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Encyclopedia > Chrysler Building
Chrysler Building
Chrysler Building was the world's tallest building from 27 May 1930 to 1931.*
Preceded by 40 Wall Street
Surpassed by Empire State Building
Information
Location 405 Lexington Avenue, New York, New York, U.S.
Status Complete
Constructed 1929-1930
Height
Antenna/Spire 318.9 m (1,046 ft)
Roof 282.0 m (925 ft)
Top floor 274.0 m (899 ft)
Technical details
Floor count 77
Floor area 1,195,000 sq ft (111,000 m²)
Elevator count 32
Companies
Architect William Van Alen

*Fully habitable, self-supported, from main entrance to highest structural or architectural top; see the list of tallest buildings in the world for other listings.

The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. Standing at 319 m (1,047 ft) high,[1] it was briefly the world's tallest building before it was surpassed by the Empire State Building in 1931. However, the Chrysler Building remains the world's tallest brick building.[2][3] After the destruction of the World Trade Center, it was again the second tallest building in New York City until December 2007, when the spire was raised on the 365.8 m (1,200 ft) Bank of America building, pushing the Chrysler Building into third position. In addition, the New York Times Building, which opened in 2007, is exactly tied with the Chrysler Building in height.[4] The Chrysler Building is a classic example of Art Deco architecture and considered by many contemporary architects to be one of the finest buildings in New York City (see below). In 2007, it was ranked ninth on the List of America's Favorite Architecture by the American Institute of Architects.[5] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 235 × 598 pixelsFull resolution (1214 × 3091 pixel, file size: 3. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, New York at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. ... Lexington Avenue is an avenue on the East Side of the borough of Manhattan in New York City that carries southbound one-way traffic from East 131st Street to Gramercy Park at East 21st Street. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... This article is about the state. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... William Van Alen (1883 - May 24, 1954) was best known as the architct in charge of New York Citys Chrysler Building. ... Taipei 101, the worlds tallest completed building, is located in Taipei City, Taiwan These are lists of skyscrapers, ranked by: structural height (vertical elevation from the base to the highest architectural or integral structural element of the building). ... Asheville City Hall. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... For the film of this name, see 42nd Street (film). ... Lexington Avenue is an avenue on the East Side of the borough of Manhattan in New York City that carries southbound one-way traffic from East 131st Street to Gramercy Park at East 21st Street. ... The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, New York at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... A rendering of the New York Times Building The New York Times Building is a skyscraper currently under construction on the west side of Midtown. ... The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... In 2007, the American Institute of Architects released the following list, titled Americas Favorite Architecture, containing 150 of Americas most beautiful buildings, according to a survey of AIA members. ... The American Institute of Architects (AIA) is a professional organization for architects in the United States. ...

Contents

History

The Chrysler Building in 1932.
The Chrysler Building in 1932.
View from Empire State Building, 2005

The Chrysler Building was designed by architect William Van Alen to house the Chrysler Corporation. When the ground breaking occurred on September 19, 1928, there was an intense competition in New York City to build the world's tallest skyscraper.[6][7] Despite a frantic pace (the building was erected at an average rate of four floors per week), no workers died during the construction of this skyscraper. [8] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 564 pixelsFull resolution (5359 × 3779 pixel, file size: 6. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 564 pixelsFull resolution (5359 × 3779 pixel, file size: 6. ... William Van Alen (1883 - May 24, 1954) was best known as the architct in charge of New York Citys Chrysler Building. ... The Chrysler Corporation was a United States-based automobile manufacturer that existed independently from 1925–1998. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


Design beginnings

Van Alen's original design for the skyscraper calls for a decorative jewel-like glass crown. His design also features the building's base in which showroom windows were tripled in height and topped by various number of stories with glass-wrapped cor­ners, creating an impression that the tower appeared physically and visually light as if floating on mid air.[9] The height of the skyscraper was also originally designed to be 246.0 m (807 ft) tall.[8] However, the design was proved to be costly. Hence, building contractor William H. Reynolds disapproved Van Alen's original plan.[10] The design and lease was sold to Walter P. Chrysler, who worked with Van Alen and redesigned the skyscraper for additional stories was later revised to be 282.0 m (925 ft) tall.[8] As Walter Chrysler was the chairman of the Chrysler Automobile Corporation,[8] various architectural details and especially the building's gargoyles were modeled after Chrysler automobile products like the hood ornaments of the Plymouth, and in which must also exemplify the machine age in the 1920s.[11][12] (See below) The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ...


Construction

Construction proceeded on September 19 1928[8]. In total, over 400,000 rivets were used[8] and approximately 3,826,000 bricks were manually laid, to create the non-loadbearing walls of the skyscraper.[13] Contractors, builders and engineers were joined by other building services experts to coordinate construction.


Prior to its completion, the building stood about even with a rival project at 40 Wall Street designed by H. Craig Severance. Severance increased the height of his project and then publicly claimed the title of the world's tallest building[14] (this distinction excluded structures that were not fully habitable, such as the Eiffel Tower)[15]. In response, Van Alen obtained permission for a 56.3 m (185 ft)[16] long spire and had it secretly constructed inside the frame of the building. The spire was delivered to the site in 4 different sections.[17] On October 23, 1929, the bottom section of the spire was hoisted onto the top of the building's dome and lowered into the 66th floor of the building. The other remaining sections of the spire were hoisted and riveted to the first spire section in sequential order in just 90 minutes.[18] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... H. Craig Severance (1879–1941) was an American architect who designed a number of well-known buildings in New York City. ... The Eiffel Tower (French: , ) is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the Seine River in Paris. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Completion

As construction was completed on May 28, 1930[8], the added height of the spire allowed the Chrysler Building to surpass 40 Wall Street as the tallest building in the world and the Eiffel Tower as the tallest structure. It was the first man-made structure to stand taller than 1,000 ft (305 m). Van Alen's satisfaction in these accomplishments was likely muted by Walter Chrysler's later refusal to pay the balance of his architectural fee [19]. In less than a year after it opened to the public on May 27, 1930, the Chrysler Building was surpassed in height by the Empire State Building. is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Walter Percy Chrysler (April 2, 1875 – August 18, 1940) was an American automobile pioneer. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, New York at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. ...


Property

The land on which the Chrysler Building stands was donated to The Cooper Union[20] for the Advancement of Science and Art, a private college that offers every admitted student a full tuition scholarship, in 1902.[21] The land was leased to the Chrysler Corporation to construct the building in 1929.[20] The land and the building continues to be owned by the college[22]; however, the lease has changed several times. In 1957 it was leased to real estate moguls Sol Goldman and Alex DiLorenzo, and later leased to the Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company. The lobby was refurbished and the facade was renovated in 1978 - 1979[23][24]. The building was leased by Jack Kent Cooke, a Washington, D.C. investor in 1979. The spire underwent a restoration that was completed in 1995. In 1998, The Cooper Union leased the building to Tishman Speyer Properties and the Travelers Insurance Group. In 2001, a 75% stake in the lease of the building was sold to TMW, a German investment group.[25] MassMutual Financial Group, best known as the Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company, is a major financial services corporation. ... Jack Kent Cooke (October 25, 1912 – April 6, 1997) was a Canadian-American entrepreneur who became one of the most widely-known executives in North American professional sports. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Tishman Speyer Properties is a leading real estate building and operating company set up in 1978 by two founding partners, Jerry Speyer and Robert Tishman. ... The Travelers Companies (NYSE: TRV) is the second largest underwriter of commercial property casualty and personal insurance in the United States. ...


Architecture

Detail of the Art Deco ornamentation at the crown
Detail of the Art Deco ornamentation at the crown

The Chrysler Building is considered a masterpiece of Art Deco architecture. The distinctive ornamentation of the building is based on features that were then being used on Chrysler automobiles. The corners of the 61st floor are graced with eagles, replicas of the 1929 Chrysler hood ornaments[26]. On the 31st floor, the corner ornamentation are replicas of the 1929 Chrysler radiator caps[27]. The building is constructed of masonry, with a steel frame, and metal cladding. In total, the building currently contains 3,862 windows on its facade and 4 banks of 8 elevators designed by Otis Elevator Corporation.[8] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (768x1024, 516 KB) Summary Detail of the ornamentation on the upper tower of the Chrysler Building, New York City. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (768x1024, 516 KB) Summary Detail of the ornamentation on the upper tower of the Chrysler Building, New York City. ... Asheville City Hall. ...


The building was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1976.[28][29]. This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ...


Crown ornamentation

The Chrysler Building is also well renowned and recognised for its terraced crown. Composed of seven radiating terraced arches, Van Alen's design of the crown is a cruciform groin vault constructed into seven concentric members with transitioning set-backs, mounted up one behind each other.[30] The stainless steel cladding was ribbed and riveted in a radiating pattern and had many triangular vaulted windows, transitioning into smaller segments of the seven narrow set-backs of the facade of the terraced crown. The entire crown is clad with silvery "Enduro KA-2" metal, an austenitic stainless steel developed in Germany by Krupp and marketed under the trade name "Nirosta" (A German acronym for "nichtrostender Stahl", meaning "rust-proof steel") [31][32]. Gårdslösa Church, Öland, Sweden A groin vault or groined vault (also sometimes known as a double barrel vault or cross vault) is a vault produced by the intersection at right angles of two barrel vaults. ... Iron-carbon phase diagram, showing the conditions under which austenite (γ) is stable in carbon steel. ... The 630 foot (192 m) high, stainless-clad (type 304) Gateway Arch defines St. ... The three rings were the symbol for Krupp, based on the radreifen - the seamless railway wheels patented by Alfred Krupp. ... A trade name, also known as a trading name or a business name, is the legal name of a business, or the name which a business trades under for commercial purposes. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Backronym and Apronym (Discuss) Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations, such as NATO, laser, and ABC, written as the initial letter or letters of words, and pronounced on the basis of this abbreviated written form. ...


Observation and broadcasting

When the building first opened, it contained a public viewing gallery on the 71st floor, which was closed to the public in 1945. The private Cloud Club occupied the 66th-68th floors, but closed in the late 1970s. The very top stories of the building are narrow with low sloped ceilings, designed mostly for exterior appearance with interiors useful only to hold radio broadcasting and other mechanical and electrical equipment.[8] Television station WCBS-TV (Channel 2) originally transmitted from the top of the Chrysler in the 1940s and early 1950s, before moving to the Empire State Building.[8] For many years, WPAT-FM and WTFM (now WKTU) also used the Chrysler Building as a transmission site, but they also moved to the Empire by the 1970s. There are currently no commercial broadcast stations located at the Chrysler Building. In architecture, a deck is a constructed flat surface capable of supporting weight, similar to a floor but typically constructed outdoors and usually (though not always) connected to a building. ... The tone of this article is inappropriate for an encyclopedia article. ... WCBS-TV, channel 2, is the flagship station of the CBS television network, located in New York City. ... WPAT-FM, known on-air as 93. ... WKTU (103. ...


Lighting

There are two sets of lighting in the top spires and decoration. The first are the V-shaped lighting inserts in the steel of the building itself. Added later were groups of floodlights which are on mast arms directed back at the building. This allows the top of the building to be lit in many colors for special occasions. This lighting was installed by electrician Charles Londner and crew during construction.[8]


Recognition and appeal

In more recent years, the Chrysler Building has continued to be a favorite among New Yorkers. In the summer of 2005, New York's own Skyscraper Museum asked one hundred architects, builders, critics, engineers, historians, and scholars, among others, to choose their 10 favorites among 25 New York towers. The Chrysler Building came in first place as 90% of them placed the building in their top 10 favorite buildings.[33] Founded in 1997, the Skyscraper Museum, located in New York City in the United States, is currently the only museum of its kind in the world. ...


The Chrysler Building's distinctive profile has inspired similar skyscrapers worldwide, including One Liberty Place in Philadelphia.[34][35] The One Liberty Place Building is currently the tallest building and skyscraper in the City of Philadelphia and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ...


Cultural Depictions

As an iconic part of the New York City skyline, the Chrysler Building has been depicted countlessly in almost every medium - film, photography, video games, art, advertising, music, literature, and even fashion, as its use quickly establishes without doubt the location in which the depicted events are occurring.


In the music scene, Meat Loaf's 1993 album Bat Out of Hell II: Back Into Hell's cover art depicts a demonic bat clinging to the top floors of the Chrysler Building. The artwork was by done by Michael Whelan.[36] The Chrysler building is widely known to be depicted in many films, such as the 1998 film Deep Impact, where the wall of water that surrounds the skyscraper, people can be seen on the 61st floor observation deck fleeing to the other side of the building.[37] In another film, Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer, while Johnny Storm chases the Silver Surfer through Manhattan, The Silver Surfer flies straight through the Chrysler Building.[38][39] Towards the end of Steven Spielberg's A.I.: Artificial Intelligence, the Chrysler Building is seen totally submerged underwater as the aliens guide their spacecraft through the submerged ruins of Manhattan.[37] In the film Spider-Man, Spider-Man perches on top of one of the building's gargoyles, mourning a beloved relative's murder.[37] This article is about the singer. ... Bat out of Hell II: Back Into Hell is a studio album of singer Meat Loaf (Marvin Lee Aday), released in 1993 (see 1993 in music). ... At the 63rd World Science Fiction Convention in Glasgow, August 2005 Michael Whelan (born June 29, 1950) is a multiple award winning American artist specializing in science fiction and fantasy illustration. ... Deep Impact is a 1998 science fiction disaster film released by Paramount Pictures and DreamWorks Pictures. ... A.I.: Artificial Intelligence (2001) was the last project that filmmaker Stanley Kubrick worked on. ... Spider-Man is a 2002 American superhero film based on the fictional Marvel Comics character Spider-Man. ...


The Chrysler Building has also appeared in numerous video games such as Grand Theft Auto IV, being replicated as the "Zirconium Building".[40][41] Grand Theft Auto IV (also known as GTA IV and GTA 4) is an upcoming sandbox-style action-adventure video game developed by Rockstar North. ...


Quotations

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
"Art Deco in France found its American equivalent in the design of the New York skyscrapers of the 1920s. The Chrysler Building...was one of the most accomplished essays in the style."
John Julius Norwich, in The World Atlas of Architecture
"The design, originally drawn up for building contractor William H. Reynolds, was finally sold to Walter P. Chrysler, who wanted a provocative building which would not merely scrape the sky but positively pierce it. Its 77 floors briefly making it the highest building in the world—at least until the Empire State Building was completed—it became the star of the New York skyline, thanks above all to its crowning peak. In a deliberate strategy of myth generation, Van Alen planned a dramatic moment of revelation: the entire seven-storey pinnacle, complete with special-steel facing, was first assembled inside the building, and then hoisted into position through the roof opening and anchored on top in just one and a half hours. All of a sudden it was there—a sensational fait accompli."
—Peter Gossel and Gabriele Leuthauser, in Architecture in the Twentieth Century
"One of the first uses of stainless steel over a large exposed building surface. The decorative treatment of the masonry walls below changes with every set-back and includes story-high basket-weave designs, radiator-cap gargoyles, and a band of abstract automobiles. The lobby is a modernistic composition of African marble and chrome steel."
—Elliot Willensky and Norval White, in AIA Guide to New York

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... John Julius Cooper, 2nd Viscount Norwich CVO (born 15 September 1929) is an English historian, travel writer and television personality known as John Julius Norwich. ... Norval Crawford White (born June 12, 1926[1]) is an American architect, architectural historian and professor. ...

Gallery

References

  • Skyscrapers, Antonino Terranova, White Star Publishers, 2003 (ISBN-8880952307)
  • The Chrysler Building: Creating a New York Icon Day by Day, D Stravitz, Prinston Architectural Press Publishers, 2002 (ISBN-10: 1568983549)

Notes

  1. ^ The Chrysler Building - SkyscraperPage.com
  2. ^ The World's Tallest Brick Building - SkyscraperPicture.com
  3. ^ A view from Above - The Chrysler Building
  4. ^ Emporis Data - See Tallest buildings Ranking
  5. ^ FavoriteArchitecture.org
  6. ^ Emporis Data "...a celebrated three-way race to become the tallest building in the world."
  7. ^ The Manhattan Company - Skyscraper.org; "...'race' to erect the tallest tower in the world."
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k University of Wisconsin-Madison; School of Engineering - The Chrysler Building
  9. ^ The Silver Spire; How two men's dreams changed the skyline of New York Paragraph 8. Author: James E. Beyer, American Institute of Architects
  10. ^ Emporis.com - Chrysler Building
  11. ^ Glass Steel and Stone - Chrysler Building & automobile parts http://glasssteelandstone.com/BuildingDetail.php?ID=436]
  12. ^ Emporis Data
  13. ^ The Chrysler Building, Creating a New York icon, day by day. Pages 54, 158, image caption no.39 ISBN 1-56898-354-9
  14. ^ Emporis Data - See source no.4 line 4; "Briefly held the world's tallest title until it was eclipsed by the spire of Chrysler Building."
  15. ^ CTBUH - Criteria of World's Tallest Building
  16. ^ The Chrysler Building, Creating a New York icon, day by day. Page 161. Image caption no.39 - ISBN 1-56898-354-9
  17. ^ The Chrysler Building, Creating a New York icon, day by day. Page 161, image caption no.54 ISBN 1-56898-354-9
  18. ^ The Chrysler Building, Creating a New York icon, day by day. Pages xiii (Paragraph 10) and 161. Image caption no.39 - ISBN 1-56898-354-9
  19. ^ http://www.jayebee.com/discoveries/criticism/silver_spire.htm.
  20. ^ a b Cooper Union and Chrysler Building
  21. ^ Copper Union Builds
  22. ^ The New York Times - Cooper Union
  23. ^ http://www.signonsandiego.com/uniontrib/20050619/news_mz1h19chrysl.html.
  24. ^ http://kilroymetal.com/HTML/project_gallery.htm.
  25. ^ http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B06E7DB133BF936A35750C0A9679C8B63.
  26. ^ http://altura.speedera.net/ccimg.catalogcity.com/220000/225900/225955/Products/9481499.jpg
  27. ^ 1926 Chrysler Radiator Cap Used On The Chrysler Building
  28. ^ Chrysler Building. National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service (2007-09-11).
  29. ^ Carolyn Pitts (August, 1976), National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Chrysler BuildingPDF (419 KiB), National Park Service  and Accompanying 1 photo, exterior, undatedPDF (52.7 KiB)
  30. ^ The City Review.com - Chrysler Building by AIA Carter B. Horsley
  31. ^ http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2002/11/18/021118fa_fact_pierpont.
  32. ^ http://www.bssa.org.uk/topics.php?article=82.
  33. ^ "In a City of Skyscrapers, Which Is the Mightiest of the High? Experts Say It's No Contest", The New York Times, September 1, 2005. Accessed April 8, 2008.
  34. ^ The NY Times ARCHITECTURE VIEW; Giving New Life to Philadelphia's Skyline. Paragraph 6, line 4, Quote: "...The tower resembles nothing so much as the Chrysler Building..."
  35. ^ University of Wisconsin-Madison; School of Engineering - One Liverty Place; Slide 18, Building Materials
  36. ^ A demonic bat on the top of the Chrysler Building
  37. ^ a b c The NY Times - In the Background, but No Bit Player
  38. ^ Yahoo! Movies: Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer (2007)
  39. ^ Movielocationguide - Rise of the Silver Surfer filming location
  40. ^ Paragraph 3, Hilary Goldstein, Chief News and Features Editor, IGN.com quoted: "...with numerous identifiable landmarks, including the Chrysler Building..."
  41. ^ Grand Theft Auto IV - Liberty City real World comparisons

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1. ... New York City has the most skyscrapers in the world with 50 buildings taller than 200 meters and 2 taller than 300 meters. ... For many millennia the record holder for worlds tallest structure was clearly defined (see table below. ... The Burj Dubai in Dubai, United Arab Emirates is currently the worlds tallest man-made stucture. ... This is a list of famous or notable buildings with articles about them. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • The story of Chrysler Building - by CBS Forum
  • Salon.com article (02/2002)
  • Live Webcam of the Chrysler Building
  • New York Architecture Images-the Chrysler Building
  • Chrysler Building is at coordinates 40°45′06″N 73°58′31″W / 40.7517, -73.9753 (Chrysler Building)Coordinates: 40°45′06″N 73°58′31″W / 40.7517, -73.9753 (Chrysler Building)
Preceded by
Eiffel Tower
World's tallest structure
1930—1931
319m
Succeeded by
Empire State Building
Preceded by
40 Wall Street
Tallest building in the world
1930—1931
1,046ft 4.5in
Succeeded by
Empire State Building
Preceded by
40 Wall Street
Tallest Building in New York City
1930—1931
Succeeded by
Empire State Building
A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... The History of the National Register of Historic Places began in 1966 when the United States government passed the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA), which created the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). ... Clockwise from bottom left: a site, a building, a structure and an object. ... Helvenston House, part of the Ocala Historic District, in Ocala, Florida. ... Broadly defined, a contributing property is any property, structure or object which adds to the historical intergrity or architectural qualities that make a historic district, listed locally or federally, significant. ... Image File history File links US-NationalParkService-ShadedLogo. ... This is a list of entries on the National Register of Historic Places. ... The National Park System of the United States is the collection of physical properties owned or administered by the National Park Service. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... The Aon Center (200 East Randolph Street) is a modern skyscraper in Chicago designed by architect Edward Durell Stone and completed in 1973 as the Standard Oil Building. ... View from above The AT&T Corporate Center is the 4th tallest skyscraper in Chicago and 8th tallest in the United States at 1,007 ft (307 m) with 60 floors. ... The Baiyoke Tower II is the tallest building in Thailand. ... This article is about the Bank of America Plaza in Atlanta. ... BOC Tower at night The Bank of China Tower (short: BOC Tower; 中銀大廈) is a huge skyscraper in Central, Hong Kong. ... The Burj Al Arab (Arabic: برج العرب, Tower of the Arabs) is a luxury hotel in Dubai, United Arab Emirates managed by the Jumeirah Group and built by Said Khalil. ... A screen showing financial news at The Center, an office complex in Central. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... CITIC Plaza is an 80-story high-rise building or skyscraper built in Guangzhou, Peoples Republic of China. ... The Emirates Office Tower, also referred to as Emirates Tower One is a 54-floor office building along Sheikh Zayed Road in the city of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. ... Hotel during the day The Emirates Towers Hotel, also referred to as Emirates Tower Two is a 56 floor five-star business hotel in the city of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, New York at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. ... The Eureka Tower is a residential building in the Southbank precinct of Melbourne, Australia. ... First Canadian Place is a skyscraper in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... International Finance Centre (abbr. ... The 75-story, 305 m (1000 ft) tall JPMorgan Chase Tower of Houston, Texas, formerly the Texas Commerce Tower, is the tallest building in Texas and one of the tallest structures in the world. ... The Jin Mao Building or Jin Mao Tower (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; literally Golden Prosperity Building) is an 88-story landmark skyscraper in the Lujiazui area of the Pudong district of Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ... Several buildings bear this name, all built by John Hancock Insurance and named after John Hancock. ... Kingdom Centre (Arabic: ) in Riyadh is the tallest skyscraper in Saudi Arabia. ... Menara Telekom Menara Telekom is the headquartes of Telekom Malaysia in Kuala Lumpur. ... A rendering of the New York Times Building The New York Times Building is a skyscraper currently under construction on the west side of Midtown. ... Nina Tower (Chinese: 如心廣場) is a twin tower of 80-storey and 42-storey highrise building under construction in Tsuen Wan, New Territories, Hong Kong. ... The Petronas Twin Towers (also known as the Petronas Towers or Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia are the worlds tallest twin buildings. ... For other uses, see Q1. ... The Rose Tower is a 333 metre (1,093 feet), 72-story skyscraper on Sheikh Zayed Road in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... Shimao International Plaza is a 333 m 60 storey office tower in Shanghai, China and completed in 2005. ... Shun Hing Square Shun Hing Square (信兴广场) is a tall high-rise building or skyscraper in Shenzhen, China. ... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: TáibÄ›i YÄ«língyÄ«; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ... Tuntex Sky Tower at night Lantern Festival at Tuntex Sky Tower, Kaohsiung, Taiwan Tuntex Sky Tower, or the T & C Tower , 85 SKYTOWER (the Tuntex & Chien-Tai Tower), is a 85-floor skyscraper located in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. ... Two Prudential Plaza is a skyscraper built in Chicago in 1990. ... This article is about the U.S. Bank Tower in Los Angeles. ... The Wells Fargo Bank Plaza, formerly the Allied Bank Plaza and First Interstate Bank Plaza, is located in Downtown Houston, Texas. ... 23 Marina is a residential skyscraper that is currently under construction in Dubai and is being made by the Hiranandani Group based in Mumbai, India. ... A rendering of the new World Trade Center as completed. ... The Abraj Al Bait Towers is a building complex under construction in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. ... The Ahmed Abdul Rahim Al Attar Tower is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai. ... The Al Hamra Tower is a skyscraper currently under construction in downtown Kuwait City, Kuwait. ... The Al Yaquob Tower is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai. ... APIIC Tower (Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation Tower) is a 100 plus storeyed,450 m supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Hyderabad ,India. ... Almas Tower (Diamond Tower) is a 365 metre tall skyscraper under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The Arraya 2 is a skyscraper currently under construction in Kuwait City, Kuwait. ... The Burj al Alam (World Tower in English) is an under construction 108 story, 501m skyscraper in the Business Bay area of Dubai, UAE designed to resemble a crystal flower. ... Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and is currently the tallest man-made structure on Earth. ... The Chicago Spire is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Chicago, Illinois. ... China World Trade Center Tower 3 is a 301. ... City Hall and City Duma model on MIPIM exhibition For the historic structure, see Moscow City Hall. ... DAMAC Heights, or formerly Ocean Heights 2, is an approved supertall skyscraper located in the Dubai Marina of Dubai. ... Dubai Towers - Doha is a 445 meter mixed-use skyscraper being constructed in Doha, Qatar. ... Elite Residence is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates in the Dubai Marina district. ... A render of the tower under construction. ... Faros del Panamá is a 95 floor building with a planned height of 346 metres under construction in Panama City, Panama. ... Federation Tower rendering The Federation Tower is a skyscraper complex currently under construction in Moscow, Russia and is designed to be both the tallest building in Europe as well as Europes first supertall building. ... This article is about the skyscraper in New York City. ... Gate of Kuwait is a skyscraper with 84 floors and a roof height of 320 metres at Kuwait City, Kuwait, whose construction started in 2005. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Guangzhou Twin Towers West Tower is a 432 metre tall skyscraper with 103 floors under construction at Zhujiang Avenue West in Tianhe District at Guangzhou, China. ... International Commerce Centre is a 118 story, 484 m skyscraper under construction in West Kowloon, Hong Kong; as part of the Union Square project built on top of the MTR Kowloon Station. ... JW Marriott International Finance Centre is a highrise building with 77 floors and with a roof height of 377. ... Keangnam Hanoi Lanmark Tower is a skyscraper under construction in Hanoi, Vietnam. ... Mag 218 Tower is a 66 floor residential skyscraper with 534 rooms under construction at Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Marina 101 is a 412 metre tall skyscraper with 101 floors under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Mercury City Tower is a skyscraper currently under contruction in Moscow, Russia. ... The Minsheng Bank Building (also known as Wuhan International Securities Building) is a 331. ... The Northeast Asia Trade Tower is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Incheon, South Korea. ... Ocean One is a 367 metre (1,204 feet) tall supertall skyscraper with 91 floors and 587 rooms under construction at Jomtien Beach in Pattaya, Thailand. ... Ocean Heights is a supertall skyscraper under construction in the Dubai Marina of greater Dubai. ... One Island East (Chinese: 港島東中心) , also called One Island East Centre, is a supertall skyscraper that is currently under construction in Taikoo Place in Island East, Hong Kong. ... Park Hyatt Tower is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Mumbai, Maharashtra and will be the tallest and greenest building in India once completed. ... Pearl River Tower is a skyscraper that is under construction at the junction of Jinsui Road/Zhujiang Avenue West, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, China. ... The Pentominium is a supertall skyscraper, currently approved for construction in the city of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The Princess Tower is a residential skyscraper that is currently under construction in Dubai. ... Russia Tower Russia Tower - skyscraper in the territory of Moscow, whose building they plan to complete in 2012. ... The Shanghai World Financial Center (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Shanghai, China. ... Shenzhen Nikko Tower is a 310 metre tall highrise building at Nanshan in Shenzhen, China, whose construction started in 2006. ... Sky Tower Dubai is a 379 metre tall skyscraper with 83 floors under construction in Abu Dhabi. ... Square Capital Tower is a futuristic highrise building with 63 floors, which is since 2005 under at Kuwait City in Kuwait. ... Tianjin International Trade Centre is a skyscraper with 80 floors and a floor area of 260,000 m², which is since 1998 under construction at 112 Munan Road in Tianjin, China. ... The Marina Torch is a tower currently under construction for the Dubai Marina, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Torre Gran Costanera is a 300 metre tall highrise building, which is since 2006 under construction in Santiago, Chile. ... For other buildings of the same name see Trump International Hotel and Tower The Trump International Hotel and Tower is a skyscraper condo-hotel under construction at 401 N. Wabash Avenue in downtown Chicago, Illinois named for famed real estate developer Donald Trump. ... Waterview Tower is a mixed used development under construction in downtown Chicago, Illinois. ... This page may meet Wikipedia’s criteria for speedy deletion. ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... 868 Towers Offices and Hotel is a 86 floor tall 331 metre tall highrise building, whose construction is pending at Haikou, China. ... BDNI Center I is a 317 metre tall skyscraper with 62 floors, whose construction is pending at the district Pusat of Jakarta in Indonesia. ... Busan Lotte Tower is a mixed use tower in the southern South Korean city of Busan that is currently under construction. ... The Dalian International Trade Center is a 78 floor skyscraper currently under construction in Dalian, China with a planned floor area of 288,566 m². Its construction started in 2003 however is currently suspended. ... Infinity Tower is a skyscraper under construction by Palma Real Estate in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Marina Gardens is a 75 store residential skyscraper at Area 392-Plot Marsa in Dubai. ... Najd Tower is a 340 metre tall futuristic skyscraper with 82 floors and 496 rooms at Dubai in United Arab Emirates, whose construction started in 2005. ... Plaza Rakyat is a project that was on hold since 1997 due to the economic crisis. ... The Ryugyong Hotel (or Ryu-Gyong Hotel or Yu-Kyung Hotel or the 105 Building) is a partially constructed concrete skyscraper that was once intended for use as a hotel in Sojang-dong, in the Potong-gang District of Pyongyang, North Korea. ... Artists conception of the completed towers. ... Tianlong Hotel is a hotel skyscraper with 73 floors in Nanan District, Chongqing, China. ... Xiamen Post & Telecommunications Building is a 66 floor tall office skyscraper under construction at Hubin Road South / Xiahe Road at Xian, China. ...

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BUILDING BIG: Databank: Chrysler Building (319 words)
Not only was the Chrysler Building the world's tallest structure, it was also one of the most decorated office buildings in the world.
Today, the Chrysler Building is recognized as New York City's greatest display of Art Deco, a decorative style characterized by sharp angular or zigzag surface forms and ornaments.
Walter Chrysler never paid architect William Van Alen for his work on the Chrysler Building because he believed Van Alen was involved in some suspicious financial arrangements with the building's contractors.
Chrysler Building - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1026 words)
The Chrysler Building is a skyscraper and distinctive symbol of New York City, standing 1,046 feet (319 m) high on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue.
Despite being overtaken by the Empire State Building as the tallest building in the world during the 1930s, the Chrysler Building is still the tallest brick building in the world.
The Chrysler Building is an example of Art Deco architecture, and the distinctive ornamentation of the tower is based on features that were then being used on Chrysler automobiles.
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