FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Chun Doo hwan
Chun Doo-hwan
Image:Doo-hwan.jpg
Took Office: September 1, 1980
Left Office: February 25, 1988
Predecessor: Choi Kyu-ha
Successor: Roh Tae-woo
Date of Birth: January 8, 1931
Place of Birth: Hapcheon, Korea
Korean Name
Hangul: 전두환
Hanja: 全斗煥
Revised Romanization: Jeon Du-hwan
McCune-Reischauer: Chŏn Tu-hwan
Political party: none, later the MinJeong Party

Chun Doo-hwan (Korean hangul: 전두환; hanja: 全斗煥; revised: Jeon Duhwan; McCune-Reischauer: Chŏn Tuhwan; born 18 January 1931) was a Korean military officer and the President of South Korea from 1980 to 1988. He established an authoritarian constitution. Sentenced to death in 1996, Chun was later pardoned by President Kim Daejung, whom he himself had sentenced to death some 20 years earlier. File links The following pages link to this file: Chun Doo-hwan ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Choi Kyu-ha (July 16, 1919-) was President of South Korea between 1979 and 1980. ... Roh Tae-woo (born December 4, 1942 in Daegu, South Korea), a Korean general and politician. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Hapcheon County (Hapcheon-gun) is a county in South Gyeongsang Province, South Korea. ... Korea refers to South Korea and North Korea together, which were a unified country until 1948. ... Hangul (hangul: 한글; revised: hangeul; McCune-Reischauer: hangÅ­l) is the native alphabet used to write the Korean language, as opposed to the Hanja system borrowed from China. ... Hanja (hangul: 한자; hanja: 漢字; revised: hanja; McCune-Reischauer: hancha; lit. ... The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea. ... McCune-Reischauer is one of the two most widely used Korean language romanization systems, along with the Revised Romanization of Korean, which replaced (a modified) McCune-Reischauer as the official romanization system in South Korea in 2000. ... Hangul (hangul: 한글; revised: hangeul; McCune-Reischauer: hangÅ­l) is the native alphabet used to write the Korean language, as opposed to the Hanja system borrowed from China. ... Hanja (hangul: 한자; hanja: 漢字; revised: hanja; McCune-Reischauer: hancha; lit. ... The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea. ... McCune-Reischauer is one of the two most widely used Korean language romanization systems, along with the Revised Romanization of Korean, which replaced (a modified) McCune-Reischauer as the official romanization system in South Korea in 2000. ... January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... The President is head of state of South Korea. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article applies to political ideologies. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Kim Dae-jung (Hangul: 김대중; Hanja: 金大中; Revised: Gim Daejung; McCune-Reischauer: Kim Taejung; born December 3, 1925) is a South Korean politician. ...

Contents


The road to power

Chun was a graduate of the eleventh class of the Korean Military Academy in 1955. As head of the Army Security Command, he was in charge of the investigation into the assassination of President Park Chung-hee. On 12 December 1979, in what became known as the Coup d'état of December Twelfth, Chun ordered the arrest of Army Chief of Staff General Chung Sung Hwa (정승화, 鄭昇和) without authorization from then-President Choi Kyu-ha, alleging involvement in the assassination. This led to a bloody shoot-out at the Army Headquarters and the Ministry of Defense. By the next morning, Chun and his fellow eleventh class military academy graduates Roh Tae-woo and Jeong Ho-yong were in charge of the Korean military. 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Park Chung-hee (September 30, 1917 - October 26, 1979) was President of South Korea from 1961 to 1979. ... December 12 is the 346th day (347th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... The Coup détat of December Twelfth or the 12/12 Incident was a military coup détat taken place on December 12, 1979 in South Korea. ... Choi Kyu-ha (July 16, 1919-) was President of South Korea between 1979 and 1980. ... Roh Tae-woo (born December 4, 1942 in Daegu, South Korea), a Korean general and politician. ...


On 17 May 1980, Chun expanded martial law to the entire country and dissolved the National Assembly. Many politicians were arrested, including opposition politician Kim Dae-jung, who was later sentenced to death despite protests from the U.S. Later, Chun commuted Kim's sentence in return for U.S. support. Protests across the nation were ruthlessly suppressed, most brutally in Gwangju, where hundreds -- by some accounts thousands -- of demonstrators were killed in the Gwangju Massacre. May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Martial law is the system of rules that takes effect (usually after a formal declaration) when a military authority takes control of the normal administration of justice. ... Kim Dae-jung (born December 3, 1925) is a South Korean politician. ... This article is about Gwangju Metropolitan City in South Korea. ... Gwangju Massacre refers to the atrocities that happened in the city of Gwangju, South Korea from May 18 to May 27, 1980. ...


Chun was the de facto leader of South Korea by then. In August, an embattled Choi had resigned; in February 1981, Chun was elected president under a revised constitution, having resigned from the army after promoting himself to four-star general. 1981 (MCMLXXXI) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Years in office

As president, Chun promoted strong centralized government, and the rapid economic growth of the Park Chung Hee era continued. Chun pledged that he would step down in 1988 instead of seeking another term as president. It soon became clear that Chun had hand-picked Roh Tae-woo to succeed him. By 1986, there was much public antipathy against Chun's regime due to the lack of political freedom and Chun's strongman tactics. This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Ordinary citizens of South Korea's newly-prospering middle class joined in the nationwide, student-led June 1987 protests. In the same month, U.S. President Ronald Reagan sent a letter to Chun in support of the establishment of "democratic institutions." Following these events, on June 29th, Roh announced a programme of reform that made major concessions to the protesters. This included direct presidential elections, restoration of banned politicians including Kim Dae-jung, and other liberalizing measures. Chun accepted these reforms. This won Roh instant popularity, and helped by a divided opposition, he was elected as the next president of South Korea. It later became known that this was a move orchestrated by Chun. June is the sixth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with a length of 30 days The month is named after the Roman goddess Juno, wife of Jupiter and equivalent to the Greek goddess Hera. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 185 days remaining. ...


While visiting Rangoon, Burma (now Myanmar) in 1983, a bomb exploded at a masoleum he was about to visit, killing 21 people. He narrowly escaped death. While no firm evidence of North Korean involvement has been established, it is widely suspected that the North was involved. Yangôn, formerly Rangoon, population 4,504,000 (2001), is the capital of Myanmar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1983 Rangoon bombing was an attack aimed to kill the South Korean President, Chun Doo Hwan. ... North Korea, officially the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK; Korean: Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk; Hangul: 조선민주주의인민공화국; Hanja: 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國), is a country in eastern Asia, covering the northern half of the peninsula of Korea. ...


An embattled ex-President

After he stepped down, under the freer political atmosphere, much public scrutiny fell upon the faults of Chun's regime, including the massive corruption involving his family. On November 23, 1988, the embattled Chun chose to go into the Baekdamsa Buddhist temple as a symbolic gesture of repentance for the excesses of his regime. He spent two years in Baekdamsa. (Redirected from 23 November) November 23 is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 38 days remaining. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by...


In 1996, former presidents Chun and Roh were jailed on charges of corruption. On 16 December, they were also convicted of treason and mutiny connected with their takeover of power. Chun was initially sentenced to death, which was later commuted to a life sentence. He and Roh were pardoned a year later in a move of conciliation initiated by President-elect Kim Dae Jung. Chun is regarded as a villain to many Koreans. There are some provinces in South Korea (in particular the Jeolla region, hardest hit by his reprisals) that wish to see him dead. 1996 (MCMXCVI) is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jeolla (Jeolla-do) was one of the eight provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty. ...


External links

  • Korean government website on Chun
Preceded by:
Choi Kyu-ha
President of South Korea
1980-1988
Succeeded by:
Roh Tae-woo

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chun Doo-hwan at AllExperts (788 words)
Chun Doo-hwan (born 18 January, 1931) was a Korean military officer and the President of South Korea from 1980 to 1988.
Chun was a graduate of the eleventh class of the Korean Military Academy in 1955, and a member of Hanahoi, a powerful private group of military officials that supported his actions.
In February 1981, Chun was elected president under a revised constitution as the candidate of the Democratic Justice Party (later renamed Democratic Republican Party), having resigned from the army after promoting himself to four-star general.
Jeon Duhwan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (652 words)
Chun Doo-hwan or Jeon Duhwan (Romanization) (born 18 January, 1931) was a Korean military officer and the President of South Korea from 1980 to 1988.
Chun was a graduate of the eleventh class of the Korean Military Academy in 1955.
Chun was initially sentenced to death, which was later commuted to a life sentence.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m