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Encyclopedia > Chromosome 6 (human)

Chromosome 6 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. People normally have two copies of this chromosome. Chromosome 6 spans more than 170 million base pairs (the building material of DNA) and represents between 5.5 and 6% of the total DNA in cells. Figure 1: Chromosome. ... Binomial name Homo sapiens Linnaeus, 1758 Subspecies Homo sapiens idaltu† Homo sapiens sapiens Homo (genus). ... Headline text this website sucks your mothers dickIn molecular biology, two nucleotides on opposite complementary DNA or RNA strands that are connected via hydrogen bonds are called a base pair (often abbreviated bp). ... The general structure of a section of DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid —usually in the form of a double helix— that contains the genetic instructions specifying the biological development of all cellular forms of life, and most viruses. ... Cells in culture, stained for keratin (red) and DNA (green). ...


Identifying genes on each chromosome is an active area of genetic research. Because researchers use different approaches to predict the number of genes on each chromosome, the estimated number of genes varies. Chromosome 6 likely contains between 1,100 and 1,600 genes. This stylistic schematic diagram shows a gene in relation to the double helix structure of DNA and to a chromosome (right). ...


Genes

The following are some of the genes located on chromosome 6:

  • BCKDHB: branched chain keto acid dehydrogenase E1, beta polypeptide (maple syrup urine disease)
  • COL11A2: collagen, type XI, alpha 2
  • CYP21A2: cytochrome P450, family 21, subfamily A, polypeptide 2
  • EYA4: eyes absent homolog 4 (Drosophila)
  • HFE: hemochromatosis
  • HLA-B: major histocompatibility complex, class I, B
  • MUT: methylmalonyl Coenzyme A mutase
  • MYO6: myosin VI
  • PARK2: Parkinson disease (autosomal recessive, juvenile) 2, parkin
  • PKHD1: polycystic kidney and hepatic disease 1 (autosomal recessive)
  • TNXB: tenascin XB

COL11A2 (collagen, type XI, alpha 2) is a human gene that is one of several genes that provide instructions for the production of type XI collagen. ... HFE could refer to: In genetics, the HFE gene, in mathematics, a public key algorithm known as the Hidden Field Equations scheme, the IATA Airport Code code of Luogang Airport, Hefei, Anhui, China This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the... HLA-B (major histocompatibility complex, class I, B) is a human gene that provides instructions for making a protein that plays a critical role in the immune system. ... In Egyptian mythology, Mut (mother) is the patron goddess of Thebes. ...

Diseases

The following diseases are some of those related to genes on chromosome 6:

The type II and XI collagenopathies are a group of disorders that affect connective tissue, the tissue that supports the bodys joints and organs. ... Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is a group of rare genetic disorders that diminish the bodys ability to make connective tissues. ... Haemochromatosis, also spelled hemochromatosis, is a hereditary disease characterized by improper processing by the body of dietary iron which causes iron to accumulate in a number of body tissues, eventually causing organ dysfunction. ... Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an inherited genetic disorder in which the body is unable to process certain amino acids properly, unmetabolised amino acids are passed in the urine giving it a distinctive maple syrup odour. ... Methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) is an inborn error of intermediary metabolism that may present in the early neonatal period with progressive encephalopathy and death due to a secondary hyperammonemia. ... Nonsyndromic deafness is hearing loss that is not associated with other signs and symptoms. ... Otospondylomegaepiphyseal dysplasia (OSMED) is an inherited disorder of bone growth that results in skeletal abnormalities, severe hearing loss, and distinctive facial features. ... Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a progressive, genetic disorder of the kidneys. ... This article is about the disease. ... The porphyrias are inherited or acquired disorders of certain enzymes in the heme biosynthetic pathway (also called porphyrin pathway). ... Stickler syndrome (or David-Stickler syndrome or Stickler-Wagner syndrome) is an inherited connective tissue disorder affecting collagen. ... Weissenbacher-Zweymuller syndrome is a genetic disorder, linked to mutations (955 gly -> glu) in the COL11A2 gene (located on chromosomal position 6p21. ... The porphyrias are inherited or acquired disorders of certain enzymes in the heme biosynthetic pathway (also called porphyrin pathway). ...

References

  • Gilbert F (2002). "Chromosome 6". Genet Test 6 (4): 341-58. PMID 12537662.
  • Mungall AJ, Palmer SA, Sims SK, Edwards CA, Ashurst JL, Wilming L, Jones MC, Horton R, Hunt SE, Scott CE, Gilbert JG, Clamp ME, Bethel G, Milne S, Ainscough R, Almeida JP, Ambrose KD, Andrews TD, Ashwell RI, Babbage AK, Bagguley CL, Bailey J, Banerjee R, Barker DJ, Barlow KF, Bates K, Beare DM, Beasley H, Beasley O, Bird CP, Blakey S, Bray-Allen S, Brook J, Brown AJ, Brown JY, Burford DC, Burrill W, Burton J, Carder C, Carter NP, Chapman JC, Clark SY, Clark G, Clee CM, Clegg S, Cobley V, Collier RE, Collins JE, Colman LK, Corby NR, Coville GJ, Culley KM, Dhami P, Davies J, Dunn M, Earthrowl ME, Ellington AE, Evans KA, Faulkner L, Francis MD, Frankish A, Frankland J, French L, Garner P, Garnett J, Ghori MJ, Gilby LM, Gillson CJ, Glithero RJ, Grafham DV, Grant M, Gribble S, Griffiths C, Griffiths M, Hall R, Halls KS, Hammond S, Harley JL, Hart EA, Heath PD, Heathcott R, Holmes SJ, Howden PJ, Howe KL, Howell GR, Huckle E, Humphray SJ, Humphries MD, Hunt AR, Johnson CM, Joy AA, Kay M, Keenan SJ, Kimberley AM, King A, Laird GK, Langford C, Lawlor S, Leongamornlert DA, Leversha M, Lloyd CR, Lloyd DM, Loveland JE, Lovell J, Martin S, Mashreghi-Mohammadi M, Maslen GL, Matthews L, McCann OT, McLaren SJ, McLay K, McMurray A, Moore MJ, Mullikin JC, Niblett D, Nickerson T, Novik KL, Oliver K, Overton-Larty EK, Parker A, Patel R, Pearce AV, Peck AI, Phillimore B, Phillips S, Plumb RW, Porter KM, Ramsey Y, Ranby SA, Rice CM, Ross MT, Searle SM, Sehra HK, Sheridan E, Skuce CD, Smith S, Smith M, Spraggon L, Squares SL, Steward CA, Sycamore N, Tamlyn-Hall G, Tester J, Theaker AJ, Thomas DW, Thorpe A, Tracey A, Tromans A, Tubby B, Wall M, Wallis JM, West AP, White SS, Whitehead SL, Whittaker H, Wild A, Willey DJ, Wilmer TE, Wood JM, Wray PW, Wyatt JC, Young L, Younger RM, Bentley DR, Coulson A, Durbin R, Hubbard T, Sulston JE, Dunham I, Rogers J, Beck S (2003). "The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 6". Nature 425 (6960): 805-11. PMID 14574404.
Human chromosomes

{1} {2} {3} {4} {5} {6} {7} {8} {9} {10} {11} {12} {13} {14} {15} {16} {17} {18} {19} {20} {21} {22} {X} {Y} Figure 1: Chromosome. ... Chromosome 1 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. ... Chromosome 2 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. ... Chromosome 3 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. ... Chromosome 4 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. ... Chromosome 5 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. ... Chromosome 7 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. ... Chromosome 8 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. ... Chromosome 9 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. ... Chromosome 10 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. ... Chromosome 11 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. ... Chromosome 12 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. ... Chromosome 13 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. ... Chromosome 14 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. ... Chromosome 15 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. ... Chromosome 16 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. ... Chromosome 17 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. ... Chromosome 18 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. ... Chromosome 19 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. ... Chromosome 20 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. ... A common disease due to 3 of such chromosomes instead of the normal 2 is called Down syndrome. ... Chromosome 22 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. ... The X chromosome is one of the two sex chromosomes in mammals (the other is the Y chromosome). ... The human Y chromosome is one of two sex chromosomes, it contains the genes that cause testis development, thus determining maleness. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Chromosome - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1175 words)
Chromosomes were first observed by Karl Wilhelm von Nägeli in 1842 and their behavior later described in detail by Walther Flemming in 1882.
Sexually reproducing species have somatic cells (body cells), which are diploid [2n] (they have two sets of chromosomes, one from the mother, one from the father) or polyploid [Xn] (more than two sets of chromosomes), and gametes (reproductive cells) which are haploid [n] (they have only one set of chromosomes).
Some chromosome abnormalities do not cause disease in carriers, such as translocations, or chromosomal inversions, although it may lead to a higher chance of having a child with an chromosome disorder.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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