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Encyclopedia > Churchill Cup
Men's (right) and women's (left) Barclays Churchill Cup trophies
Men's (right) and women's (left) Barclays Churchill Cup trophies

The Churchill Cup (referred to as Barclays Churchill Cup for sponsorship reasons) is an annual rugby union tournament contested by representative men's and women's teams from Canada, England, and the United States, with three invited teams (originally one). The tournament is named after former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Image File history File links Churchill_cup_trophy. ... Image File history File links Churchill_cup_trophy. ... Barclays Bank is the fourth largest bank in the United Kingdom. ... Barclays Bank is the fourth largest bank in the United Kingdom. ... A rugby union scrum. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... In the United Kingdom, the Prime Minister is the head of government, exercising many of the executive functions nominally vested in the Sovereign, who is head of state. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ...

Contents

Overview

The tournament was first held in 2003 with only Canada, England and the USA taking part. The tournament was set up to improve the calibre and profile of rugby in North America, and also to help develop English players not yet part of the full national team. Because of the gap in skill levels, the England A side, rebranded in 2006 as England Saxons, took part instead of the full England men's side; however, the full England women's side participated. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... England Rugby is the name of the English national rugby union team. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... First international (also the worlds first) Scotland 4 - 1 England (27 March 1871) Largest win England 134 - 0 Romania (17 November 2001) Worst defeat Australia 76 - 0 England (6 June 1998) World Cup Appearances 5 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 2003 The England national rugby union team (also... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 2004, New Zealand was invited, being represented by the New Zealand Māori men's team and the women's representative team, the Black Ferns. In 2005, Argentina sent its A side to the men's competition. Originally, New Zealand Māori had been invited, but they declined because it would clash with their fixture with the British and Irish Lions. There was no women's competition in either 2005 or 2006, largely because of Canada's preparations to host the Women's Rugby World Cup in 2006. First international Ireland 4 - 13 New Zealand Māori (as the New Zealand Natives) (1888-12-01) Largest win United States 6 - 74 New Zealand Māori (2006-06-07) Worst defeat New Zealand Māori 6 - 31 Australia (1936-09-23) World Cup Appearances 0 (ineligible) New Zealand M... The Black Ferns is New Zealands national womens rugby team. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... First match Otago 3 - 8 Lions (as Great Britain) (28 April 1888) Largest win Argentina 0 - 46 Lions (7 August 1927) Worst defeat New Zealand 38 - 6 Lions (16 July 1983) The British and Irish Lions rugby union side comprises a pick of the best players from England, Ireland, Scotland... The Womens Rugby World Cup is the premier international competition in Rugby union for women. ... The 2006 Womens Rugby World Cup (officially IRB Rugby World Cup 2006 Canada and sometimes referred to as the womens world cup) finals is taking place in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. ...


Currently, the competition is scheduled only through 2007, as the original contract between Rugby Canada, the Rugby Football Union (England) and USA Rugby was a five-year deal. Under the agreement, Canada would host the first three events, while the USA had an option to host in 2006 and 2007. However, because USA Rugby is now involved in hosting the USA Sevens tournament in the IRB Sevens World Series, it allowed Canada to be the principal host in 2006. The 2006 competition saw matches in the USA for the first time, in San Francisco (more precisely, in the Silicon Valley city of Santa Clara), and three Canadian cities hosted matches: Edmonton, Toronto, and Ottawa. 2007 (MMVII) will be a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The current Rugby Canada, the administrative body for rugby union in Canada, has its origins in the Rugby Union of Canada, founded in about 1929. ... The Rugby Football Union (RFU) is the rugby union governing body in England. ... The sport of rugby in the United States has always had a close relationship with the sport of American football. ... The USA Sevens is an annual rugby union sevens tournament held in the United States at 44,500 capacity PETCO Park in San Diego, California. ... The IRB Sevens World Series, known officially as the IRB Sevens before the 2006-07 season and also sometimes called the World Sevens Series, is a series of international rugby union sevens tournaments organised for the first time in the 1999-2000 season. ... Nickname: The City by the Bay; Fog City Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom Area    - City 122 km²  (47 sq mi)  - Land 121. ... A view of downtown San Jose, the self-proclaimed Capital of Silicon Valley. ... Official website: http://www. ... Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta, situated in the north central region of the province, an area with some of the most fertile farm land on the prairies. ... Motto: Advance Ottawa/Ottawa en avant Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario County Established 1850 as Bytown City Mayor Larry OBrien Governing body Ottawa City Council MPs / MPPs Members of Parliament (MPs) Mauril Bélanger (LPC), Paul Dewar (NDP), John Baird (CPC), Royal Galipeau (CPC), David McGuinty (LPC),Pierre Lemieux...


The organizers increased the number of men's teams competing from four to six, effective with the 2006 competition. South Africa and Wales had expressed an interest, but Ireland and Scotland accepted invitations for 2006. Both sent A sides to the competition, and the New Zealand Māori returned that year as well. The Welsh Rugby Union (WRU) (Welsh: Undeb Rygbi Cymru) is the governing body of rugby union in Wales, recognised by the International Rugby Board. ... Logo of Scottish Rugby Union The Scottish Rugby Union (SRU) is the governing body of rugby union in Scotland. ...


In 2007, the Churchill Cup will be held in England for the first time. Both Rugby Canada and USA Rugby agreed to the one-time move largely because both countries' national teams will be competing in the 2007 Rugby World Cup in France.[1] 2007 (MMVII) will be a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... The 2007 Rugby World Cup will be the sixth Rugby World Cup, for the quadrennial world championship. ...


Results

Year Venue(s) Men's Winner Women's Winner
2003 Vancouver England A England
2004 Calgary and
Edmonton
New Zealand Māori New Zealand
2005 Edmonton England A No competition
2006 Edmonton, Toronto,
Ottawa, and San Francisco
New Zealand Māori No competition
2007 Venues in England to be determined To be determined To be determined

For detailed results from a given year's competition (including the current year's), please see the relevant year's tournament's article, where one exists. Vancouver (pronounced: ) is a city in southwestern British Columbia, Canada. ... The England Saxons are the second national rugby union team behind the English national side. ... Calgary is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. ... Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta, situated in the north central region of the province, an area with some of the most fertile farm land on the prairies. ... First international Ireland 4 - 13 New Zealand Māori (as the New Zealand Natives) (1888-12-01) Largest win United States 6 - 74 New Zealand Māori (2006-06-07) Worst defeat New Zealand Māori 6 - 31 Australia (1936-09-23) World Cup Appearances 0 (ineligible) New Zealand M... Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta, situated in the north central region of the province, an area with some of the most fertile farm land on the prairies. ... The England Saxons are the second national rugby union team behind the English national side. ... The 2006 Churchill Cup began on June 3, 2006 and ended on June 17. ... Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta, situated in the north central region of the province, an area with some of the most fertile farm land on the prairies. ... Motto: Advance Ottawa/Ottawa en avant Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario County Established 1850 as Bytown City Mayor Larry OBrien Governing body Ottawa City Council MPs / MPPs Members of Parliament (MPs) Mauril Bélanger (LPC), Paul Dewar (NDP), John Baird (CPC), Royal Galipeau (CPC), David McGuinty (LPC),Pierre Lemieux... Nickname: The City by the Bay; Fog City Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom Area    - City 122 km²  (47 sq mi)  - Land 121. ... First international Ireland 4 - 13 New Zealand Māori (as the New Zealand Natives) (1888-12-01) Largest win United States 6 - 74 New Zealand Māori (2006-06-07) Worst defeat New Zealand Māori 6 - 31 Australia (1936-09-23) World Cup Appearances 0 (ineligible) New Zealand M... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ...


Early history

The Churchill Cup event, named after former British Prime Minster Winston Churchill, "Britain's Man of the Century", sees a five-year agreement amongst England, Canada and the USA with each forming part of the new company, "Churchill Cup Inc.". Former Prime Minster Churchill shared close ties with the United States - his mother was American - and with Canada during the Second World War, so using his name for this event seemed very appropriate.


Concept

Born of an English tour of North America in 2001, the Churchill Cup of Rugby came to fruition in 2003, in Vancouver. The tournament arises out of a 5 year agreement between Rugby Canada, Rugby USA and the Rugby Football Union (England) to hold an annual rugby tournament in North America originally intended to be played between the nations Senior Men's and Women's sides. Canada will host the event from 2003 to 2005, in 2003 and 2004 the event was held in Edmonton, Alberta. While and the US will have the option of picking uphosting the last 2 years of the tournament in 2006 and 2007, with the advent of the USA Sevens in Los Angeles and the reality of moving such an event, it is entirely likely that the event will remain in Canada, specifically Edmonton, through 2007. With respect to the Women's component, with Canada being awarded the 2006 Women's World Cup of Rugby, to be played in Edmonton and the Ottawa/Montreal region, it was felt that for 2005 and 2006 the Women's component should be removed, with the Women playing in the Canada Cup of Women's Rugby in Ottawa/Montreal in July of 2005 and the Women's World Cup itself in September of 2006 in Edmonton and Ottawa/Montreal.


In addition to the changes with respect to the Women's component, in 2004 the decision was made to expand the competition to 4 Nations with the inclusion of an invitational side, which in 2004 was the New Zealand Maori, who won the title in a spectacular overtime match with England. In 2005 Argentina have been selected as the invitation side, which provided great entertainment for the fans and a true test of rugby for the founding Nations in the Churchill Cup. Beyond 2005 there was talk of further expanding the event to perhaps six Nations, with three invitational sides participating. This expansion indeed occurred in 2006.


Purpose

North American rugby has often despaired in the lack of high quality competition on this continent. As other countries participate in the annual Tri-Nations or Six Nations tournaments, Canada and the US are left to schedule one off invitational games with other Nations, subject to other nations being able to accommodate such games in their schedules. In the Men's competition, the middle-power Canadian and American sides can test their mettle against some of the best players England has to offer, and now New Zealand and Argentina with the inclusion of an invitational side. The competition also allows England to develop players who do not regularly participate in the national squad.


Logistics

The 2003 inaugural tournament was played in Vancouver at Thunderbird Stadium. The 2004 Churchill Cup traveled east across the Canadian Rockies to Alberta where games were played in Calgary on the opening weekend and Edmonton for the finals. For 2005 the Churchill Cup was played entirely at Edmonton's 65,000 seat Commonwealth Stadium. The same was initially contemplated for 2006 and 2007, but that plan changed due to the expansion of the tournament in 2006 and logistical issues related to the 2007 Rugby World Cup.


Teams

As of 2006:


Rugby Canada (Canadian first team) The current Rugby Canada, the administrative body for rugby union in Canada, has its origins in the Rugby Union of Canada, founded in about 1929. ...


USA Rugby (US first team) The sport of rugby in the United States has always had a close relationship with the sport of American football. ...


England Saxons (English second team) The England Saxons are the second national rugby union team behind the English national side. ...


New Zealand Māori (New Zealand second team) First international Ireland 4 - 13 New Zealand Māori (as the New Zealand Natives) (1888-12-01) Largest win United States 6 - 74 New Zealand Māori (2006-06-07) Worst defeat New Zealand Māori 6 - 31 Australia (1936-09-23) World Cup Appearances 0 (ineligible) New Zealand M...


Scottish Rugby Union (Scottish second team) Logo of Scottish Rugby Union The Scottish Rugby Union (SRU) is the governing body of rugby union in Scotland. ...


Irish Rugby Football Union (Irish second team) The Irish Rugby Football Union (IRFU) is the body managing rugby union in Ireland. ...


The three founding members (Rugby Canada, USA Rugby and England Saxons) are permanently placed in the Churchill Cup with three additional teams selected for each tournament year. The current Rugby Canada, the administrative body for rugby union in Canada, has its origins in the Rugby Union of Canada, founded in about 1929. ... The sport of rugby in the United States has always had a close relationship with the sport of American football. ... The England Saxons are the second national rugby union team behind the English national side. ...


Past national teams


Argentina national rugby union team (Los Pumas) (Argentine first team) The Argentina national rugby team, nicknamed los Pumas, is currently the top rugby union team in the Americas. ...


Locations

Commonwealth Stadium - Edmonton Alberta Canada


Located in Edmonton, the capital city of Alberta, Commonwealth Stadium is the venue for the Barclays Churchill Cup finals. Commonwealth is also the home of the Canadian Football League's Edmonton Eskimos. During the halftime break of an Eskimos football game in 2003, the Canadian Seven's squad put on a display of rugby to impress the crowd. For the Barclays Churchill Cup finals a capacity crowd is expected of some 25 000. The Edmonton Eskimos are a Canadian Football League team based in Edmonton, Alberta. ...


Buck Shaw Stadium - San Franciso


Named after former Santa Clara football coach, Lawrence T. "Buck" Shaw. The stadium has seen many of that university sporting's achievements. Serving as the home for the Bronco soccer team, the 6,800-seat facility also houses Santa Clara baseball.


Twin Elm Rugby Park - Ottawa


With five rugby fields, 12 changing rooms, two lounges, a bar and spectator seating for hundreds of people. Situated in South Nepean, in the City of Ottawa, the facility is home to several local clubs, including the Ottawa Harlequins, the representative side for Eastern Ontario.


York Stadium - Toronto


See also

The 2006 Churchill Cup began on June 3, 2006 and ended on June 17. ... The Argentina national rugby team, nicknamed los Pumas, is currently the top rugby union team in the Americas. ... First international Japan 9 - 8 Canada (31 January 1932) Largest win Barbados 3 - 71 Canada (24 June 2006) Worst defeat England 70 - 0 Canada (13 November 2004) World Cup Appearances 5 (First in 1987) Best result Quarter Finals, 1991 The Canadian national rugby union team represent Canada in international rugby... First international (also the worlds first) Scotland 4 - 1 England (27 March 1871) Largest win England 134 - 0 Romania (17 November 2001) Worst defeat Australia 76 - 0 England (6 June 1998) World Cup Appearances 5 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 2003 The England national rugby union team (also... First international England 7 - 0 Ireland (15 February 1875) Largest win United States 3 - 83 Ireland (10 June , 2000) Worst defeat New Zealand 59 - 6 Ireland (6 June 1992) World Cup Appearances 5 (First in 1987) Best result Quarter Finals, 1987, 1991, 1995, 2003 The Irish rugby union team, as... First international Ireland 4 - 13 New Zealand Māori (as the New Zealand Natives) (1888-12-01) Largest win United States 6 - 74 New Zealand Māori (2006-06-07) Worst defeat New Zealand Māori 6 - 31 Australia (1936-09-23) World Cup Appearances 0 (ineligible) New Zealand M... First international (also the worlds first) Scotland 4 - 1 England (27 March 1871) Largest win Scotland 100 - Japan 8 (13 November 2004) Worst defeat Scotland 10 - South Africa 68 (6 December 1997) World Cup Appearances 5 (First in 1987) Best result 4th 1991 The Scotland national rugby union team... First international Australia 12 - 8 United States (September 16, 1912) Largest win Barbados 0 - 91 United States (July 1, 2006) Worst defeat England 106 - 8 United States (August 21, 1999) World Cup Appearances 4 (First in 1987) Best result One win in 1987 and 2003 USA Rugbys national team... The Rugby Canada logo. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ England to host the Churchill Cup. BBC (2006-12-05). Retrieved on 2006-12-10.

The British Broadcasting Corporation, invariably known as the BBC (and also informally known as the Beeb or Auntie) is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world, employing 26,000 staff in the UK alone and with a budget of £4 billion. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, 21 days before the next year. ...

External links

  • Churchill Cup official site

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Barclays Churchill Cup Website from RFU.com (583 words)
In 2007, the Barclays Churchill Cup was held in England for the first time.
New Zealand Maori squad for Barclays Churchill Cup
Balshaw one of elite eight for Barclays Churchill Cup
Churchill Cup - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1138 words)
The Churchill Cup (referred to as Barclays Churchill Cup for sponsorship reasons) is an annual rugby union tournament contested by representative men's and women's teams from Canada, England, and the United States, with three invited teams (originally one).
Born of an English tour of North America in 2001, the Churchill Cup of Rugby came to fruition last yearin 2003 in Vancouver.
The 2004 Churchill Cup traveled east across the Canadian Rockies to Alberta where games were played in Calgary on the opening weekend and Edmonton for the finals.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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