The Chu-Han contention (楚漢相爭 or 楚漢春秋, 206–202 BC) was a post-Qin Dynasty interregnum period in China. The two independent states of Han and Chu tried to conquer each other and become the next dynasty. Chu, led by Xiang Yu was lost to Han, led by Liu Bang. The Han Dynasty followed.
The Chu-Han War was a military conflict between Xiang Yu and Liu Bang, the future Emperor Gao of Han, in the period 206–202 BC. The war was waged across most of north China and determined who would become successor to the Qin Dynasty.
Following the failure of the peasant rebellions at the end of the Qin Dynasty, the rebels of Chu marched on the Qin heartland in modern Shaanxi. As Xiang Yu was pre-occupied against the main Qin forces east of the Hangu Pass, Liu Bang entered the Qin capital of Xianyang and declared himself king.
Xiang Yu destroyed the main Qin army at the Battle of Julu and was recognised as commander-in-chief of the 400,000-strong rebel forces as well as 200,000 Qin levies.
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