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Encyclopedia > Cinema of Pakistan
South Asian cinema
Bengali cinema
Assamese cinema
Bengali cinema
Bollywood
Karnataka cinema
Tamil cinema
Marathi cinema
Malayalam cinema
Tollywood

Lollywood (Urdu: لالیوڈ) refers to the Pakistani film industry, based in the city of Lahore. The name is a portmanteau of Lahore and Hollywood. Image File history File links Acap. ... South Asian cinema refers to the cinema of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan and the Maldives. ... This article addresses Persian and Pashto cinemas of Afghanistan. ... The Bangladeshi film industry is based in Dhaka As of 2004, it produced approximately 100 movies a year. ... Bengali cinema, or the Bengali film industry, is one of the earliest film industries in India. ... The Indian film industry is the largest in the world in terms of the ticket sales and the number of films produced annually (877 feature films and 1177 short films were released in the year 2003 alone). ... Assamese cinema was born in 1935 when Jyoti Prasad Agarwala released his movie Joymoti. ... Bengali cinema, or the Bengali film industry, is one of the earliest film industries in India. ... Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal name given to the popular Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ... The Cinema of Karnataka encompasses movies made in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Kollywood is a name often applied to Tamil Cinema, based in Chennai (formerly Madras) in the state of Tamil Nadu in south India. ... Marathi cinema (मराठी चित्रपट) is one of the oldest in regional Indian films industry. ... Malayalam cinema refers to films made in the Indian state of Kerala in the Malayalam language. ... Telugu Cinema refers to the Telugu film industry. ... The Himalayan country of Nepal does not have a very long film history, but the industry has its own place in the cultural heritage of Nepal. ... Sri Lankan cinema is highly acclaimed abroad - its films have won dozens of awards at international festivals. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... A portmanteau (IPA: ) is a word or morpheme that fuses two or more words or word parts to give a combined or loaded meaning. ... ...


Lollywood is also commonly referred to as "Urdu cinema". There has been a growing presence of English in dialogues and songs as well. It is not uncommon to see films which feature dialogues with English words and phrases, even entire sentences. A few films are also made in two or even three languages (either using subtitles, or several soundtracks). Often, such code switching is a marker of youth or social mobility of characters. The phrase Zaban-e Urdu-e Mualla written in Urdu Urdu () is an Indo-European language of the Indo-Aryan family that developed under Persian, Turkish, Arabic, Hindi, and Sanskrit influence in South Asia during the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire (1200-1800). ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... A film soundtrack is the music that is from or inspired by a feature film. ...

Contents

Overview

When Pakistan came into being in 1947, some very talented cinema people migrated to both East Pakistan and West Pakistan from newly formed India, and some brilliant people migrated from both parts of Pakistan to India as well.


Shortly afterwards, Pakistan developed three centers of film productions:Lahore, Karachi and Decca (now Dhaka). These three centers supported each other while simultaneously providing healthy competition. Indian films were also released in the Pakistani cinemas, and likewise Pakistani films were also shown in India. In those days, Pakistan's film industry and its Indian counterpart were about equal in almost all aspects and respects.   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ...   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ... Decca may refer to: Decca Records, a 1929 British record label, also known as Decca Music Group Decca Radar (later Racal-Decca Marine), a British marine electronics manufacturer, a spin-off from the gramophone and records company Decca tree, a microphone recording system London Decca, a maker of turntable tonearms...


History

Pre-formation

During the 1930s, films made in Lahore were strongly influenced by those made in Hollywood, not just with respect to their stories or action or drama but also the acting, the makeup and the wardrobe selection. The heroes would appear like Douglas Fairbanks or Errol Flynn. Lahore was trying to establish its own identity separate from that of the Bombay-based film industry.   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... ... Douglas Fairbanks (May 23, 1883 – December 12, 1939) was an American actor, screenwriter, director and producer, who became noted for his swashbuckling roles in silent movies such as The Mark of Zorro (1920), The Three Musketeers (1921), Robin Hood (1922), The Thief of Bagdad (1924) and The Black Pirate (1926). ... Errol Leslie Thomson Flynn (June 20, 1909 – October 14, 1959) was an Australian film actor, most famous for his romantic swashbuckler roles in Hollywood films and his flamboyant lifestyle. ... Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal name given to the popular Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ...


With this in mind, A.R. Kardar and M. Ismail started a studio named United People’s on Ravi Road, Lahore. Actors who worked for the studios included Heera Laal, Gul Hameed, Nazeer,Pran and Ahmed Deen while the actresses were mainly Kaushalya Devi, Gulzaar and Mumtaaz. As is detailed in the studio papers from 1929, a variety of different film projects were planned out and most had English titles such as Sweet Heart, The Prisoner, Masked Rider, The Golden Dagger, Passion Flower, The Sacred Flame, House Boat, Golden Temple, The Award, Paradise. There were also some others with Urdu titles such as Lala Rukh, Kafir (Infidel), Khawaja Sira and Firdaus. But not all such projects were completed; silent films on the brink of extinction and the very competitive Bombay and Calcutta film industries were already making many films with sound. Ultimately, Bombay won when it released its first sound film in 1931,Alam Ara.   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... Pran Sikand (born 12 February 1920), best known as Pran, is a veteran Bollywood actor. ... Ahmed Deen (born June 30, 1985 in Freetown, Sierra Leone) is a Sierra Leonean international footballer currently playing as a defender for St Albans City F.C. in the Conference South in the sixth division overal of the English football league system. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ... This article is on Calcutta/Kolkata, the city. ... Alam Ara (The Light of the World; 1931), directed by Ardeshir Irani, was the first Indian sound film. ...


In Lahore the pioneer of films with sound (or 'talkies' as they were called) was Hakeem Ram Parsaad, who made Heer Raajha (1932) which starred M. Ismail, Rafiq Ghaznavi, Nazeer and Anwari. This was to be the last film directed by Kardar in Lahore. From here on he moved to Calcutta and later Bombay.   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... Anwari (Auhad-uddin Ali Anwari), Persian poet, was born in Khorasan early in the 12th century. ...


The 1950s

First Pakistani feature film Teri Yaad in 1948
First Pakistani feature film Teri Yaad in 1948

On August 8, 1948, the first Pakistani feature film, Teri Yaad, premièred at the Parbhat Theater in Lahore. It starred Asha Posley as the heroine and Nasir Khan, who was Dilip Kumar's brother, as the hero. The lyrics were written and the music was composed by Inayat Ali Nath. The film was produced by Dewan Pictures, owned by Dewan Sardari Lal, and directed by Daud Chand. The film flopped at the box office. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Teri Yaad is Sajjad Alis pop album from 2002, often considered one of his best pop albums. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... Asha Posley (???? - 1998) was the first actress in Pakistani films. ... Yusuf Khan (Hindi: यूसुफ़ ख़ान ; Urdu: یوسف خان ; IPA: ) (born December 11, 1922), also commonly known as Dilip Kumar (Hindi: दिलीप कुमार ; Urdu: دِلِیپ کُمار) is a legendary Indian Bollywood film actor and a former Member of Parliament (Rajya Sabha). ...


Over the next few years, the Lahore-made films would establish audience patronage in the local theatres. On April 7, 1950, a film called Do Ansoo was released and became the first Pakistani Urdu film to celebrate Silver Jubilee (running for 25 weeks) from the Pakistani film industry. It starred Santosh Kumar, Ajmal, Allaudin as well as the newcomer actress Sabiha Khanum, who had also appeared in a couple of other films over the previous months. The music was composed by Mubarak. Sheikh Lateef produced the film for Naubahar Films, and it was directed by Anwar Kamal Pasha. April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... He belonged to a well educated family from UP,India. ... Sabiha Khanum Sabiha Khanum was the leading star of the Pakistani cinema in the 1950s and the 1960s, and played successful character roles later. ... Hosni Mubarak, President of Egypt Muhammad Hosni Said Mubarak (Arabic : محمد حسنى سيد مبارك ) (born May 4, 1928) commonly known as Hosni Mubarak (Arabic: حسنى مبارك ) has been the President of the Arab Republic of Egypt for twenty-four years, since 14 October 1981. ...


On April 29, 1951, another breakthrough Punjabi film called Chanwey made headlines as it was the first Pakistani film to be directed by a woman, Madam Noor Jehan. It starred her along with Santosh Kumar, Jahangir, and Ghulam Muhammad. The music was composed by Feroz Nizami (his second undertaking). The film was produced by Madam Noor Jehan's husband Syed Shaukat Hussain Rizvi for their own Shahnoor Films, and script was written by Imtiaz Ali Taj. is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Noor Jehan (Urdu: نور جہاں) (September 21, 1926 – December 23, 2000) was a famous Punjabi and Urdu singer and actress. ... He belonged to a well educated family from UP,India. ... n ... Ghulam Muhammad Malik Ghulam Muhammad (1895 - 1956) served as Governor-General of Pakistan from 1951 until 1955, shortly before his death. ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ...


Another landmark moment in the Lahore-based film industry occurred on June 3, 1954 when an Urdu film called Sassi was released. It became the first Pakistani film to run for over 50 weeks — the film attained Golden Jubilee status, in the local lexicon. It starred Sabiha Khanum, Sudhir, Asha Posley, Nazar, and Saleem Raza (not to be confused with the singer of the same name). The music was composed by Baba G.A. Chishti. The film was produced by J. C. Anand for Ever Ready Productions, and directed by Daud Chand. is the 154th day of the year (155th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... REDIRECT Matera,_Italy#The_Sassi ... Nazar may refer to: Nazar, Navarre, a municipality located in the province of Navarre (Navarra), Spain. ... Saleem Raza (born 5 July 1964, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan) is a former cricketer. ...


March 12, 1956, was another ground-breaking day for the Pakistani film industry as Umar Marvi, released by Fazlani Films, was the first film made in the Sindhi language (native language of the Sindh province of Pakistan). It starred Nighat Sultana, Fazlani and Charlie. The music was composed by Ghulam Nabi Lateef. The film was produced by Fazlani and directed by Shaikh Hasan. is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Umar Marvi (Sindhi:عمر ماري)is a Sindh love story writtne in Shah Jo Risalo. ... Sindhī (سنڌي, सिन्धी) is the language of the Sindh region of South Asia, which is now a province of Pakistan. ... Sindh (Sindhī: سنڌ, Urdū: سندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and historically is home to the Sindhis. ... Look up Charlie in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


On July 17, 1958, film journalist Ilyas Rasheedi launched the first of an annual event called the Nigar Awards for outstanding performance in various categories of filmmaking. The event was showcased to give awards to recognised achievements by all who worked in the industry. is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ...


Jago Hua Severa released on May 25, 1959, received a cold response at the box office in spite of script and lyrics from popular poet Faiz Ahmed Faiz — a great surprise since Faiz was one of the most influential literary figures of his time in South Asia, and his works were widely read and greatly respected. Indeed, the film's poor show was unfortunate given the literary stature of Faiz. The film's music was composed by Timer Burnn. The film was produced by Noman Tasees for Century Films, and directed by A.J. Kardar. is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Faiz Faiz Ahmed Faiz (فيض احمد فيض), (1984 - 1911) is considered by many to be a poet in the great tradition of Urdu poets like Ghalib and Iqbal. ...


The 1960s

Waheed Murad

During the 1960s, film director Munshi Dil and film producer Agha G.A. Gul's Urdu ilm Azra was the first film that introduced colour in Pakistani films with colour songs at the cinema. All the songs of the film were hits which were performed by (Jan-e-Baharan) Neelo, Ejaz, Laila, M. Ismail and Naeem Hashmi. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Laila in Pithamagan Laila is an Indian actress, she has acted in Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam and Hindi language films. ... Naeem Hashmi was a famous actor, writer, poet, producer, and director in Pakistan. ...


Also, film director Zahir Raihan made the Urdu film Sangam which was the first Pakistani full length feature color film released on April 23, 1964. It starred Rozi, Haroon, Samita, and Khalil. Some say that the film Mala was the first Pakistani color cinemascope film. Santosh Kumar and Sabiha Khanum starred in Naila, one of the first color films from West Pakistan. The music was composed by Ataur Rahman. The film was produced and directed by Zaheer Rehan for Sunny Circle Presentations. Zahir Raihan (Bangla: জহির রায়হান) (1935-1972?) was a Bangladeshi novelist, writer and filmmaker. ... For other uses of Sangam see Sangam (disambiguation). ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... The Malas are a large geographically dispersed caste found in Andhra Pradesh and several other states of India. ... Naila is a city in the district of Hof, Bavaria, Germany. ... West Pakistan was the popular and sometimes official (1955–1970) name of the western wing of Pakistan until 1971, when the eastern wing (East Pakistan) became independent as Bangladesh. ...


On May 26, 1961, Kay Productions released a film titled Bombay Wallah, the only Pakistani film to have an Indian city name in its title. It was quite a surprise as it went through the Censors and the name was not objected to. For this the censors were credited for being reasonable. is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1962, a film on the Palestine issue was made by the name of Shaheed which was an instant hit starring Talish. During this same period, in 1963, Mussarat Nazir, a popular actress shocked the film industry and broke countless hearts by emigrating to Canada after marrying a doctor at the height of her career. Her last film Bahadur was left unfinished, but during this time, Syed Kamal's debut as an actor in the film Tauba became an instant success. A 2003 satellite image of the region. ... Historically, a martyr is a person who dies for his or her religious faith. ... Baghatur. ... Syed Kamal Kamal was a popular filmstar of Pakistan in the 1960s and the 1970s. ...


In September, 1965, following the war between India and Pakistan, all Indian films were taken off the screen from cinemas in Pakistan and a complete ban on films from India was imposed, which still exists today but films are still played on television stations and can be bought on DVD, VCD and VHS widely anywhere in Pakistan.


The 1960s saw the introduction of Waheed Murad, who joined the Pakistani film industry and launched his cinema career with a bang and became the Marlon Brando and Elvis Presley of Pakistan. In 1966 the film Armaan was released and became a superhit and one of the most memorable films of the Pakistan film industry to date. It was also the first Pakistani film to complete 75 weeks (Platinum Jubilee) in the cinemas. Armaan's musical score was written by Pakistani composer Sohail Rana. Waheed Murad Pakistani film personality Waheed Murad was the producer, writer, and protagonist of many film musicals. ... Marlon Brando, Jr. ... Elvis redirects here. ... The soft melodramatic Armaan, released on March 18,1966 is the first Pakistani movie to complete 75 weeks (platinum jubilee). ... Sohail Rana (1938 - ) is a Pakistani composer, most widely known for writing the scores to several Pakistani films. ...


Actor Nadeem (real name Nazeer Beg), received instant success with his debut film Chakori in 1967. His looks and mannerism of Dilip Kumar to his credit with charisma of his own allowed him to secure a prosperous career. His colleagues testify to a level of professional seriousness that he is rare in the film industry. This does not cite any references or sources. ... Yusuf Khan (Hindi: यूसुफ़ ख़ान ; Urdu: یوسف خان ; IPA: ) (born December 11, 1922), also commonly known as Dilip Kumar (Hindi: दिलीप कुमार ; Urdu: دِلِیپ کُمار) is a legendary Indian Bollywood film actor and a former Member of Parliament (Rajya Sabha). ...


In 1967, film director Habib conceived the idea to make the first Pakistani horror film, Zinda Laash which received great reviews and became a big hit in the industry [1]. It was also the first X-rated film in Pakistan. [2]. It starred Nadeem, Shabnam, and Rehan Qavi. Look up Habib in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Zinda Laash is a 1967 Pakistani Urdu feature film, directed by Khwaja Sarfraz. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... For the Big Brother 2007 UK contestant, see Shabnam Paryani Shabnam (Bengali: শবনম) is a Bengali actress. ...


Eastern Films Magazine, edited by Said Haroon, became the most popular magazine for film buffs in Pakistan. Its peak coincided with The Golden Age of Karachi Cinema. Among the interviews, film reviews and gossip was a cheeky Q and A section, Yours Impishly, modelled by the sub-editor Asif Noorani after I. S. Johar's page in India's Filmfare magazine. Asif Noorani (Urdu: آصف ) (b. ... Inder Sen Johar (b. ... Filmfare Awards are Bollywoods answer to the Oscars. ...


On January 3, 1969, Neela Parbat, the first adults only Pakistani film, was released. It starred Mohammed Ali (actor), Husna, Shahnawaz (Senior), Komal, Talish and Kamal Irani. It was produced and directed by Ahmad Basheer for Film Utopia and the music was composed by Piya Rang Qadir. is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Mohammad Ali Shahenshah-e-jazbaat i. ... Image:Husna1. ... Komal is an ancient and traditional Indian name, most commonly taken to mean delicate or gentle. It is a popular female name as it contains many of the qualities Indian women so admire. ... Talish in the film Shaheed 1962 Talish was a leading character actor of the Pakistani cinema. ...


In October, 1969, writer, producer, director Riaz Shahid offered the distribution rights of Zarqa (released October 17) in the Middle East to the Palestinian guerrilla organisation, Al Fatah, whose activities are also depicted in the film. The film also features a sequence where the actress Neelo is forced to dance against her will, apparently based on the real life incident which took place on February 12, 1965. The song that goes with this dance is Habib Jalib’s famous poem Neelo, inspired by that incident: Zarqa (Arabic الزرقاء az-Zarqā, local dialects ez-Zergā or ez-Zera, The Blue One) is a city in Jordan located to the northeast of Amman. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Fatah (Arabic: الفتح) al_fatah—an reverse acronym from arabic words Harakat alTahrir alwatani alFilastini (literally: the movement for liberation of the Palestinian homeland)—is a Palestinian faction founded in 1959 by Yasser Arafat who, until his death, was head of the Palestinian Authority. ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Habib Jalib one of the most renowned Urdu poets of 20th Century was born in 1928 . ...

Raqs zanjeer pehen ke bhi kiya jata hai. . . .
Urdu: رقص زنجیر پہن کے بھی کیا جاتا ہے۔ ۔ ۔
English translation: "One can also be made to dance in shackles..."

Urdu ( , , trans. ...

The 1970s

Nadeem and Shabnum

Released on February 7, 1971, Dosti, turned out to be the first Lollywood film to complete over 100 weeks at the box office. It was named the Diamond Jubilee film of the Pakistani film industry. It starred Ejaz Durrani, Shabnam, Husna, Rahman, and Saqi. The music was composed by A. Hameed. The film was produced by Ejaz Durrani for Punjab Pictures, and directed by Shareef Nayyar. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... For the Big Brother 2007 UK contestant, see Shabnam Paryani Shabnam (Bengali: শবনম) is a Bengali actress. ... Image:Husna1. ... People named Rahman include: A. R. Rahman: a popular Indian film music composer. ...


The makers of Tehzeeb, released on November 20, 1971, were asked to change the lyrics of a reference to Misr (Urdu word for Eygpt) that might prove detrimental to diplomatic relations with that country with Pakistan. The line Tehzeeb is a 2003 Indian Bollywood film directed by Khalid Mohammed. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ...

Laga hai misr ka bazaar, dekho was changed to Laga hai husn ka bazaar

in the movie soundtrack. The gramophone records, already sold in good numbers, were beyond redemption.


In 1976, the first Balochi film, Hamalo Mah Gunj was due to be released, but could not be released as an angry mob in Quetta burned down the cinema hall at which it was meant to be screened. Balochi (also Baluchi, Baloci or Baluci) is a Northwestern Iranian language. ...   (Urdu: کوئٹہ) also spelled Kwatah city is a variation of kwatkot, a Pashto word meaning “fort,”. It is the largest city and provincial capital and district of Baluchistan Province, Pakistan. ...


Javed Jabbar's Beyond the Last Mountain, released on December 2, 1976 was Pakistan’s first venture into English filmmaking and seemed destined to be its last. The film, as well as its Urdu version, Musafir, bombed at the box office. It starred Usman Peerzada, Zahoor Ahmad, Subhani Bayounus, and Raja Jameel. The music was composed by Sohail Rana. Beyond the Last Mountain (1976) is a Pakistani English language film directed and written by Javed Jabbar. ... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Musafir is a 2004 Bollywood thriller directed by Sanjay Gupta and starring Anil Kapoor, Sanjay Dutt and Sameera Reddy. ... Sohail Rana (1938 - ) is a Pakistani composer, most widely known for writing the scores to several Pakistani films. ...


Aina, released on March 18, 1977, marked a distinct symbolic break between the liberal Bhutto years and the increasingly conservative Zia regime. It starred Nadeem, Shabnam, Rehan, and Qavi. After over 400 weeks in the box office, the showing of Aina came to an end as the film was taken off the Scala in Karachi, where it ran for more than 4 years. It has been the most popular film in the country's history so far. The music was composed by Robin Ghosh. The film was produced by A. R. Shamsi for Kashif Films Ltd. and directed by Nazrul Islam. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... For the Big Brother 2007 UK contestant, see Shabnam Paryani Shabnam (Bengali: শবনম) is a Bengali actress. ... ...   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Commemorative stamp Bangladesh Any discussion on Bengali poetry must revolve around the names of Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam. ...


The 1980s

Following the new registration laws for film producers in 1980s, which required film directors to be degree holders, the film industry took a sharp nose-dive. Films dropped from a total output of 98 films in 1979 (including 42 in Urdu) to only 58 films (26 in Urdu) in 1980.

Terror and Gundasa Culture in Lollywood
Billboard of a Lollywood Movie called "Dehshut" which in Urdu means Extreme Fear
Tigers of Asia and Guns Movies Billboards

With the release of Maulajut in 1979, which tells the story of its eponymous hero's blood feud with the local gangster Noori Nath, the 1980s saw the rise of the Punjabi film industry and growing censorship among other factors, which slowly killed off the Urdu film industry. Punjabi cinema came to dominate the large screen, boosted by the growth of Punjab's smaller towns and large-scale rural-urban migration. Violence, rather than sex, becomes the driving force of films as middle-class audiences drift away from increasingly dilapidated and rowdy cinemas. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Mustafa Qureshi (left in background) and Sultan Rahi (right in blue) in the blockbuster Maula Jatt Maulajut (Urdu:مولاجٹ) is one of the most popular movies in the history Pakistani cinema. ...


The icons of this new cinema were Sultan Rahi and his statuesque counterpart in countless films, Anjuman. At the same time, soft core pornography becomes the forte of Pushto films, courtesy of Musarrat Shaheen, Chakori and powerful politicians whose cinemas are able to get around the censor's sharp scissors. This Gundasa culture and miled pornography threw away the soft and romantic image of Lollywood. Sultan Rahi Sultan Muhammad (1938 - 1996) popularly known as Sultan Rahi, with his rugged looks, brawny and stocky, with an aggressive style of dialogue delivery was the Pakistani film superstar and the ultimate action hero and firmly established himself as the biggest film personality from Pakistan during the 1980s. ... Anjuman The most successful Punjabi film herione in the 1980s, Anjuman came from Multan to Lahore. ... Pashto (پښتو; also known as Afghan, Pushto, Pashto, Pashtoe, Pashtu, and Pukhto) is the language spoken by the ethnic Afghan otherwise known as the Pashtun people who inhabit Afghanistan and the Western provinces of Pakistan. ...


1984 was the year of Waheed Murad, the chocolate hero who died in 1983 due to his alcohol abuse, stomach cancer and a broken heart. The year saw an unprecedented revival of his films on the silver screen, some of which were showing to packed audiences, forcing the director of his unfinished film, Hero to complete the film for release early in 1985, with a number of "cheat" shots. For other uses, see Hero (disambiguation). ...


Saeed Rizvi's Shaani, was Pakistan's first science fiction film boasting elaborate special effects, surpassed everyone's expectations. It starred actor Sheri Malik, Babra Sharif and Ghulam Mohiuddin and was released in 1987. Later, this film was also selected for the International Film Awards in Russia. Saeed Rizvi a cameraman, a director, a visual effects specialist, rather, a personality with various built in capabilities & above all innovative. ... Shaani is a 1989 Pakistani film starring Babra Sharif, Sheri Malik and Ghulam Mohiuddin and directed by Saeed Rizvi. ... Babra Sharif Babra Sharif was the foremost figure in the Pakistani film industry during the 1980s and late 1970s. ... Ghulam Mohiuddin (Urdu: غلام محی الدین) (also spelled as Ghulam Mohi-Ud-Din) was a Pakistani actor of Urdu and Punjabi films. ...


International Gorillay, released in 1990, was a religion formula film, portraying Salman Rushdie as a bloodthirsty maniac destined for a horrible end. In the film, Rushdie, played by Afzal Ahmed, satiates his lust for blood by putting away Muslim hostages with a sword. The film also included a dramatized version of the Islamabad police firing (February 12, 1989). Ahmed Salman Rushdie (Devanagari : अख़्मद सल्मान रश्दी Nastaliq:; born 19 June 1947) is an Indian-British novelist and essayist. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... For other places called Islamabad, see Islamabad (disambiguation). ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ...


The 1990s

There were 11 studios in the 1970s and 1980s that made over 100 films annually. Growing trends of cable television have sapped Lollywood's strength. The annual output has dropped to around 40 films, all produced by a single studio.


Most of the Lollywood films are independent productions. Though studio productions are there, very few of them are made every year. Lollywood peaked in the mid 1990s, a period during which films such as Syed Noor's Jeeva and Samina Peerzada's Inteha (Urdu word for Extreme) were released and revived the Pakistani cinema but only temporarily. Other films of this period that were big hits and worth the mention are, Deewane Tere Pyar Ke, Mujhe Chand Chahiye, Sangum, Tere Pyar Mein, and Ghar Kab Aao Gey. Syed Noor is Pakistani film director based in Lahore. ... Jeeva (Urdu: جیوا) is an Urdu film directed by Syed Noor. ... Samina Peerzada is one of the more promising directors hailing from Pakistans film industry based in Lahore. ... Spoiler warning: Inteha is an Urdu film which was released in 1999 across theaters in Pakistan. ... Deewane Tere Pyaar Key is an Urdu film which was released in March 1998. ... Mujhe Chand Chahiye is an Urdu film which was released in March 2000 in Pakistan. ... Tere Pyar Mein is a Pakistani film which was released in December 2000. ...


Controversy was also raging over the filming of Jinnah in the late 1990s, a film produced by Akbar S. Ahmed and directed by Jameel Dehalvi. Objections were being raised over the choice of actor Christopher Lee as the actor portraying Jinnah, inclusion of Indian Shashi Kapoor in the cast and the experimental nature of the script. Jinnah is a film about the life of the founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah. ... For other persons named Christopher Lee, see Christopher Lee (disambiguation). ... Shashi Kapoor (Hindi: शशि कपूर, Urdu: ششِ کپُور), born Balbir Raj Kapoor on March 18, 1938 in Calcutta, is an Indian film actor and producer and a member of the famous Kapoor family, an influential film dynasty in Indias Bollywood cinema. ...


In the late 1980s, Anjuman got married to Mobeen Malik and quit signing any new films. Then the thunderbolt that stunned the industry - the murder of Sultan Rahi in 1996. Lollywood went into mourning and Punjabi film production grounded to a complete halt. The industry was saved from complete destruction due to the Urdu films that still remained in production. However, even Urdu films were in a rut as renowned director Sangeeta was at home tending to her spawn. Javaid Faisal was pursued by producers but nothing came of it and meanwhile Nazrul Islam expired dealing another massive blow to an industry already reeling. Anjuman The most successful Punjabi film herione in the 1980s, Anjuman came from Multan to Lahore. ... Sultan Rahi Sultan Muhammad (1938 - 1996) popularly known as Sultan Rahi, with his rugged looks, brawny and stocky, with an aggressive style of dialogue delivery was the Pakistani film superstar and the ultimate action hero and firmly established himself as the biggest film personality from Pakistan during the 1980s. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Commemorative stamp Bangladesh Any discussion on Bengali poetry must revolve around the names of Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam. ...


Thus the path was cleared for an ambitious Syed Noor to step up and try to fill the directorial vacuum. Then came Choorian, a Punjabi film. The Punjabi film industry was revived by the storming success of Syed Noor's [3] film in 1998, starring Saima and Moammar Rana. It grossed Rs. 180 million. Suddenly, the famous industry guns that had fallen silent following Sultan Rahi's death, returned with a roar of new announcements signalling an exciting new wave of Punjabi cinema. People realized that whatever the case, life was meant to go on, even after Rahi's loss. Syed Noor is Pakistani film director based in Lahore. ... Choorian is a Punjabi film directed by Syed Noor. ... Saima (Urdu: صائمہ) is a very common female muslim name. ... Moammar Rana Moammer Rana (Urdu: معمر رانا) aka Momi (Urdu: مومی) tasted super stardom early in his career with three block busters including Deewane Tere Pyar Ke, Choorian and Nikki Jai Haan it seemed that he had the proverbial success on the platter – but sadly enough he faced the fall soon enough. ... Sultan Rahi Sultan Muhammad (1938 - 1996) popularly known as Sultan Rahi, with his rugged looks, brawny and stocky, with an aggressive style of dialogue delivery was the Pakistani film superstar and the ultimate action hero and firmly established himself as the biggest film personality from Pakistan during the 1980s. ...


The 21st Century

In July 2002, Javed Sheikh's Yeh Dil Aap Ka Huwa [4] (Urdu for This Heart is Yours) starring Moammar Rana and Ayesha Sana, was released and had grossed over Rs. 200 million (US $3.4 million) across Pakistan. However, the short period of successes in the industry could not keep the cinemas afloat and the same industry that at one time produced more than a 100 films annually a decade ago now reduced to a merely 32 in the year 2003 with only one partial success called Larki Panjaban (A Punjabi Girl). Javed Sheikh (Urdu: جاوید شیخ, also spelled Javaid) is a Pakistani actor, director and producer who is involved with Bollywood, Lollywood, and Pollywood films. ... Yeh Dil Aap Ka Huwa is a 2002 Urdu film starring Sana, Moamar Rana and Saleem Sheikh among others. ... Moammar Rana Moammer Rana (Urdu: معمر رانا) aka Momi (Urdu: مومی) tasted super stardom early in his career with three block busters including Deewane Tere Pyar Ke, Choorian and Nikki Jai Haan it seemed that he had the proverbial success on the platter – but sadly enough he faced the fall soon enough. ... It is proposed that this article be deleted, because of the following concern: Non-notable person per WP:BIO If you can address this concern by improving, copyediting, sourcing, renaming or merging the page, please edit this page and do so. ...


Pakistan's First Cineplex

Main article: Cineplex

The Universal Multiplex in Karachi opened in 2002, and now the multiplex culture is set to take Pakistan by storm. The future viability of film-making business in Pakistan is evidenced by the fact that now many global companies are interested in investing in the theatre business in the country. Cineplex [5] is the first dedicated cineplex company in Pakistan that is building the country’s first nationally branded cineplex chain. The firm says that it is dedicated to introducing a world-class film-going experience to the people of Pakistan by building state of the art film theatres in the urban areas. Cinepax will have multiple cinemas in each location and is committed to screening premium content in a family-friendly environment. Eventually all the theatre managers would like to bring families back into the theatres by providing a quality experience, and the multiplex culture can only help. Cineplex Odeon Cinemas was one of North Americas largest movie theatre operators, with theatres in its home country of Canada and the United States. ... Cineplex Odeon Cinemas was one of North Americas largest movie theatre operators, with theatres in its home country of Canada and the United States. ...


Cineplex is targeting the larger cities of Pakistan: Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, Faisalabad, Gujranwala, Multan and Hyderabad. Cineplex’s initial five-year build-out plan is for the development of 120 screens.   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... For other places called Islamabad, see Islamabad (disambiguation). ...   (Urdu: فیصل آباد) is a city located in Punjab, Pakistan. ... Gujranwala (Urdu: گوجرانوالہ) is a city in Punjab, Pakistan with a city population of 1,132,509 (1998 census). ... Multan shown on a 1669 world map   (Urdu: ملتان) is a city in the Punjab Province of Pakistan and capital of Multan District. ... Hyderabad   or Haidarābād (Urdu/Sindhi: حيدر آباد) is located in the Sindh province of Pakistan (formerly known as Neroon Kot نيرُون ڪوٽ). Formerly the capital of Sindh and known as the city of perfumes, it is now a regional headquarter of the district of Hyderabad. ...


Cineplex will screen Hollywood films within a month of their international release dates. Cineplex will also screen the best of international and Pakistani cinema. Before the first cineplex opening, Cineplex’s sister distribution company will screen Hollywood content in existing cinemas around Pakistan. American cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century. ...


New Age Lollywood

Much talent related to the entertainment scene lies unexplored in Pakistan, and this is especially true for cinema. However, things are rapidly changing in Lollywood with some interesting films coming out in 2007.


Ajnabi Shehr Mein (A Stranger in Town)

Lollywood is expected to get some major life from the Karachi filmmaking fraternity with Saqib Malik's directorial debut Ajnabee Shehr Mein (Urdu: "In an Alien City"). Saqib Malik is one of the most critically acclaimed directors in the Pakistani satellite entertainment circles, and his film, which brings together some of Pakistan's best talents, is being much awaited. The film pairs the latest teen sensation Ali Zafar along with the likes of megastar Shaan and Samina Peerzada. Ramp model Tooba Siddiqui also debuts on the celluloid with this film, while rumors are already floating about a sensational score whipped up by none other than Shanee, the music composer who has worked with some of the best people on the Pakistani pop scene. The film marks the forte of Lollywood into the urban thriller genre.   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ... Saqib Malik is one of the most established directors in Pakistan, known primarily for his avant-garde videos and advertisements. ... Spoiler warning: Ajnabee Shehr Mein is a film being directed by the ace Pakistani ad-film maker Saqib Malik . ... Ali Zafar (Urdu: علی ظفر) is a Pakistani singer, actor ,painter and model, known as the Prince of Pop. He is very-well known all around South Asia for his looks, his talent, his mesmerizing smile , his dazed eyes and his hit songs like, Channo, Rangeen, Chal Dil Merey, Dekha . Masty and... Shaan (Urdu: شان), real name Armaan Shahid (Urdu: ارمان شاہد), is one of the most popular film stars in Pakistan. ... Samina Peerzada is one of the more promising directors hailing from Pakistans film industry based in Lahore. ... Tooba Siddiqui is a famous Pakistani model who makes her celluloid debut with Saqib Maliks Ajnabee Shehr Mein. ...


According to sources...Ali Zafar Backed off from this film as well has Saqib Malik.


Khuda Ke Liye (In The Name of God)

Shoaib Mansoor's Khuda Ke Liye is another film which is blipping on the radars of all Lollywood buffs. The film bundles Pakistan's most established stars with some of the most promising newcomers. Iman Ali, Fawad, Shaan, Naseeruddin Shah and Hameed Sheikh make their celluloid debut with Khuda Ke Liye while the film will also establish television director Shoaib Mansoor's cinematic first. Shoaib Mansoor is a Pakistani producer, director, writer and composer. ... Khuda Kay Liye (Urdu: خدا کے لیے, translation: For Gods sake) is a Pakistani Urdu-language movie directed by Shoaib Mansoor. ... Iman Ali (Urdu: امان علی) (born December 19, 1980) is a popular Pakistan-based model and actress. ... Shaan (Urdu: شان), real name Armaan Shahid (Urdu: ارمان شاہد), is one of the most popular film stars in Pakistan. ... Naseeruddin Shah in the role of Mirza Ghalib Naseeruddin Shah aka Nasiruddin Shah (b. ... Hameed Sheikh (Urdu: حمید شیخ) was born in Quetta Pakistan he did his schooling from Sanda man high school Quetta he started his acting career from his School his first TV Drama was From PTV Pakistan television With Jamal Shah and Frayal Ali gouher Hameed Sheikh did more then 20 TV serials... Khuda Kay Liye (Urdu: خدا کے لیے, translation: For Gods sake) is a Pakistani Urdu-language movie directed by Shoaib Mansoor. ... Shoaib Mansoor is a Pakistani producer, director, writer and composer. ...


Ramchand Pakistani

Recently Mehreen Jabbar, one of Pakistan’s outstanding young directors who has directed and produced a large number of highly acclaimed, award-winning TV serials and plays including New York Stories, Pehchaan, Kahaniyaan and Putli Ghar, completed the filming phase of her first directorial venture into big-screen cinema, it is called Ramchand Pakistani. The film is in Urdu, with a Hindi version, but for international audiences it will be sub-titled in English and other foreign languages Nandita plays Champa, a Pakistani Hindu woman who is left desolate when her young son and husband disappear one day from their village at the Pakistan-India border near Nagarparkar, in Tharparkar. Nandita Das is the only non-Pakistani actor in the large cast comprising well-known Pakistani TV and stage personalities including Rashid Farooqi, Noman Aijaz, Maria Wasti, Zhalay Sarhadi, Syed Fazal Ahmed, (who plays the title role) Farooq Pario, Shahood Alvi, Adarsh Ayaz, Salim Mairaj, Tipu and Navaid Jabbar (no relation to the producer or director).


Zibahkhana (Hell's Ground)

Recently, Pakistan's first modern horror film Zibahkhana premiered to positive feedback from audiences and critics alike at film festivals around the world. Films like these comprise the New Wave Pakistani Cinema and are expected to give the Lollywood industry a reach to a wider audience and more worldwide international recognition! The movie was directed by Omar Ali Khan, who owns a chain of popular ice cream parlours in Pakistan. He is a horror film fanatic and is considered one of the foremost authority on sub-continent horror cinema. The movie's cinematography was done by Najaf Bilgrami, who is a graduate from the London Film School. The film stars Kunwar Ali Roshan, Rubya Chaudhary, Rooshanie Ejaz, Osman Khalid Butt, Haider Reza and the legendary Dracula of Pakistani cinema Rehan. Zibahkhana (English: Hells Ground) is an Urdu-English film directed by Omar Khan. ...


ZIBAHKHANA is set to open theatrically in Pakistan in a limited run beginning with the Cinepax in Rawalpindi


Freedom Sound

Main article: Freedom Sound (film)

A upcoming film about Pakistan 30 years in the future. Freedom Sound is an upcoming movie in Pakistan releasing in 2008. ...


http://www.cityfm89.com/website/freedomsound.aspx


Jami's Project

Jamshed Mehmood, aka Jami, is responsible for directing some of the most memorable advertisements and music videos in Pakistan. It has now been reported that he is busy working on his feature film, portions of which have already been shot. Hailed as one of the most talented figures in the Pakistani media, his film is bound to stir interest of Pakistani cinema aficionados.


Problems

Banning of the Indian films

In 1968, the release of Indian films in Pakistani cinemas were banned and Pakistan lost one of its competitors. The net result was a loss of a large business circuit and isolation of Pakistani cinema industry for years to come. This also made it easier for the writers, producers and directors to steal from the Indian films they could watch abroad and the Pakistani viewers could not.


Loss of Dhaka

After the 1971 war with East Pakistan (Bangladesh) they lost its East wing and with it the films making centre of Dhaka. This was the second major mishap to happen to the Pakistani cinema industry within a short period of time.


Rivalry instead of Competition

A few years later, a rivalry began between Lahore and Karachi film production centres and the healthy environment started to fade out. Lahore had some sort of an edge over Karachi and soon film people began to move to Lahore. Although the best film processing lab of Pakistan was located at the International Studios in Karachi. The Karachi centre began to lose its colour. The Karachi film studios became deserted.   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ...   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ...   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ...   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ...   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ...   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ...


Conversion of cinema halls into shopping centres

On the other hand, as a city Karachi began to grow at an extra-ordinary pace and the price of the property shot up significantly. The film industry was now considered bad investment and hence the cinema halls all around Karachi were converted into shopping centres. The same happened a little later in Lahore as well. This made the film industry loose a lot of revenue, making the industry even less attractive for investment and a lot of professional financiers left the cinema industry of Pakistan for good and began investing elsewhere.   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ...   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ...


Taxes

Another problem had been the rate of taxes on film industry as a whole. An entertainment tax of 100% was levied to the people coming to watch a films. This made the investors reluctant, and going to cinema expensive.


Censor policy

Still another problem was the censor policy, which had become very strict in Gen. Zia-ul-Haq's tenure (from 1977 to 1988). General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq محمد ضياء الحق (b. ...


Introduction of the VCR

Introduction of VCR (Video Cassette Recorder) in the late 70s and early 80s provided yet another blow to the already ailing Pakistani cinema. Now, Pakistani film viewers had options: The video cassette recorder (or VCR, less popularly video tape recorder) is a type of video tape recorder that uses removable cassettes containing magnetic tape to record audio and video from a television broadcast so it can be played back later. ...


1) They could watch Indian films which had been banned for about a decade and now the Indian film industry had improved a lot since then, not only in comparison to Pakistani films but it had actually matured. Pakistani film goers fell in love with the Indian films specially since they were made in Urdu and the culture of both Pakistan and India had a lot of similarities since they both were a single country just a few decades back. Urdu ( , , trans. ...


2) They could watch films at the luxury of their own homes and


3) They could watch those films at very inexpensive rates, the whole family could watch any films for a 24-hour rental of Rs 10 (US$ 1 at that time) only while the cinema ticket cost was about Rs 12 per head). As a result, most people stopped frequenting cinema halls altogether.


Lack of education

Unfortunately, Pakistan film industry has always suffered from lack of educated people. Rich feudal lords come to the film world with bags full of money in the hope of rubbing shoulders with the celebrities and wishing to be one notch up against their rival neighbourly lords. They are mostly uneducated but they come for the cinema production with ideas of their own (actually ideas adapted from films they have previously seen) and they insist on making films that they have visualized.


The mostly uneducated people of the film world of Pakistan have only one goal with two points in mind: Survival 1) To stay in the business because they cant do anything else and 2) To make some money, they agree to stoop as low as they are asked to.


The money loaded lords then ask the writers to copy from other films, ask the music directors to make songs out of old Pakistani or Indian songs. This list just keeps on growing.


Most of the people involved in making of films lack the insight as to what they are doing to the media they work for.


Dis-interest

Now the situation was that no one was willing to invest and no was interested in watching Pakistani films. And there was no government support (films are considered an industry all over the world, here in Pakistan, it is not.) And worst of all, the films that were still being made lost their previous good quality.


Families stopped going to cinemas

Who watched these mainly low quality films in Pakistan? Men who came to work in large cities from rural areas and villages! They formed groups who went to watch these movies as they had no other entertainment available to them. This has been a cause for the families to refrain from going to the cinema houses, as these groups of all-male villagers ogled the urban females shamelessly, made loud remarks about them and shouted a lot (perhaps to attract attention), this was fun to these uncouth youths. But to others it was considered highly unethical, and made the metropolitan female viewers uncomfortable. When a family does not go to watch a film, about three quarters of the viewers are lost, meaning huge loss to the cinema industry.


This is the reason for the administration of the newly constructed cineplex at the Clifton beach area to make it a rule that no single male or group of all-male viewers would be allowed to enter the premises. Cineplex Odeon Cinemas was one of North Americas largest movie theatre operators, with theatres in its home country of Canada and the United States. ... The major city of Karachi is the port for access to the Arabian Sea. ...

One of the oldest cinemas in Karachi still running
One of the oldest cinemas in Karachi still running

Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ...

From top to bottom

At the peak of Pakistani cinema industry in the mid 1970s, Karachi alone had more than a 100 cinema houses and to the tune of 200 films were produced and released each year. Now the cinema houses have dwindled and can be counted on fingers, while the production of films have also nose dived to about 10 to 15 films a year.


Still, there were a handful of people who kept the industry alive, although most of the people belonging to the Pakistani cinema industry have been illiterate and non-professional people who chose poor subjects for their movies and they also indulged in copying Indian as well as old Pakistani films.


The die-hard people

Yet there have always been die-hard people who were sincere in what they did, including Pakistani film actors Nadeem, Shaan (actor), Javed Sheikh and writer, director, and producer Syed Noor and many more. This does not cite any references or sources. ... Shaan (Urdu: شان), real name Armaan Shahid (Urdu: ارمان شاہد), is one of the most popular film stars in Pakistan. ... Javed Sheikh (Urdu: جاوید شیخ, also spelled Javaid) is a Pakistani actor, director and producer who is involved with Bollywood, Lollywood, and Pollywood films. ... Syed Noor is Pakistani film director based in Lahore. ...


Areas of progress

Some progress worth mentioning was made in the sound recording, sound effects and picture quality departments. However, the story and script departments have suffered the most, as the illiterate producers keep on asking the writers to watch this film or that one and copy it. Pakistani cinema has suffered a lot at the hands of uneducated people. All these combined problems brought the Pakistani cinema to its knees.


Attempts to revive

Many people tried to revive the Pakistan cinema industry from time to time with some success, but overall condition remained rather low.


At the moment (in 2007), another attempt of reviving the industry is underway by producing some high quality movies with proper advertising campaigns. Even a few Indian movies are permitted for release. Some people are trying to co-produce films with India while others from outside the industry (but belonging to the related fields like television and advertising) are also trying to make movies that are different and better from the ordinary films produced in the film industry now located mainly in Lahore (and called Lollywood).


See also

The Kara Film Festival is the only internationally recognized film festival of Pakistan, to represent Lollywood annually held in Karachi. ...   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ... Karachi has not a film industry. ... A list of Pakistani and Urdu language films in year order: This film, television, or video-related list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... This is a list of Pakistani film and television actors and actresses that have entered the industry, currently working or have left the industry. ... Heres is alist of the female actresses that have appeared on the Pakistan film and television industry. ... The billboards of Lahore  reveal a lot about its culture. ... Shahnoor Studios (also spelt as Shahnur Studios) is the studio founded by Syed Shaukat Hussain Rizvi and his first wife the famous singer/actress Noor Jehan. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Asian cinema refers to the film industries and films produced in the continent of Asia. ... South Asian cinema refers to the cinema of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan and the Maldives. ...

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