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Encyclopedia > Chukotka Autonomous Okrug

Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (Russian: Чуко́тский автоно́мный о́круг, transliteration: Chukotsky avtonomny okrug; Chukchi: Чукоткакэн автономныкэн округ), or Chukotka (Чуко́тка), is a federal subject of Russia (an autonomous okrug) located in the Far Eastern Federal District. It is the farthest northeast region of Russia, and is the only region of Russia lying partially in the western geographical hemisphere. It is washed by the Bering Sea and the East Siberian Sea. Chukotka has an area of 737,700 km² and population of 53,824 (according to 2002 Census), and just over 55,000 in 2004. The principal town and administrative center is Anadyr. Image File history File links RussiaChukotka2005. ... There exist many possible systems for transliterating the Cyrillic alphabet of the Russian language to English or the Latin alphabet. ... Chukchi (Luoravetlan (in native language), Chukot, Chukcha) is a Palaeosiberian language spoken by circa 10,400 people (2001) (Chukchi) in the easternmost extremity of Siberia, mainly in the region called Chukotka. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 88 subjects (Russian: ; English transliteration: subyekty, sing. ... Okrug (Bulgarian: окръг; Serbian and Russian: ; Ukrainian: , translit. ... Far Eastern Federal District (Russian: Дальневосто́чный федера́льный о́круг; tr. ... All of the federal subjects of Russia are grouped into seven federal districts (Russian: , sing. ... The geographical western hemisphere of Earth, highlighted in yellow. ... Satellite photo of the Bering Sea Bering Sea and the North Pacific Ocean Bearing Sea with Kamchatka Peninsula and Alaska The Bering (or Imarpik) Sea is a body of water north of, and separated from, the north Pacific Ocean by the Alaska Peninsula and Aleutian Islands. ... East Siberian Sea (Russian: ) is a marginal sea in the Arctic Ocean. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... Anadyr (), formerly called Novo-Mariinsk, is the capital of Chukotka region, and is located at the mouth of the Anadyr River, at 64°42′ N 177°14′ E. It has a population of about 10,000. ...


Chukotka was formerly an autonomous okrug subsumed within Magadan Oblast, but it declared its separation in 1991; a move that was confirmed by the Russian Constitutional Court in 1993. The Magadan Oblast is a regional subdivision of Russia, in the Far Eastern Federal District. ...


Elgygytgyn Lake, an important site for scientific research on climate change, is located in Chukotka. Location of Elgygytgyn Lake Lake Elgygytgyn Lake Elgygytgyn (Russian Эльгыгытгын) is located on the Chukchi Peninsula in north-east Siberia. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400,000 years Climate change refers to the variation in the Earths global climate or in regional climates over time. ...

Traditionally the home of the native Chukchi people, Siberian Yupiks, Koryaks, Chuvans, Evens/Lamuts, Yukagirs, and Russian Old Settlers, the region was subject to collectivisation and forced settlement during the Soviet era. Image File history File links Flag_of_Chukotka. ... Chukchi, or chukchee (Russian: чукчи (plural), chukcha, чукча (singular)) are an indigenous people inhabiting the northeasternmost portion of the Russian Federation on the shores of the Arctic Ocean and Bering Sea. ... Siberian Yupik are an indigenous people who reside along the coast of the Chukchi Peninsula in the far northeast of the Russian Federation and the St. ... See also: Koryakia Autonomous District Koryaks, a Mongoloid people of northeastern Siberia, inhabiting the coastlands of the Bering Sea to the south of the Anadyr basin and the country to the immediate north of the Kamchatka Peninsula, the southernmost limit of their range being Tigilsk. ... The Chuvans (Чуванцы in Russian) are one of the 40 or so less-numerous peoples of the North recognized by the Russian government. ... The Evens or Eveny (formerly known as the Lamuts a term meaning ocean people in Even) (Эвены in Russian) are a people in Siberia and the Russian Far East. ... The Evens (formerly known as the Lamuts) (Эвены in Russian) are a people in Siberia. ... The Yukaghir, or Yukagirs (Юкагиры in Russian; self-designation: одул (odul), деткиль (detkil)) are a people in East Siberia, living in the basin of the Kolyma River. ... Soviet era is the period of Russian history comprising the years 1917 – 1991, when the power was held by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. ...


Chukotka has large reserves of oil, natural gas, coal, gold, and tungsten, which are slowly being exploited, but much of the rural population exists on subsistence reindeer herding, hunting, and fishing. The urban population is employed in mining, administration, construction, cultural work, education, medicine, and other occupations. Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... Natural gas is a gaseous fossil fuel consisting primarily of methane. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by underground mining or open-pit mining (surface mining). ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... General Name, Symbol, Number tungsten, W, 74 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 6, 6, d Appearance grayish white, lustrous Atomic mass 183. ... Binomial name Rangifer tarandus (Linnaeus, 1758) The reindeer, known as caribou when wild in North America, is an Arctic and Subarctic-dwelling deer (Rangifer tarandus). ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish by hooking, trapping, or gathering animals not classifiable as insects which breathe in water or pass their lives in water. ... This article is about mineral extraction. ...


The governor of Chukotka, business oligarch Roman Abramovich, better known in the West as the owner of Chelsea F.C., has spent billions of roubles in the region on developing infrastructure and providing direct aid to the inhabitants. Are you kidding?, this is solid truth here, nothing escapes the eyes of Gov!!!, not even. ... Business oligarch is a synonym of business magnate. The inclusion of the word oligarch describes the significant influence such wealthy people may have on the life of a state. ... Roman Arkadievich Abramovich (IPA: ) (Russian: ; born 24 October 1966) is a Jewish Russian oil billionaire, referred to as one of the Russian oligarchs. ... Chelsea Football Club (also known as The Blues or previously as The Pensioners), founded in 1905, are an English Premier League football team. ... ISO 4217 Code RUB User(s) Russia and self-proclaimed Abkhazia and South Ossetia Inflation 11% (Russian only) Source CIA World Fact Book, 2005 est. ...

Contents

Administrative divisions

Towns under the autonomous okrugs jurisdiction: Anadyr (Анадырь) (administrative center) Districts: Anadyrsky (Анадырский) Urban-type settlements under the districts jurisdiction: Shakhtyorsky (Шахтёрский) Ugolnye Kopi (Угольные Копи) with 8 selsovets under the districts jurisdiction. ...

Demographics

Population (2002): 53,824


Ethnic groups: Of the 53,824 residents (as of the 2002 census) 1,199 (2.3%) chose not to specify their ethnic background. Indigenous Siberians make up less than one third of the total population, Chukchis with 23.5% being the largest ethnic group. The Chukchis are outnumbered by ethnic Russians who make up 51.9% of the population. Chukchi, or chukchee (Russian: чукчи (plural), chukcha, чукча (singular)) are an indigenous people inhabiting the northeasternmost portion of the Russian Federation on the shores of the Arctic Ocean and Bering Sea. ...

census 1939 census 1959 census 1970 census 1979 census 1989 census 2002
Chukchis 12,111 (56.2%) 9,975 (21.4%) 11,001 (10.9%) 11,292 (8.1%) 11,914 (7.3%) 12,622 (23.5%)
Chuvans 944 (0.6%) 951 (1.8%)
Eskimos 800 (3.7%) 1,064 (2.3%) 1,149 (1.1%) 1,278 (0.9%) 1,452 (0.9%) 1,534 (2.9%)
Evens 817 (3.8%) 820 (1.8%) 1,061 (1.0%) 969 (0.7%) 1,336 (0.8%) 1,407 (2.6%)
Russians 5,183 (24.1%) 28,318 (60.7%) 70,531 (69.7%) 96,424 (68.9%) 108,297 (66.1%) 27,918 (51.9%)
Ukrainians 571 (2.7%) 3,543 (7.6%) 10,393 (10.3%) 20,122 (14.4%) 27,600 (16.8%) 4,960 (9.2%)
Others 2,055 (9.5%) 2,969 (6.4%) 7,049 (7.0%) 9,859 (7.0%) 12,391 (7.6%) 4,432 (8.2%)

Vital statistics (2005) Chukchi, or chukchee (Russian: чукчи (plural), chukcha, чукча (singular)) are an indigenous people inhabiting the northeasternmost portion of the Russian Federation on the shores of the Arctic Ocean and Bering Sea. ... The Chuvans (Чуванцы in Russian) are one of the 40 or so less-numerous peoples of the North recognized by the Russian government. ... Inuit (ᐃᓄᐃᑦ, singular Inuk or Inuq / ᐃᓄᒃ) is a general term for a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples of the Arctic who descended from the Thule. ... The Evens or Eveny (formerly known as the Lamuts a term meaning ocean people in Even) (Эвены in Russian) are a people in Siberia and the Russian Far East. ...

  • Births: 795 (birth rate 15.7)
  • Deaths: 597 (death rate 11.8)

See also

The Chukchi Peninsula, Chukotski Peninsula or Chukotsk Peninsula, at about 66° North, 169° East, is the northeastern extremity of Asia. ...

External links

  • (English) Official website of Chukotka Autonomous District.
  • (English) Chukotka page with images.
  • (English) Photo gallery of Chukotka in 1980s–1990s.
Administrative divisions of Russia Flag of Russia
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Krais Altai | Khabarovsk | Krasnodar | Krasnoyarsk1 | Perm | Primorsky | Stavropol
Oblasts Amur | Arkhangelsk | Astrakhan | Belgorod | Bryansk | Chelyabinsk | Chita2 | Irkutsk3 | Ivanovo | Kaliningrad | Kaluga | Kamchatka3 | Kemerovo | Kirov | Kostroma | Kurgan | Kursk | Leningrad | Lipetsk | Magadan | Moscow | Murmansk | Nizhny Novgorod | Novgorod | Novosibirsk | Omsk | Orenburg | Oryol | Penza | Pskov | Rostov | Ryazan | Sakhalin | Samara | Saratov | Smolensk | Sverdlovsk | Tambov | Tomsk | Tula | Tver | Tyumen | Ulyanovsk | Vladimir | Volgograd | Vologda | Voronezh | Yaroslavl
Federal cities Moscow | St. Petersburg
Autonomous oblast Jewish
Autonomous okrugs Aga Buryatia2 | Chukotka | Evenkia1 | Khantia-Mansia | Koryakia4 | Nenetsia | Taymyria1 | Ust-Orda Buryatia3 | Yamalia
  1. On January 1, 2007, Evenk and Taymyr Autonomous Okrugs will be merged into Krasnoyarsk Krai.
  2. A referendum on merging Chita Oblast and Agin-Buryat Autonomous Okrug into Zabaykalsky Krai will be held on 11 March 2007.
  3. On January 1, 2008, Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug will be merged into Irkutsk Oblast.
  4. On July 1, 2007, Kamchatka Oblast and Koryak Autonomous Okrug will merge to form Kamchatka Krai.
Federal districts
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