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Encyclopedia > Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu
General Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu
Order: 1st President
Term of Office: May 30, 1967January 8, 1970
Successor: Philip Effiong
Date of Birth November 4, 1933
Place of Birth: Zungeru, Nigeria
First Lady: Lady Njideka Ojukwu
Profession: Soldier and Political Leader
Vice President: Philip Effiong

General Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, Ikemba Nnewi (born November 4, 1933) was the leader of the secessionist state of Biafra in Nigeria (19671970), during the Nigerian Civil War. He is usually referred to in news and other sources just as Ojukwu. Frederick Forsyth, a friend, authored a novel about him titled Emeka. It was published in 1982. Ojukwu was also a prototype of anonymous General character in Forsyth's novel The Dogs of War published in 1974. List of the Heads of State of Biafra See Also Biafra Nigeria History of Nigeria Nigerian Civil War Lists of Incumbents Categories: Former countries ... May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (151st in leap years). ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Philip Effiong, also spelled Efiong, was the first Vice President and the second and last President of the now defunct Republic of Biafra, during the 30-month Nigeria-Biafra civil war, 1967-70. ... November 4 is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... This article is about the use of the term first lady internationally. ... This article is about a military rank. ... A vice president is an officer in government or business who is next in rank below a president. ... Philip Effiong, also spelled Efiong, was the first Vice President and the second and last President of the now defunct Republic of Biafra, during the 30-month Nigeria-Biafra civil war, 1967-70. ... November 4 is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... List of the Heads of State of Biafra See Also Biafra Nigeria History of Nigeria Nigerian Civil War Lists of Incumbents Categories: Former countries ... For other uses, see Secession (disambiguation). ... National motto: Peace, Unity, Freedom Official language English Capital Enugu Head of State Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu Area ?- Total ?- % water Population;- Total 13,500,000 (1967) Currency Biafran pound (BIAP) Created May 30, 1967 Dissolved January 15, 1970 Demonym Biafran The Republic of Biafra was a short-lived secessionist state in... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Combatants Nigerian federal government Republic of Biafra Commanders Yakubu Gowon Odumegwu Ojukwu Casualties 200,000 soldiers and civilians Estimated 1,000,000 soldiers and civilians The Nigerian Civil War, also known as the Biafran War, July 6, 1967 – January 13, 1970, was a political conflict caused by the attempted secession... Frederick Forsyth. ... Emeka is derived from the Ibo name Chukwuemeka This article is a substub, the first step on the way to becoming a full article. ... See also: 1981 in literature, other events of 1982, 1983 in literature, list of years in literature. ... The Dogs of War is a 1974 novel by Frederick Forsyth and a 1981 film, based on the novel, directed by John Irvin. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


He was born in Zungeru[1] as the son of Sir Louis Odumegwu Ojukwu (KBE), a business tycoon who was believed to be Nigeria's first multi-millionaire. Chukwuemeka's name meant "God has done well." He attracted media publicity at a young age. In 1944, the young Ojukwu was briefly imprisoned for assaulting a white British colonial teacher who was viciously humiliating a black African lady at King's College in Lagos, an event which generated widespread coverage in local newspapers. He then went on to study in Britain, first at Epsom College, in Surrey and later earned a Masters degree in history at Lincoln College, Oxford University. Louis Odumegwu Ojukwu (1909-1966) was a notable Nigerian businessman from Nnewi. ... The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority, these are Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross (GBE) Knight Commander... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Kings College Lagos was founded on 20th September,1909 with 10 students on its Original site at Lagos Island adjacent to the Tafawa Balewa Square and was based on the English public school format of secondary school education. ... This article is about the city in Nigeria. ... Epsom College is a co-educational Public School in College Road, Epsom, Surrey, England with around 720 pupils, and a member of the Headmasters Conference. ... Not to be confused with Surry. ... and of the Lincoln College College name Lincoln College Named after Richard Fleming, Bishop of Lincoln Established 1427 Sister college Downing College, Cambridge Rector Prof. ...


Ojukwu decided to enter the military over the objections of his father, who wanted him to study law. He joined the Nigerian military and was graduated from the prestigious Sandhurst Military Academy in England. He then became a Lieutenant Colonel in the Army of Nigeria and Military Governor of the oil rich Eastern Region. Following an anti-Igbo/Christian genocidal pogrom in the Muslim Northern Region, a meeting of Igbo customary chiefs at Umuahia in the Eastern Region decided to declare the region independent consisting the Igbo heartland, the Niger Delta (mostly Ijaw area) and the Cross River basin (Efik and Ibibio areas) independent. Ojukwu was chosen by the Igbos to lead the new country and appointed Head of State & General of the Peoples Army, named "Biafra" after the Bight of Biafra. Despite some early Biafran successes such as the world famous Abagana ambush in which two divisions of the Nigerian Army were annihilated, the Nigerians slowly gained the upper hand, supported by the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union and, tacitly, by the United States. Among the world's major nations, only France and Portugal offered some support to Biafra. In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... The Igbo or Ibo are one of the largest ethnicities in Africa. ... Genocide is the mass killing of a group of people as defined by Article 2 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (CPPCG) as any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or... Pogrom (from Russian: ; from громить IPA: - to wreak havoc, to demolish violently) is a form of riot directed against a particular group, whether ethnic, religious or other, and characterized by destruction of their homes, businesses and religious centers. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Location of Umuahia in Nigeria Umuahia is the capital city of Abia State in south eastern Nigeria; population 147,167 [1]. Slogan: Spring of Synergy One of its prominent sons is Dr. Michael Iheonukara Okpara, the former premier of Eastern Region of Nigeria. ... The Bight of Bonny (formerly Bight of Biafra) is a bay at the African coast in the Gulf of Guinea. ...


Ojukwu left Biafra as it collapsed, intending to set up a government in exile. He subsequently lived in Ivory Coast for 13 years. Seeking to bolster his support among Igbos, President Alhaji Shehu Shagari pardoned Ojukwu and allowed him to return to Nigeria in 1980. He joined Shagari's National Party of Nigeria (NPN) and contested the 1983 election for the Senate, but was robbed by electoral fraud and shameless rigging. As the candidate of the All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA), he ran for President in the 2003 presidential election. He claimed to have won the election and filed a court challenge against what he said was the "massive fraud" that allegedly denied him the presidency. Motto Unity, Discipline and Labour(translation) Anthem LAbidjanaise Capital Yamoussoukro (official) Abidjan (de facto) Largest city Abidjan Official languages French Government Republic  -  President Laurent Gbagbo[1]  -  Prime Minister Guillaume Soro[1] Independence from France   -  Date August 7, 1960  Area  -  Total 322,460 km² (68th) 124,502 sq mi   -  Water... Flag of the President of Nigeria This page contains a list of presidents and other heads of state of Nigeria since 1963. ... Alhaji Shehu Usman Aliyu Shagari, Turakin Sakkwato (born May 25, 1925) was the President of Nigerias ill-fated Second Republic (1979 - 1983), after the handover of power by General Olusegun Obasanjos caretaker government. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... The National Party of Nigeria (NPN) was the dominant political party in Nigeria during the Second Republic (1979-1983). ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Senate is the upper house of the National Assembly of Nigeria. ... The All Progressives Grand Alliance is a political party in Nigeria. ... The 2003 Nigerian presidential election was reported to be marred by some irregularities and resulted in Olusegun Obasanjo being elected president. ...


Today Ojukwu lives a quiet life in Eastern Nigeria. In early December 2006 he was again chosen to be the APGA presidential candidate for the April 2007 election.[2] The Nigerian general elections of 2007 were held on 14 April and 21 April 2007. ...


See also

This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Location of Enugu in Nigeria Enugu is the capital city of Enugu State, Nigeria. ... // Anambra is a state in south-central Nigeria. ... Ikwere (or Ikwerre, Ikwerri) is an Igboid language spoken by over 980,000 people (according to the 1991 census) in Nigeria. ... All the main characters (except the man on the left) Delta State is a Canadian cartoon, based on a comic book, featuring four amnesiac roommates with the ability to enter the Delta State, an ethereal realm. ... Benue is a state in eastern Nigeria. ... Edo State is a state in Nigeria. ... Imo is in Southern Nigeria and was created on February 3, 1976. ... The Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB) is an organization of about 2,000 people scattered all over Nigeria with the aim of securing the resurgence of the defunct state of Biafra. ...

References

  1. ^ Ojukwu Interview, World Igbo Congress, August 08, 2005.
  2. ^ "Former warlord emerges as candidate", AFP (IOL), December 4, 2006.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (452 words)
Chief Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, Ikemba Nnewi (born November 4, 1933) was the leader of the secessionist state of Biafra in Nigeria (1967–1970), during the Nigerian Civil War.
In 1944, the young Ojukwu was briefly imprisoned for assaulting a teacher at King's College in Lagos, an event which generated widespread coverage in local newspapers.
Ojukwu decided to enter the military over the objections of his father, who wanted him to study law.
Amana Online (7561 words)
Ojukwu was not, and he is not, and he will not be, concerned with what the fallouts and its devastating consequences of his misadventures on Nigbo in particular, and Nigeria in general.
Ojukwu had always felt that he was senior in rank to Gowon and as such he was driven by his selective thinking principle to decline to recognize Gowon as the Nigerian Head of State.
Ojukwu was rightfully accused of diverting relief supplies to Biafran military personnel at the war front at the expense of starving and dying civilian men, women and children.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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