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Encyclopedia > Cindy Sherman
Cindy Sherman
Born January 19, 1954 (1954-01-19) (age 53)
Glen Ridge, New Jersey
Nationality American
Field photographer
Training State University of New York
Famous works Complete Untitled Film Stills, 1977-1980
Awards MacArthur Fellowships

Cindy Sherman (born January 19, 1954 in Bay ridge, New York) is an American photographer and film director known for her conceptual self-portraits. Sherman currently works in New York. is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Map of Glen Ridge in Essex County Glen Ridge is a borough in Essex County, New Jersey, USA. As of the United States 2000 Census, the borough population was 7,271. ... A photographer at the Calgary Folk Music Festival Paparazzi at the Tribeca Film Festival A photographer is a person who takes a photograph using a camera. ... Not to be confused with University of the State of New York. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation is a major private grant-making foundation based in Chicago that has awarded more than US$3 billion since its inception in 1978. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A photographer at the Calgary Folk Music Festival Paparazzi at the Tribeca Film Festival A photographer is a person who takes a photograph using a camera. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... This article is about the state. ...

Contents

Early years

Cindy Sherman was born on January 19, 1954 in Glen Ridge, New Jersey, USA. Shortly after her birth, her family moved to the township of Huntington, Long Island. For the hamlet within the Town of Huntington, see Huntington (CDP), New York. ...


She became interested in the visual arts at college (SUNY Buffalo), and started painting. Becoming frustrated with the what she saw as painting's limitation, she abandoned it and took up photography. "[T]here was nothing more to say [through painting]. I was meticulously copying other art and then I realized I could just use a camera and put my time into an idea instead." She spent the rest of her college career focused on photography. While in college she met Robert Longo, and together with Charles Clough, created Hallwalls, an arts center. University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (UB) (also known as SUNY Buffalo) is a coeducational public research university, which has multiple campuses located in Buffalo and Amherst, New York, USA. Offering 84 bachelors, 184 masters and 78 doctoral degrees, it is the largest and most...


Photographic career

Sherman works in series, typically photographing herself in a range of costumes. For example, in her landmark 69 photograph series, the Complete Untitled Film Stills, (1977-1980) Sherman appeared as B-movie, foreign film and film noir style actresses. Sherman's most recent series, dated 2003, features her as clowns. Although Sherman does not consider her work feminist, many of her photo-series, like the 1981 "Centerfolds," call attention to the stereotyping of women in films, television and magazines. The term B-movie originally referred to a film designed to be distributed as the lower half of a double feature, often a genre film featuring cowboys, gangsters or vampires. ... This still from The Big Combo (1955) demonstrates the visual style of film noir at its most extreme. ... Feminism is a social theory and political movement primarily informed and motivated by the experience of women. ... For the term used in Computing, see Stereotype (computing). ...


In response to cuts to NEA funding and attempts to censor photographers Robert Mapplethorpe and Andres Serrano, in 1989 Sherman produced the Sex series. These photographs featured pieced-together medical dummies in flagrante delicto. Like much of Sherman's work, many critics find the series both disturbing and funny. Many art critics consider Sherman to be not only the most successful female photographer of the modern era, but one of the most successful artists of either genders in the late twentieth century with as much influence on younger artists as did Andy Warhol in his era. The National Endowment for the Arts is a United States federally funded program that offers support and funding for projects that exhibit artistic excellence. ... The cover of Patti Smiths first album, Horses, featured a Robert Mapplethorpe photo. ... Andres Serrano Andres Serrano (born August 15, 1950) is an American photographer who has become most notorious for his controversial piece Piss Christ, a red-tinged photograph of a crucifix submerged in the artists own urine. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... In flagrante delicto or sometimes simply in flagrante (Latin: while [the crime] is blazing) is a legal term used to indicate that a criminal has been caught in the act of committing an offense (compare corpus delicti). ... Andrew Warhola (August 6, 1928 — February 22, 1987), better known as Andy Warhol, was an American artist who was a central figure in the movement known as Pop art. ...


The Untitled Film Stills

The Untitled Film Stills are all black and white photos in which Sherman places herself as an unnamed actress in shots reminiscent of foreign films, Hollywood pictures, B-movies, and film noir. Sherman used her own possessions as props, or sometimes borrowed, as in Untitled Film Still #11 in which the doggy pillow belongs to a friend. The shots were also largely taken in her own apartment. The Unititled Film Stills fall into several distinct groups: The term B-movie originally referred to a film designed to be distributed as the lower half of a double feature, often a genre film featuring cowboys, gangsters or vampires. ... This still from The Big Combo (1955) demonstrates the visual style of film noir at its most extreme. ...

  • The first six are grainy and slightly out of focus (eg. Untitled #4), and each of the 'roles' appears to be played by the same blonde actress.
  • The next group was taken in 1978 at Robert Longo's family beach house on the north fork of Long Island. (Sherman met Longo during her sophomore year, and they were a couple until late 1979)
  • Later in 1978, Sherman began taking shots in outdoor locations around the city. Eg. Unititled Film Still #21
  • Sherman later returned to her apartment, preferring to work from home. She created her version of a Sophia Loren character from the movie Two Women. (Eg. Unititled Film Still #35 (1979))
  • She took several photographs in the series while preparing for a trip to Arizona with her parents. Untitled Film Still #48 (1979), also known as The Hitchhiker, was shot at sunset one evening during the trip.
  • The remainder of the series was shot around New York, like Unititled #54, often featuring a blonde victim typical of film noir.

Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Robert Longo (b. ... Sophia Loren (born September 20, 1934) is a motion picture and stage, Academy Award-winning actress, widely considered to be the most popular Italian actress. ... Sophia Loren in Two Women (La Ciociara) Two Women (also known as La Ciociara) is a 1960 Italian language film which tells the story of a woman trying to protect her teenaged daughter from the horrors of war. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ...

Film career

Sherman has also worked as a film director; her first film was Office Killer in 1997, starring Jeanne Tripplehorn, Molly Ringwald and Carol Kane. She played a cameo role in John Waters' film, Pecker. This article is about motion pictures. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... Office Killer (1997) by first-time director and photographer Cindy Sherman, impresses more than perhaps it should, thanks mostly to its ingenious blend of high power dramatics, macabre humor, and a new twist or two on a time-worn formula. ... Tripplehorn 1990s Jeanne Tripplehorn (born June 10, 1963) is an American film actress. ... Molly Kathleen Ringwald (born February 18, 1968) is an American actress, singer, and dancer. ... Carolyn Laurie Kane (born June 18, 1952, Cleveland, Ohio, USA) is an American actress. ... A cameo role or cameo appearance (often shortened to just cameo) is a brief appearance of a known person in a work of the performing arts, such as plays, films, video games and television. ... John Waters (born April 22, 1946) is an American filmmaker, writer, personality, visual artist and art collector, who rose to fame in the early 1970s for his transgressive cult films. ... Pecker is a 1998 motion picture film directed by John Waters and starring Edward Furlong and Christina Ricci. ...


Awards

In 1995, Sherman was the recipient of one of the prestigious MacArthur Fellowships, popularly known as the "Genius Awards." This fellowship grants $500,000 over five years, no strings attached, to important scholars in a wide range of fields, to encourage their future creative work. The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation is a major private grant-making foundation based in Chicago that has awarded more than US$3 billion since its inception in 1978. ...


Popular culture

In 2006, Sherman created a series of fashion advertisements for designer Marc Jacobs. The advertisements themselves were photographed by photographer Juergen Teller and released as a monograph on April the 4th by Rizzoli. Marc Jacobs (born April 9, 1963 in New York City) is an American fashion designer. ... Juergen Teller (Born 1964, Erlangen, Germany) is a German photographer, based in England. ...


Sherman has been referenced by the electroclash artists Chicks on Speed in the track "Spoken by Stephanie from Marseille, Yes I Do" from the 2000 K Records album The Re-Releases of the Un-Releases. The song refers to Sherman through the lyrics, "...got more faces than Cindy Sherman." Sherman was also the topic of the song "Cindy of a Thousand Lives", from Billy Bragg's 1991 album "Don't Try This at Home". The Cherry Poppin' Daddies' song "Grand Mal" contains this reference to Sherman's work: "She takes Cindy Sherman pictures/And she cuts herself." This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Chicks on Speed are a female electropop group which got its origins in Munich, formed in 1997 after the members had met through the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich. ... K Records is an independent record label in Olympia, Washington, co-founded, owned, and operated by Calvin Johnson, formerly of the bands Cool Rays, Beat Happening, The Go Team, The Halo Benders and, at present, in the band Dub Narcotic Sound System. ... Stephen William Bragg (born December 20, 1957), known as Billy Bragg, is an English musician renowned for his blend of folk, punk-rock, and protest music, and his poetic lyrics dealing with political as well as romantic themes. ... Dont Try This At Home was a reality show produced by LWT (In association with Golden Square Pictures) for ITV between 1998 and 2001. ...


She's also the subject of The Shermans' song, "Cindy Sherman". A documentary, "Guest of Cindy Sherman" is currently in the works about the travails of artist/videographer Paul H-O and his relationship with the great artist (to air on the Sundance Channel in 2008). The feature documentary is directed by H-O and Tom Donahue.


Cindy Sherman is credited in the 'thanks' section of Tiny Colour Movies by British artist and musician John Foxx. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Books

  • (2006) in Johanna Burton (ed.): Cindy Sherman. The MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-52463-5. 
  • (2007) Cindy Sherman: A Play of Selves.Hatje Cantz. ISBN 978-3775719421.
  • (2006) Cindy Sherman: Working Girl.Contemporary Art Museum, St. Louis. ISBN 978-0971219588.
  • (2004) Cindy Sherman: Centerfolds. Skarstedt Fine Art. ISBN 0-9709090-2-0.
  • (2003) Cindy Sherman: The Complete Untitled Film Stills. Museum of Modern Art. ISBN 0-87070-507-5.
  • (2002) Elisabeth Bronfen, et.al. Cindy Sherman: Photographic Works 1975-1995 (Paperback). Schirmer/Mosel. ISBN 3-88814-809-X.
  • (2001) Early Work of Cindy Sherman. Glenn Horowitz Bookseller. ISBN 0-9654020-3-7.
  • (2000) Leslie Sills, et.al. In Real Life: Six Women Photographers. Holiday House. ISBN 0-8234-1498-1.
  • (2000) Amanda Cruz, et.al. Cindy Sherman: Retrospective (Paperback). Thames & Hudson, ISBN 0-500-27987-X.
  • (1999) Essential, The: Cindy Sherman. Harry N. Abrams, Inc., ISBN 0-8109-5808-2.
  • (1999) Shelley Rice (ed.) Inverted Odysseys: Claude Cahun, Maya Deren, Cindy Sherman. MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-68106-4.

MIT Press Books The MIT Press is a university publisher affiliated with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... Thames & Hudson (also Thames and Hudson and sometimes T&H for brevity) are a publisher, especially of art and illustrated books, founded in 1949 by Walter and Eva Neurath. ... Harry N. Abrams, Inc. ... MIT Press Books The MIT Press is a university publisher affiliated with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ...

Interviews

Film and Video

  • Cindy Sherman [videorecording] : Transformations. by Paul Tschinkel; Marc H Miller; Sarah Berry; Stan Harrison; Cindy Sherman; Helen Winer; Peter Schjeldahl; Inner-Tube Video. 2002, 28 minutes, Color. NY: Inner-Tube Video.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tate Magazine Issue 5: Cindy Sherman (2040 words)
Sherman came of age with the Big Bad Boy artists of the 1980s, and, unlike some of her blustery comrades, she is still big and bad - in fact, the biggest and baddest of them all.
Sherman's studio is as modest as she is: a large room that takes up roughly half her loft apartment in New York; a small shooting area with backdrops and desks strategically placed.
Cindy Sherman was born in Glen Ridge, New Jersey, in 1954.
Cindy Sherman's Untitled Film Stills (436 words)
Sherman reveals gender as an unstable and constructed position, which suggests that there is no innate biological female identity.
The American feminist artist Cindy Sherman (1954) is famous for the Untitled Film Stills series (1977-1980) that consist of fl-and-white photographs of the artist posing in different stereotypical female roles.
Sherman depicts a woman in designer clothes losing self-confidence who cannot bear the pressure of her forced role.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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