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Encyclopedia > Chukotka

Chukotka Autonomous District (Russian: Чуко́тский автоно́мный о́круг, tr.: Chukotsky avtonomny okrug), or Chukotka (Чуко́тка), is a federal subject of Russia (an autonomous okrug) located in the Far Eastern Federal District. It is the farthest northeast region of Russia, on the shores of the Bering Sea. Chukotka has an area of 737,700 km² and a population of about 53,000 (according to 2002 census figures), and just over 55,000 in 2004. The principal town and administrative center is Anadyr. It was formerly an autonomous district subsumed within Magadan Oblast, but it declared its separation in 1991, a move that was confirmed by the Russian Constitutional Court in 1993. Image File history File links Chukotka_Flag. ... Image File history File links RussiaChukotka2005. ... There exist many possible systems for transliterating the Cyrillic alphabet of the Russian language to English or the Latin alphabet. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 89 subjects (Russian: субъект(Ñ‹); English transliteration: subyekty, sing. ... Okrug is a term to denote administrative subdivision in some Slavic states. ... Far Eastern Federal District (Russian: Дальневосто́чный федера́льный о́круг; tr. ... All of the federal subjects of Russia are grouped into seven federal districts (Russian: федеральные округа, sing. ... The Bering (or Imarpik) Sea is a body of water above, and separted from, the north Pacific Ocean Ocean by the Alaska Peninsula and Aleutian Islands. ... 2002 (MMII) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Anadyr (), formerly called Novo-Mariinsk, is the capital of Chukotka region, and is located at the mouth of the Anadyr River, at 64°42′ N 177°14′ E. It has a population of about 10,000. ... The Magadan Oblast is a regional subdivision of Russia, in the Far Eastern Federal District. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ...


Lake El'gygytgyn, an important site for scientific research on climate change, is located in Chukotka. Lake Elgygytgyn is located on the Chukotka peninsula in north-east Siberia. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years The term climate change is used to refer to changes in the Earths global climate or regional climates. ...


Traditionally the home of the native Chukchi people, Siberian Yupiks, Koryaks, Chuvans, Evens/Lamuts, Yukagirs, and Russian Old Settlers, the region was subject to collectivisation and forced settlement during the Soviet era. Chukchi, or chukchee (Russian: чукчи (plural), chukcha, чукча (singular)) are an indigenous people inhabiting the northeasternmost portion of the Russian Federation on the shores of the Arctic Ocean and Bering Sea. ... Siberian Yupik are an indigenous people who reside along the coast of the Chukchi Peninsula in the far northeast of the Russian Federation and the St. ... See also: Koryakia Autonomous District Koryaks, a Mongoloid people of northeastern Siberia, inhabiting the coastlands of the Bering Sea to the south of the Anadyr basin and the country to the immediate north of the Kamchatka Peninsula, the southernmost limit of their range being Tigilsk. ... The Chuvans (Чуванцы in Russian) are one of the 40 or so less-numerous peoples of the North recognized by the Russian government. ... The Evens (formerly known as the Lamuts) (Эвены in Russian) are a people in Siberia. ... The Evens (formerly known as the Lamuts) (Эвены in Russian) are a people in Siberia. ... The Yukaghir, or Yukagirs (Юкагиры in Russian; self-designation: одул (odul), деткиль (detkil)) are a people in East Siberia, living in the basin of the Kolyma River. ...


Chukotka has large reserves of oil, natural gas, coal, gold, and tungsten, which are slowly being exploited, but much of the rural population exists on subsistence reindeer herding, hunting and fishing. The urban population is employed in mining, administration, construction, cultural work, education, medicine, and other occupations. Oil is a generic term for organic liquids that are not miscible with water. ... Natural gas (commonly refered to as gas in many countries, but note that gas is also an American and Canadian shortening of gasoline) is a gaseous fossil fuel consisting primarily of methane. ... Coal is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by deep mining, coal mining (open-pit mining or strip mining). ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... General Name, Symbol, Number tungsten, W, 74 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 6, 6, d Appearance grayish white, lustrous Atomic mass 183. ... Hunting is most commonly applied to the practice of pursuing animals to capture or kill them for food, sport, or trade in their products. ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish. ... The El Chino Mine located near Silver City, New Mexico is an open-pit copper mine This article is about mineral extraction. ...


The governor of Chukotka, business oligarch Roman Abramovich, better known in the West as the owner of Chelsea F.C., has spent millions of dollars in the region on developing infrastructure and providing direct aid to the inhabitants. Business oligarch, a synonym of business magnate, describes wealthy people that significantly influence the life of a state. ... Roman Arkadievich Abramovich (Russian: Рома́н Арка́дьевич Абрамо́вич) (born October 24, 1966 in Saratov, Russian SFSR, USSR) is a Russian oil billionaire, referred to as one of the Russian oligarchs. ... Chelsea Football Club (also known as the Blues, previously known as the Pensioners, a reference to the Chelsea pensioners), founded in 1905, is a Premier League football team that plays at the Stamford Bridge football ground in south-west London. ...

Contents


Administrative divisions

Districts

Chukotka Autonomous District consists of the following districts (raions): See rayon for the textile made of processed cellulose. ...

  • Anadyrsky (Анадырский)
  • Beringovsky (Беринговский)
  • Bilibinsky (Билибинский)
  • Chaunsky (Чаунский)
  • Chukotsky (Чукотский)
  • Iultinsky (Иультинский)
  • Providensky (Провиденский)
  • Shmidtovsky (Шмидтовский)

Provideniya, a former Soviet military port, 173. ...

Demographics

Population (2002): 53,824


Ethnic groups: Of the 53,824 residents (as of the 2002 census) 1,199 (2.3%) chose not to specify their ethnic background. Of the rest, residents identified themselves as belonging to 86 ethnic groups, including 27,918 ethnic Russians (51.9%), 12,622 Chukchis (23.5%), 4,960 Ukrainians (9.2%), 1,534 Eskimos (2.85%), 1,407 Evens (2.6%), 951 Chuvans (1.77%) and so on. Chukchi, or chukchee (Russian: чукчи (plural), chukcha, чукча (singular)) are an indigenous people inhabiting the northeasternmost portion of the Russian Federation on the shores of the Arctic Ocean and Bering Sea. ... Eskimo or Esquimau is a term used for a group of people who inhabit the circumpolar region (excluding circumpolar Scandinavia and all but the easternmost portions of Russia). ... The Evens (formerly known as the Lamuts) (Эвены in Russian) are a people in Siberia. ... The Chuvans (Чуванцы in Russian) are one of the 40 or so less-numerous peoples of the North recognized by the Russian government. ...


External links


Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

Administrative subdivisions of Russia Flag of Russia
Federal subjects
Republics Adygeya | Altai | Bashkortostan | Buryatia | Chechnya | Chuvashia | Dagestan | Ingushetia | Kabardino-Balkaria | Karelia | Khakassia | Komi | Kalmykia | Karachay-Cherkessia | Mari El | Mordovia | North Ossetia-Alania | Sakha | Tatarstan | Tuva | Udmurtia
Krais Altai | Khabarovsk | Krasnodar | Krasnoyarsk1 | Perm2 | Primorsky | Stavropol
Oblasts Amur | Arkhangelsk | Astrakhan | Belgorod | Bryansk | Chelyabinsk | Chita | Irkutsk3 | Ivanovo | Kaliningrad | Kaluga | Kamchatka4 | Kemerovo | Kirov | Kostroma | Kurgan | Kursk | Leningrad | Lipetsk | Magadan | Moscow | Murmansk | Nizhny Novgorod | Novgorod | Novosibirsk | Omsk | Orenburg | Oryol | Penza | Pskov | Rostov | Ryazan | Sakhalin | Samara | Saratov | Smolensk | Sverdlovsk | Tambov | Tomsk | Tver | Tula | Tyumen | Ulyanovsk | Vladimir | Volgograd | Vologda | Voronezh | Yaroslavl
Federal cities Moscow | St. Petersburg
Autonomous oblasts Jewish
Autonomous districts Aga Buryatia | Chukotka | Evenkia1 | Khantia-Mansia | Koryakia4 | Nenetsia | Taymyria1 | Ust-Orda Buryatia3 | Yamalia
  1. On January 1, 2007, Evenkia and Taymyria will be merged into Krasnoyarsk Krai.
  2. On December 1, 2005, Perm Krai was created as a result of the merger of Perm Oblast and Permyakia.
  3. A referendum is to be held on April 16, 2006 on the merger of Irkutsk Oblast and Ust-Orda Buryatia.
  4. On October 23, 2005, a referendum was held on the merger of Kamchatka Oblast and Koryakia to form Kamchatka Krai. The result was in favour; the merger will occur some time in 2007 (no official date has been set yet).
Federal districts
Central | Southern | Northwestern | Far East | Siberian | Urals | Privolzhsky (Volga)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (414 words)
Chukotka has an area of 737,700 km² and population of 53,824 (according to 2002 Census), and just over 55,000 in 2004.
Chukotka was formerly an autonomous okrug subsumed within Magadan Oblast, but it declared its separation in 1991; a move that was confirmed by the Russian Constitutional Court in 1993.
Chukotka has large reserves of oil, natural gas, coal, gold, and tungsten, which are slowly being exploited, but much of the rural population exists on subsistence reindeer herding, hunting, and fishing.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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