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Encyclopedia > Christy Mathewson
Christy Mathewson
Pitcher
Born: August 12, 1880
Died: October 7, 1925 (aged 45)
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
July 17, 1900
for the New York Giants
Final game
September 4, 1916
for the Cincinnati Reds
Career statistics
Record     373-188
ERA     2.13
K     2502
Teams

As Player
New York Giants (1900-1916)
Cincinnati Reds (1916)
As Manager
Cincinnati Reds (1916-1918)
Image File history File links Size of this preview: 396 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2371 × 3591 pixel, file size: 1. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Ğ: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers NY, NY, 3, 4, 11, 24, 27, 30, 36, 42, 44 Name San Francisco Giants (1958–present) New York Giants (1885–1957) New York Gothams (1883–1885) Other nicknames Jints, Gigantes, G-Men Ballpark AT... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 18, 20, 24, 42 Name Cincinnati Reds (1958–present) Cincinnati Redlegs (1953-1958) Cincinnati Reds (1882-1953) Cincinnati Red Stockings (1876-1882) Other nicknames The Redlegs, The Big Red Machine... In baseball statistics, earned run average (ERA) is the mean of earned runs given up by a pitcher per nine innings pitched. ... For the typographical mode indicating deleted text, see Strikethrough. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers NY, NY, 3, 4, 11, 24, 27, 30, 36, 42, 44 Name San Francisco Giants (1958–present) New York Giants (1885–1957) New York Gothams (1883–1885) Other nicknames Jints, Gigantes, G-Men Ballpark AT... The following are the baseball events of the year 1900 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1916 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 18, 20, 24, 42 Name Cincinnati Reds (1958–present) Cincinnati Redlegs (1953-1958) Cincinnati Reds (1882-1953) Cincinnati Red Stockings (1876-1882) Other nicknames The Redlegs, The Big Red Machine... The following are the baseball events of the year 1916 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 18, 20, 24, 42 Name Cincinnati Reds (1958–present) Cincinnati Redlegs (1953-1958) Cincinnati Reds (1882-1953) Cincinnati Red Stockings (1876-1882) Other nicknames The Redlegs, The Big Red Machine... The following are the baseball events of the year 1916 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1918 throughout the world. ...

Career highlights and awards
  • 373 career wins (3rd all-time)
  • 2.13 career ERA (8th all-time)
  • 1.059 career WHIP (5th all time)
  • Won 20 games or more 13 times, won 30 games or more 4 times.
  • Pitched 79 shutouts (3rd all time)
  • Won NL Pitcher's Triple Crown in 1905 and 1908
  • Five-time ERA champion (1905, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1913)
  • Five-time strikeout champion (1903, 1904, 1905, 1907, 1908)
Member of the National
Baseball Hall of Fame
Elected     1936
Vote     90.7% (first ballot)

Christopher "Christy" Mathewson (August 12, 1880 - October 7, 1925), nicknamed "Big Six", "The Christian Gentleman", or "Matty", was a right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball. He played in what is known as the dead ball era and in 1936 was elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame as one of its inaugural members. In baseball statistics, earned run average (ERA) is the mean of earned runs given up by a pitcher per nine innings pitched. ... In baseball, the Triple Crown refers to: A batter who (at seasons end) leads the league in three major categories -- home runs, runs batted in, and batting average. ... The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, located at 25 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, is a semi-official museum operated by private interests serving as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, the display of baseball-related... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, located at 25 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, is a semi-official museum operated by private interests serving as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, the display of baseball-related... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1936 throughout the world. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... MLB and Major Leagues redirect here. ... The dead-ball era is a baseball term generally used to describe the period between 1900 (though some date it to the beginning of baseball) and the emergence of Babe Ruth as a power hitter in 1920. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1936 throughout the world. ... The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, located at 62 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, is a semi-official museum operated by private interests serving as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, the display of baseball-related...

Contents

Early life

Mathewson was born in Factoryville, Pennsylvania and went on to attend Bucknell University. At Bucknell, he served as class president and played on the school's football and baseball teams.[1] He was also a member of the fraternity of Phi Gamma Delta.[2] Factoryville is a borough located in Wyoming County, Pennsylvania. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... Bucknell University is a private university located along the Susquehanna River in the rolling countryside of Central Pennsylvania in the town of Lewisburg, 60 miles (97 km) north of Harrisburg. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... This article is about the sport. ... The terms fraternity and sorority (from the Latin words and , meaning brother and sister respectively) may be used to describe many social and charitable organizations, for example the Lions Club, Epsilon Sigma Alpha, Rotary International, Optimist International, or the Shriners. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Minor league career & early major league career

In 1899, after Mathewson left college, and signed to play professional baseball with Taunton of the New England League. The next season, he moved on to play on the Norfolk team of the Virginia-North Carolina League. He finished that season with a 20-2 record.[3] The following are the baseball events of the year 1899 throughout the world. ... The New England League was a mid-level league in American minor league baseball that played sporadically in five of the six New England states (Vermont excepted) between 1886 and 1949. ... Motto: Crescas (Latin for, Thou shalt grow. ...


In July of that year, the New York Giants purchased his contract from Norfolk for $1,500.[4][3]. Between July and December of 1900 Mathewson appeared in six games for the Giants. He started one of those games and compiled a 0-3 record. Displeased with his performance, the Giants returned him to Norfolk and demanded their money back.[3] Later that month, the Cincinnati Reds drafted Mathewson in the Rule 5 draft. Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers NY, NY, 3, 4, 11, 24, 27, 30, 36, 42, 44 Name San Francisco Giants (1958–present) New York Giants (1885–1957) New York Gothams (1883–1885) Other nicknames Jints, Gigantes, G-Men Ballpark AT... The following are the baseball events of the year 1900 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 18, 20, 24, 42 Name Cincinnati Reds (1958–present) Cincinnati Redlegs (1953-1958) Cincinnati Reds (1882-1953) Cincinnati Red Stockings (1876-1882) Other nicknames The Redlegs, The Big Red Machine... The Rule 5 draft is a Major League Baseball player draft that occurs each year in December, at the annual Winter Meeting of general managers. ...


Career with the Giants

Mathewson in Giants uniform.

On December 15, 1900, the Reds traded him to the Giants in exchange for Amos Rusie.[4] Christy Mathewson of the New York Giants at the West Side Grounds. ... Christy Mathewson of the New York Giants at the West Side Grounds. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Amos Rusie on a 1895 Mayo Tobacco Works baseball card (Mayos Cut Plug (N300)). Amos Wilson Rusie (May 30, 1871 - December 6, 1942), nicknamed The Hoosier Thunderbolt, was a hard-throwing right-handed Major League Baseball pitcher during the late 19th century. ...


During his 17-year career, Mathewson won 373 games and lost 188. His career ERA of 2.13 and 79 career shutouts are amongst the best all-time for pitchers. Employing a good fastball, outstanding control, and, especially, a new pitch he termed the "fadeaway" (later known in baseball as the "screwball"), which he learned from teammate Dave Williams in 1898, Mathewson recorded 2,502 career strikeouts against 844 walks. He is famous for his pitching duels with Mordecai "Three Finger" Brown, who won most of the duels against Mathewson. In baseball statistics, earned run average (ERA) is the mean of earned runs given up by a pitcher per nine innings pitched. ... For the hip-hop group from Queensbridge, see Screwball (group). ... {{Infobox baseball player | name=Mordecai Peter Centennial Three Finger Brown | image name= none | birthdate=October 19, 1876 | birthplace=Nyesville, Indiana | dead=dead | deathdate=February 14, 1948 | deathplace=Terre Haute, Indiana | debutdate=April 19, 1903 | debutteam=St. ...


Mathewson's Giants won the 1905 World Series over the Philadelphia Athletics. Mathewson was the starting pitcher in Game 1 and pitched a 4-hit shutout for the victory. Three days later, with the series tied 1-1, he pitched another 4-hit shutout. Then, two days later in Game 5, he threw a 6-hit shutout to clinch the series for the Giants. In a span of only six days, Mathewson had pitched three complete games without allowing a run. The 1905 World Series matched the New York Giants against the Philadelphia Athletics, with the Giants winning 4 games to 1. ... There have been three professional baseball teams based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania known as the Philadelphia Athletics: 1. ...


The 1905 World Series capped an impressive year for Mathewson as he had already won the National League Triple Crown for pitchers, and threw the second no-hitter of his career. He claimed the Triple Crown again in 1908, and by the time he left the Giants, the team had captured four more National League pennants, in addition to the aforementioned 1905 appearance in the World Series.[1] In baseball, the Triple Crown refers to: A batter who (at seasons end) leads the league in three major categories -- home runs, runs batted in, and batting average. ... In baseball and softball, a no-hit game (more commonly known as a no-hitter) refers to a contest in which one of the teams has prevented the other from getting an official hit during the entire length of the game, which must be at least 9 innings by the...


As noted in The National League Story (1961) by Lee Allen, Matty never pitched on Sunday. The impact of this on the Giants was minimized, since, in the eight-team National league, only the Chicago Cubs (Illinois), Cincinnati Reds (Ohio), and St. Louis Cardinals (Missouri), played home games in states that allowed professional sports on Sunday. Lee Allen (1915-1969) was a writer and historian on the subject of baseball. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 10, 14, 23, 26, 42 Name Chicago Cubs (1902–present) Chicago Orphans (1898-1901) Chicago Colts (1890-1897) Chicago White Stockings (1870-1871, 1874-1889) (a. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 18, 20, 24, 42 Name Cincinnati Reds (1958–present) Cincinnati Redlegs (1953-1958) Cincinnati Reds (1882-1953) Cincinnati Red Stockings (1876-1882) Other nicknames The Redlegs, The Big Red Machine... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 42, 42, 45, 85 Name St. ... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Largest metro area St Louis[1] Area  Ranked 21st  - Total 69,709 sq mi (180,693 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 300 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ...

Mathewson in NY uniform.
Mathewson in NY uniform.

Along with his brother Henry Mathewson, he holds the major league record for combined wins by brothers playing for the same team: Christy 373, Henry 0. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ...


Three years with the Reds

On July 20, 1916, Mathewson's career came full circle when he was traded to the Cincinnati Reds along with fellow future Hall of Famer Edd Roush. He won one game with the Reds and served as their manager for the next three seasons. is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1916 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 18, 20, 24, 42 Name Cincinnati Reds (1958–present) Cincinnati Redlegs (1953-1958) Cincinnati Reds (1882-1953) Cincinnati Red Stockings (1876-1882) Other nicknames The Redlegs, The Big Red Machine... Edd Roush of the Cincinnati Reds at Weeghman Field in 1919. ...


Mathewson and Brown wrapped their respective careers by squaring off on September 4, 1916. The game was billed as the final meeting between the two old baseball warriors. The high-scoring game was a win for Mathewson's Reds over Brown's Cubs.


WWI and after

In 1918, Mathewson enlisted in the United States Army for World War I. He served overseas as a Captain for that year. During a training exercise he was accidentally gassed and consequently developed tuberculosis.[1] Although he returned to serve as a coach for the Giants from 1919-1920, he spent a good portion of that time upstate fighting the aforementioned illness.[3] In 1923, Mathewson got back into professional baseball when he served as part-time president of the Boston Braves. 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus or TuBerculosis) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1919 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1920 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1923 throughout the world. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ...


Death and legacy

Two years later, he died in Saranac Lake, New York. He is buried at Lewisburg Cemetery in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania. * Members of the Pittsburgh Pirates and the Washington Senators wore black armbands during the 1925 World Series. [1] Mathewson had died on the day the Series began. Saranac Lake is a village located in the state of New York. ... This article is about the state. ... Lewisburg is a borough in Union County, Pennsylvania, 30 miles (48 km) south by east of Williamsport and 60 miles (97 km) north of Harrisburg. ... Major league affiliations National League (1887–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 4, 8, 9, 11, 20, 21, 33, 40, 42 Name Pittsburgh Pirates (1891–present) Pittsburgh Innocents (1890) Pittsburg Alleghenies (1882–1889) (Also referred to as Infants in 1890) Other nicknames The Bucs, The Buccos... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Other nicknames The Twinkies Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1911-1960... The Pittsburgh Pirates beat the Washington Senators in 7 games. ...

  • Christy Mathewson Day is celebrated as a holiday in his hometown of Factoryville, Pennsylvania, on the Saturday closest to his birthday.
  • Bucknell's football stadium is named "Christy Mathewson-Memorial Stadium."

Factoryville is a borough located in Wyoming County, Pennsylvania. ... Bucknell University is a private university located along the Susquehanna River in the rolling countryside of Central Pennsylvania in the town of Lewisburg, 60 miles (97 km) north of Harrisburg. ... Christy Mathewson-Memorial Stadium is a 13,100-seat multi-purpose stadium in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania. ...

Baseball honors

Statue of Mathewson in Christy Mathewson Park in his hometown of Factoryville, Pennsylvania.
Statue of Mathewson in Christy Mathewson Park in his hometown of Factoryville, Pennsylvania.
  • In 1936, Christy Mathewson was voted into the Baseball Hall of Fame as one of the famous "First Five" inductees into the HOF, along with Babe Ruth, Ty Cobb, Walter Johnson and Honus Wagner.
  • His jersey, denoted as "NY", has been retired by the Giants and hangs in the left-field corner of AT&T Park. Uniform numbers were not used in those days.
  • In 1999, he ranked number 7 on The Sporting News' list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players, the highest-ranking National League pitcher.
  • ESPN selected his pitching performance in the 1905 World Series as the greatest playoff performance of all time[5].

During WW II, a 422 foot Liberty Ship was named in his honor, SS Christy Mathewson, was built in Richmond, CA in 1943. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 800 pixel, file size: 913 KB, MIME type: image/png) Photograph taken by Michael J on 28 July 2007. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 800 pixel, file size: 913 KB, MIME type: image/png) Photograph taken by Michael J on 28 July 2007. ... Factoryville is a borough located in Wyoming County, Pennsylvania. ... This article is about the pitcher and outfielder. ... Tyrus Raymond Ty Cobb (December 18, 1886 – July 17, 1961), nicknamed The Georgia Peach, was a Hall of Fame baseball player and is regarded by historians and journalists[2][3] as the best player of the dead-ball era and as one of the greatest players of all time. ... Walter Perry Johnson (November 6, 1887-December 10, 1946), American professional baseball pitcher. ... Johannes Peter Honus Wagner (February 24, 1874 - December 6, 1955), nicknamed The Flying Dutchman, was an American baseball player who played during the 1890s until the 1910s. ... AT&T Park (also called China Basin) is an open-air baseball park, home to the San Francisco Giants of the Major League Baseball. ... This article is about the year. ... The Sporting News (TSN) is an American-based sports newspaper. ... ESPN/ESPN-DT, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an [[United States|Amer<nowiki>Insert non-formatted text here--68. ... The 1905 World Series matched the New York Giants against the Philadelphia Athletics, with the Giants winning 4 games to 1. ...


Christy in popular culture

  • He is the subject of an Off-Broadway one-man show starring Eddie Frierson.
  • He is the subject of Eric Rolfe Greenberg's baseball novel "The Celebrant".
  • Mathewson was immortalized in Ogden Nash's 1949 poem "Lineup for Yesterday":

M is for Matty
Who carried a charm
In the form of an extra
Brain in his arm. Off-Broadway plays or musicals are performed in New York City in smaller theatres than Broadway, but larger than Off-Off-Broadway, productions. ... Edward Davies Frierson (born November 22, 1959 in Sherman Oaks, California) is an American voice actor and stage actor who is also known as Christy Mathewson, Ted Richards, and Eric Frierson (only when misspelled in the credits — this was an original screw-up caused by language differences with the payroll... Frederic Ogden Nash (August 19, 1902 – May 19, 1971) was an American poet best known for writing pithy and funny light verse. ...

See also

In Major League Baseball, the 300 win club is an informal term applied to the group of pitchers who have won 300 or more games in their careers. ... The following is the list of Major League Baseball leaders in career wins. ... In baseball, the Triple Crown refers to: A batter who (at seasons end) leads the league in three major categories -- home runs, runs batted in, and batting average. ... Major League Baseball recognizes saves champions in the American League and National League each season. ... Major League Baseball recognizes strikeout champions in the American League and National League each season. ... Major League Baseball recognizes win champions among pitchers in the American League and National League each season. ... In baseball, a strikeout occurs when the batter receives three strikes during his time at bat. ... At the end of each Major League Baseball season, the league leaders of various statistical categories are announced. ... This is a list of no-hitters in Major League Baseball history. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c Christy Mathewson. HistoricBaseball.com. Retrieved on 2006-10-28.
  2. ^ Christy Mathewson. Phigam.org. Retrieved on 2007-03-16.
  3. ^ a b c d Christy Mathewson. BaseballLibrary.com. Retrieved on 2006-10-28.
  4. ^ a b Christy Mathewson. Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved on 2007-01-31.
  5. ^ http://sports.espn.go.com/mlb/playoffs2006/greatest50?index=1

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
CHRISTY MATHEWSON (703 words)
Mathewson was the dominant pitcher of his era and one of five all-time greats originally inducted into the Hall of Fame.
Christy Mathewson was born August 12, 1880, in Factoryville, Pennsylvania.
Mathewson coached with the Giants for the 1919 and 1920 seasons before he was appointed president of the Boston Braves in 1923.
Christy Mathewson - MSN Encarta (244 words)
Christy Mathewson (1880-1925), American professional baseball player, one of the greatest right-handed pitchers in baseball, born in Factoryville, Pennsylvania, and educated at Bucknell University.
Mathewson won 30 or more games for three consecutive seasons, 1903, 1904, and 1905, and he won 20 or more during the next nine seasons; in 1905 he pitched and won three World Series games from the Philadelphia Athletics of the American League by shutouts.
In 1936 Mathewson was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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