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Encyclopedia > Cidade Velha

Cidade Velha (Portuguese for old city) is a city located 15 km from Praia (Cape Verde's capital) on Santiago. It used to serve as the capital of Cape Verde. The name was changed to Cidade Velha to avoid confusion of another Ribeira Grande in another island. Cidade Velha is the oldest settlement in Cape Verde. A city is an urban area, differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... Aerial view of Praia Praia, population 61,644 (1990), is the capital of Cape Verde, an island nation in the Atlantic Ocean west of Senegal. ...

Contents


Geography

The area are covered with mountains to the north and forests with mainly grasslands. There is no road connected to the west.


History

The island was founded as Ribeira Grande (Portuguese for large valley) by António da Noli as the first settlement in Cape Verde in 1462. Cidade Velha was also the first European settlement in the tropics. Settlers were enlisted by the island and Madeira. In 1466, Cidade Velha received monopoly on slavery and became important. Slaves from Guinea-Bissau and from Sierra Leone were shipped from Cidade Velha to Brazil and the Caribbean. The large valley served as a prison. Fljótsdalur in East-Iceland A valley is a landform, which can range from a few square miles (square kilometers) to hundreds or even thousands of square miles (square kilometers) in area. ... Events Settlers from Portugal begin to settle the Cape Verde islands. ... For other uses of the word, see Madeira (disambiguation) Madeira Islands location. ... Events Chimú Empire conquered by troops of the Inca End of term for Regent of Sweden Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna. ... ...


In 1533 it was made the seat of the Roman Catholic West African diocese and it became a city in 1572. In 1585 and 1586, Sir Francis Drake twice attacked the city. In the 17th century, Ribeira Grande was important in carrying supplies from the port. The Portuguese slavery in 1712 was terminated by the Frenchman Jacques Cassart which he plundered and destroyed the city, leading to the relocation of the capital to Praia. Events January 25 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne Boleyn, his second Queen consort. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... West Africa is the region of western Africa generally considered to include these countries: Benin Burkina Faso Cameroon Côte dIvoire (Ivory Coast) Equatorial Guinea Gabon The Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Liberia Mali Niger Nigeria Republic of the Congo (Congo-Brazzaville) Senegal Sierra Leone Togo Chad, Mauritania, and... Pope Pius XI blesses Bishop Stephen Alencastre as fifth Apostolic Vicar of the Hawaiian Islands in a Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace window. ... Events January 16 - The Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ... Events January 12 - The Netherlands adopts the Gregorian calendar Beginning of the Eighth War of Religion in France (also known as the War of the Three Henrys) August 8 - John Davis enters Cumberland Sound in quest for the North West Passage. ... Events November 19 - Henry Barrow, English Puritan and Separatist is imprisoned. ... Sir Francis Drake, c. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... // Events Treaty of Aargau signed between Catholic and Protestants. ... Metropolitan France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the North Sea, and from the Rhine River to the Atlantic Ocean; it is bordered by the United Kingdom, Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Andorra, and Spain. ... Aerial view of Praia Praia, population 61,644 (1990), is the capital of Cape Verde, an island nation in the Atlantic Ocean west of Senegal. ...


Today, Cidade Velha is a small fishing village and the main sources of agricultural production are sugar canes, coconuts and mangoes. Species Ref: ITIS 42058 as of 2004-05-05 Sugarcane is one of six species of a tall tropical southeast Asian grass (Family Poaceae) having stout fibrous jointed stalks whose sap at one time was the primary source of sugar. ... Binomial name Cocos nucifera L. Also a song by Harry Nilsson The Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera), is a member of the Family Arecaceae (palm family). ... Species Mangifera altissima Mangifera caesia Mangifera camptosperma Mangifera casturi Mangifera foetida Mangifera indica Mangifera kemanga Mangifera longipes Mangifera macrocarpa Mangifera odorata Mangifera pajang Mangifera pentandra Mangifera persiciformis Mangifera siamensis The mango (Mangifera spp. ...


Sites of Interests

  • Pelourinho - Located in a square praça and has the history of slavery in Ribeira Grande dating back to 1513. It was first raised in 1520
  • Fort Real de São Filipe, constructed in 1590 was a fort which was built for attacking pirates and defending the Portuguese colony from French and theEnglish. The elevation is at 120 m above sea level.

Events January 20 - Christian II becomes King of Denmark and Norway. ... Events January 18 - King Christian II of Denmark and Norway defeats the Swedes at Lake Asunde. ... Events March 14 - Battle of Ivry - Henry IV of France again defeats the forces of the Catholic League under the Duc de Mayenne. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Ethnicity...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Amorcriolo.......Nos cultura e nos riqueza (3603 words)
Cidade Velha was the first European center built by the Portuguese in the tropics during the adventurous period of geographical discoveries.
The first Cape Verdeans were born at Cidade Velha, a meeting point of the first Europeans and slaves coming from the West Coast of Africa to settle and cultivate the islands.
The Fortaleza of Sao Filipe, one of the grandest historical monuments of Cidade da Ribeira Grande witnesses the Portuguese presence in Cape Verde.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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