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Encyclopedia > Chuichi Nagumo
Chuichi Nagumo
25 March 1887 - 6 July 1944[1]

Admiral Chuichi Nagumo
Place of birth Yonezawa, Yamagata Japan
Place of death Northern Mariana Islands
Allegiance Empire of Japan
Service/branch Imperial Japanese Navy
Years of service 1908-1944
Rank Admiral
Unit Carrier Striking Task Force
Commands 1st Carrier Division, 1st Air Fleet, IJN 3rd Fleet, Sasebo Naval District, Kure Naval District, IJN 1st Fleet, Central Pacific Area Fleet, IJN 14th Air Fleet [2]
Battles/wars World War II (Battle of the Eastern Solomons,
Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands,
Indian Ocean Raid,
Attack on Pearl Harbor,
Attack on Darwin,
Battle of Midway)
Awards Order of the Rising Sun (2nd class),
Order of the Rising Sun (3rd class),
Order of the Golden Kite (3rd class),
Grand Cordon of the Order of the Sacred Treasure[1]
This is a Japanese name; the family name is Nagumo.

Admiral Chuichi Nagumo (南雲 忠一 Nagumo Chūichi?, 25 March 1887 - 6 July 1944) was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Yonezawa (米沢市; -shi) is a city located in Yamagata, Japan. ... Anthem Kimi ga Yo Imperial Reign Capital Tokyo Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1868–1912 Emperor Meiji  - 1912–1926 Emperor Taishō  - 1926–1989 Emperor Shōwa Prime Minister  - 1885-1888, 1892-1896, 1898, 1900-1901 Itō Hirobumi  - 1888-1889 Kuroda Kiyotaka  - 1889-1891 Yamagata Aritomo  - 1906-1908, 1911-1912 Saionji Kinmochi... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Japan. ... For Combined Fleet, please see that article. ... For other uses, see Admiral (disambiguation). ... Ensign of the Imperial Japanese Navy and Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force Kido Butai (機動部隊), also known as the Pearl Harbor task force and the Carrier Striking Task Force, was a major component of the Combined Fleet and thus of the Imperial Japanese Navy (日本海軍, Nihon Kaigun) and was its primary carrier... Ensign of the Imperial Japanese Navy The Imperial Japanese Navy(日本海軍, Nihon Kaigun) at the beginning of World War II contained the worlds largest carrier fleet. ... The IJN 3rd Fleet ) was a fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy, which was created on six separate occasions. ... Kure Naval Base was the main naval base of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. http://maisov. ... The Central Pacific Area Fleet ) was a fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy established during World War II. // The Central Pacific Area Fleet was a short-lived operational headquarters of the Imperial Japanese Navy, established on 4 March 1944. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Battle of the Eastern Solomons Conflict World War II, Pacific War Date August 24, 1942 – August 25, 1942 Place North of Santa Isabel, United States Japan Commanders William Halsey, Jr. ... Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders William Halsey, Jr. ... It has been suggested that Japanese Raids into Indian Ocean be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the actual attack. ... Air raids on Darwin, February 1942 Conflict World War II, Pacific War Date February 19, 1942 Place Darwin, Australia Result Japanese victory The two Japanese air raids on Darwin, Australia on February 19, 1942 were by far the biggest ever attack by a foreign power against the Australian mainland. ... Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders Chester W. Nimitz Frank J. Fletcher Raymond A. Spruance Isoroku Yamamoto Chuichi Nagumo Tamon Yamaguchi† Strength 3 carriers, ~50 support ships, 233 carrier aircraft, 127 land-based aircraft 4 carriers, 7 battleships, ~150 support ships, 248 carrier aircraft, 16 floatplanes Casualties 1 carrier... Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun The Order of the Rising Sun or Kyokujitsu sho(旭日章) is a Japanese Order (decoration), established in 1875 by Emperor Meiji of Japan. ... The Order of the Golden Kite ) was a Japanese Order (decoration), established on 12 February 1889 by Emperor Meiji. ... The Order of the Sacred Treasures ) is a Japanese Order (decoration), established on January 4, 1888 by Emperor Meiji of Japan. ... Yamada Tarō (), a typical Japanese name (male), equivalent to John Smith in English. ... A family name, surname, or last name is the part of a persons name indicating the family to which the person belongs. ... For other uses, see Admiral (disambiguation). ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For Combined Fleet, please see that article. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

Contents

Biography

Early life

Nagumo was born in Yonezawa city, Yamagata prefecture in northern Japan in 1887. He graduated from the 36th class of the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy in 1908, with a ranking of 8 out of a class of 191 cadets. As a midshipman, he served on the cruisers Soya, Nisshin and Niitaka. After his promotion to ensign in 1910, he was assigned to cruiser Asama. Yonezawa (米沢市; -shi) is a city located in Yamagata, Japan. ... Yamagata Prefecture (山形県; Yamagata-ken) is located in the Tohoku region on Honshu island, Japan. ... The Imperial Japanese Naval Academy ) was a school established to train officers for the Imperial Japanese Navy. ... A midshipman is a subordinate officer, or alternatively a commissioned officer of the lowest rank, in the navies of several English-speaking countries. ... The IJN Soya ) was a protected cruiser in the Imperial Japanese Navy, acquired as a prize of war during the Russo-Japanese War from the Imperial Russian Navy, where it was originally known as the Varyag. ... Nisshin (Jp:日進), also transliterated as Nissin, was a Kasuga-class armored cruiser of the Imperial Japanese Navy designed and built by Ansaldo in Italy, where the type was known as the Garibaldi class. ... The Niitaka (新高) was an protected cruiser of the Imperial Japanese Navy, designed and built in Japan by the Yokosuka Naval Yards. ... Ensign is a junior rank of commissioned officer in the militaries of some countries, normally in the infantry or navy. ... The Asama (浅間) was the lead ship in an early class of armored cruisers of the Imperial Japanese Navy. ...


After attending torpedo school and naval artillery school, he was promoted to sub-lieutenant and served on the destroyer Aki, followed by Hatsuyuki. In 1914, he was promoted to lieutenant and was assigned to the battleship Kirishima, followed by the destroyer Sugi. He was assigned his first command on 15 December 1917: the destroyer Kisaragi. The torpedo, historically called a locomotive torpedo, is a self-propelled explosive projectile weapon, launched above or below the water surface, propelled underwater toward a target, and designed to detonate on contact or in proximity to a target. ... USS Iowa (BB-61) fires a full broadside of nine 16/50 and six 5/38 guns during a target exercise near Vieques Island, Puerto Rico, 1 July 1984. ... Hatsuyuki was a Fubuki-class destroyer of the Imperial Japanese Navy. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... For other uses, see Battleship (disambiguation). ... Kirishima (霧島) was the Imperial Japanese Navys fourth Kongō class battlecruiser. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Kisaragi was a Japanese destroyer during World War II in the Pacific, which had the distinction of being the second major Japanese warship sunk in the Pacific on December 11, 1941 during the Japanese attempted invasion of Wake Island. ...


Nagumo graduated from the Naval War College, and was promoted to lieutenant commander in 1920. His specialty was torpedo and destroyer tactics. From 1920 to 1921, he was captain of the destroyer Momi, but was soon pulled to shore duty with various assignments by the Imperial Japanese Navy General Staff. He became a commander in 1924. From 1925 to 1926, Nagumo accompanied a Japanese mission to study naval warfare strategy, tactics and equipment in Europe and the United States. The Naval War College (Japanese: Kaigun Daigakkō; Short form: 海大 Kaidai) of the Empire of Japan was founded in Tsukiji, Tokyo in 1888, the same year the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy moved from Tsukiji to Etajima, Hiroshima. ... In the Royal Navy, United States Navy and United States Coast Guard, a lieutenant commander (lieutenant-commander or Lt Cdr in the RN) is a commissioned officer superior to a lieutenant and inferior to a commander. ... Image: http://www. ... The Imperial Japanese Navy General Staff or Gunreibo Socho, was in charge of Imperial Japanese Navy planning and operations. ... Commander is a military rank which is also sometimes used as a military title depending on the individual customs of a given military service. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


After his return to Japan, Nagumo served as an instructor at the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy from 1927-1929. Nagumo was promoted to the rank of captain in November 1929 and assumed command of the light cruiser Naka and from 1930 to 1931 was commander of the 11th Destroyer Division. After serving in administrative positions from 1931 to 1933, he assumed command of the heavy cruiser Takao from 1933 to 1934, and the battleship Yamashiro from 1934 to 1935. He was promoted to rear admiral on 1 November 1935. Captain is a rank or title with various meanings. ... A light cruiser is a warship that is not so large and powerful as a regular (or heavy) cruiser, but still larger than ships like destroyers. ... The Japanese cruiser Naka (那珂) was one of a class of three light cruisers built to serve as flagships for destroyer flotillas. ... World War II United States Navy recognition drawings of Takao and Atago Takao was a heavy cruiser of the Imperial Japanese Navy, named after Mount Takao(高雄山), a mountain in kyoto, Japan. ... The Yamashiro (山城) was the Imperial Japanese Navys second Fusō-class battleship, and was laid down at the Yokosuka Naval Arsenal on November 20, 1913, launched on November 3, 1915, and commissioned on March 31, 1917. ... The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ...


As a Rear Admiral, Nagumo commanded the 8th Cruiser Division to support Imperial Japanese Army movements in China from the Yellow Sea. As a leading officer of the militaristic Fleet Faction, he also received a boost in his career from political forces. The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) (Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國陸軍, Shinjitai: , Romaji: Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun), or more officially Army of the Greater Japanese Empire was the official ground based armed force of Imperial Japan from 1867 to 1945. ... ... The Fleet Faction was a group within the Imperial Japanese Navy of the 1920s times, who wanted unlimited naval growth to build the mightiest navy on the face of the earth; thus to challenge the supremacy of powers such as the United States and Russia. ...


From 1937 to 1938, he was Commandant of the Torpedo School, and from 1938-1939, he was commander of the 3rd Cruiser Division. Nagumo was promoted to vice admiral on 15 November 1939. From November 1940 to April 1941, Nagumo was Commandant of the Naval War College. Vice Admiral is a naval rank of three star level, equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


World War II

On 10 April 1941, Nagumo was appointed Commander in Chief of the IJN 1st Air Fleet, the Imperial Japanese Navy's main Carrier battle group, largely due to his seniority. Many contemporaries and historians have doubted his suitability for this command, given his lack of familiarity with naval aviation. is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... A Commander-in-Chief is the commander of a nations military forces or significant element of those forces. ... Ensign of the Imperial Japanese Navy The Imperial Japanese Navy(日本海軍, Nihon Kaigun) at the beginning of World War II contained the worlds largest carrier fleet. ... The Abraham Lincoln battle group during the 2000 RIMPAC exercises A carrier battle group (CVBG) consists of an aircraft carrier (CV) and its escorts. ... Naval aviation of the United States. ...


By this time, he had visibly aged, physically and mentally. Physically, he suffered from arthritis, perhaps from his younger days as an athletic kendo fencer. Mentally, he had become a cautious officer who spent every ounce of his effort going over tactical plans of every operation he was involved in. [3] Arthritis (from Greek arthro-, joint + -itis, inflammation; plural: arthritides) is a group of conditions where there is damage caused to the joints of the body. ... Kendo ), or way of the sword, is the martial art of Japanese fencing. ...


Admiral Nishizo Tsukahara had some doubts with his appointment, and commented, "Nagumo was an officer of the old school, a specialist of torpedo and surface maneuvers.... He did not have any idea of the capability and potential of naval aviation." At home, Nagumo did not receive a loving description, either. One of his two sons described him as a brooding father who was obsessed (and later disappointed) with pressuring his sons to follow his footsteps into the navy. Contrastingly, Nagumo's junior officers in the navy viewed him as precisely the father figure that his sons did not.[4] Nishizo Tsukahara, April 3, 1887 – January 10, 1966, was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy. ...


However, while commanding the 1st Air Fleet, Nagumo oversaw the effective attack on Pearl Harbor. (Although later “arm chair critics”[citation needed]have criticized his failure to launch the third wave of attack against Pearl Harbor, which might have destroyed the repair stations which would have rendered the most important American naval base in the Pacific useless). This article is about the actual attack. ...


Nagumo was surrounded by able lieutenants such as Minoru Genda and Mitsuo Fuchida. He also fought well in the early 1942 campaigns. He was the fleet commander during the Bombing of Darwin and his Indian Ocean raid on the British Eastern Fleet was a success, sinking an aircraft carrier, two cruisers and two destroyers, and causing Admiral Sir James Somerville to retreat to East Africa. Minoru Genda (源田実 Genda Minoru, 16 August 1904–15 August 1989) served in the Imperial Japanese Navy before and during World War II and in the Japanese Air Self-Defense Force after the war, eventually rising to the rank of major general. ... Fuchida in training for attack on Pearl Harbor Mitsuo Fuchida (December 3, 1902 - May 30, 1976) was a Lieutenant-Commander (少佐) in the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service and a pilot before and during World War II. He headed the formation that led the first wave of attacks on Pearl Harbor... Combatants Australia; United States Japan Commanders David V. J. Blake Chuichi Nagumo Strength 30 planes 242 planes Casualties 251 killed 23 planes destroyed 10 ships sunk 1 killed  ? missing; 6 POW Four planes destroyed in Australian airspace; ? failed to return. ... It has been suggested that Japanese Raids into Indian Ocean be merged into this article or section. ... The British Eastern Fleet (also known as the East Indies Fleet and the Far East Fleet) was a fleet of the Royal Navy during World War II and post war until 1971. ... Admiral of the Fleet Sir James Fownes Somerville, GCB GBE DSO, (17 July 1882 – 19 March 1949) was one of the most famous British Admirals of World War II. // The son of Arthur Fownes Somerville (1850-1942, who appears to have spent some time farming sheep in New Zealand), James...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ...


At the end of his trip into the Indian Ocean, Nagumo's personal score card saw five battleships, one carrier, two cruisers, seven destroyers, dozens of merchantmen, transports, and various other vessels. He was also responsible for downing hundreds of Allied aircraft from six nations. Destruction brought upon Allied ports also disabled or slowed Allied operations. All the while, he had lost no more than a few dozen pilots.[4]


However, at the Battle of Midway, Nagumo's near-perfect record finally came to an end. His Carrier Striking Task Force lost four carriers in what proved to be the turning point of the Pacific War. Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders Chester W. Nimitz Frank J. Fletcher Raymond A. Spruance Isoroku Yamamoto Chuichi Nagumo Tamon Yamaguchi† Strength 3 carriers, ~50 support ships, 233 carrier aircraft, 127 land-based aircraft 4 carriers, 7 battleships, ~150 support ships, 248 carrier aircraft, 16 floatplanes Casualties 1 carrier... Ensign of the Imperial Japanese Navy and Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force Kido Butai (機動部隊), also known as the Pearl Harbor task force and the Carrier Striking Task Force, was a major component of the Combined Fleet and thus of the Imperial Japanese Navy (日本海軍, Nihon Kaigun) and was its primary carrier... For other uses, see Pacific War (disambiguation). ...


Afterwards, Naguma was re-assigned as Commander in Chief of the IJN 3rd Fleet and commanded aircraft carriers in the Guadalcanal campaign, but his actions there were largely indecisive, and in hindsight he slowly frittered away much of Japan's maritime strength. In particular, the massive aircrew losses at the Battle of the Eastern Solomons and the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands would prove decisive to the performance of the Japanese navy in later engagements. The IJN 3rd Fleet ) was a fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy, which was created on six separate occasions. ... Combatants Allied forces including: United States Australia New Zealand British Solomon Is. ... Battle of the Eastern Solomons Conflict World War II, Pacific War Date August 24, 1942 – August 25, 1942 Place North of Santa Isabel, United States Japan Commanders William Halsey, Jr. ... Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders William Halsey, Jr. ...


Final days

On 11 November 1942, Nagumo was re-assigned back to Japan, where he was given command of the Sasebo Naval District. He transferred to the Kure Naval District on 21 June 1943. From October 1943 to February 1944, Nagumo was again Commander in Chief of the IJN 1st Fleet, which was largely involved in training duties by that time. is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kure Naval Base was the main naval base of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. http://maisov. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


However, as the war situation continued to deteriorate against Japan, Nagumo was once against given a combat command. He was sent to the Mariana Islands on 4 March 1944 as commander in chief of the short-lived IJN 14th Air Fleet, and simultaneously commander in chief of the equally short-lived Central Pacific Area Fleet. The Mariana Islands (also the Marianas; up to the early 20th century sometimes called Ladrones Islands, from Spanish Islas de los Ladrones meaning Islands of Thieves) are an archipelago made up by the summits of 15 volcanic mountains in the north-western Pacific Ocean between the 12th and 21st parallels... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Central Pacific Area Fleet ) was a fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy established during World War II. // The Central Pacific Area Fleet was a short-lived operational headquarters of the Imperial Japanese Navy, established on 4 March 1944. ...


On June 15, 1944, days after the failed Battle of the Philippine Sea by Vice Admiral Jisaburo Ozawa cost Japan 500 aircraft, Nagumo and his Army peer General Yoshitsugu Saito attempted to defend the island of Saipan against the American assault. On 6 July, during the last stages of the Battle of Saipan, Nagumo committed suicide; not in the traditional method of seppuku, but rather a pistol to the temple. His remains were later found by American Marines in the cave where he spent his last days as the commander of the Saipan defenders. [5] He was posthumously promoted to admiral. is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants United States Navy Imperial Japanese Navy Commanders Ray Spruance Jisaburo Ozawa Kakuji Kakuta Strength 7 fleet carriers, 8 light carriers, 7 battleships, 79 other ships, 28 submarines, 956 planes 5 fleet carriers, 4 light carriers, 5 battleships, 43 other ships, 450 carrier-based planes, 300 land-based planes Casualties... Jisaburo Ozawa (小沢治三郎 Ozawa Jisaburō, October 2, 1886 – November 9, 1966) was a Japanese admiral during World War II. He was the last Commander-in-Chief of Combined Fleet. ... That general is a fake and dont listen to this battle. ... Saipan seen from the air A map of Saipan, Tinian & Aquijan Saipan (IPA: in English) is the largest island and capital of the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), a chain of 15 tropical islands belonging to the Marianas archipelago in the western Pacific Ocean (15°10... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders Richmond K. Turner Holland Smith Yoshitsugu Saito â€  Chuichi Nagumo â€  Strength 71,000 31,000 Casualties 3,426 killed; 13,160 wounded 24,000 KIA and 5,000 suicides; 921 prisoners The Battle of Saipan was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World... Seppuku (Japanese: 切腹, belly-cutting) is a form of Japanese ritual suicide by disembowelment. ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ...

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Chuichi Nagumo

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ...

Promotions

  • Midshipman - 21 November 1908
  • Ensign - 15 January 1910
  • Sublieutenant - 1 December 1911
  • Lieutenant - 1 December 1914
  • Lieutenant Commander - 1 December 1920
  • Commander - 1 December 1924
  • Captain - 30 November 1929
  • Rear Admiral - 15 November 1935
  • Vice Admiral - 15 November 1939
  • Admiral - 8 July 1944 (Posthumous) [6]

References

Books

  • D'Albas, Andrieu (1965). Death of a Navy: Japanese Naval Action in World War II. Devin-Adair Pub. ISBN 0-8159-5302-X. 
  • Dull, Paul S. (1978). A Battle History of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1941-1945. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-097-1. 
  • Denfeld, D. Colt (1997). Hold the Marianas: The Japanese Defense of the Mariana Islands. White Mane Pub. ISBN 1-57249-014-4. 
  • Goldberg, Harold J. (2007). D-day in the Pacific: The Battle of Saipan. Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-34869-2. 
  • Jones, Don (1986). Oba, The Last Samurai. Presidio Press. ISBN 0-89141-245-X. 
  • Morison, Samuel Eliot (2001 (reissue)). New Guinea and the Marianas, March 1944-August 1944, vol. 8 of History of United States Naval Operations in World War II. Champaign, Illinois, USA: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-07038-0. 

RAdm Samuel Eliot Morison (1887-1976), USN historian Samuel Eliot Morison, RAdm, USNR (July 9, 1887 – May 15, 1976) was an American historian, notable for producing scholarly works that were both authoritative and highly readable, an ability recognized with two Pulitzer Prizes. ... The History of United States Naval Operations in World War II is a 15-volume account of the United States Navy in World War II, written by eminent historian Samuel Eliot Morison and published by Little, Brown and Company between 1947 and 1962. ...

External Links

  • Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo, IJN, (1886-1944)
  • Beyond the Movie: Pearl Harbor
  • http://ww2db.com/person_bio.php?person_id=11
  • Breaching the Marianas: The Battle for Saipan (Marines in World War II Commemorative Series)
  • Nishida, Hiroshi. Materials of IJN: Nagumo, Chuichi. Imperial Japanese Navy. Retrieved on 2007-08-03.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Nishida, Imperial Japanese Navy
  2. ^ http://navalhistory.flixco.info/H/106056/8330/a0.htm
  3. ^ http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/events/wwii-pac/pearlhbr/ph-ja3.htm
  4. ^ a b World War II Database page on Nagumo.
  5. ^ http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USMC/USMC-C-Saipan/index.html Breaching the Marianas: The Battle for Saipan
  6. ^ Nishida, Imperial Japanese Navy

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chuichi Nagumo (135 words)
Chuichi Nagumo (1886 - July 6, 1944) was an admiral of the Imperial Japanese Navy, successful commander of the attack on Pearl Harbor and loser at the Battle of Midway.
While commanding this force, Nagumo executed the brilliant attack on Pearl Harbor, and fought brilliantly in the 1942 campaigns in the Pacific Theatre.
After this, he was criticized, placed in command of naval forces in the Marianas, and in the final stages of the US capture of Saipan, committed suicide rather than surrender.
Chuichi Nagumo at AllExperts (1336 words)
Chuichi Nagumo (南雲 忠一, Nagumo ChÅ«ichi, March 25, 1887–July 6, 1944) was a Japanese Vice Admiral of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) of Imperial Japan under Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto during World War II.
Chuichi Nagumo was born in Yamagato, Honshu, Japan in 1887.
Although Nagumo had plenty of critics in the navy, his seniority landed him the job of the commander of the mobile fleet that had been tagged for the task of attacking Pearl Harbor.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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