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Encyclopedia > Church of God in Christ
Church of God in Christ
Classification Protestant
Orientation Pentecostal
Polity Episcopal
Founder Charles Harrison Mason
Origin 1907
Separations Assemblies of God (separated 1913), Church of Christ (Holiness) U.S.A. (separated 1915)
Geographical Area United States
Statistics
Members over 6 million
Christianity portal

The Church of God in Christ, Incorporated is a Christian organization of the Holiness-Pentecostal denomination. Anabaptist & Friends Baptist & Stone-Campbell Catholic & Anglican Holiness & Pietist Lutheran Methodist Orthodox Pentecostal Presbyterian & Reformed Other Church of God is a name used by numerous, mostly unrelated bodies, most of which descend from either Pentecostal/Holiness or Adventist traditions. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Christian doctrine redirects here. ... The Pentecostal movement within Protestant Christianity places special emphasis on the gifts of the Holy Spirit. ... Ecclesiastical polity is the operational and governance structure of a church or Christian denomination. ... It has been suggested that episcopal be merged into this article or section. ... Young C.H. Mason Elder Mason was converted in November, 1878, and baptized by his brother, I. S. Nelson, a Baptist Preacher, who was pastoring the Mount Olive Missionary Baptist Church near Plumerville, Arkansas. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Assemblies of God (disambiguation). ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Church of Christ (Holiness) U.S.A. is a Holiness body of Christians headquartered in Jackson, Mississippi. ... Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links Portal. ... The Pentecostal movement within Protestant Christianity places special emphasis on the gifts of the Holy Spirit. ...

Contents

History

The Church of God in Christ, commonly referred to by its acronym, COGIC, was formed in 1907 by Charles Harrison Mason (1866-1961). Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Young C.H. Mason Elder Mason was converted in November, 1878, and baptized by his brother, I. S. Nelson, a Baptist Preacher, who was pastoring the Mount Olive Missionary Baptist Church near Plumerville, Arkansas. ...


Charles Mason was a licensed Baptist preacher in Arkansas in the 1890s who was disfellowshiped by the local Baptist association in Arkansas for his biblical teaching and preaching of Holiness. He became associated with a group of like-minded individuals who would become subsequently the early African-American leaders of the Holiness Movement in the late 19th century. Charles Price Jones of Jackson, Mississippi, J. A. Jeter, of Little Rock, Arkansas, and W. S. Pleasant of Hazelhurst, Mississippi were a few of these early Holiness leaders. Many revivals were conducted leading to the establishment in Jackson, Mississippiof a new church, eventually called the Church of God In Christ. The first convocation called by these Holiness individuals was held in 1897. Charles Price Jones, Sr. ... This article is about Jackson, the city and related subjects within the city. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Simultaneously in 1897, while seeking a name to distinguish this Holiness organization, Charles Mason believed that the name Church of God in Christ was divinely revealed and biblically supported.The Church Of God In Christ would be reorganized with C.P. Jones as General Overseer, Elder C.H. Mason as Overseer of Tennessee, and Elder J.A. Jeter as Overseer of Arkansas. This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


In 1906, Elder C. H. Mason, Elder Jeter, and Elder D. J. Young were appointed as a committee by General Overseer C. P. Jones to investigate reports of a revival in Los Angeles, conducted by the itinerant preacher, William J. Seymour. Elder C. H. Mason's visit to what was known as the Azusa Street Revival changed the direction of the newly formed Holiness COGIC church. Upon his return to Tennessee from the Azusa Street Revival, C. H. Mason began preaching and teaching the Pentecostal, Holiness message. Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... William Joseph Seymour (May 2, 1870 - September 28, 1922) was an African American minister, and an initiator of the Pentecostal religious movement. ... The Azusa Street Revival was a Pentecostal revival meeting that took place in Los Angeles, California and was led by William J. Seymour, an African American preacher. ... The Pentecostal movement within Protestant Christianity places special emphasis on the gifts of the Holy Spirit. ...


In 1907 Elder Jeter and Elder C. P. Jones rejected C. H. Mason's biblical teaching on the Baptism of the Holy Spirit, resulting in a mutual separation. Overseer C. P. Jones continued to lead his COGIC adherents as a Holiness church, changing the name in 1915 to the Church of Christ (Holiness) U.S.A.. C. H. Mason, called a conference in Memphis, Tennessee and reorganized the Church of God in Christ as a Holiness Pentecostal body. Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Church of Christ (Holiness) U.S.A. is a Holiness body of Christians headquartered in Jackson, Mississippi. ...


The early pioneers of this newly formed COGIC Pentecostal body in 1907 were E.R. Driver, J. Bowe, R.R. Booker, R. E. Hart, W. Welsh, A.A. Blackwell, E.M. Blackwell, E.M. Page, R.H.I. Clark, D.J. Young, James Brewer, Daniel Spearman, and J.H. Boone. These Elders of the newly organized Pentecostal group became the first Pentecostal General Assembly Of The Church Of God in Christ. They unanimously chose Overseer C.H. Mason as General Overseer and Chief Apostle.


Overseer Mason was given authority to establish doctrine, organize auxiliaries and appoint Overseers or Bishops. It was during these formative years that Bishop Mason credentialed both white and African-Americans who would subsequently become leaders of other Pentcostal denominations such as the Assemblies Of God, the Pentecostal Assemblies of the World, and the United Pentecostal Church. For other uses, see Assemblies of God (disambiguation). ... The Pentecostal Assemblies of The World, Inc. ... The United Pentecostal Church International (UPCI) is a United States-based international Christian denomination of the Pentecostal movement, and is headquartered in the St. ...


From November 25 -December 14, Bishop Mason established what is commonly called the COGIC National Holy Convocation of Saints to be held annually in Memphis, TN. The meeting was for worship, preaching, fellowship and to conduct any church business pertaining to the national organization.


The first national COGIC meeting was held at 392 S. Wellington St. in Memphis,TN. The first national tabernacle was built and completed at 958 S. Fifth St. in 1925. This tabernacle was destroyed by fire in 1936. In 1945 Bishop Mason dedicated Mason Temple in Memphis as the church national meeting site. The miracle of this event was that Mason Temple was built for less than $400,000 during World War II. The auditorium hall was the largest church structure owned by any black religious group in America at the time of its completion. The Tabernacle is known in Hebrew as the Mishkan ( משכן Place of [Divine] dwelling). It was to be a portable central place of worship for the Hebrews from the time they left ancient Egypt following the Exodus, through the time of the Book of Judges when they were engaged in conquering... Year 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mason Temple is the central house of worship of the Church of God in Christ, this denomination is the largest Pentecostal group in the United States. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Theology

The Church of God in Christ doctrinal emphasis is the inspired, infallible authority of Scripture, trinitarian, conversion, repentance, salvation in the Lord Jesus Christ, regeneration, justification, sanctification and the Baptism of the Holy Spirit. The Church teaches that the Baptism of the Holy Spirit is given to all Christian believers who ask for it. Divine healing is practiced, but not to the exclusion of medical supervision. Holiness of life and practice are emphasized. The ordinances of the Church, as act of obedience to Faith, are water baptism (immersion), the Lord's Supper (Holy Communion) and the Ordinance of Humility (foot washing). Revelation of the Last Judgment by Jacob de Backer Revelation is an uncovering or disclosure via communication from the divine of something that has been partially or wholly hidden or unknown, which could not be known apart from the unveiling (Goswiller 1987 p. ... Biblical infallibility is the theological term to describe the belief that the Bible is free from errors on issues of faith and practice. ... This article is about the Christian Trinity. ... Conversion to Christianity is the religious conversion of a previously non-Christian person to some form of Christianity. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For other uses, see Salvation (disambiguation). ... Born again is a term used originally and mainly in Christianity, where it is associated with salvation, conversion and spiritual rebirth. ... The Harrowing of Hell as depicted by Fra Angelico In Christian theology, justification is Gods act of declaring or making a sinner righteous before God. ... Sanctification or in its verb form, sanctify, literally means to set apart for special use or purpose, that is to make holy or sacred (compare Latin sanctus holy). Therefore sanctification refers to the state or process of being set apart, i. ... In Christian Pentecostal theology, Baptism with the Holy Spirit is a second baptism, in fire, spoken of by Jesus in the Gospels. ... This article is about the Christian religious act of Baptism. ... For other uses, see Eucharist (disambiguation). ... Feet washing is a religious rite observed as an ordinance by several Christian denominations. ...


Statement of Faith

Members of the church profess the following Statement of Faith:

  • We Believe the Bible to be the inspired and only infallible written word of God.
  • We Believe that there is one God eternally existent in three persons: God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Ghost.
  • We Believe in the blessed hope, which is the rapture of the church of God which is in Christ at his return.
  • We Believe that the only means of being cleansed from sin, is through repentance, faith in the precious blood of Jesus Christ and being baptized in water.
  • We Believe that regeneration by the Holy Spirit is absolutely essential for personal salvation.
  • We Believe that the redemptive work of Christ on the cross provides healing for the human body in answer to believing prayer.
  • We Believe that the Baptism of the Holy Ghost according to Acts 2:4 is given to believers who ask for it.
  • We Believe in the sanctifying power of the Holy Spirit, by whose indwelling, the Christian is enabled to live a holy and separated life in this present world. Amen.[1]

Growth

The church has experienced phenomenal growth since its inception in 1907 with 10 churches. COGIC is generally acknowledged to be the largest African-American and Pentecostal body in the United States, with over 6,000,000 members[2].


Leadership

The Church of God in Christ recognizes a biblical organizational structure, creating a 12-person General Board who serve functionally as Apostles. These are Bishops chosen to oversee the National and International work of the Church with a Presiding Bishop as the positional and functional leader of the Church.


Bishop Charles E. Blake,Sr. of California is the Presiding Bishop and Chief Apostle of the Church of God in Christ. Bishop P.A. Brooks of Michigan is the First Assistant Presiding Bishop and Bishop J.W. Macklin of California is the Second Assistant Presiding Bishop. The remaining General Board members are as follows: Bishop Charles Edward Blake Sr. ...


Bishop W.W. Hamilton of California, General Board Secretary
Bishop R.L.H. Winbush of Louisiana, Assistant Secretary
Bishop C.D. Owens of Georgia, Former Presiding Bishop
Bishop J.N. Haynes of Texas
Bishop L.R. Anderson of Arizona
Bishop S.L. Green of Virginia
Bishop G.D. McKinney of California
Bishop N.W. Wells of Michigan
Bishop E.J. Wright of Michigan


The General officers of the church are:


Bishop J.O. Patterson, Jr. of Tennessee, Chairman of the General Assembly
Bishop J.H. Sheard of Detroit, MI, Chairman of The Board of Bishop Bishop J.H. Lyles, Jr. of Maryland, General Secretary
Bishop F.O. White of New York, Financial Secretary
Bishop S.L. Lowe of Tennessee, General Treasurer


National officers of the Church are chosen at a General Assembly every four years unless special elections are warranted.


COGIC has a General Assembly consisting of men and women who are ordained/credentialed pastors, elders, evangelists, missionaries, chaplains, and jurisdictional/auxiliary bishops. In addition to a 12-person General Board, there is a Board of Bishops, a National Trustee Board, District Superintendents, Council of Elders, and departmental presidents. Some departments are Music, Youth, Sunday School, Evangelism and Mission Departments under the umbrella of what is now called Auxiliaries in Ministry (AIM).


Headquarters

The COGIC identifies its world headquarters in Memphis, Tennessee, commonly known as the "Holy Mecca of the Saints of God." The World Headquarters of the Church of God in Christ, Inc. is the historic Mason Temple at 938 Mason Street, Memphis, Tennessee. Mason Temple, built in 1940 (during WWII) was a benchmark effort by a group of African-Americans during that period. It became the largest Black-owned church auditorium in America during the 1940s. The historic church auditorium is the location of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr's final message to the world; the "I've been to the Mountain Top" speech was delivered from the pulpit of Mason Temple. For other uses, see Memphis (disambiguation). ... Mason Temple is the central house of worship of the Church of God in Christ, this denomination is the largest Pentecostal group in the United States. ... German soldiers at the Battle of Stalingrad World War II was the most extensive and costly armed conflict in the history of the world, involving the great majority of the worlds nations, being fought simultaneously in several major theatres, and costing tens of millions of lives. ...


Each year, more than 50,000 representatives from COGIC churches across the country meet in Memphis for Holy Convocation. The 2007 convocation marked the 100th COGIC Holy Convocation, an important milestone that was celebrated by the church[3] and even marked by a leading African-American hair gel company.[4]


Organization

Women's Department

Of particular note is the International Women's Department. Women in the COGIC have been the most influential in the leadership and organization of the church since its inception. Lizzie Woods Robinson (1911-1945) was the first "General Mother/Supervisor" of the church. Her successor, Lillian Brooks Coffey (1945-1964) was the organizer of the 1st International Women's Convention (1951) and was most influential in organizing many of the departments that exist within COGIC today. Foreign missions and schools were established through the leadership of women in the COGIC.


Mother Willie Mae Rivers is the General Supervisor of the COGIC Women's Department and President of the Women's International Convention of the COGIC. She serves the COGIC through the leadership of the Presiding Bishop. Some of her areas of oversight are:

  • District Missionaries, National Evangelists, Public Relations, Secretarial Staff, Usher Board, Mothers' Board, Prayer & Bible Band, Hospitality, Board of Examiners, Sewing Circle;
  • Deaconess Missionary, Minister's Wives Circle, Young Women's Christian Council (YWCC);
  • Sunshine Band and Purity Class. Although women within COGIC have not yet been given full status of ordination, COGIC women are serving as pastors of local COGIC churches, chaplains in the United States Armed Services; college/university, hospital, hospice, correctional, prison chaplains and other institutions requiring religious endorsements.

Missionary Organization

The COGIC have missionaries and churches in the following localities:

  • South Africa
  • Nigeria
  • Latin America
  • Thailand
  • Korea
  • Japan
  • The Philippines
  • Haiti
  • India
  • Liberia
  • Jamaica
  • Barbados
  • Belize
  • Bermuda
  • Bahamas
  • Brazil
  • Botswana, and
  • Great Britain.

COGIC operates schools of higher learning, such as the C. H. Mason Bible College and the C. H. Mason Theological Seminary, an Association of Theological Schools (ATS) accredited institution which is part of a consortium of the Interdenominational Theological Center in Atlanta, Georgia.


References

  1. ^ "COGIC Affirmation of Faith". 
  2. ^ Yearbook of American and Canadian Churches reports on record number of national church bodies, 2007 http://www.ncccusa.org/news/070305yearbook2007.html
  3. ^ Memphis Commercial Appeal, "A Week of Celebration"
  4. ^ "Ampro making plans to join the 5.5-million-member Church of God in Christ (COGIC) in the denomination’s 100-year anniversary celebration"

See also

The Lizzie Robinson House, located at 2864 Corby Street in North Omaha, Nebraska, is the location of the first Church of God in Christ congregation in the state. ... North Omaha is in the Missouri River bluffs above Eppley Airfield and Carter Lake Further information: List of articles related to North Omaha, Nebraska North Omaha is an area in Omaha, Nebraska, United States, that is defined by its historical and modern neighborhoods, as well as its diverse racial and...

External links

The term black church or African American church refers to predominantly African American Christian churches that minister to black communities in the United States. ... The African Methodist Episcopal Church, usually called the AME Church, is a Christian denomination founded by Bishop Richard Allen in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1816. ... The African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, or AME Zion Church, was officially formed in 1821, but operated for a number years before then. ... The National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc. ... The Pentecostal Assemblies of The World, Inc. ... National Baptist Convention of America, Inc. ... The Progressive National Baptist Convention (PNBC) is a convention of African-American Baptists emphasizing civil rights and social justice. ... National Missionary Baptist Convention of America - an association serving as a medium of cooperation and fellowship for African-American missionary Baptist churches. ... The Christian Methodist Epsicopal Church is a historically black denomination within the broader context of Methodism. ... The African Union First Colored Methodist Protestant Church and Connection, usually called the A.U.M.P. Church, is a Methodist Christian denomination and the oldest independent black denomination in the U.S. It was chartered by Peter Spencer (1782-1843) in Wilmington, Delaware, in 1813 as the Union Church... The Apostolic Faith Mission of Portland, Oregon, United States was founded in 1906 by Florence L. Crawford, after she received the Baptism of the Holy Ghost at the Azusa Street Revival in Los Angeles, California. ... The African Orthodox Church owes its Episcopate and Apostolic Authority to the Syrian Church of Antioch where there disciples were first called Christians, and of which the Chair (See) of St. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (586x872, 75 KB) kjk Martin Luther King, 1964. ... Richard Allen (February 14, 1760 - March 26, 1831) an African American pastor and the founder of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. ... Martin Luther King Jr. ... Joseph Lowery, (born October 6, 1921, in Huntsville, Alabama) is a leader in the American civil rights movement. ... Thomas Dexter T. D. Jakes Sr. ... Reverend Dr. Jeremiah A. Wright, Jr. ...

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