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Encyclopedia > Chur

Coordinates: 46°51′N, 9°32′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Chur
Coat of Arms of Chur
Canton Graubünden
District Plessur
Coordinates  46°51′N, 9°32′E
Population 32,409   (December 2005)
Area 28.01 km²
Elevation 593 m
Postal code 7000-7007
SFOS number 3901
Mayor Christian Boner
Website www.chur.ch
Twin towns Bad Homburg (Germany), Cabourg (France), Mayrhofen (Austria), Mondorf-les-Bains (Luxembourg), Olathe (USA), Terracina (Italy)
Chur (Switzerland)
Chur

Chur (French: Coire, German Chur (khoor) [kuːr] (in Graubünden); [xuːr] (elsewhere), Romansh Cuira (KWAY-rah) [ˈkwera] or (KWOI-rah) [ˈkwojra], Italian Coira (KOI-rah) [ˈkojra], Latin: Curia, Curia Rhaetorum and Curia Raetorum), is the capital of the Swiss canton of Graubünden and lies in the northern part of the canton. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ... Grisons or Graubünden (German: Graubünden; Italian: Grigioni; Romansh: Grischun) is the largest and easternmost canton of Switzerland. ... In contrast to centrally organised states, in the federally constituted Switzerland each Canton is completely free to decide its own internal organisation. ... Plessur is an administrative district in the canton of Graubünden, Switzerland. ... This article is about longitude and latitude; see also UTM coordinate system Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (vertically) and longitude (horizontally); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The metre, or meter (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ... Here are postal codes of Switzerland and Liechtenstein: Zone 1 1000s are found in Lausanne, Lavaux and parts of Morges, 1100s in parts of Morges, 1200s are in Geneva and parts of La Côte, Vaud, 1300s in La Vallée, 1500s are found in Clavaleyres, the 1700s are found... The Official Munipality Key, formerly also known as the Official Municipality Characteristic Number or Municipality Code Number, is a number sequence for the identification of politically independent municipalities or municipality-free areas. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This list includes twin towns/sister cites (Partnergemeinden, Partnerstädte, villes ou communes jumelles) in Switzerland linked by a sister city agreement (Städtepartnerschaft or Gemeindepartnerschaft; jumelage de villes) and towns linked by friendship agreements (Freundschaft or amitié). A few municipalities participating in projects arranged by the Swiss organizations Patenschaft... Bad Homburg is the capital city of the Hochtaunuskreis, Hessen, Germany, on the southern slope of the Taunus, bordering among others Frankfurt and Oberursel. ... Cabourg is a commune of the Calvados département, in the Basse_Normandie région in France. ... Mayrhofen from the Penkenbahn Mayrhofen is a town in the Zillertal (Ziller river valley) of Tyrol, Austria. ... District Grevenmacher Canton Remich Area 13. ... Olathe ( O-Lay-tha) is a city located in northeast Kansas, and is the second most populous city and county seat of Johnson County. ... Terracina is a town and comune of the province of Latina - (until 1934 of the province of Rome), Italy, 76 km SE of Rome by rail (56 km by the Via Appia). ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1359x922, 341 KB) Switzerland Map drawn by Tschubby see also Karte_Schweiz_Details. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Romansh (also spelled Rumantsch, Romansch or Romanche) is any of the various Rhaetian languages spoken in Switzerland. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ... Graubünden or Grisons (German:  ; Italian: Grigioni; Romansh: Grischun, French: Grisons) is the largest and easternmost canton of Switzerland. ...

Contents

History

The city of Chur, the residence of the bishop and capital of the canton of Graubünden, is over 5,000 years old, rightfully claiming to be the oldest Swiss city.


It was once a Roman fortified camp, Curia Raetorum in Latin, and became the capital of the Roman province of Rhaetia Prima in 15 BC. It was of moderate importance, being mentioned in the Antonine Itineraries and Paul the Deacon's Historia Langobardorum (History of the Lombards), vi. 21. Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent, c. ... Raetia as province of the Roman Empire, ca. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC - 10s BC - 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s Years: 20 BC 19 BC 18 BC 17 BC 16 BC 15 BC 14 BC 13 BC 12 BC 11 BC 10 BC... The Antonine Itinerary is a Latin document that can be described as the Road Map of Roman Britain. ... Paul the Deacon (c. ...


The bishopric still existed in the early 20th century, with jurisdiction over the cantons of the Graubünden, Glarus, Zurich, and the three Forest Cantons (Uri, Schwyz, Unterwalden, and Lucerne), as well as the sovereign Principality of Liechtenstein. The guild constitution of the city of Chur lasted from 1465 to 1839, while in 1874 the Burgergemeinde was replaced by an Einwohnergemeinde. Graubünden or Grisons (German:  ; Italian: Grigioni; Romansh: Grischun, French: Grisons) is the largest and easternmost canton of Switzerland. ... Glarus is the capital of the Canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Location within Switzerland   Zürich[?] (German pronunciation IPA: ; usually spelled Zurich in English) is the largest city in Switzerland (population: 366,145 in 2004; population of urban area: 1,091,732) and capital of the canton of Zürich. ... The three forest cantons (drei Waldstätten) is the collective term for the original founding cantons of the Old Swiss Confederacy in 1291, Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden, all of them situated at Lake Lucerne, in German called Vierwaldstättersee lake of the four forest cantons, referring to the three cantons... Uri (German:  ) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ... Schwyz (German Schwyz, French Schwytz; Italian Svitto, Romansh Sviz) is a canton in central Switzerland between Lake Lucerne in the south and Lake Zürich in the north. ... Unterwalden is the old name for what is now two cantons in central Switzerland, south of Lake Lucerne. ... Lucerne (German Luzern) is a canton of Switzerland. ...


When Graubünden became a canton in 1803, Chur was chosen as its capital. Graubünden or Grisons (German:  ; Italian: Grigioni; Romansh: Grischun, French: Grisons) is the largest and easternmost canton of Switzerland. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


Ecclesiastical history and prince-bishopric

Main article: Diocese of Chur

The Diocese of Chur comprises the Swiss cantons of Graubünden, Glarus, Zürich, Unterwalden, and Uri. The sovereign Principality of Lichtenstein was a deanery within the Diocese until 1997, when it was separated from Chur by Papal decree and became the independent Archdiocese of Vaduz/Liechtenstein, with Wolfgang Haas, former Bishop of Chur and a native of Liechtenstein, as the first Archbishop. The Diocese of Chur comprises the Swiss Cantons of Graubünden (Grisons), Glarus, Zürich, Unterwalden, and Uri, as well as the sovereign Principality of Lichtenstein. ... The Diocese of Chur comprises the Swiss Cantons of Graubünden (Grisons), Glarus, Zürich, Unterwalden, and Uri, as well as the sovereign Principality of Lichtenstein. ...


A Bishop of Chur is first mentioned in 451/ 452 when its Bishop St. Asimo attended the Synod of Milan (Mansi, IV, 141), but the bishopric probably existed a century earlier. The Bishop of Chur is the Ordinary of the Roman Catholic diocese of Chur (Grisons, Switzerland). ... Events April 7 - The Huns sack Metz June 20 - Attila, king of the Huns is defeated at Troyes by Aëtius in the Battle of Chalons. ...


Several holy and extraordinary men have contributed to the splendour of the Diocese of Chur. Four of its bishops are honoured as saints: St. Asimo (c. 450), St. Valentinian (530-48), St. Ursicinus (d. 760), and St. Adalbert (1151-60). ... Saint Adalbert may be referring to: Adalbert of Prague Adalbert of Magdeburg This is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ...


According to the "Kirchliches Handlexicon" (Munich, 1906) the diocese had a Catholic population of about 248,887 (non-Catholics, 431,367).


Description

Chur is built, at a height of 1949 ft. above the sea-level, on the right bank of the Plessur torrent, just as it issues from the Schanfigg valley, and about a mile above its junction with the Rhine, almost entirely surrounded by the Alps, overshadowed by the Mittenberg (east) and Pizokel (south), hills that guard the entrance to the deep-cut Schanfigg valley. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Chur has 33,500 inhabitants; languages spoken include Swiss German, Italian and Romansh. In 1900 of its 11,532 inhabitants, 9288 were German-speaking, 1466 Romansch-speaking, and 677 Italian-speaking; while 7561 were Protestants, 3962 Roman Catholics and one a Jew. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Romansh (also spelled Rumantsch, Romansch or Romanche) is any of the various Rhaetian languages spoken in Switzerland. ...


It has a variable altitude in the city area from just 600 metres above sea level to 1,800 metres above sea level, while the Churer Hausberg Brambrüesch (accessible from the Old Town) is situated at 2,174 metres above sea level.


The water of Chur's spring is exported and sold as Passugger mineral water.


Sights

Chur Town taken from the IBIS Pyramid.
Chur Town taken from the IBIS Pyramid.

The modern part of the city is to the west, but the old portion, with all the historical buildings, is to the east. Here is the cathedral church of St Luzius (who is the patron of Coire, and is supposed to be a 2nd-century British king Lucius, though really the name has probably arisen from a confusion between Lucius of Cyrene, miswritten curiensis, with the Roman general Lucius Munatius Plancus, who conquered Raetia). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 866 KB)Chur Town taken from the IBIS Pyramid Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 866 KB)Chur Town taken from the IBIS Pyramid Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Lucius Munatius Plancus (c. ...


Built between 1178 and 1282, on the site of an older church, it contains many curious medieval antiquities (especially in the sacristy), as well as a picture by Angelica Kaufmann, and the tomb of the great Grisons political leader (d. 1637) Jenatsch. Opposite is the Bishops Palace, and not far off, is the Episcopal Seminary (built on the ruins of a 6th-century monastic foundation). Not far from these ancient monuments is the new Raetian Museum, which contains a great collection of objects relating to Raetia (including the geological collections of the Benedictine monk of Disentis, Placidus a Spescha (1752-1833), who explored the high snowy regions around the sources of the Rhine). One of the hospitals was founded by the famous Capuchin philanthropist, Father Theodosius Florentini (1808-1865), who was long the Romanist cur of Coire, and whose remains were in 1906 transferred from the cathedral here to Ingenbohl (near Schwyz), his chief foundation. The Romano-Gothic cathedral where lie the remains of Jörg Jenatsch was begun by Bishop Tello (758-73), has a highly interesting crypt; it contains remarkable paintings by Dürer and Holbein. Georg Jenatsch, commonly called Jürg or Jörg Jenatsch (1596 - January 24, 1639), was a Swiss political leader during the Thirty Years War. ... Georg Jenatsch, commonly called Jürg or Jörg Jenatsch (1596 - January 24, 1639), was a Swiss political leader during the Thirty Years War. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Albrecht Dürer (pronounced /al. ... Hans Holbein is the name of two German Renaissance painters: Hans Holbein the Elder (1460-1524) Hans Holbein the Younger (c. ...


In this town you may also visit the Giger Bar designed by the Swiss artist H. R. Giger, the Old Town, the art gallery, and the natural museum, all well worth the time. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Birth machine This image has an uncertain copyright status and is pending deletion. ...


Transportation

Chur is 74 km by rail from Zurich, and is the meeting-point of the routes from Italy over many alpine passes (Lukmanier Pass, Splugen Pass, and San Bernardino Pass), as well as from the Engadine (Albula Pass, Julier Pass), so that it is the centre of an active trade (particularly in wine from the Valtelline), though it also has a few local factories. Lukmanier Pass (Italian: Passo del Lucomagno, Romansh: Cuolm Lucmagn) is a pass (1916 m) in the Swiss Alps. ... The Splügen Pass (German: Splügenpass; Italian: Passo dello Spluga; Latin: Cunus Aureus[1] ) (el. ... San Bernardino Pass (el. ... Albula Pass (Romansh: Pass dAlvra, German: Albulapass) (el. ... View towards Engadin on top of the Julier Pass South ramp of the Julier Pass as seen from the Engadin The Julier Pass (Romansh: Pass dal Güglia, German: Julierpass) is a mountain pass in Switzerland, in the Albula Range of the Alps. ... The Valtelline valley, in northern Italy, is nowadays a slumbering mountain valley in the northern part of Lombardy. ...

Railway station (2004)
Railway station (2004)

The railway station has the SBB-CFF-FFS lines link with the RhB (Rhaetian railways) lines. While the SBB lines serve most of Switzerland, most of Graubünden's rail traffic is served by Rhaetian state railways. Chur Railway Station. ... Chur Railway Station. ... Locomotive of the SBB-CFF-FFS Swiss Federal Railways (SBB-CFF-FFS) is the national railway company of Switzerland. ... The RhB (Rhaetian Railway / Rhätische Bahn (German) / Ferrovia Retica (Italian) / Viafier Retica (Rumantsch)) has the largest network of all the private railways in Switzerland. ...


There is also a bus station on top of the railway station.


Chur is linked by a motorway—the A13. The A13 between Sargans and Chur (August 2004 image) The A13 becomes a motorroad, passing near Sufers (August 2004 image) The A13 is a motorway, at times a motorroad (German: Autostrasse, or motorroad, alternatively an express route), which runs from St. ...


See also

The Bishop of Chur is the Ordinary of the Roman Catholic diocese of Chur (Grisons, Switzerland). ... Mario Frick (born September 7, 1974) is a football player from Liechtenstein. ... Birth machine This image has an uncertain copyright status and is pending deletion. ... Maria Anna Angelica Kauffmann (October 30, 1741–November 5, 1807) was a Swiss painter. ... Johanna Spyri Johanna Spyri (June 12, 1827 - July 7, 1901) was an author of childrens stories, and is best known for Heidi. ...

Sources and References

  • This article incorporates text from the public-domain Catholic Encyclopedia of 1913.
  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. as Coire
  • Chur (municipality) in German, French or Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  • A. Eichhorn, Episcopatus Curiensis (St Blasien, 1797)
  • W. von Juvalt, Forschungen fiber die Feudalzeit im Curischen Raetien, 2 parts (Zurich, 1871)
  • C. Kind, Die Reformation in den Bisthflmern Chur und Como (Coire, 1858)
  • Conradin von Moor, Geschichte von Curraelien (2 vols., Coire, 1870-1874)
  • P. C. you Planta, Des alte Raetien (Berlin, 1872); Idem, Die Curraetischen Herrschaften in der Feudalzeit (Bern, 188i); Idem, Verfassungsgeschichte der Stadt Cur im Mittelalter (Coire, 1879); Idem, Geschichte von Graubünden (Bern, 1892).

The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Catholic Encyclopedia, also referred to today as the Old Catholic Encyclopedia, is an English-language encyclopedia published in 1913 by The Encyclopedia Press. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Historical Dictionary of Switzerland is an encyclopedia on the history of Switzerland that aims to take into account the results of modern historical research in a manner accessible to a broader audience. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Chur
  • Chur homepage
  • Chur tourism homepage
  • Principality of Liechtenstein homepage on religion


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Chur - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1140 words)
Chur is the capital of the Swiss canton of Graubünden and lies in the northern part of the canton.
During the dispute between Emperor Barbarossa and Pope Alexander III, Bishop Egino of Chur sided with the emperor and was rewarded with the dignity of Prince of the Empire (1170).
Chur is the birthplace of the painter Angelica Kauffman.
Heinz Chur - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (139 words)
Heinz Chur (born September 24, 1948) is a German composer of new classical music.
Chur was born in Essen, Germany and began to compose at an early age.
Chur is a member of the Group of German Composers (Deutscher Komponistenverband).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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