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Encyclopedia > Cinéma vérité

Cinéma vérité is a form of documentary. The name is a French phrase meaning, literally "true film". The term comes from the literal translation of Dziga Vertov's Kino-Pravda series of the 1920s. While Vertov's announced intention in coining the word was to use film as a means of getting at "hidden" truth, largely through juxtapostions of scenes, the French term refers more to a technique influenced by Vertov than to his specific intentions. A documentary is a work in a visual or auditory medium presenting political, scientific, social, or historical subjects in a factual and informative manner. ... Dziga Vertov (January 2, 1896–February 12, 1954) was a Russian documentary film and newsreel director. ... Kino-Pravda was a newsreel series by Dziga Vertov, Elizaveta Svilova, and Mikhail Kaufman. ... Sometimes referred to as the Roaring Twenties or the Jazz Age. ...

Robert Flaherty's Nanook of the North (1922) is also often seen as an ancestor to cinéma vérité, in that it was a partially scripted film that used the techniques of documentary filmmaking. As a silent film, it was immune from a problem that would arise with the advent of sound: for many years it was impossible to record sound in an unstructured environment, requiring documentaries to rely on narration. Robert Joseph Flaherty (February 16, 1884, Iron Mountain, Michigan, United States - July 23, 1951, Dummerston, Vermont) was a filmmaker who directed and produced the first feature length documentary (Nanook of the North) in 1922. ... Nanook of the North is a documentary motion picture by Robert J. Flaherty. ... 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... A documentary is a work in a visual or auditory medium presenting political, scientific, social, or historical subjects in a factual and informative manner. ... In fiction, a narrator is a voice or character who tells the story. ...

The aesthetic of the movement, which began in the 1950s and flourished in the 1960s was essentially the same as that of the mid-1950s "free cinema" in the UK and the Direct Cinema movement in the United States, introduced by the Drew Associates. Incongruously in France and Quebec it is usually called "cinéma direct". Millennia: 1st millennium - 2nd millennium - 3rd millennium Events and trends Technology United States tests the first fusion bomb. ... Events and trends The 1960s was a turbulent decade of change around the world. ... Its useful to distinguish Direct Cinema from Cinema Verite. ... ...

Borrowing techniques from documentary film (but eschewing the use of voiceovers) cinéma vérite aims for an extreme naturalism, using non-professional actors, nonintrusive filming techniques, frequent use of hand-held camera, the use of genuine locations rather than sound stages, and naturalistic sound without post-production. The movement was fueled as much by technological as artistic developments. Cameras had become small enough to be portable and unbotrusive. Even more important cameras were now quiet so that natural sound could be recorded at the same time as filming. Technologies linking cameras and recorders made the clapboard obsolete, further freeing the filmmaker. A sound stage is a hangar-like structure, building or room, that is soundproof for the production of theatrical motion pictures and television, usually inside a movie studio. ... Post production is the general term for the last stage of film production in which photographed scenes (also called footage) are put together into a complete film. ... Clapboard is a board used typically for exterior horizontal siding that has one edge thicker than the other and where the board above laps over the one below. ...

John Cassavetes is credited with developing an American style of cinéma vérité. John Cassavetes (December 9, 1929 - February 3, 1989) was an American actor, screenwriter, and director. ...

In principle, the film movement Dogme 95 features similar tenets, but in practice most Dogme 95 films show far more indications of the scripting and direction than is typical for cinéma vérité. Dogme 95 is a movement in filmmaking developed in 1995 by the Danish directors Lars von Trier, Thomas Vinterberg, Kristian Levring, and Søren Kragh-Jacobsen. ...

A modern proponent of cinéma vérité is the U.S. film director Scott Shaw. The style of filmmaking he developed and titled Zen Filmmaking is foundationally based upon the concepts of cinéma vérité. He has created a number of films in this style. The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... Scott Shaw Scott Shaw, Ph. ... Zen Filmmaking is a specific style and process of filmmaking developed and titled by Scott Shaw in association with Donald G. Jackson. ...

Filmmakers generally associated with cinéma vérité include:

Richard Leacock (born July 18, 1921, London) is a film director. ... 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jean Rouch (31 May 1917 - 18 February 2004) was a French motion-picture director and ethnologist. ... D.A. Pennebaker is a documentary filmmaker. ... Frederick Wiseman (Born 1 January 1930 in Boston, Massachusetts USA) is a Documentary filmmaker. ... Scott Shaw Scott Shaw, Ph. ...

Cinéma vérité films

The techniques (if not always the spirit) of cinéma vérite can also be seen in such films as the Blair Witch Project and in mockumentaries such as A Hard Day's Night and This Is Spinal Tap. Primary is a 1960 cinema verite documentary film. ... The Battle of Algiers (in Italian, La Battaglia di Algeri) is a 1965 black-and-white film directed by Gilles Pontecorvo. ... Dont Look Back is a 1967 documentary film which covers Bob Dylans tour of England in 1965, including appearances by Joan Baez and Donovan. ... High School is a 1969 cinema vérité documentary film which follows the typical day of a group of students at their high school (North East High School in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Salesman is a 1969 cinema verité documentary film which follows four salesmen of expensive Bibles door-to-door in a low-income neighborhood which cannot afford expensive Bibles. ... Hospital is a 1970 cinema verite documentary film made for television which explores the daily activities of the people at a large-city hospital, with emphasis on its emergency ward and outpatient clinics. ... West 47th Street is a highly-acclaimed, award-winning cinema verite documentary film by Bill Lichtenstein and June Peoples. ... Chantal Renaud, Landrys girlfriend, runs to the campaign bus. ... The Blair Witch Project is a low budget 1999 horror film in which three young film students mysteriously disappear from the face of the earth after being stalked through the woods, lost and kept awake by an unseen antagonist. ... Mockumentary (portmanteau of mock documentary. ... The film A Hard Days Night (1964) is a mockumentary written by Alun Owen and starring The Beatles during the height of Beatlemania. ... In medicine, spinal tap is a synonym for lumbar puncture. ...



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