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Encyclopedia > Church of God in Christ, Mennonite

Church of God in Christ, Mennonite is a Christian group of Anabaptist heritage; a 19th century offshot of the Old Order Mennonite Church. Among Mennonite groups, they are often referred to as Holdeman Mennonites, due to the original leadership of John Holdeman. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Christianity. ... Anabaptists (Greek ανα (again) +βαπτιζω (baptize), thus, re-baptizers [1], German: Wiedertäufer) are Christians of the Radical Reformation. ... Old Order Mennonites are a branch of the Mennonite church. ... The Mennonites are a group of Christian Anabaptist denominations named after and influenced by the teachings and tradition of Menno Simons (1496-1561). ...

Contents

History

The congregations of the Church of God in Christ, Mennonite are descendants of the Anabaptists of the "Radical Reformation" of the 1500s. In doctrine and practice they profess to carry on the faith of Jesus and His apostles. Holdeman Mennonites also recognize the faith of the Waldenses and other nonconformist groups of the Middle Ages as part of their spiritual heritage. They believe that "Christ established one true, visible Church, and through her He has preserved His faith and doctrine through the ages."


Under the influential work of Menno Simons, many of the Anabaptists became known as Mennonites. The earliest permanent settlement of Mennonites in America was at Germantown, Pennsylvania, in 1683. In the mid 19th century some American Mennonites believed they saw in their church a spiritual decline and drift away from sound doctrine, and sought to "earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints". Among these was John Holdeman (1832-1900), who was born in Wayne County, Ohio to Mennonite parents. John's father, Amos Holdeman, was interested in the revivalist movement of John Winebrenner. John Holdeman became both an evangelist and a reformer. Issues he believed needed reform included the baptism of persons not giving sufficient evidence of conversion, less than diligent child training, and laxity of church discipline. Menno Simons - wood engraving by Christoffel van Sichem 1610 Menno Simons (1496–1561) was an Anabaptist religious leader from Friesland (today a province of The Netherlands). ... Germantown was originally the Borough of Germantown, a town in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania and is today a neighborhood in Philadelphia, about six miles northwest from the center of the city. ... Wayne County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... John Winebrenner (March 25, 1797 - September 12, 1860), American clergyman, founder of the Church of God, was born in Glade Valley, Frederick County, Maryland. ...


Holdeman and other concerned individuals began holding separate meetings in April of 1859, resulting in a permanent separation from the Mennonite church and the eventual organization of the Church of God in Christ, Mennonite. Holdeman wrote extensively and traveled widely, and new congregations were formed in the United States and Canada. Growth among the Mennonites and Amish was minimal until the arrival of Mennonite immigrants from Prussia, who settled in McPherson County, Kansas in 1875. In 1878, Holdeman baptized 78 of members of that group. In 1881, he baptized 118 Kleine Gemeinde Mennonites in Manitoba. They had migrated to North America from Russia. With this group came their leader, Peter Toews. From a small beginning to a membership of around 750 at the time of Holdeman's death, the church experienced slow but steady growth until the mid 1970s. During the later 1970s the growth slowed, then continued. Numerous new churches have been started because of the growth as members have sought opportunity in new locations, and churches have been planted in new states and provinces. IDAHO Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 Prussia (German: ; Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Lithuanian: ; Polish: ; Old Prussian: PrÅ«sa) was, most recently, a historic state originating in East Prussia, an area which for centuries had substantial influence on German and European history. ... McPherson County (standard abbreviation: MP) is a county located in the state of Kansas. ... The Evangelical Mennonite Conference is a Canadian Mennonite body of evangelical Christians, not to be confused with the Evangelical Mennonite Church, a body in the midwestern United States. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Official languages English and French, per mandate of the Constitution Act 1982 Flower Prairie Crocus Tree White Spruce Bird Great Grey Owl Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 14... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ...


Faith and practice

The church holds a strong Mennonite doctrinal heritage. Simplicity and modesty in clothing, homes and personal possessions is held as an ideal. Men wear beards, and women wear a head covering. Baptism is observed by pouring water on the believer's head; closed communion is held with bread and unfermented fruit of the vine; and feet washing is observed with the ministers washing the men's feet and the wives of ministers and/or deacons washing the women's feet. Non-resistance is standard practice, whether among individuals, regarding suits at law, or concerning warfare among nations. Holdeman Mennonites do not vote, serve in the military or in law enforcement. In denying that Jesus was made from the seed of Mary, the Christology of this church is probably closer to the teachings of Menno Simons and Melchior Hoffman than any other Mennonite group. Baptism in early Christian art. ... Closed communion is the practice of restricting the serving of the elements of communion (also called Eucharist, The Lords Supper) to those who are members of a particular church, denomination, sect, or congregation. ... Feet washing is a religious rite observed as an ordinance by several Christian denominations. ... The concept of Non-resistance is based on a reading of the first half of Matthew 5:39, part of the Sermon on the Mount, which says, But I tell you, Do not resist an evil person. ... Christology is that part of Christian theology which studies and attempts to define Jesus the Christ. ... Menno Simons - wood engraving by Christoffel van Sichem 1610 Menno Simons (1496–1561) was an Anabaptist religious leader from Friesland (today a province of The Netherlands). ... Melchior Hoffman or Hofmann (c. ...


Holdeman's teachings on salvation and the Bible probably reflect more evangelical Protestant (and probably pietist) influence. However they believe that a person can lose his or her salvation, and leaving the Holdeman Mennonite church is considered a mark of losing one's salvation. The new birth is described as an experience involving "faith in Jesus Christ as Savior, repentance, forsaking our sins, and a resulting change of life from sin to serving Christ." Outstanding beliefs include nonconformity to the world, church discipline with the avoidance upheld on the excommunicated, integrity in personal dealings and business, non-involvement in government, and emphasis on voluntary service. Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Pietism was a movement, in the Lutheran Church, lasting from the late-17th century to the mid-18th Century. ...


Congregations meet weekly on Sunday mornings for Sunday school and worship. They meet on Sunday and Wednesday evenings for teaching, fellowship, and singing. Their ministers are chosen from within their own ranks; formal training is not required. In fact, formal education beyond eighth grade is only allowed in the congregations in the states of California and Florida (to the tenth grade to comply with compulsory school attendance laws in these cases where religious exemption has not been made) and in the instance where a member is approved to take up the study of nursing by the ministry of that member's congregation. Usually there are several ministers in one congregation. These are chosen by secret blank ballot, and, if a high enough percentage of the congregation votes for the same individual by listing the name on the slip, he is elected. There are no salaried ministers, and they seldom use prepared notes, but rather preach extemporaneously. They worship in fairly plain buildings and use no musical instruments. Singing is a cappella and in four-part harmony. A cappella music is vocal music or singing without instrumental accompaniment, or a piece intended to be performed in this way. ...


A General Conference, made up of ministers, deacons, and other delegates, meets every five or ten years (more often if necessary) for decision-making. Most churches operate a private school for the education of their children.


Status

The Messenger of Truth, which was begun in the early 1900s, is issued bi-weekly from the church headquarters in Moundridge, Kansas. Canadian offices are located in Ste. Anne, Manitoba, Canada. In addition to the United States and Canada, the Holdeman Mennonites have established mission work in Belize, Brazil, the Dominican Republic, Europe, Guatemala, Haiti, India, Mexico, Nigeria, and the Philippines. In January 2001 the largest concentration of membership was 12,450 members in the United States.[1] In Canada, the church had 4,260 members, and a worldwide membership of about 18,900. Current membership still greatly reflects the growth of the church through the Swiss-German ancestry of those such as Holdeman, the Kansas-Prussian ancestry, and the Manitoba-Russian ancestry. Moundridge is a city located in McPherson County, Kansas. ... World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ...


Notes

  1. ^ See www.adherents.com for detailed information.

References

  • A Concise History of the Church of God, by John M. Penner
  • An Introduction to the Church of God in Christ, Mennonite, Gospel Tract and Bible Society
  • Handbook of Denominations in the United States, by Frank S. Mead, et al.
  • Mennonite Encyclopedia, Cornelius J. Dyck, Dennis D. Martin, et al., editors
  • Principles of Faith, by P. G. Hiebert

External links

  • www.Holdeman.org - Unofficial site with information including tracts and forum relating to Holdemans.
  • www.HoldemanMennonite.com - Some basic generic information about the Holdeman church.
  • Church of God in Christ, Mennonite in Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online
  • church of God forum - Unofficial forum of both members and excomunicated members, all public welcome to come in.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Church of God in Christ, Mennonite - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (957 words)
Church of God in Christ, Mennonite is a Christian group of Anabaptist heritage; a 19th century offshot of the Old Order Mennonite Church.
The congregations of the Church of God in Christ, Mennonite are descendants of the Anabaptists of the "Radical Reformation" of the 1500s.
Growth among the Mennonites and Amish was minimal until the arrival of Mennonite immigrants from Prussia, who settled in McPherson County, Kansas in 1875.
Articles of Confession (Church of God in Christ, Mennonite, 1896) (2236 words)
We confess, that God the Father is the head of Christ his Son, and that the Father through Him created all things; the heaven and the earth, the angels in heaven and man on earth, and placed each in their position and calling.
We confess that baptism is an ordinance commanded of God, and that all converted, new born, justified sinners are to be baptized with water in the name of the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost.
We believe in one united Church of God, a true, organized, visible Church of God, which constitutes the true believers, which is a pillar and ground of Truth, unto which she is called for a light unto the people.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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