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Encyclopedia > Chronology of Soviet secret police agencies

The Soviet Union had a succession of secret police agencies over the course of its existence. The first secret police after the Russian Revolution, created by Lenin's decree on December 20, 1917, was called "Cheka" (ЧК). Officers were referred to as chekists, a name that is still applied to people under the FSB of Russia, the KGB's successor. A secret police (sometimes political police) force is a police organization that operates in secret to enforce state security. ... The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a political movement in Russia which reached its peak in 1917 with the overthrow of the Provisional Government that had replaced the Russian Czarist system, and led to the establishment of the Soviet Union, which lasted until its collapse in 1991. ... Vladimir Ilyich Lenin ( Russian: Влади́мир Ильи́ч Ле́нин  listen?), original surname Ulyanov (Улья́нов) ( April 22 (April 10 ( O.S.)), 1870 – January 21, 1924), was a Russian revolutionary, the leader of the Bolshevik party, the first Premier of the Soviet Union, and the founder of the ideology of Leninism. ... December 20 is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... Cheka-KGB emblem: sword and shield The Cheka (ЧК - чрезвычайная комиссия) was the first of many Soviet secret police organizations, created on December 20, 1917 by Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky. ... The Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (Федера́льная слу́жба безопа́сности Росси́йской Федера́ции or ФСБ, Federalnaya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti Rossiyskoy Federatsii, FSB) is a state security organisation in Russia, the successor to the KGB by way of the FSK (Federalnaya Sluzhba Kontrrazvedki (Федера́льная Слу́жба Контрразве́дки), Federal Counterintelligence Service). ... The KGB emblem and motto: The sword and the shield KGB (transliteration of КГБ) is the Russian-language acronym for the Committee for State Security, (Russian: â–¶(?); transliteration: Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti), and was the umbrella organisation name for (i) the principal Soviet internal Security Agency, (ii) the principal...


Note that for most agencies listed here secret policing operations were only part of their function.

Contents


Chronology

February 6, 1922: Cheka became GPU, a section of the NKVD of the Russian SFSR. Cheka-KGB emblem: sword and shield The Cheka (ЧК - чрезвычайная комиссия) was the first of many Soviet secret police organizations, created on December 20, 1917 by Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky. ... The Cheka (ЧК in Russian) was the first (of many) Soviet secret police organizations. ... State motto: Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Workers of the world, unite!) Official language None (Russian in practice) Capital Moscow (last) Chairman of the Supreme Council Boris Yeltsin Established In the USSR:  - Since  - Until November 7, 1917 December 30, 1922 December 12, 1991 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 1st in former Soviet Union 17,075,200... Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky (Belarusian language Фелікс Эдмундавіч Дзяржынскі, Polish: Feliks DzierżyÅ„ski, Russian: Феликс Эдмундович Дзержинский; September 11 [O.S. August 30] 1877 –July 20, 1926) was a Russian Communist revolutionary, famous as the founder of the Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka, later known by many names. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Yakov Khristoforovich Peters (Яков Христофорович Петерс) (December 3 (old-style November 21), 1886 - April 25, 1938) was a deputy director of the Cheka in the Soviet Union and acting director from July 7 to August 22 1918. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky (Belarusian language Фелікс Эдмундавіч Дзяржынскі, Polish: Feliks DzierżyÅ„ski, Russian: Феликс Эдмундович Дзержинский; September 11 [O.S. August 30] 1877 –July 20, 1926) was a Russian Communist revolutionary, famous as the founder of the Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka, later known by many names. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...

November 15, 1923: GPU was reorganized into OGPU under the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR. Black Ravens by Boris Vladimirski, a depiction of the cars used by NKVD agents. ... From 1919 to 1946, functions of ministers in the government of Russia and, later, the Soviet Union were performed by Peoples Commissars (Russian title: Narodny Komissar, or Narkom). ... Soviet poster of the 1920s: The GPU strikes on the head the counter-revolutionary saboteur State Political Directorate was the secret police of the RSFSR and USSR until 1934. ... Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky (Belarusian language Фелікс Эдмундавіч Дзяржынскі, Polish: Feliks DzierżyÅ„ski, Russian: Феликс Эдмундович Дзержинский; September 11 [O.S. August 30] 1877 –July 20, 1926) was a Russian Communist revolutionary, famous as the founder of the Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka, later known by many names. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Sovnarkom (Russian language СовНарКом, the abbreviation of the phrase Совет Народных Комиссаров, Sovet Narodnykh Komissarov, the Council of Peoples Commissars, sometimes Russian СНК, the SNK), was the name of administrative arm of the Soviet governments until 1946. ...

July 10, 1934: OGPU became GUGB of the NKVD of the USSR; NKVD of the Russian SFSR ceased to exist. Soviet poster of the 1920s: The GPU strikes on the head the counter-revolutionary saboteur State Political Directorate was the secret police of the RSFSR and USSR until 1934. ... Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky (Belarusian language Фелікс Эдмундавіч Дзяржынскі, Polish: Feliks Dzierżyński, Russian: Феликс Эдмундович Дзержинский; September 11 [O.S. August 30] 1877 –July 20, 1926) was a Russian Communist revolutionary, famous as the founder of the Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka, later known by many names. ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Senior Chekist and confidante of Stalin. ... July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about the month of May. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Main Directorate of State Security (Russian: Glavnoe Upravlenie Gosudarstvennoi Bezopasnosti) was the name of the Soviet secret police from July 1934 to April 1943. ...

February 3, 1941: The GUGB of the NKVD was briefly separated out into the NKGB, then merged back in, and then in 1943 separated out again. The Main Directorate of State Security (Russian: Glavnoe Upravlenie Gosudarstvennoi Bezopasnosti) was the name of the Soviet secret police from July 1934 to April 1943. ... Genrikh Yagoda Genrikh Grigorevich Yagoda (Генрих Григорьевич Ягода) (1891, Nizhny Novgorod - March 15, 1938, Moscow) was the head of the Soviet secret police, the NKVD, from 1934 to 1936. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Nikolai Ivanovich Yezhov (Николай Иванович Ежов) (May 1, 1895–February 4?, 1940) was a head of the Soviet secret police, the NKVD (1936–1938), during the Great Purge (sometimes known as the Yezhovschina (Yezhovshchina, Ежовщина, Yezhov era) after him). ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... -1... Lavrenty Beria Lavrenty Pavlovich Beria (Georgian: ლავრენტი ბერია; Russian: Лаврентий Павлович Берия; (29 March 1899 - 23 December 1953), Soviet politician and police chief, is remembered chiefly as the executor of Joseph Stalins Great Purge of the 1930s, although in fact he presided only over the closing stages of the Purge. ... -1... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ...

March 18, 1946: All People's Commissariates were renamed to Ministries. The Peoples Commissariat for State Security (Народный комиссариат государственной безопасности) was the name of the Soviet secret police force existed during February 3, 1941 — July 20, 1941, from 1943 to 1946, and then renamed into the Ministry for State Security. ... Vsevolod Nikolayevich Merkulov (Всеволод Николаевич Меркулов in Russian) (10. ... February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Vsevolod Nikolayevich Merkulov (Всеволод Николаевич Меркулов in Russian) (10. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (105th in leap years). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... From 1919 to 1946, functions of ministers in the government of Russia and, later, the Soviet Union were performed by Peoples Commissars (Russian title: Narodny Komissar, or Narkom). ... A ministry is a department of a government, led by a minister. ...

May 30, 1947: Official decision with the expressed purpose of "upgrading coordination of different intelligence services and concentrating their efforts on major directions". In the summer of 1948 the military personnel in KI were returned to the Soviet military to reconstitute a foreign military intelligence arm of the GRU. KI sections dealing with the new East Bloc and Soviet emigres were returned to the MGB in late 1948. In 1951 the KI returned to the MGB. The Ministry of State Security (MGB) ( Russian: Министерство государственной безопасности (Ministerstvo Gosudarstvennoi Bezopasnosti)) was the name of the state security agency of the Soviet Union when it existed and also the planned sucessor of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation. ... Viktor Semyonovich Abakumov (1894 - December 18, 1954), Soviet police official, was a protege and subordinate of Lavrenty Beria, head of the Soviet political police aparatus from 1938 to 1953. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR), German Deutsche Demokratische Republik (DDR), was a socialist state that existed from 1949 to 1990 in the former Soviet occupation zone of Germany. ... Logo of East Germanys Ministerium für Staatssicherheit (MFS or Stasi) / Ministry for State Security This article is about Stasi, the secret police of East Germany. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The word MGB has several different meanings: MGB (USSR) was a predecessor of the KGB (secret police). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with State Political Directorate. ... Jacob Alexandrovich Malik, or Yakov Malik (1906 - 1980) was a Ukrainian Soviet diplomat. ... A foreign minister is a cabinet minister that helps to form foreign policy for sovereign nations. ... May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (151st in leap years). ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


March 5, 1953: MVD and MGB are merged into the MVD by Lavrenty Beria. March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (65th in leap years). ... 1953 (MCMLIII) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Lavrenty Beria Lavrenty Pavlovich Beria (Georgian: ლავრენტი ბერია; Russian: Лаврентий Павлович Берия; (29 March 1899 - 23 December 1953), Soviet politician and police chief, is remembered chiefly as the executor of Joseph Stalins Great Purge of the 1930s, although in fact he presided only over the closing stages of the Purge. ...

March 13, 1954: Newly independent force became the KGB, as Beria was purged and the MVD divested itself again of the functions of secret policing. After renamings and tulmults, the KGB remained stable until 1991. The Ministerstvo Vnutrennikh Del (MVD) (Министерство внутренних дел) was the Ministry of Internal Affairs in the imperial Russia, late USSR, and still bears the same name in the Russian Federation. ... March is the third month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... March is the third month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

After the State Emergency Committee failed to overthrow Gorbachev and Yeltsin took over, General Vadim Bakatin was given instructions to dissolve the KGB. The KGB emblem and motto: The sword and the shield KGB (transliteration of КГБ) is the Russian-language acronym for the Committee for State Security, (Russian: â–¶(?); transliteration: Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti), and was the umbrella organisation name for (i) the principal Soviet internal Security Agency, (ii) the principal... Ivan Aleksandrovich Serov (Иван Александрович Серов in Russian) (8. ... March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Alexander Nikolayevich Shelepin (Russian: Александр Николаевич Шелепин, born 1918) was the head of KGB from December 25, 1958 to November 13, 1961. ... December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 6 days remaining. ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 13 is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 48 days remaining. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Vladimir Yefimovich Semichastny (Russian: Владимир Ефимович Семичастны?, born 1924) was the head of the KGB from November 1961 to April 1967. ... November 13 is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 48 days remaining. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Yuri Vladimirovich Andropov (Ю́рий Влади́мирович Андро́пов), (June 2 (O.S.) = June 15 (N.S.), 1914 - February 9, 1984) was a Soviet politician and General Secretary of the CPSU from November 12, 1982 until his death just sixteen months later. ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 26 is the 146th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (147th in leap years). ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 26 is the 146th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (147th in leap years). ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in Leap years). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Vladimir Alexandrovich Kryuchkov (Владимир Александрович Крючков in Russian) was born in Volgograd in 1924. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in Leap years). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 22 is the 234th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (235th in leap years), with 131 days remaining. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 22 is the 234th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (235th in leap years), with 131 days remaining. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 23 is the 235th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (236th in leap years), with 130 days remaining. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Vadim Viktorovich Bakatin (born 1937) was a Russian Soviet political figure. ... August 23 is the 235th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (236th in leap years), with 130 days remaining. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... During the Soviet Coup of 1991, also known as the August Putsch or August Coup, a group of hardliners within the Soviet Communist party briefly deposed Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and attempted to take control of the country. ... Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (Russian: ; Pronunciation: mih-kha-ILL ser-GHE-ye-vich gor-bah-CHOFF) (born March 2, 1931), was leader of the Soviet Union from 1985 until 1991. ... Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin (Russian: Борис Николаевич Ельцин; â–¶ (help· info)) (born February 1, 1931) was President of Russia from 1991 to 1999. ... General is a high military rank, used by nearly every country in the world. ... Vadim Viktorovich Bakatin (born 1937) was a Russian Soviet political figure. ...


In Russia today, KGB functions are performed by the SVR (Foreign Intelligence Service) and the FSB (Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation). The GRU, Main Intelligence Directorate, continues to operate as well. SVR stands for Sluzhba Vneshney Razvedki (Служба внешней разведки), and is Russian for, Foreign Intelligence Service. The SVR is the Russian intelligence agency, which evolved from the KGB after the collapse of the Soviet Union. ... The Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (Федера́льная слу́жба безопа́сности Росси́йской Федера́ции or ФСБ, Federalnaya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti Rossiyskoy Federatsii, FSB) is a state security organisation in Russia, the successor to the KGB by way of the FSK (Federalnaya Sluzhba Kontrrazvedki (Федера́льная Слу́жба Контрразве́дки), Federal Counterintelligence Service). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with State Political Directorate. ...


See also

Secret Services of Imperial Russia

The Okhrannoye otdeleniye (Russian: , meaning Security Section or Security Station), also the Okhrana or Tsarist Okhranka in Western sources, or diminutive Okhranka by those dissatisfied with the tsarist regime, was a secret police force of the Russian Empire and part of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD) in late 1800s... The Russian Empire in 1913 Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last... The Special Corps of Gendarmes (Отдельный корпус жандармов) was the secret military police of the Russian Empire in the 1800s and early 1900s. ... The Third Section of His Imperial Majestys Own Chancellery (Russian: Tretiye Otdeleniye, or III отделение собственной Е.И.В канцелярии, sometimes translated as Third Department) was a secret department set up in Imperial Russia, inherited from Tayny Prikaz, Privy Chancellery and Specialty Chancellery. ...

Soviet and Russian Intelligence Services

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with State Political Directorate. ...

Secret Police and Intelligence services of Russian Federation

The FSB (ФСБ) is a state security organisation in Russia, and is the domestic successor organization to the KGB. Its name is an acronym from the Russian Federalnaya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti Rossiyskoy Federatsii (Федера́льная слу́жба безопа́сности Росси́йской Федера́ции) which translates to Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation. ... The KGB emblem and motto: The sword and the shield KGB (transliteration of КГБ) is the Russian-language acronym for the Committee for State Security, (Russian: ▶(?); transliteration: Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti), and was the umbrella organisation name for (i) the principal Soviet internal Security Agency, (ii) the principal... SVR stands for Sluzhba Vneshney Razvedki (Служба внешней разведки), and is Russian for, Foreign Intelligence Service. The SVR is the Russian intelligence agency, which evolved from the KGB after the collapse of the Soviet Union. ... The First Chief Directorate of the KGB was the organization responsible for foreign operations and intelligence collection activities by the training and management of covert agents, intelligence collection management, and the collection of political, scientific and technical intelligence. ... The KGB emblem and motto: The sword and the shield KGB (transliteration of КГБ) is the Russian-language acronym for the Committee for State Security, (Russian: ▶(?); transliteration: Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti), and was the umbrella organisation name for (i) the principal Soviet internal Security Agency, (ii) the principal... In the Russian Federation, the Federal Protective Service was formerly the Ninth Chief (aka The Guards) Directorate of the KGB and is now an independent organization. ... The KGB emblem and motto: The sword and the shield KGB (transliteration of КГБ) is the Russian-language acronym for the Committee for State Security, (Russian: ▶(?); transliteration: Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti), and was the umbrella organisation name for (i) the principal Soviet internal Security Agency, (ii) the principal... Presidential Security Service or PSS is a title which exists in the Russian Federation and the Republic of Korea. ... The KGB emblem and motto: The sword and the shield KGB (transliteration of КГБ) is the Russian-language acronym for the Committee for State Security, (Russian: ▶(?); transliteration: Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti), and was the umbrella organisation name for (i) the principal Soviet internal Security Agency, (ii) the principal... Coat of Arms of FAPSI FAPSI (Russian: ) or Federal Agency of Government Communications and Information (Russian: ) is a Russian government agency, one of the successors of KGB. It also sometimes is referred by its English acronym FAGCI. // History FAPSI was created on the basis of 8th (Government Communications) and 16th... The KGB emblem and motto: The sword and the shield KGB (transliteration of КГБ) is the Russian-language acronym for the Committee for State Security, (Russian: ▶(?); transliteration: Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti), and was the umbrella organisation name for (i) the principal Soviet internal Security Agency, (ii) the principal...

External links

  • Official history of the MVD of Russia: 1917-1930 1931-1945 1946-1965 1966-1985 1986-1993 (in Russian)

 
 

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