Lion, to direct productions based upon her books. With him, he brings actress Gil-Clary, his wife, Maxudian and the cameramen Daniel Quintin and Marcel Bizot. They shoot A Sereia de Pedra ("The Stone Mermaid") and Olhos da Alma ("Eyes of the Soul"), the latter shot in Nazaré, in what was its first screen register. There are places that have the name Nazaré : In Brazil Nazaré, Bahia Nazaré, Tocantins Related: Nazaré Paulista, São Paulo In Portugal Nazaré, a municipality This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Henrique Alegria leaves "Invicta Film", in 1922, to found "Pátria Film" with Raul Lopes Freire. They buy Quinta das Conchas, where Maurice Mariaud directs O Fado ("The Fado"). This company too would cease to operate after shooting Aventuras de Agapito - Fotografia Comprometedora ("Adventures of Agapito - Compromising Photograph"), the fourth film directed by Roger Lion in Portugal.


The new generation

At the end of the roaring twenties, the "young turks" begin the regency of the cinema estates, with the return of Leitão de Barros and the emergence of young António Lopes Ribeiro (who would soon launch Manoel de Oliveira), Jorge Brum do Canto, Chianca de Garcia and Arthur Duarte. José Leitão de Barros (Lisbon, 22 October 1896 — , 29 June 1967) was a Portuguese film director and playwright. ... António Lopes Ribeiro was a Portuguese film director. ... Manoel Cândido Pinto de Oliveira is a Portuguese film director born in Oporto on December 12, 1908. ... Jorge Brum do Canto (1910-1994) was a Portuguese film director. ... Arthur Duarte was a Portuguese film director. ...


Their agenda is to move away from the previous productions, taking inspiration in the esthetic designs of the French, German and Russian cinemas. The casts also support this disruptive move, bringing to the screen the stars of the Revista, by contrast to the spoken theatre. Stars such as Eduardo Brazão, Brunilde Júdice, António Pinheiro or Pato Moniz fade, and a new school begins with the presence of Vasco Santana, António Silva, Maria Matos, Ribeirinho or Maria Olguim. Vasco Santana (full name: Vasco António Rodrigues Santana; Lisbon, 28 January 1898 - 13 June 1958) was a Portuguese actor, one of the most renowned of the classical era of Portuguese cinema. ... António Maria da Silva (Lisbon, August 15, 1886 — Lisbon, March 3, 1970) was a great Portuguese actor. ... Ribeirinho, stage name of Francisco Carlos Lopes Ribeiro (Lisbon, 21 September 1911 — 7 February 1984) was a Portuguese actor and director. ...


At the same time, the relationship of the State with cinema was also to change from the end of the 20s. The installed powers understood these youngsters dominated the cinema press and influenced masses with the perspectives and the way the conveyed their messages, a privileged means of propaganda for the new regime.


António Lopes Ribeiro launches his career benefiting from the 100 metres Law. He films Uma Batida em Malpique ("A huntin Malpique") and Bailando ao Sol ("Dancing in the Sun") (1928), the latter with photography by Aníbal Contreiras. He will later depart with Leitão de Barros in a visit through the European studios, where he'll meet Dziga Vertov and Eiseinstein. António Lopes Ribeiro was a Portuguese film director. ... José Leitão de Barros (Lisbon, 22 October 1896 — , 29 June 1967) was a Portuguese film director and playwright. ... Dziga Vertov Dziga Vertov (Russian: , January 2, 1896–February 12, 1954) was a Russian documentary film and newsreel director. ... Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein (Russian: Сергей Михайлович Эйзенштейн, Latvian: Sergejs EizenÅ¡teins) (January 23, 1898 – February 11, 1948) was a revolutionary Soviet film director and film theorist noted in particular for his silent films Strike, Battleship Potemkin and Oktober. ...


Leitão de Barros, who screens at Lopes Ribeiro's home the 9,5 mm film he had made with his brother-in-law in Nazaré, is spurred and returns to filming with Nazaré, Praia de Pescadores ("Nazaré, Beach of Fishermen"). Again in Nazaré, Leitão de Barros films Maria do Mar ("Mary of the Sea"), a milestone for the bleak portuguese cinematography esthetics. He also directs Lisboa, Crónica Anedótica ("Lisbon, an Anectodal Chronicle") (1929), where in a gathering of multiple city scenes, he displays Chaby Pinheiro, repeaters Adelina Abranches and Alves da Cunha, Nascimento Fernandes, and the unforgettable Vasco Santana and Beatriz Costa. Vasco Santana (full name: Vasco António Rodrigues Santana; Lisbon, 28 January 1898 - 13 June 1958) was a Portuguese actor, one of the most renowned of the classical era of Portuguese cinema. ... Beatriz Costa (born Beatriz da Conceição; 14 December 1907 in Mafra - 15 April 1996 in Lisbon) was a Portuguese actress, the best-known actress of the golden age of Portuguese cinema. ...


Inspired by Marcel l'Herbier, Jorge Brum do Canto opens with A Dança dos Paroxismos ("The Dance of the Paroxisms") (1928), with his own script and where he plays the main role. It opens with a private session in 1930, and will only be seen again in 1984. Jorge Brum do Canto (1910-1994) was a Portuguese film director. ...


Manoel de Oliveira shoots Douro, Faina Fluvial ("Douro, River Works"), and António Lopes Ribeiro persuades him to take it to the V International Critics Congress, where it receives the praise of Pirandello. Manoel Cândido Pinto de Oliveira is a Portuguese film director born in Oporto on December 12, 1908. ... Luigi Pirandello (June 28, 1867 – December 10, 1936) was an Italian dramatist and novelist, awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1934. ...


But will again be Leitão de Barros who will leave a print in movie history, with A Severa, based upon the work by Júlio Dantas, with the direction of the first Portuguese talkie. A new era of Portuguese cinema was to begin. José Leitão de Barros (Lisbon, 22 October 1896 — , 29 June 1967) was a Portuguese film director and playwright. ... A Severa is a Portuguese 1931 film, directed by Leitão de Barros, famous for being the first Portuguese sound film, a biopic of the fado singer Maria Severa Onofriana, known as A Severa, based on the novel by Júlio Dantas. ... Júlio Dantas (Lagos, 1876 - Lisboa, 1962) was a Portuguese doctor, poet, journalist, politician, diplomat and dramatist. ... A sound film (or talkie) is a motion picture with synchronized sound, as opposed to a silent movie. ...


The Portuguese sound films

Comédia à portuguesa

The Portuguese film genre of Comédia à portuguesa began in 1933, the year the Estado Novo was promulgated, with the release of A Canção de Lisboa. It dominated the country for the next two decades, trailing away during the late 1950s and eventually giving way to Cinema Novo in the 1960s. History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... A Canção de Lisboa (lit. ...


Cinema Novo

The term Cinema Novo (New Cinema) refers to Portuguese cinema made between 1963 and the revolution in 1974 by directors such as Fernando Lopes, Paulo Rocha and António da Cunha Telles, amongst others. Like other new waves of the period the influence of Italian Neo-Realism and the burgeoning ideas of the Nouvelle Vague can be felt keenly. It is also sometimes called Novo Cinema, perhaps to avoid confusion with the Brazilian movement of the same name. Fernão Lopez is reputed to have been a Portuguese prisoner, who on his return to Portugal in 1513, marooned himself on Saint Helena, an island in the middle of the South Atlantic Ocean, thereby becoming its first permanent resident. ... Nome Completo: Paulo Rocha Data de Nascimento: 22-12-1935 Naturalidade: Porto, Portugal Nacionalidade: Portuguesa E-Mail: Ocupação: Realizador Actor Argumentista Produtor Montador Outros PRÉMIOS: Os Verdes Anos (1963): Festival Internacional de Cinema de Locarno (1964) - Prémio Sail de Prata para o primeiro trabalho A Ilha dos... António da Cunha Telles is a Portuguese film director born in 1935. ... Cinema Novo was a movement among Brazilian film makers in the second half of the 20th century, summarized by the phrase Uma câmera na mão e uma idéia na cabeça (which roughly translates to A camera in the hand and an idea in the head). The...


Directors

Alberto Seixas Santos is a Portuguese film director born in 1936. ... António da Cunha Telles is a Portuguese film director born in 1935. ... António Ferreira (1528 - 1569) was a Portuguese poet and the foremost representative of the classical school, founded by Francisco de Sá de Miranda. ... António Lopes Ribeiro was a Portuguese film director. ... António-Pedro Vasconcelos is a Portuguese film director born in 1939. ... Arthur Duarte was a Portuguese film director. ... Chianca de Garcia was a Portuguese film director. ... Eduardo Geada is a Portuguese film director born in 1945. ... Fernão Lopez is reputed to have been a Portuguese prisoner, who on his return to Portugal in 1513, marooned himself on Saint Helena, an island in the middle of the South Atlantic Ocean, thereby becoming its first permanent resident. ... João Botelho is a Portuguese film director born in Lamego, Portugal in 1949. ... João Canijo is a Portuguese film director born in 1957. ... João César Monteiro was a Portuguese film director. ... ‹The stub template below has been proposed for deletion or renaming. ... Joaquim Leitão is a Portuguese film director born in 1956. ... Jorge Brum do Canto (1910-1994) was a Portuguese film director. ... José Fonseca e Costa is a Portuguese film director born in 1933. ... José Leitão de Barros (Lisbon, 22 October 1896 — , 29 June 1967) was a Portuguese film director and playwright. ... Leonel Vieira (born 1969) is a Portuguese film director. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Manoel Cândido Pinto de Oliveira is a Portuguese film director born in Oporto on December 12, 1908. ... Marco Martins (Lisbon, Portugal 1972) is a Portuguese director. ... Maria de Medeiros, DamSE (pron. ... Nome Completo: Paulo Rocha Data de Nascimento: 22-12-1935 Naturalidade: Porto, Portugal Nacionalidade: Portuguesa E-Mail: Ocupação: Realizador Actor Argumentista Produtor Montador Outros PRÉMIOS: Os Verdes Anos (1963): Festival Internacional de Cinema de Locarno (1964) - Prémio Sail de Prata para o primeiro trabalho A Ilha dos... Pedro Costa is a Portuguese film director born in 1959. ... Perdigão Queiroga was a Portuguese film director. ... RICARDO COSTA is a Portuguese film director and producer. ...

Actors and actresses

Beatriz Batarda Beatriz Batarda (born 1974 in London, UK) is a British actress named as one of European films Shooting Stars by European Film Promotion in 1998. ... Image:Salazar24. ... Lúcia Moniz at the 1996 Eurovision Song Contest Ana Lúcia Moniz is a singer and actress born on November 9, 1976 in Lisbon, Portugal. ... Maria de Medeiros, DamSE (pron. ...

Notable Films

List of Portuguese films

The Classical era This is an A-Z list of films produced in Portugal in the Portuguese language: // Portuguese film at the Internet Movie Database Categories: | | ...

  • O Crime de Diogo Alves
  • A Severa (1st Portuguese sound film)
  • Lisboa Crónica Anecdótica

Portuguese Comedies A Severa is a Portuguese 1931 film, directed by Leitão de Barros, famous for being the first Portuguese sound film, a biopic of the fado singer Maria Severa Onofriana, known as A Severa, based on the novel by Júlio Dantas. ... Portuguese cinema has a long tradition, reaching back to the birth of the medium in the late 19th century. ...

Recent time A Canção de Lisboa (lit. ... O Pai Tirano (lit. ... O Pátio das Cantigas (in English, The Courtyard of Songs) is a Portuguese film from 1942, directed by Francisco Ribeiro, Ribeirinho, that takes place in a typical Lisbon neighbourhood during the Popular Saints festivals, through a maze of misunderstandings and innuendos, with Vasco Santana, António Silva, Laura Alves... O Costa do Castelo (lit. ...

  • Adão e Eva (box-office record)
  • Água e Sal
  • Alice
  • Brumas (Mists)
  • Esquece Tudo O Que Te Disse
  • Five Days, Five Nights
  • The Cannibals (Os Canibais)
  • The Convent (O Convento)
  • O Fantasma
  • Odete
  • Os Imortais
  • Os Mutantes
  • The Trunk (Sorte Nula)
  • Abraham's Valley (Vale Abraão)
  • Voyage to the Beginning of the World (Viagem ao Princípio do Mundo)
  • Xavier
  • O Crime do Padre Amaro (The most successful Portuguese movie in Portuguese box office history, due to explicit sex scenes).

Portuguese film festivals Alice is a Portuguese film directed by Marco Martins, released in 2005. ... Five Days, Five Nights (Portuguese: ) is a novel written by Álvaro Cunhal under the pseudonym Manuel Tiago, made into a 1996 Portuguese film, directed by José Fonseca e Costa, starring Paulo Pires and Vítor Norte. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... O Fantasma (English title: The Phantom) is the 2000 Portuguese explicit gay film directed by João Pedro Rodrigues. ... The Trunk is the debut album by the Miami rapper Dre. ... O Crime do Padre Amaro (The Crime of Father Amaro) is novel by 19th-century Portuguese writer José Maria Eça de Queiroz. ...

The Caminhos do Cinema Português is the only cinema festival of portuguese cinema. ... Fantasporto, also known as Fantas, is an international film festival, annually organized in Porto, Portugal. ...

See also

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

External links

References

  • Ribeiro, Félix O Cinema Português antes do Sonoro, Esboço Históriconema Português, Terra Livre, Lisbon, Portugal, 1978.
  • Ribeiro, Félix, Panorama do Cinema Português, Lisbon, Portugal.
  • Bandeira, José Gomes, Porto: 100 anos de cinema português, Câmara Municipal do Porto, Porto, Portugal, 1996.
  • Antunes, João and Matos-Cruz, José de, Cinema Português 1896-1998, Lusomundo, Lisbon, Portugal, 1997.
  • Duarte, Fernando, Primitivos do Cinema Português, ed. Cinecultura, Lisbon, Portugal, 1960.
  • Faria de Almeida, M., Resumo da História do Cinema, RTP Centro de Formação, Lisbon, Portugal, 1982.
  • Ferreira, António J., O Cinema Chegou a Portugal, - Palestra Baseada no Livro A Fotografia Animada em Portugal 1894-1895-1896-1897 - 1896.
  • Ferreira, António J., A Fotografia Animada em Portugal, 1894-1896-1897, ed. Cinemateca Portuguesa, Lisbon, Portugal, 1986.
  • Nobre, Roberto, Singularidades do Cinema Português, Portugália Editora, Lisbon, Portugal.
  • Pina, Luís de, História do Cinema Português, Colecção Saber nº190, Publicações Europa-América, Lisboa, 1986.
  • Pina, Luís de, Aventura do Cinema Português, ed. Vega, Lisbon, Portugal, 1977
  • Pina, Luís de, Documentarismo Português, Instituto Português de Cinema, 1977.
  • Pina, Luís de, Panorama do Cinema Português, Terra Livre, Lisbon, Portugal, 1978.
  • Silent film at Amor de Perdição.

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