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Encyclopedia > Chrudim
Statistics
Area: 33.2 km²
Population: 24,000 (2004)
Map
Map of the Czech Republic highlighting Chrudim

Chrudim is city in eastern Bohemia, in Pardubice region of Czech Republic. This article lists sources for statistics about Czech Republic. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Image File history File links Location_of_Czech_city_Chrudim. ... Bohemia. ... Pardubice Region (Czech: Pardubický kraj) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located mainly in the eastern part of its historical region of Bohemia, with a small part in northwestern Moravia. ...


The oldest archaeological findings, which provide first signs of the settlement in this area date back to the 5th millennium BC Various cultures succeeded one on another in the territory of today’s town of Chrudim and its vicinity. Chrudim town was established before 1276 and soon after became to be a dowry town of Bohemian Queens. Dowry town is name for town that has been devoted by Czech king to his wife - the queen. ...


During the reign of Maria Theresa, Chrudim became the centre of the region and, in 1751, the seat of regional offices. The town was not only the natural but also the administrative centre of Chrudim region. The 18th and especially the 19th centuries brought vigorous development. The medieval ground plan of the historical heart of the town and its suburbs were no longer able to meet the growing requirements. The population reached 13,000 inhabitants at the end of the 19th century. The first industrial factory, with its foundry and forge, and a shoe factory launched industrial development. Social life also greatly expanded in the second half of the 19th century. Remarkable number of schools and cultural and social events led Chrudim to well-known as “Athens of Eastern Bohemia”. H.I.M. Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, Archduchess of Austria, Great Principess of Transylvania, Duchess of Parma, Piacenza, and Guastalla Maria Theresa (Vienna, May 13, 1717 – Vienna, November 29, 1780) was the first and only female head of the Habsburg dynasty. ... Events Adam Smith is appointed professor of logic at the University of Glasgow March 25 - For the last time, New Years Day is legally on March 25 in England and Wales. ...


Famous people

  • Viktorin Kornel z Všehrd (cca 1460 - 1520), writer
  • Jan Nepomuk Štěpánek (1783 - 1844), actor, theatre director
  • Josef Ressel (1793 - 1857), inventor. High school in Chrudim is named after him.
  • Petr Prucha (1982 - ), NHL Hockey player for the NY Rangers

Josef Ludvík František Ressel (in Czech) or Joseph Ludwig Franz Ressel (in German) or Josip Ressel (in Slovenian and Croatian) (June 29, 1793- October 9, 1857) was a Bohemian forest warden and the inventor of the ships propeller. ... Petr Průcha Petr Prucha (Czech: Petr Průcha, b. ...

External link

  • Municipal website (in Czech)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chrudim - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (278 words)
Chrudim is city in eastern Bohemia, in Pardubice region of Czech Republic.
Chrudim town was established before 1276 and soon after became to be a dowry town of Bohemian Queens.
During the reign of Maria Theresa, Chrudim became the centre of the region and, in 1751, the seat of regional offices.
CHRUDIM - LoveToKnow Article on CHRUDIM (1912 words)
Chrudim is mentioned as the castle of a gaugraf as early as 993.
After 1421 Chrudim was held by the Hussites, and though Ferdinand I. confiscated n~ost of the town property, it prospered greatly till the outbreak of the Thirty Years War.
Chrudim was the birthplace of Joseph Ressel (1793-1857), honored in Austria as the inventor of the screw propeller.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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