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Encyclopedia > Church of Antioch

The Antiochian Orthodox Church is one of the five churches that comprised the One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church before the Great Schism, and today is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Churches. It claims to be the sole legitimate successor to the Christian community founded in Antioch by the Apostle St. Peter. Its North American branch is self-ruled, although the Holy Synod of Antioch still exercises authority over it.


The seat of the patriarchate was formerly Antioch, in what is now Turkey, but is now Damascus, Syria, on the "Street called Straight."


The claim is disputed by the Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch, part of Oriental Orthodoxy; the schism between the two occurred over the christology of the Council of Chalcedon. The Syrian Catholic Church, in communion with the Roman Catholic Church, also claims to hold the patriarchate.


See also





  Results from FactBites:
 
The Church of Antioch (3562 words)
The Fathers of this assembly decreed in the sixth canon that the privileges of the Church of Antioch should be maintained.
According to the second canon of the Council of Constantinople (381) the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Antioch comprised, and was restricted to the civil diocese of the Orient which included all the eastern-most provinces of the Roman Empire.
In that of 344 the Arian bishop, Stephen of Antioch, was deposed for misconduct.
Church of Antioch - OrthodoxWiki (1922 words)
The Church of Antioch is one of the five patriarchates (i.e., the Pentarchy) that constituted the one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church before the schism between Rome and Antioch in 1098, and between Rome and the other patriarchates at around the same general period.
The early history of the Church of Antioch is detailed in the Acts of the Apostles, where in Acts 11:23 the Apostle Luke records that it was in that city that the disciples of Christ were first called Christians.
The remainder of the Church of Antioch, primarily local Greeks or Hellenized sections of the indigenous population, remained in communion with Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, and Jerusalem.
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