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Encyclopedia > Chutney
Traditional grinding stone used for making chutney in India
Traditional grinding stone used for making chutney in India
Coconut chutney
Coconut chutney
Mango chutney
Mango chutney
Simple tomato chutney
Simple tomato chutney
Chutneys
Chutneys
Dakshin chutneys
Dakshin chutneys
Egg plant and lemon chutneys from Goa
Egg plant and lemon chutneys from Goa

Chutney (British spelling) or chatni (Urdu, Hindi, Bengali or Tamil transliteration) is a term for a variety of sweet and spicy condiments, originally from the Indian subcontinent usually involving a fresh, chopped primary vegetable or fruit with added seasonings. Chutney, as a genre, is often similar to the Indian pickle and the salsa of Latin American cuisine, or European relish. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Chutney music is a form of music indigenous to the southern Caribbean (primarily Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana and Suriname) which derives elements from soca and Indian filmi songs. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 675 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 675 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (4368 × 2912 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (4368 × 2912 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (2868 × 1912 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (2868 × 1912 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used, along with English, for central government administrative purposes. ... Bangla redirects here. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... Transliteration is the practice of transcribing a word or text written in one writing system into another writing system. ... A condiment is a garnishment applied to food in the form of a sauce, powder, spread, or similar delivery medium. ... Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ... “Achar”, the Hindi word for a variety of spicy pickled side dish or condiment, redirects here. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... For other uses, see Relish (disambiguation). ...


Chutney may be dry or wet; dry chutney is generally in the form of powder. In India, a chutney is often made to be eaten fresh, using whatever suitable strongly flavoured ingredients are locally traditional or available at the time. It would not normally contain preserving agents, since it is intended to be consumed soon after preparation. The Hindi translation of "to make chutney" is a common idiom meaning "to crush". This is because the process of making chutney often involves the crushing together of the ingredients.[citation needed]


The use of a stone mortar and pestle is often regarded as vital to create the ideal chutney. It consists of a small stone bowl (called a "kharal" or "khal" in Hindi, Tamil kal கல்), or a flat piece of stone (called a "sil") on which the ingredients are crushed together with a rounded stick of stone or wood (called a "batta", pronounced with a hard 't'). A mortar and pestle is a tool used to crush, grind, and mix substances. ...


Chutney is more familiar in North America and Europe in a form that can be stored. To this end, vegetable oil, vinegar, or lemon juice are used to enhance the keeping properties. North American redirects here. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with cooking oil. ... Vinegar is sometimes infused with spices or herbs—as here, with oregano. ... This article is about the fruit. ...

Contents

Types of chutney

Many authentic chutneys contain significant amounts of fresh green chili peppers; the other main ingredient can be any of a wide variety of fruits and vegetables. Most vegetable chutneys are prepared cold in a blender, while many fruit chutneys do require cooking. Popular chutneys include: For other uses, see Chili. ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Vegetable (disambiguation). ... An electric blender. ...

  • Coconut chutney
  • Onion chutney
  • Tomato chutney
  • Coriander (Cilantro) and/or mint chutney (both are often called Hari chutney, where 'Hari' is Hindi for 'Green')
  • Tamarind chutney (Imli chutney)
  • Mango chutney (made from unripe, green mangos)
  • Lime chutney (made from whole, unripe limes)
  • Garlic chutney made from fresh garlic, coconut and groundnut
  • Green tomato chutney. Common English recipe to use up unripe tomatoes
  • Peach Chutney, predominantly in South African Mrs Ball's Chutney
  • Chilli Chutney, predominantly in South African Mrs Ball's Chutney
  • Peanut chutney (shenga chutney in marathi)


In temperate countries, chutneys are sometimes made using local main ingredients such as apples, peaches or tomatoes. For other uses, see Coconut (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Onion (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tomato (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Coriander (disambiguation). ... “Mint” redirects here. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used, along with English, for central government administrative purposes. ... Binomial name L. This article refers to the tree. ... MaNGOS (Massive Network Game Object Server [2]) is a free, open source, cross-platform, object-oriented MMORPG server project, hosted on SourceForge. ... Binomial name Citrus X aurantifolia {{{author}}} Limes cut in half Lime (Citrus X aurantifolia) is a citrus tree originating from the Malay Achipelago. ... Garlic Chutney is made from fresh garlic, dry or fresh coconut and groundnuts and red [[chilli] powder. ... Binomial name L. Allium sativum L., commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion family Alliaceae. ... For other uses, see Coconut (disambiguation). ... This article is about peanut, the food. ... Species Malus domestica Malus sieversii Apple is the fruit (pome) of the genus Malus belonging to the family Rosaceae, and is one of the most widely cultivated tree fruits. ... Binomial name (L.) Batsch Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... For other uses, see Tomato (disambiguation). ...


American and European styled chutneys are usually fruit, vinegar and sugar, cooked down to a reduction.


Flavourings are always added to the mix. These may include sugar, salt, garlic, tamarind, onion, or ginger. This article is about sugar as food and as an important and widely-traded commodity. ... This article is about common table salt. ... Binomial name L. Allium sativum L., commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion family Alliaceae. ... Binomial name L. This article refers to the tree. ... For other uses, see Onion (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Ginger (disambiguation). ...


Spices most commonly include fenugreek, coriander, cumin and asafoetida (hing). For other uses, see Spice (disambiguation). ... Binomial name L. Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) or menthya (Kannada)or Venthayam (Tamil) belongs to the family Fabaceae. ... Binomial name Coriandrum sativum Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) is an annual herb commonly used in Middle Eastern, Mediterranean, Indian, Latin American and Southeast Asian cooking. ... Geerah redirects here. ... Binomial name L. Asafoetida (Ferula assafoetida, family Apiaceae), alternative spelling asafetida (also known as devils dung, stinking gum, asant, food of the gods, hing, and giant fennel) is a species of Ferula native to Iran. ...


In South Africa there is a traditional commercial variety, Mrs Ball's Chutney, that is made with dried fruit. Dried fruit is fruit that has been dried, either naturally or through use of a machine, such as a dehydrator. ...


Etymology

The word chutney is derived from synonymous Persian chāshni (چاشنى) which has originated from Middle Persian Pahlavi of çāshnik, sharing the same root with other Persian words such as chāsht (چاشت) meaning a portion of food. [1] Look up Persian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Pahlavi is a term that refers: (1) to a script used in Iran derived from the Aramaic script, and (2) more broadly, to Middle Persian, the Middle Iranian language written in this script. ... The Pahlavi script was used broadly in the Sasanid Persian Empire to write down Middle Persian for secular, as well as religious purposes. ...


History

Beginning in the 1600 chutneys were shipped to European countries like England and France as luxury goods. Western imitations were called "mangoed" fruits or vegetables. In the nineteenth century, brands of chutney like Major Grey's or Bengal Club created for Western tastes were shipped to Europe. For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Major Greys Chutney is a brand of Crosse & Blackwell and is the number one chutney seller in the United States,[1] is reputed to have been created by a British Army officer in the 1800’s during the height of the British Empire. ...


Generally these chutneys are fruit, vinegar and sugar cooked down to a reduction.


The tradition of chutney making spread throughout the British empire, especially in the Caribbean and American South where chutney is still a popular condiment for ham, pork and fish.


Chutney by Indian region

, Assam (  ) (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a suburb of the city Guwahati. ... For other uses, see Coriander (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Spinacia oleracea L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... For other uses, see Tomato (disambiguation). ... The curry leaf (Latin Murraya koenigii) is a highly aromatic leafy spice. ... The chile pepper (also chili or chilli; from Spanish chile) is the fruit of the plant Capsicum from the nightshade family (Solanaceae). ... This article is about the vegetable. ... This article is about the cultivated vegetable. ... This article is about the fruit. ... A beet (called beetroot in the United Kingdom and its former colonies, as well as table beet, garden beet, blood turnip or red beet) is a plant of the genus Beta of which both the leaves and root are edible. ... This article is about the species Lens culinaris. ... Binomial name Cicer arietinum L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Andhra redirects here. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... For the town in Hoshiarpur district, see Hariana. ... Binomial name L. This article refers to the tree. ... , Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA:  ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... Species About 100 species, see text. ... Aubergine redirects here. ... This article is about the Indian region. ... For other uses, see Coriander (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Chili. ... Binomial name L. This article refers to the tree. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... “Mint” redirects here. ... This article is about the fruit of the plants also called legumes. For the plants themselves, see Fabaceae . ... Superfamilies Alpheoidea Atyoidea Bresilioidea Campylonotoidea Crangonoidea Galatheacaridoidea Nematocarcinoidea Oplophoroidea Palaemonoidea Pandaloidea Pasiphaeoidea Procaridoidea Processoidea Psalidopodoidea Stylodactyloidea True shrimp are swimming, decapod crustaceans classified in the infraorder Caridea, found widely around the world in both fresh and salt water. ... For other uses, see Onion (disambiguation). ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Panchamrita generally refers to a concoction used in Hindu worship services. ... Binomial name Linum usitatissimum L. Linnaeus, 17?? Common flax (also known as linseed) is a member of the Linaceae family, which includes about 150 plant species widely distributed around the world. ... Binomial name Guizotia abyssinica (L.f. ... This article is about the legume. ... Binomial name L. Allium sativum L., commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion family Alliaceae. ... , This article is about the Indian state of Punjab. ... For other uses, see Onion (disambiguation). ... Binomial name L. This article refers to the tree. ... Species About 35 species, including: Mangifera altissima Mangifera applanata Mangifera caesia Mangifera camptosperma Mangifera casturi Mangifera decandra Mangifera foetida Mangifera gedebe Mangifera griffithii Mangifera indica Mangifera kemanga Mangifera laurina Mangifera longipes Mangifera macrocarpa Mangifera mekongensis Mangifera odorata Mangifera pajang Mangifera pentandra Mangifera persiciformis Mangifera quadrifida Mangifera siamensis Mangifera similis Mangifera... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA:  , translation: Northern Province), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... For other uses, see Coriander (disambiguation). ... Binomial name L. Allium sativum L., commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion family Alliaceae. ... For other uses, see Mint (disambiguation). ... Species About 35 species, including: Mangifera altissima Mangifera applanata Mangifera caesia Mangifera camptosperma Mangifera casturi Mangifera decandra Mangifera foetida Mangifera gedebe Mangifera griffithii Mangifera indica Mangifera kemanga Mangifera laurina Mangifera longipes Mangifera macrocarpa Mangifera mekongensis Mangifera odorata Mangifera pajang Mangifera pentandra Mangifera persiciformis Mangifera quadrifida Mangifera siamensis Mangifera similis Mangifera... This article is about the legume. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchim Bônggo IPA: ) is a state in eastern India. ... Species About 35 species, including: Mangifera altissima Mangifera applanata Mangifera caesia Mangifera camptosperma Mangifera casturi Mangifera decandra Mangifera foetida Mangifera gedebe Mangifera griffithii Mangifera indica Mangifera kemanga Mangifera laurina Mangifera longipes Mangifera macrocarpa Mangifera mekongensis Mangifera odorata Mangifera pajang Mangifera pentandra Mangifera persiciformis Mangifera quadrifida Mangifera siamensis Mangifera similis Mangifera... Species See text. ... This article is about the fruit. ... Binomial name Prunus armeniaca L. For other uses, see Apricot (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tomato (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Potato (disambiguation). ...

References

  • Weaver, William Woys. "Chutney." Encyclopedia of Food and Culture. Ed. Solomon H. Katz. Vol. 1. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2003. 417-418. 3 vols.

Dehkhoda Dictionary is the largest ever lexical compilation of the Persian language. ...

External links

  • Chutneys

  Results from FactBites:
 
What is Chutney? (413 words)
Chutney is similar in consistency to jelly, salsa or relish, and is used as a sweet and sour condiment.
Chutney is usually eaten fresh in its native India, but as chutney has been westernized, like many things, it is mass-produced and can be bought in nearly any supermarket in the western world.
Chutney can be served at a formal dinner as a condiment for a fancy meal, or at a casual picnic with tortilla chips or crackers.
What is Chutney Music? (2165 words)
Chutney is an up-tempo, rhythmic song, accompanied by the dholak, the harmonium and the dhantal.
The influences upon chutney are as diverse as the ethnic backgrounds of Trinidadians, and it is especially obvious in those that are closer to soca.
Yankaran, of Brickfield Village, Carapichaima, is the new Chutney Monarch.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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