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Encyclopedia > Church of Cedofeita
Main façade of the Church of Cedofeita.
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Main façade of the Church of Cedofeita.

The Church of Cedofeita (Portuguese: Igreja de São Martinho de Cedofeita) is a mediaeval church in the city of Oporto, in Portugal. It is located in the district of Cedofeita. A modern view of the ancient city of Porto, the city that gave the name to the country. ... Municipality Porto Area 2. ...


The Church of Cedofeita was built between the 12th and the 13th centuries in romanesque style. At least two previous buildings occupied the same place: one built around the 10th century, from which two pre-romanesque capitals are preserved in the interior, and another consacrated in 1098 by the Bishop of Braga, from which the lower part of the main chapel has survived. Romanesque St. ... Pre-Romanesque art is the roughly 400 year period in Western European art from about the Carolingian Renaissance in the 8th century, to the beginning of the 12th century Romanesque period. ... A capital of the Composite order In Western architecture, the capital (from the Latin caput, head) forms the crowning member of the column, which projects on each side as it rises, in order to support the abacus and unite the square form of the latter with the circular shaft. ... District or region Braga Mayor   - Party Mesquita Machado PS Area 183. ...


The nave of the church has only one aisle and one main chapel in the apse. Interestingly, the nave is covered by typical romanesque barrel vaulting. Cedofeita is the only romanesque one-aisled church in Portugal covered with a stone roof. The main chapel has a series of blind arches on the wall - a remnant from an earlier, 11th century building - and is illuminated by three narrow windows. Two capitals of the triumphal arch (between the main chapel and the nave) were reutilised from an ancient building, possibly a 10th century church in this same spot. These capitals, with sculptured vegetal motifs, are made of sandstone from the Coimbra region, which contrasts with the dark granite of the rest of the building. The nave is illuminated by the narrow windows on the nave and main façade and by a small rose window on the wall over the main chapel. Links to full descriptions of the elements of a Gothic floorplan are also found at the entry Cathedral diagram. ... In a modern church an aisle is a row down the middle of the church with a set of pews on each side. ... This article is about an architectural feature; for the astronomical term see apsis. ... Barrel vault In architecture, a barrel vault is an extrusion of a single curve (or pair of curves, in the case of a pointed barrel vault) along a given distance. ... Red sandstone interior of Lower Antelope Canyon, Arizona, worn smooth due to erosion by flash flooding over millions of years Sandstone is a sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-size mineral or rock grains. ... District Coimbra Mayor   - Party Carlos Encarnação PSD Area 316. ... Quarrying granite for the Mormon Temple, Utah Territory. ...


The main façade of the Church of Cedofeita has a romanesque, round-arched portal topped by a very narrow window that looks like an arrow slit. The tympanon of the main portal has a 18th century inscription, probably a copy of an earlier one, that tells that the church was founded in the 6th century. The main portal, as well as the lateral portals, have capitals with interesting romanesque motifs that reveal influences from the Cathedrals of Oporto and Coimbra. The north portal has a tympanon with a relief of the Agnus Dei, the Lamb of God, a recurrent motif in Portuguese romanesque. An arrow slit is a thin vertical window in a fortification through which an archer can shoot arrows while remaining largely free from personal danger. ... Tympanum may mean: Eardrum A sculpted panel that stands within the recessed area formed by a larger arch above the doors to a church or similar building, especially in Romanesque and Gothic architecture singular of timpani (drum) This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share... The Old Cathedral of Coimbra (Portuguese: Sé Velha de Coimbra) is the most important Romanesque building in Portugal. ... Agnus Dei is a Latin term meaning Lamb of God, and was originally used to refer to Jesus Christ in his role of the perfect sacrificial offering that atones for the sins of man in Christian theology, harkening back to ancient Jewish Temple sacrifices. ...


The Church of Cedofeita was extensively renovated in the 20th century, removing baroque additions and giving it a more "mediaeval" appearance.


References

  • Portugal/1 - Europa Romanica, Gerhard N Graf, Ediciones Encuentro, Madrid, 1987
  • Portuguese Institute for Architectural Heritage [1]
  • General Bureau for National Buildings and Monuments (Portugal) [2]

 
 

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