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Encyclopedia > Christopher Hitchens
Christopher Eric Hitchens

Christopher Hitchens, 2007
Born April 13, 1949 (1949-04-13) (age 58)
Portsmouth, England
Occupation author, journalist, pundit
Nationality  United Kingdom
 United States

Christopher Eric Hitchens (born April 13, 1949) is a British-American author, journalist and literary critic. Currently living in Washington, D.C., he has been a columnist at Vanity Fair, The Atlantic, The Nation, Slate and Free Inquiry; additionally, he is an occasional contributor to other publications and has appeared regularly in the Wall Street Journal. His brother is fellow journalist Peter Hitchens. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other places with the same name, see Portsmouth (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about work. ... For other uses, see Author (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Journalist (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Vanity Fair is a glossy American glamour magazine monthly that offers a mixture of articles on high-brow culture, jet-set and entertainment-business personalities, politics, and current affairs. ... The Atlantic Monthly (also known as The Atlantic) is an American literary/cultural magazine that was founded in November 1857. ... The Nation logo The Nation is a weekly left-liberal periodical devoted to politics and culture. ... Slate is an online news and culture magazine created in 1996 by former New Republic editor Michael Kinsley and owned by Microsoft (as part of MSN). ... Free Inquiry is a bi-monthly journal of secular humanist opinion and commentary, published by the Council for Secular Humanism. ... The Wall Street Journal is an influential international daily newspaper published in New York City, New York with an average daily circulation of 1,800,607 (2002). ... Peter Hitchens Peter Jonathan Hitchens (born 28 October 1951 in Sliema, Malta) is a British journalist, author and broadcaster. ...


Hitchens is noted for his acerbic wit and his noisy departure from the Anglo-American political left. He was formerly a Trotskyist and a fixture in the left wing publications of Britain and America.[1] But a series of disagreements beginning in the early 1990s led to his resignation from The Nation shortly after the September 11, 2001 attacks.[2] He is also known for his ardent admiration of George Orwell[3] and Thomas Jefferson,[4] and for his excoriating critiques of Mother Teresa,[5] Henry Kissinger and Bill Clinton. In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition... Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... The Nation (ISSN 0027-8378) is a weekly [1] U.S. periodical devoted to politics and culture, self-described as the flagship of the left. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 [1] [2] – 21 January 1950), better known by the pen name George Orwell, was an English author and journalist. ... Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 N.S.–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States. ... Mother Teresa (born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu IPA: ) (August 26, 1910 – September 5, 1997) was a Roman Catholic nun who founded the Missionaries of Charity and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 for her humanitarian work. ... Henry Alfred Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Kissinger on May 27, 1923) is a German-born American politician, and 1973 Nobel Peace Prize laureate. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ...


Hitchens' idiosyncratic ideas and positions preclude easy classification. He no longer considers himself a Trotskyist or a socialist.[6] He is a vociferous critic of what he describes as "fascism with an Islamic face," and his critics have been known to describe him as a "neoconservative". Hitchens, however, refuses to embrace this designation[7], insisting that "I am not a conservative of any kind". In 2004, Hitchens stated that neoconservative support for US intervention in Iraq convinced him that he was "on the same side as the neo-conservatives" when it came to contemporary foreign policy issues.[8] He has also been known to refer to his association with "temporary neocon allies".[9] This article is about the term Islamofascism; See the broader treatment of possible relations between religion and fascism in Clerical fascism and Neofascism and religion. ... Neoconservatism describes several distinct political ideologies which are considered new forms of conservatism. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A countrys foreign policy is a set of political goals that seeks to outline how that particular country will interact with other countries of the world and, to a lesser extent, non-state actors. ...


In a Slate article published in 2004, Christopher Hitchens wrote that "George Bush may subjectively be a Christian, but he — and the US armed forces — have objectively done more for secularism than the whole of the American agnostic community combined and doubled."[10] Hitchens maintains that, throughout his career, he has been both an atheist and an antitheist,[11] and that he has always remained a believer in the Enlightenment values of secularism, humanism and reason.[12] Hitchens has launched a detailed criticism of religion in his book God is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything. He has also stated that, while he "was very much in rebellion against the state" during his youth, he is now "much more inclined to stress […] issues of individual liberty."[6] Slate is an online news and culture magazine created in 1996 by former New Republic editor Michael Kinsley and owned by Microsoft (as part of MSN). ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... For information about the band, see Atheist (band). ... This page is a candidate to be copied to Wiktionary. ... The Enlightenment (French: ; German: ; Italian: ; Portuguese: ) was an eighteenth century movement in European and American philosophy — some classifications also include 17th century philosophy (usually called the Age of Reason). ... This article is about secularism. ... See also the specific life stance known as Humanism For the Renaissance liberal arts movement, see Renaissance humanism Humanism is a broad category of ethical philosophies that affirm the dignity and worth of all people, based on the ability to determine right and wrong by appeal to universal human qualities... For other uses, see Reason (disambiguation). ... God is not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything (published in the United Kingdom as God is Not Great: The Case Against Religion) is a non-fiction book by author and journalist Christopher Hitchens. ...


Always a polemicist, Hitchens has long been the object of both lavish praise and vehement denunciation. Polemic is the art or practice of disputation or controversy, as in religious, philosophical, or political matters. ...


Hitchens became a United States citizen on his fifty-eighth birthday, April 13, 2007.[13] // Possession of Citizenship U.S. citizens have the right to participate in the political system of the United States (with reservations for prisoners, ex-prisoners, and naturalized persons), are represented and protected abroad by the United States (through U.S. embassies and consulates), and are allowed to reside in the... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

Contents

Education and early career

Hitchens was educated at The Leys School, Cambridge (his mother arguing that 'If there is going to be an upper class in this country, then Christopher is going to be in it.') [14], and Balliol College, Oxford, where he read Philosophy Politics and Economics. During his years as a student at Oxford, he was tutored by Steven Lukes. The Leys School Stamp Building (formerly East House) (right) and Headmasters house(left) with the school chapel behind The Leys School is a co-educational British public school (privately funded and independent) - it is a boarding and day school for over 520 pupils aged between 11 and 18 years. ... This article is about the city in England. ... and of the Balliol College College name Balliol College Named after John de Balliol Established 1263 Sister college St Johns College, Cambridge Master Andrew Graham JCR President Helen Lochead Undergraduates 403 MCR President Chelsea Payne Graduates 228 Location of Balliol College within central Oxford , Homepage Boatclub Balliol College (pronounced... Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) is a popular interdisciplinary degree which combines study from the three eponymous disciplines. ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... Professor Steven Michael Lukes, D.Phil. ...


Hitchens joined the Labour Party as soon as he was eligible, in 1965, but was expelled in 1967 along with the majority of the Labour students' organization, because of what Hitchens called "Prime Minister Harold Wilson's contemptible support for the war in Vietnam."[15] Shortly thereafter, Hitchens joined a "a small but growing post-Trotskyite Luxemburgist sect."[16] He became a correspondent for the magazine International Socialism,[17] which was published by the International Socialists, the forerunners of today's British Socialist Workers Party. This group was broadly Trotskyist, but differed from more orthodox Trotskyist groups in its refusal to defend communist states as "workers' states". This was symbolized in their slogan "Neither Washington nor Moscow but International Socialism". The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... Labour Students is an independent student organisation affiliated to the British Labour Party. ... The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is, in practice, the political leader of the United Kingdom. ... James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, KG, OBE, FRS, PC (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was one of the most prominent British politicians of the 20th century. ... Luxemburgism (also written Luxembourgism) is a specific revolutionary theory within communism, based on the writings of Rosa Luxemburg. ... International Socialism (ISJ) is a quarterly journal of socialist theory published by the Socialist Workers Party (Britain) and currently edited by Chris Harman. ... Fist Logo The Socialist Workers Party (SWP) is a revolutionary socialist political party in Britain. ... The Socialist Workers Party (SWP) is a political party of the far left in England It sees itself as standing in the revolutionary socialist tradition. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... The term socialist state (or socialist republic, or workers state) can carry one of several different (but related) meanings: Strictly speaking, any real or hypothetical state organized along the principles of socialism may be called a socialist state. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... International Socialism is a quarterly journal of socialist theory published by the Socialist Workers Party (UK) and currently edited by Chris Harman. ...


Hitchens left Oxford with a third class degree[18] and in the 1970s went on to work for the New Statesman, where he became friends with, amongst others, Martin Amis and Ian McEwan. At the New Statesman he became known as an aggressive left-winger, stridently attacking targets such as Henry Kissinger, the Vietnam War and the Roman Catholic Church. After emigrating to the United States in 1981, Hitchens wrote for The Nation. While at The Nation he penned vociferous critiques of Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush and American foreign policy in South and Central America.[18] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The New Statesman is a left-of-centre political weekly published in London. ... Photo of Martin Amis by Robert Birnbaum Martin Amis (born August 25, 1949) is an English novelist. ... Ian McEwan CBE (born June 21, 1948) is a British novelist. ... Henry Alfred Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Kissinger on May 27, 1923) is a German-born American politician, and 1973 Nobel Peace Prize laureate. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Catholic Church redirects here. ... Reagan redirects here. ... Order: 41st President Vice President: Dan Quayle Term of office: January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican George Herbert Walker Bush, KBE (born... President of the United States, George W. Bush (right) at Camp David in March 2003, hosting the British Prime Minister Tony Blair. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ...


Hitchens criticized the first Gulf War, claiming — in an essay reprinted in For the Sake of Argument— that the George H.W. Bush administration lured Saddam Hussein into the war. This position was called into question years later, during a debate in September 2005, as being inconsistent with Hitchens' later condemnations of Saddam. Hitchens answered that during the post-war period, when he spent time among the largely pro-American Iraqi Kurds, he came to believe that the responsibility for the crisis lay primarily with Saddam Hussein. For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States, serving from 1989 to 1993. ... Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was the fifth President of Iraq and Chairman of the Iraqi Revolutionary Command Council from 1979 until his overthrow by US forces in 2003. ... Kurds are one of the Iranian peoples and speak Kurdish, a north-Western Iranian language related to Persian. ...


Political views

"Theocratic fascism" and early disagreements with the Left

Hitchens was deeply shocked by the February 14, 1989, fatwa against his longtime friend Salman Rushdie. [citation needed] He became increasingly critical of what he called "theocratic fascism" or "fascism with an Islamic face": radical Islamists who supported the fatwa against Rushdie and sought the recreation of the medieval caliphate. Hitchens is often credited with coining the term "Islamofascism", but Hitchens himself denies it. (Malise Ruthven appears to be the first to have used the term in an article in The Independent on September 8, 1990.[19]) is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... A fatwā (Arabic: ; plural fatāwā Arabic: ), is a considered opinion in Islam made by a mufti, a scholar capable of issuing judgments on Sharia (Islamic law). ... Sir Ahmed Salman Rushdie (Devanagari : अख़्मद सल्मान रश्दी Nastaliq:; born 19 June 1947) is an Indian-British novelist and essayist. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      For the metal band, refer to Theocracy (band). ... Fascism is an authoritarian political ideology (generally tied to a mass movement) that considers individual and other societal interests subordinate to the interests of the state. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Islamism is a political ideology derived from the conservative religious views of Muslim fundamentalism. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... A caliphate (from the Arabic خلافة or khilāfah), is the Islamic form of government representing the political unity and leadership of the Muslim world. ... This article is about the term Islamofascism; See the broader treatment of possible relations between religion and fascism in Clerical fascism and Neofascism and religion. ... Dr Malise Ruthven (1942 - ) is a writer and journalist on religion, fundamentalism, and especially Islamic affairs. ... For other uses, see The Independent (disambiguation). ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ...


Hitchens did use the term "Islamic Fascism" for an article he wrote for The Nation, shortly after the September 11, 2001, attacks, but this phrase also had an earlier history. For example, it was used in The Washington Post on January 13, 1979; it also appears to have been used by secularists in Turkey and Afghanistan to describe their opponents. [citation needed] The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C.. It is also one of the citys oldest papers, having been founded in 1877. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ...


Hitchens also became increasingly disenchanted by the presidency of Bill Clinton, whom he had known at Oxford, accusing him of being a rapist and a liar.[20][21] Hitchens also claimed that the missile attacks by Clinton on Sudan constituted a war crime.[22] William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... It has been suggested that Rapists be merged into this article or section. ... In the context of war, a war crime is a punishable offense under International Law, for violations of the laws of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ...


The years after the Rushdie fatwa also saw him looking for allies and friends. In the United States he became increasingly critical of what he called "excuse making" on the left. At the same time, he was attracted to the foreign policy ideas of some on the Republican right, especially the neoconservative group that included Paul Wolfowitz, whom he befriended. [citation needed]Around this time, he also befriended the Iraqi dissident and businessman Ahmed Chalabi.[citation needed] During a debate with George Galloway, Hitchens revealed he is a supporter of Irish reunification.[23] A countrys foreign policy is a set of political goals that seeks to outline how that particular country will interact with other countries of the world and, to a lesser extent, non-state actors. ... Paul Dundes Wolfowitz (born December 22, 1943) is a visiting scholar at the American Enterprise Institute, working on issues of international economic development, Africa and public-private partnerships. ... Ahmed Abdel Hadi Chalabi1 (Arabic: أحمد الجلبي Ahmad al-Jalabī) (born October 30, 1944) was interim oil minister in Iraq[1] in April-May 2005 and December-January 2006 and deputy prime minister from May 2005 until May 2006. ... George Galloway (born 16 August 1954 in Dundee) is a Scottish politician and author noted for his left-wing views, confrontational style, and rhetorical skill. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with United Ireland. ...


Post-9/11

Hitchens has strongly supported US military actions in Afghanistan and Iraq, particularly in his "Fighting Words" columns in Slate. Hitchens had been a long term contributor to The Nation, where bi-weekly he wrote his "Minority Report" column. Categories: Magazines stubs | Microsoft subsidiaries | Websites | The Washington Post ...


Following the 9/11 attacks, Hitchens and Noam Chomsky debated the nature of radical Islam and of the proper response to it. On September 24 and October 8, 2001, Hitchens wrote criticisms of Chomsky in The Nation.[24][25] Chomsky responded [26] and Hitchens issued a rebuttal to Chomsky[27] to which Chomsky again responded.[28] Approximately a year after the 9/11 attacks and his exchanges with Chomsky, Hitchens left The Nation, claiming that its editors, readers and contributors considered John Ashcroft a bigger threat than Osama bin Laden,[29] and were making excuses on behalf of Islamist terrorism; in the following months he wrote articles increasingly at odds with his colleagues. This highly charged exchange of letters involved Katha Pollitt and Alexander Cockburn, as well as Hitchens and Chomsky. Avram Noam Chomsky (Hebrew: אברם נועם חומסקי) (born December 7, 1928) is an American linguist, philosopher, political activist, author, and lecturer. ... This article is about political For the religion of Islam, see Islam. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... John David Ashcroft (born May 9, 1942) is an American politician who was the 79th United States Attorney General. ... Osama bin Muhammad bin Awad bin Laden (Arabic: ‎; born March 10, 1957[1]), most often mentioned as Osama bin Laden or Usama bin Laden, is a Saudi Arabian militant Islamist and is widely believed to be one of the founders of the organization called al-Qaeda. ... Katha Pollitt (born 1949) is an American feminist writer. ... Alexander Claud Cockburn (pronounced , co-burn), born June 6, 1941, is a self-described radical Irish journalist who has lived and worked in the United States since 1973. ...


Political stance

Hitchens has said he no longer feels a part of the Left. He does not object to being called a "former" Trotskyist, his affection for Trotsky remains strong, and he says that his political and historical view of the world is still shaped by Marxist categories. However, in 2004, Hitchens regarded himself as a "single-issue voter," speaking primarily about a "battle" between secular democracy and theocratic fascism.[30] 1915 passport photo of Trotsky Leon Davidovich Trotsky (Russian: Лев Давидович Троцкий; also transliterated Trotskii, Trotski, Trotzky) (October 26 (O.S.) = November 7 (N.S.), 1879 - August 21, 1940), born Lev Davidovich Bronstein (&#1051... Single-issue politics involves political campaigning or political support based on one essential policy area or idea. ...


Hitchens is seen as part of the "pro-liberation left" or "liberal hawks" comprising left-leaning commentators who supported the 2003 Invasion of Iraq. [31] [32] This informal grouping includes Nick Cohen, David Aaronovitch, Norman Geras, Julie Burchill, and Michael Ignatieff (see Euston Manifesto).[citation needed] Neoconservatives of the last decade are hesitant to embrace Hitchens as one of their own, in part because of his harsh criticisms of Ronald Reagan.[33] [34] He similarly refuses to define himself as a member of the neoconservative movement.[7] The term liberal hawk refers to an individual generally described as politically liberal who supports a hawkish foreign policy. ... This article is about the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... Nick Cohen is a British journalist, author, and political commentator. ... David Aaronovitch (born July 8, 1954) is a British journalist, broadcaster, and author. ... Norman Geras is Professor Emeritus of Government at the University of Manchester. ... Julie Burchill (born July 3, 1959 in Frenchay, Bristol) is an English writer, renowned for her invective and often contentious prose. ... Michael Grant Ignatieff, M.P., Ph. ... The Euston Manifesto (pron. ... Reagan redirects here. ...


Despite his many articles supporting the US invasion of Iraq, Hitchens made a brief return to The Nation just before the US presidential election and wrote that he was "slightly" for George W. Bush; shortly afterwards, Slate polled its staff on their positions on the candidates and mistakenly printed Hitchens' vote as pro-Kerry. Hitchens shifted his opinion to neutral, saying: "It's absurd for liberals to talk as if Kristallnacht is impending with Bush, and it's unwise and indecent for Republicans to equate Kerry with capitulation. There's no one to whom he can surrender, is there? I think that the nature of the jihadist enemy will decide things in the end". [35] George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts, in his fourth term of office. ... Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of... Kristallnacht, also known as Reichskristallnacht, Pogromnacht, Crystal Night and the Night of Broken Glass, was a pogrom[1] against Jews throughout Germany and parts of Austria on November 9–November 10, 1938. ... For other uses, see Jihad (disambiguation). ...


In the interview with journalist Johann Hari in 2004, in which Hitchens described himself as "on the same side as the neo-conservatives," he also states that he does not support George Bush per se (still less Dick Cheney or Donald Rumsfeld) but rather allies himself with "pure" neo-conservatives, especially Paul Wolfowitz. Although Hitchens defends Bush’s foreign policy, he has criticized Bush's support of intelligent design.[citation needed] Johann Hari (born January 21, 1979) is a British journalist and writer. ... Richard Bruce Dick Cheney (born January 30, 1941), is the 46th and current Vice President of the United States, serving under President George W. Bush. ... Donald Henry Rumsfeld (born July 9, 1932) is a businessman, a U.S. Republican politician, the 13th Secretary of Defense under President Gerald Ford from 1975 to 1977, and the 21st Secretary of Defense under President George W. Bush from 2001 to 2006. ... Paul Dundes Wolfowitz (born December 22, 1943) is a visiting scholar at the American Enterprise Institute, working on issues of international economic development, Africa and public-private partnerships. ... For other uses, see Intelligent design (disambiguation). ...


In contributions to Vanity Fair, Hitchens criticised the Bush administration for its continued protection of Henry Kissinger, whom he called complicit in the human rights abuses of Southern Cone military dictatorships during the 1970s. In 2001, he had published a book, The Trial of Henry Kissinger, on Kissinger's alleged role in the crimes of regimes in South America and Asia. In that book Hitchens accused Kissinger, first as National Security Advisor to President Richard Nixon, and then as Secretary of State to the same president, of either actively participating in or tacitly condoning decisions that would lead to the massacre of Bengali civilians within East Pakistan.[36] He also asserts that Henry Kissinger, and by extension, the Ford administration, bore direct responsibility for the invasion of East Timor. Hitchens also asserted Kissinger and the Nixon administration's responsibility for the coup that resulted in the overthrow of the Allende government, and installation of Augusto Pinochet as president of Chile. American actress Demi Moore, on a typical Vanity Fair cover (August, 1991) Vanity Fair is a glossy American glamour magazine monthly that offers a mixture of articles based on sensational exaggerations, jet-set and entertainment-business personalities, politics, and lies. ... Henry Alfred Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Kissinger on May 27, 1923) is a German-born American politician, and 1973 Nobel Peace Prize laureate. ... Map that frames the area named Southern Cone The term Southern Cone (Spanish: Cono Sur, Portuguese: Cone Sul) refers to a geographic region composed of the southernmost areas of South America, below the Tropic of Capricorn. ... A military dictatorship is a form of government wherein the political power resides with the military; it is similar but not identical to a stratocracy, a state ruled directly by the military. ... The Trial of Henry Kissinger, published in 2002, is Christopher Hitchens brief examination of the alleged war crimes of Henry Kissinger, the National Security Advisor and later Secretary of State for President Nixon, and Secretary of State for President Ford. ... The Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, commonly referred to as the National Security Advisor, serves as the chief advisor to the President of the United States on national security issues. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... In several countries, Secretary of State is a senior government position. ... For other uses, see Bengal (disambiguation). ... East Pakistan was a former province of Pakistan which existed between 1955 and 1971. ... Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 - April 22, 1994) was the thirty-sixth (1953–1961) Vice President, and the thirty-seventh (1969–1974) President of the United States. ... Allende may refer to: Salvador Allende, President of Chile Isabel Allende, Chilean writer and niece of Salvador Allende Fernando Allende, Mexican entertainer Isabel Allende Bussi, Chilean politician and daughter of Salvador Allende Ignacio Allende, Captain of the Spanish Army in Mexico Places Allende, Coahuila, Mexico Allende, Guanajuato, Mexico This is... Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte[1] (November 25, 1915 – December 10, 2006) was President of Chile as a military dictator [2] from 1974 to 1990, and head of the military junta from 1973 to 1974. ...


In a book on the subject, Hitchens contends that,

above all, we are in need of a renewed Enlightenment, which will base itself on the proposition that the proper study of mankind is man, and woman. This Enlightenment will not need to depend, like its predecessors, on the heroic breakthroughs of a few gifted and exceptionally courageous people. It is within the compass of the average person. The study of literature and poetry, both for its own sake and for the eternal ethical questions with which it deals, can now easily depose the scrutiny of sacred texts that have been found to be corrupt and confected. The pursuit of unfettered scientific inquiry, and the availability of new findings to masses of people by electronic means, will revolutionize our concepts of research and development. Very importantly, the divorce between the sexual life and fear, and the sexual life and disease, and the sexual life and tyranny, can now at last be attempted, on the sole condition that we banish all religions from the discourse. And all this and more is, for the first time in our history, within the reach if not the grasp of everyone.[37]

Opinions

Cyprus

Hitchens' first book focused on the partition of Cyprus. While Hitchens did not unilaterally support either the Greek or Turkish side of the conflict, he severely criticized Western governments and the Western media for ignoring the Greek Military junta's active support of the EOKA-B — a nationalist, pro-Enosis, Greek Cypriot terrorist organization[38][39] which ultimately overthrew Greek Cypriot President Archbishop Makarios III. Hitchens argued that this coup d'état, and the political machinations of Nikos Sampson, the new dictator of Cyprus, instigated the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. The Greek military junta of 1967-1974, alternatively The Regime of the Colonels (Greek: ), or in Greece The Junta (Greek: ) and The Seven Years (Greek: ) are terms used to refer to a series of right-wing military governments that ruled Greece from 1967 to 1974. ... EOKA (Εθνική Οργάνωσις Κυπρίων Αγωνιστών, Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston (Greek National Organisation of Cypriot Fighters) was a Greek Cypriot nationalist organisation that fought for the expulsion of British troops from the island, for self-determination and for union with Greece in the mid to late 1950s. ... Eugène Delacroixs Liberty Leading the People, symbolising French nationalism during the July Revolution 1830. ... The word Ένωσις (enosis) is Greek for union. ... The President of Cyprus is the countrys head of state. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... Makarios III (Greek: Μακάριος Γ`; born Mihalis Christodoulou Mouskos (Greek: Μιχαήλ Χριστοδούλου Μούσκος), August 13, 1913 – August 3, 1977) was the archbishop and primate of the autocephalous Cypriot Orthodox Church (1950-1977) and first President of the Republic of Cyprus (1960-1977). ... Coup redirects here. ... Nikos Sampson (Greek: Νίκος Σαμψών; December 16, 1935 – May 9, 2001) was the de facto dictator of Cyprus installed by the coup détat that overthrew President Makarios in 1974. ... A dictator is an authoritarian, often totalitarian ruler (e. ... Combatants  Turkey  Cyprus  Greece On the 20th of July 1974, Turkey launched a military invasion by air, land and sea against Cyprus purportedly to restore constitutional order following an Athens orchestrated coup by the Cypriot National Guard against the President of Cyprus, Makarios III. Though Turkey had consistently refused to...


Nuclear weapons

Hitchens regarded the employment of nuclear weapons as the compulsory enlistment of civilians in a war and, as such, a violation of individual sovereignty.[citation needed] The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter A nuclear weapon derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions of fusion or fission. ... “Sovereign” redirects here. ...


Vietnam

Hitchens regarded America's intervention (and that of its allies) in Vietnam as a continuation of European colonialism, betraying the Enlightenment principles of liberal democracy and human emancipation. Today, he also views it as a betrayal of the principles of the American Revolution.[citation needed] It has been suggested that Benign colonialism be merged into this article or section. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen...


The Israeli-Palestinian conflict

Hitchens regards the complete occupation of Palestine as an example of colonialism and an unjustifiable subjugation of another people.[citation needed] He has described Zionism as being based on "the initial demagogic lie (actually two lies) that a land without a people needs a people without a land."[40] Hitchens supports Israel's right to exist, but has argued that Map of the British Mandate of Palestine. ... This article is about Zionism as a movement, not the History of Israel. ... A demagogue (sometimes spelled demagog) is a leader who obtains power by appealing to the gut feelings of the public, usually by powerful use of rhetoric and propaganda. ...

Israel doesn't "give up" anything by abandoning religious expansionism in the West Bank and Gaza. It does itself a favor, because it confronts the internal clerical and chauvinist forces which want to instate a theocracy for Jews, and because it abandons a scheme which is doomed to fail in the worst possible way. The so-called "security" question operates in reverse, because as I may have said already, only a moral and political idiot would place Jews in a settlement in Gaza in the wild belief that this would make them more safe. Of course this hard-headed and self-interested solution of withdrawal would not satisfy the jihadists. But one isn't seeking to placate them. One is seeking to destroy and discredit them. At the present moment, they operate among an occupied and dispossessed and humiliated people, who are forced by Sharon's logic to live in a close yet ghettoised relationship to the Jewish centers of population. Try and design a more lethal and rotten solution than that, and see what you come up with.[40] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Not to be confused with the Spanish name Garza or the Egyptian town of Giza. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      For the metal band, refer to Theocracy (band). ...   (Hebrew: , also known by his diminutive Arik אָרִיק) (born February 27, 1928) is a former Israeli politician and general. ... For the rapper, see Ghetto (rapper). ...

On November 14, 2004, Hitchens noted that

Edward Said asked many times, in public and private, where the Mandela of Palestine could be. In rather bold contrast to this decent imagination, Arafat managed to be both a killer and a compromiser (Mandela was neither), both a Swiss bank-account artist and a populist ranter (Mandela was neither), both an Islamic "martyrdom" blow-hard and a servile opportunist, and a man who managed to establish a dictatorship over his own people before they even had a state (here one simply refuses to mention Mandela in the same breath).[41] Edward Wadie Saïd, Arabic: , , (1 November 1935 – 25 September 2003) was a Palestinian-American literary theorist and Palestinian activist. ... For other people named Mandela, or other uses, see Mandela. ... Not to be confused with Yasir Arafat (cricketer). ... Swiss banks are world-renowned for their secretive nature and protection of clients. ... Populism is a political ideology or rhetorical style that holds that the common person is oppressed by the elite in society, which exists only to serve its own interests, and therefore, the instruments of the State need to be grasped from this self-serving elite and instead used for the... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A dictatorship is an autocratic form of government in which the government is ruled by a dictator. ...

Milošević and the demise of Yugoslavia

Hitchens argued that the choice in Yugoslavia was between what he perceived as a multi-ethnic plural democracy in Bosnia and a fascistic, religiously inspired ethnic cleansing state driven by Slobodan Milošević. Hitchens argued that defending multi-ethnic democracy was morally essential and of far greater importance than any leftist concerns about a "new imperialism".[citation needed] Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in the Latin alphabet, Југославија in Cyrillic; English: South Slavia, or literary The Land of South Slavs) describes three political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Pluralism (political philosophy) This article is about pluralism in politics. ... For the video game, see Ethnic Cleansing (computer game). ... MiloÅ¡ević redirects here. ...


Historic views on Saddam Hussein

In July 2007, the New Statesman (a left-of-centre political magazine) printed selected portions of a 1976 piece by Hitchens which they claimed "took a more admiring view of the Iraqi dictator" than his later strong support for ousting Saddam.[42] The New Statesman is a left-of-centre political weekly published in London. ...

"An Arab country with the second largest proven oil reserves, a fierce revolutionary ideology, a large and recently-blooded army, and a leadership composed almost entirely of men in their thirties is obviously a force to be reckoned with. Iraq, which has this dynamic combination and much else besides, has not until recently been very much regarded as a power. But with the new discussions in Opec, the ending of the Kurdistan war and the new round of fighting in Lebanon, its political voice is being heard more and more. The Baghdad regime is the first oil-producing government to opt for 100-per-cent nationalisation, a process completed with the acquisition of foreign assets in Basrah last December. It was the first to call for the use of oil as a political weapon against Israel and her backers. It gives strong economic and political support to the ‘Rejection Front’ Palestinians who oppose Arafat’s conciliation and are currently trying to outface the Syrians in Beirut. And it has a leader — Saddam Hussein — who has sprung from being an underground revolutionary gunman to perhaps the first visionary Arab statesman since Nasser." For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... Revolutionary, when used as a noun, is a person who either advocates or actively engages in some kind of revolution. ... For other uses, see Kurdistan (disambiguation). ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Nationalization is the act of taking assets into state ownership. ... This article is about the Lebanese city. ... Gamal Abdel Nasser (Arabic: جمال عبد الناصر) Gamal Abdel Nasser (January 15, 1918 - September 28, 1970) was the second President of Egypt after Muhammad Naguib and is considered one of the most important Arab leaders in history. ...

He also described the means through which the Baathist regime rose to power as similar to that of Iran; having crushed any political dissent and notions of an independent Kurdish state. Baath Party flag The Ba‘ath Parties (also spelled Baath or Ba‘th; Arabic: اﻟﺒﻌﺚ) comprise political parties representing the political face of the Ba‘ath movement. ... Look up Kurdish in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

"In their different crusades, both Iraq and Iran take a distinctly unsentimental line on internal opposition. Ba’ath party spokesmen, when questioned about the lack of public dissent, will point to efforts made by the party press to stimulate criticism of revolutionary shortcomings. True enough, there are such efforts, but they fall rather short of permitting any organised opposition. The argument then moves to the claim, which is often made in Iraq, that the country is surrounded by enemies and attacked by imperialist intrigue. Somewhere in the collision between Baghdad and Tehran on this point, the Kurdish nationalists met a very painful end."

The quality of American and British Intelligence before the 2003 Iraq War

In a variety of articles and interviews, Hitchens has asserted that British intelligence was correct in claiming that Saddam had attempted to buy uranium from Niger,[43] and that US envoy Joseph Wilson had been dishonest in his public denials of it.[44] He has also pointed to discovered munitions in Iraq that violated U.N. Security Council Resolutions 686 and 687, the cease-fire agreements ending the 1991 Iraq-Kuwait conflict. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Niger documents The Niger uranium forgeries refers to falsified classified documents initially revealed by Italian intelligence. ... General Name, symbol, number uranium, U, 92 Chemical series actinides Group, period, block n/a, 7, f Appearance silvery gray metallic; corrodes to a spalling black oxide coat in air Standard atomic weight 238. ... This page is for the diplomat. ... United Nations Security Council Resolution 686, adopted at the 2978th meeting of the Security Council on 2 March 1991, re-confirmed a dozen UN resolutions related to Iraq and demanded that Iraq implement its acceptance of all twelve resolutions. ... United Nations Security Council Resolution 687 was adopted at the 2981st meeting on 3 April 1991, to declare a formal cease-fire at the end of the Gulf War and impose peace terms on Iraq. ... Combatants Republic of Iraq State of Kuwait Commanders Ali Hassan al-Majid N/A Strength 100,000[1] 16,000[2] Casualties 37+ aircraft (est. ...


On March 19, 2007, Hitchens asked himself whether Western intelligence sources should have known that Iraq had "no stockpiles of weapons of mass destruction." In his response, Hitchens stated that For the Xzibit album, see Weapons of Mass Destruction (album). ...

[t]he entire record of UNSCOM until that date had shown a determination on the part of the Iraqi dictatorship to build dummy facilities to deceive inspectors, to refuse to allow scientists to be interviewed without coercion, to conceal chemical and biological deposits, and to search the black market for material that would breach the sanctions. The defection of Saddam Hussein's sons-in-law, the Kamel brothers, had shown that this policy was even more systematic than had even been suspected. Moreover, Iraq did not account for — has in fact never accounted for — a number of the items that it admitted under pressure to possessing after the Kamel defection. We still do not know what happened to this weaponry. This is partly why all Western intelligence agencies, including French and German ones quite uninfluenced by Ahmad Chalabi, believed that Iraq had actual or latent programs for the production of WMD. Would it have been preferable to accept Saddam Hussein's word for it and to allow him the chance to re-equip once more once the sanctions had further decayed?[45] United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) was a United Nations organisation performing arms inspections in Iraq after the Gulf War. ... For other uses, see Coercion (disambiguation). ... Early detection of chemical agents Sociopolitical climate of chemical warfare While the study of chemicals and their military uses was widespread in China, the use of toxic materials has historically been viewed with mixed emotions and some disdain in the West (especially when the enemy were doing it). ... Biological Weapons: Friend or Foe? By Dom Harris There is great debate about whether biological weapons are good or bad, and whether the world should be concerned about their development. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into underground economy. ...

Abu Ghraib and Haditha

In a September 2005 article, he stated "Prison conditions at Abu Ghraib have improved markedly and dramatically since the arrival of Coalition troops in Baghdad."[46] Hitchens continued by stating that he See Abu Ghraib prison and Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse. ...

could undertake to defend that statement against any member of Human Rights Watch or Amnesty International, and I know in advance that none of them could challenge it, let alone negate it. Before March 2003, Abu Ghraib was an abattoir, a torture chamber, and a concentration camp. Now, and not without reason, it is an international byword for Yankee imperialism and sadism. Yet the improvement is still, unarguably, the difference between night and day.[47] Human Rights Watch Banner Human Rights Watch is a United States-based international non-government organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Amnesty international Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is an international non-governmental organization which defines its mission as to undertake research and action focused on preventing and ending grave abuses of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience... The Tower of London and Traitors Gate. ... It has been suggested that Internment be merged into this article or section. ... Cecil Rhodes: Cape-Cairo railway project. ...

In a June 5, 2006 article on the alleged killings of Iraqi civilians by US Marines in Haditha, he stated that is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the city. ...

all the glib talk about My Lai is so much propaganda and hot air. In Vietnam, the rules of engagement were such as to make an atrocity — the slaughter of the My Lai villagers took almost a day rather than a white-hot few minutes — overwhelmingly probable. The ghastliness was only stopped by a brave officer who prepared his chopper-gunner to fire. In those days there were no precision-guided missiles, but there were "free-fire zones," and "body counts," and other virtual incitements to psycho officers such as Capt. Medina and Lt. Calley. As a consequence, a training film about My Lai — "if anything like this happens, you have really, truly screwed up" — has been in use for U.S. soldiers for some time.[48] Photographs of the My Lai massacre provoked world outrage and became a national scandal. ... For other uses, see Propaganda (disambiguation). ... This article describes the military term of the rules of engagement. ...

Regarding civil liberties

In March 2005, Hitchens supported further investigation into alleged voting irregularities in Ohio during the 2004 presidential election. This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ...


In January 2006, Hitchens joined with four other individuals and four organizations, including the ACLU and Greenpeace, as plaintiffs in a lawsuit, ACLU v. NSA; challenging Bush's warrantless domestic spying program; the lawsuit was filed by the ACLU.[49][50] The American Civil Liberties Union, or ACLU, is a non_governmental organization devoted to defending civil rights and civil liberties in the United States. ... Greenpeace protest against Esso / Exxon Mobil. ... ACLU v. ... Teh NSA warrantless surveillance controversy concerns surveillance of persons within the United States incident to the collection of foreign intelligence by the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) as part of the war on terror. ...


In February 2006, Hitchens helped organize a pro-Denmark rally outside the Danish Embassy in Washington, DC in response to the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy.[51] Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... The Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy began after twelve editorial cartoons, most of which depicted the Islamic prophet Muhammad, were published in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten on 30 September 2005. ...


Regarding specific individuals

Over the years, Hitchens has become famous for his scathing critiques of public figures. Three figures — Bill Clinton, Henry Kissinger, and Mother Teresa — were the targets of three separate full length texts, No One Left to Lie To: The Triangulations of William Jefferson Clinton, The Trial of Henry Kissinger, and The Missionary Position: Mother Teresa in Theory and Practice. Hitchens has also written biographical essays about Thomas Jefferson (Thomas Jefferson: Author of America), George Orwell (Why Orwell Matters) and Thomas Paine (Thomas Paine's "Rights of Man": A Biography). However, the vast majority of Hitchens' critiques take the form of short opinion pieces, some of the more notable being his critiques of: Jerry Falwell,[52] George Galloway,[53] Mel Gibson,[54] Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama,[55] Michael Moore,[56] Daniel Pipes,[57] Ronald Reagan,[58] and Cindy Sheehan.[59] Christopher Eric Hitchens (born April 13, 1949, in Portsmouth, England) is an Anglo-American author, journalist and literary critic. ... Public figure is a legal term applied in the context of defamation actions (libel and slander). ... The Trial of Henry Kissinger, published in 2002, is Christopher Hitchens brief examination of the alleged war crimes of Henry Kissinger, the National Security Advisor and later Secretary of State for President Nixon, and Secretary of State for President Ford. ... The Missionary Position: Mother Teresa in Theory and Practice (ISBN 185984054X) is a book by Christopher Hitchens about Mother Teresas life and work. ... Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 N.S.–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States. ... Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 [1] [2] – 21 January 1950), better known by the pen name George Orwell, was an English author and journalist. ... Why Orwell Matters, released in the UK as Orwells Victory, is a biographical essay by Christopher Hitchens. ... For other persons of the same name, see Thomas Paine (disambiguation). ... This article is about Jerry Falwell, Sr. ... George Galloway (born 16 August 1954 in Dundee) is a Scottish politician and author noted for his left-wing views, confrontational style, and rhetorical skill. ... Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an American-Australian actor, Academy Award winning director and producer. ... Tenzin Gyatso (Tibetan: བསྟན་འཛིན་རྒྱ་མཚོ་; Wylie: Bstan-dzin Rgya-mtsho) (b. ... Michael Francis Moore (born April 23, 1954) is an American political-activist, a film director, author, social commentator, and political humorist. ... Daniel Pipes in Copenhagen Daniel Pipes (born September 9, 1949) is an American historian and analyst who specializes in the Middle East. ... Reagan redirects here. ... Cindy Sheehan gives the peace sign in front of the White House in 2006. ...


International journalism

Hitchens spent part of his early career as a foreign correspondent in Cyprus. In the past several years, he has continued journeying to and writing essay-style correspondence pieces from a variety of locales, including Iraq, Iran, North Korea, Chad, Uganda and the Darfur region of Sudan. His work has taken him to over 60 different countries.[60] For other uses, see Darfur (disambiguation). ...


Literary review

Hitchens regularly contributes literary reviews to the Atlantic Monthly and The New York Times Book Review. One of his books, Unacknowledged Legislation: Writers in the Public Sphere, is a collection of such works. Works he has recently reviewed include Shalimar the Clown by Salman Rushdie; Saturday by Ian McEwan; the D. J. Enright translation of In Search of Lost Time by Marcel Proust; the Alfred Appel Jr. annotated version of Lolita by Vladimir Nabokov (whom he named as on a par with James Joyce); John Updike's Terrorist; and Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows. The Atlantic Monthly (also known as The Atlantic) is an American literary/cultural magazine that was founded in November 1857. ... The New York Times Book Review is a weekly paper-magazine supplement to The New York Times in which current non-fiction and fiction books are reviewed. ... Shalimar the Clown cover Shalimar the Clown is a 2005 novel written by Salman Rushdie, an author perhaps most famous for his earlier work, The Satanic Verses. ... The British hardcover edition, with the BT Tower in the background Saturday (2005) is a novel by the British author Ian McEwan that charts the day of a 48 year old London neurosurgeon called Henry Perowne. ... Ian McEwan CBE (born June 21, 1948) is a British novelist. ... Dennis Joseph Enright (March 11, 1920 – December 31, 2002) was a British academic, poet, novelist and critic, and general man of letters. ... In Search of Lost Time or Remembrance of Things Past (French: À la recherche du temps perdu) is a semi-autobiographical novel in seven volumes by Marcel Proust. ... “Proust” redirects here. ... Lolita (1955) is a novel by Vladimir Nabokov. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Набо́ков, pronounced ) (April 22 [O.S. April 10] 1899, Saint Petersburg – July 2, 1977, Montreux) was a Russian-American, Academy Award nominated author. ... This article is about the writer and poet. ... John Hoyer Updike (born March 18, 1932 in Shillington, Pennsylvania) is an American writer. ... “HP7” redirects here. ...


Praise for and criticism of Hitchens

Throughout his career, Hitchens has been the subject of considerable praise as well as severe criticism. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ...


Honours

In September 2005, Hitchens was named as one of the "Top 100 Public Intellectuals"[61] by Foreign Policy and Britain's Prospect magazine. An online poll was held which ranked the 100 intellectuals, but the magazine noted that Hitchens' (#5), Chomsky's (#1), and Abdolkarim Soroush's (#15) rankings were partly due to supporters publicising the vote.[62] Some of the public intellectuals who won The 2005 Global Intellectuals Poll. ... A countrys foreign policy is a set of political goals that seeks to outline how that particular country will interact with other countries of the world and, to a lesser extent, non-state actors. ... Prospect is a left-wing monthly British essay and comment magazine covering a wide range of topics, but specialising in politics and current affairs. ... Image:Soroush. ...


He is an Honorary Associate of the National Secular Society.[63] The National Secular Society is an organisation of the United Kingdom which promotes secularism. ...


Hitchens was nominated for a National Book Award for God Is Not Great on October 10, 2007.[64] The National Book Awards is one of the most preeminent literary prizes in the United States. ... God is not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything (published in the United Kingdom as God is Not Great: The Case Against Religion) is a non-fiction book by author and journalist Christopher Hitchens. ...


Hitchens received the 1991 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction.[65] The Lannan Literary Awards are a series of awards and literary fellowships given out in various fields. ...


Hitchens and the literary scene

There is speculation that Hitchens was the inspiration for Tom Wolfe's character Peter Fallow, in the 1987 novel The Bonfire of the Vanities,[66] but others believe it to be Spy Magazine's "Ironman Nightlife Decathlete" Anthony Haden-Guest.[67] [68] Tom Wolfe gives a speech at the White House. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Spy magazine was founded in 1986 by Kurt Andersen and E. Graydon Carter. ...


Prior to Hitchens' ideological shift, the American author and polemicist Gore Vidal declared Hitchens his dauphin or heir.[12] Eugene Luther Gore Vidal (born October 3, 1925) (pronounced and , ) is an American author of novels, stage plays, screenplays, and essays, and the scion of a prominent political family. ... For other uses, see inheritance (disambiguation). ...


Hitchens and The Nation staff

Among his most severe critics is one-time colleague and friend Alexander Cockburn, a weekly contributor to The Nation. On August 20, 2005, Cockburn wrote: Alexander Claud Cockburn (pronounced , co-burn), born June 6, 1941, is a self-described radical Irish journalist who has lived and worked in the United States since 1973. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

What a truly disgusting sack of shit Hitchens is [— a] guy who called Sid Blumenthal one of his best friends and then tried to have him thrown into prison for perjury; a guy who waited [until] his friend Edward Said was on his death bed before attacking him in the Atlantic Monthly; a guy who knows perfectly well the role Israel plays in US policy but who does not scruple to flail Cindy Sheehan as a LaRouchie and anti-Semite because, maybe, she dared mention the word Israel.[69] Sidney Blumenthal was born in Chicago in 1948 and educated at Brandeis University(BA in Sociology in 1969). ... Perjury is the act of lying or making verifiably false statements on a material matter under oath or affirmation in a court of law or in any of various sworn statements in writing. ... Edward Wadie Saïd, Arabic: , , (1 November 1935 – 25 September 2003) was a Palestinian-American literary theorist and Palestinian activist. ... The Atlantic Monthly (also known as The Atlantic) is an American literary/cultural magazine that was founded in November 1857. ... Cindy Sheehan gives the peace sign in front of the White House in 2006. ... Lyndon LaRouche at a news conference in Paris in February 2006. ... The Eternal Jew: 1937 German poster. ...

Hitchens clarified his stance, stating that:

[i]n a recent effusion in the Huffington Post, Cindy Sheehan repeats the lie that her letter to ABC News Nightline was doctored, and says that a colleague of hers inserted the offending words in furtherance of his own "anti-Semitic" agenda. If she regards her own words as anti-Jewish, it's not up to me to correct her. I have not said that she is anti-Jewish, only that she shows a sinister ineptness in handling the wild idea of a PNAC/JINSA pro-Sharon secret government in the United States.[70] The Huffington Post is a group weblog and news site started by Arianna Huffington on May 9, 2005. ... ABC News Special Report ident, circa 2006 ABC News is a division of American television and radio network ABC, owned by The Walt Disney Company. ... Nightline is a late-night hard and soft news program broadcast by ABC in the United States, and has a franchised formula to other networks and stations elsewhere in the world. ... The Project for the New American Century, or PNAC, is a Washington, DC based think tank. ... The Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA) is a Washington, D.C.-based non-profit think-tank focusing on issues of United States national security. ...   (Hebrew: , also known by his diminutive Arik אָרִיק) (born February 27, 1928) is a former Israeli politician and general. ...

Antitheism

Christopher Hitchens is antitheist and antireligious. Hitchens often speaks out against Judeo-Christian religions, or what he calls "the three great monotheisms" (Judaism, Christianity and Islam). In his book, God is not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything, Hitchens expanded his criticism to include all religions, including those rarely criticized by Western antitheists such as Hinduism and neo-paganism. His book had mixed reactions: from praise from the New York Times for his "logical flourishes and conundrums"[71] to accusations of "intellectual and moral shabbiness,"(The Financial Times)[72] and "riding a wave of ignorance and illiteracy".[73] This page is a candidate to be copied to Wiktionary. ... Antireligion is opposition to all religions. ... Jacob wrestling an angel, by Gustave Doré (1832-1883), a shared Judeo-Christian story. ... For the Celtic Frost album, see Monotheist (album) In theology, monotheism (from Greek one and god) is the belief in the existence of one deity, or in the oneness of God. ... Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages[1]) is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Neopaganism (sometimes Neo-Paganism, meaning New Paganism) is a heterogeneous group of religions which attempt to revive ancient, mainly European pre-Christian religions. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... The Financial Times building The Financial Times (FT) is an international business newspaper printed on distinctive salmon pink broadsheet paper. ...


Hitchens told an interviewer that he thinks all educated people should have a knowledge of the Bible. He also claimed to have instructed his children in religious history and that he encouraged his wife to hold a Seder dinner for their daughter. This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ... Table set for the Passover Seder The Passover Seder (Hebrew: סֵדֶר, , order, arrangement) is a Jewish ritual feast held on the first night of the Jewish holiday of Passover (the 15th day of Hebrew month of Nisan). ...


At the New York Public Library in May 2007, Hitchens debated the Reverend Al Sharpton on the issue of theism and anti-theism, giving rise to a memorable exchange about Mormonism in particular. [74] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This biographical article needs additional references for verification. ... This article is about the history and use of the word Mormon. For information about the religious beliefs and culture of Mormons, see Mormonism. ...


Hitchens has been accused by William A. Donohue of the Catholic League for Religious and Civil Liberties of being particularly anti-Catholic. Hitchens responded, "when religion is attacked in this country […] the Catholic Church comes in for a little more than its fair share".[75] Hitchens has also been accused of anti-Catholic bigotry by others, including Brent Bozell, Tom Piatak in The American Conservative, and UCLA Law Professor Stephen Bainbridge. [76] [77] When Joe Scarborough on March 12, 2004 asked Hitchens whether he was “consumed with hatred for conservative Catholics”, Hitchens responded that he was not and that he just thinks that “all religious belief is sinister and infantile”. [78] Piatak claimed that “A straightforward description of all Hitchens’s anti-Catholic outbursts would fill every page in this magazine”, noting particularly Hitchens' assertion that U.S. Supreme Court Justice John Roberts should not be confirmed because of his faith. [77] William A. Donohue (born July 18, 1947 in Manhattan, New York) has been the president of the Catholic League in the United States since 1993. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... The American Conservative magazine. ... Binomial name Ucla xenogrammus Holleman, 1993 The largemouth triplefin, Ucla xenogrammus, is a fish of the family Tripterygiidae and only member of the genus Ucla, found in the Pacific Ocean from Viet Nam, the Philippines, Palau and the Caroline Islands to Papua New Guinea, Australia (including Christmas Island), and the... Stephen Bainbridge (b. ... For the artist of the same, see Joe Scarborough (artist) Charles Joseph Joe Scarborough (born April 9, 1963) is the host of the program Morning Joe and former host of Scarborough Country on MSNBC and served in the United States House of Representatives, from 1995 to 2001, as a Republican... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the... This article is about the Chief Justice of the United States. ...


Personal

Family status

Hitchens has a daughter, Antonia, with his wife Carol Blue, whom he married in 1991. Hitchens has two children, Alexander and Sophia, by a previous marriage to Eleni Meleagrou, a Greek Cypriot. They were married in 1981 and divorced in 1989.


Use of alcohol

A profile on Hitchens by NPR stated: "Hitchens is known for his love of cigarettes and alcohol -- and his prodigious literary output."[79] Hitchens admits to drinking heavily; in 2003 he wrote that his daily intake of alcohol was enough "to kill or stun the average mule." He noted that many great writers "did some of their finest work when blotto, smashed, polluted, shitfaced, squiffy, whiffled, and three sheets to the wind."[80] George Galloway, on his way to testify in front of a United States Senate subcommittee investigating the scandals in the U.N. Oil-for-Food program, called Hitchens a "drink-sodden ex-Trotskyist popinjay"[81], to which Hitchens quickly replied, "Only some of which is true." [82] Later, in a column for Slate promoting his debate with Galloway which was to take place on September 14, 2005, he elaborated on his prior response. "He says that I am an ex-Trotskyist (true), a "popinjay" (true enough, since its original Webster's definition means a target for arrows and shots), and that I cannot hold a drink (here I must protest)."[83] Oliver Burkeman writes, "Since the parting of ways on Iraq […] Hitchens claims to have detected a new, personalised nastiness in the attacks on him, especially over his fabled consumption of alcohol. He welcomes being attacked as a drinker 'because I always think it's a sign of victory when they move on to the ad hominem.' He drinks, he says, 'because it makes other people less boring. I have a great terror of being bored. But I can work with or without it. It takes quite a lot to get me to slur.'"[84] NPR logo For other meanings of NPR see NPR (disambiguation) National Public Radio (NPR) is a private, not-for-profit corporation that sells programming to member radio stations; together they are a loosely organized public radio network in the United States. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... George Galloway (born 16 August 1954 in Dundee) is a Scottish politician and author noted for his left-wing views, confrontational style, and rhetorical skill. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Slate is an online news and culture magazine created in 1996 by former New Republic editor Michael Kinsley and owned by Microsoft (as part of MSN). ... 1888 advertisement for Websters Dictionary Websters Dictionary is the common title given to English language dictionaries in the United States, derived from American lexicographer Noah Webster. ... Look up ad hominem in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Ethnic identity

In an article in the Guardian Unlimited on April 14, 2002, Hitchens says he is Jewish because Jewish descent is matrilineal. According to Hitchens, when his brother, Peter, took his new bride to meet their maternal grandmother, Dodo, who was then in her 90s, Dodo said, "She's Jewish, isn't she?" and then announced: "Well, I've got something to tell you. So are you." She said that her real surname was Levin, not Lynn, and that her ancestors were Blumenthals from Poland.[85] According to The Observer of 14 April 2002, Christopher "insists that he is Jewish," and explored the issue in depth in the title essay of his book Prepared for the Worst. Guardian Unlimited is a British website owned by the Guardian Media Group. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


In a column he wrote for the Los Angeles Times on February 9, 2006, Hitchens wrote, "my grandmother told me as an adult that both she and my mother were Jewish, and it sent me looking for my forebears on the German-Polish border". Peter Hitchens disputes that the brothers have significant Jewish ancestry, adding that "they are only one 32nd Jewish".[86] This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Relationship with brother, Peter Hitchens

Hitchens' younger brother by two-and-a-half years, Peter Hitchens, is a social conservative journalist, author and critic. The brothers had a protracted falling-out after Peter wrote that Christopher had once joked that he "didn't care if the Red Army watered its horses at Hendon"[87](a suburb of London). Christopher denied having said this and broke off contact with his brother. He then referred to his brother as "an idiot" in a letter to Commentary, and the dispute spilled into other publications as well. Christopher eventually expressed a willingness to reconcile and to meet his new nephew; shortly thereafter the brothers gave several interviews together in which they said their personal disagreements had been resolved, although a recent review of Christopher's book God is not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything by Peter appears to have re-ignited the debate.[88] This, however, did not stop them both appearing on the June 21, 2007 edition of BBC current affairs discussion show Question Time. The two brothers appear so alike, and so rarely appeared together, that for a long time there was a joke that they must be the same person. Peter Hitchens Peter Jonathan Hitchens (born 28 October 1951 in Sliema, Malta) is a British journalist, author and broadcaster. ... Social conservatism generally refers to a political ideology or personal belief system that advocates the conservation or resurrection of what one, or ones community, considers to be traditional morality and social structure. ... For other organizations known as the Red Army, see Red Army (disambiguation). ... For other places with the same name, see Hendon (disambiguation). ... // Commentary, a monthly magazine founded by the American Jewish Committee in 1945, bills itself as Americas premier monthly magazine of opinion. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Bibliography

As sole author

  • 2007 God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything. Twelve/Hachette Book Group USA/Warner Books, ISBN 0446579807 / Published in the UK as God Is Not Great: The Case Against Religion. Atlantic Books, ISBN 978-1-84354-586-6
  • 2006 Thomas Paine's "Rights of Man": A Biography. Books That Shook the World/Atlantic Books, ISBN 1-84354-513-6
  • 2005 Thomas Jefferson: Author of America. Eminent Lives/Atlas Books/HarperCollins Publishers, ISBN 0-06-059896-4
  • 2004 Love, Poverty, and War: Journeys and Essays. Thunder's Mouth, Nation Books, ISBN 1-56025-580-3
  • 2003 A Long Short War: The Postponed Liberation of Iraq. Plume Books
  • 2002 Why Orwell Matters, Basic Books (US)/UK edition as Orwell's Victory, Allen Lane/The Penguin Press.
  • 2001 The Trial of Henry Kissinger. Verso.
  • 2001 Letters to a Young Contrarian. Basic Books.
  • 2000 Unacknowledged Legislation: Writers in the Public Sphere. Verso.
  • 1999 No One Left to Lie To: The Triangulations of William Jefferson Clinton. Verso. Reissued as No One Left to Lie To: The Values of the Worst Family in 2000.
  • 1995 The Missionary Position: Mother Teresa in Theory and Practice. Verso.
  • 1993 For the Sake of Argument: Essays and Minority Reports. Verso.
  • 1990 Blood, Class, and Nostalgia: Anglo-American Ironies. Farrar, Straus & Giroux. Reissued 2004, with a new introduction, as Blood, Class and Empire: The Enduring Anglo-American Relationship, Nation Books, ISBN 1-56025-592-7)
  • 1990 The Monarchy: A Critique of Britain's Favorite Fetish. Chatto & Windus, 1990.
  • 1988 Prepared for the Worst: Selected Essays and Minority Reports. Hill and Wang (US)/Chatto and Windus (UK).
  • 1987 Imperial Spoils: The Curious Case of the Elgin Marbles. Chatto and Windus (UK)/Hill and Wang (US, 1988) / 1997 UK Verso edition as The Elgin Marbles: Should They Be Returned to Greece? (with essays by Robert Browning and Graham Binns).
  • 1984 Cyprus. Quartet. Revised editions as Hostage to History: Cyprus from the Ottomans to Kissinger, 1989 (Farrar, Straus & Giroux) and 1997 (Verso).

God is not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything (published in the United Kingdom as God is Not Great: The Case Against Religion) is a non-fiction book by author and journalist Christopher Hitchens. ... God is not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything (published in the United Kingdom as God is Not Great: The Case Against Religion) is a non-fiction book by author and journalist Christopher Hitchens. ... Why Orwell Matters, released in the UK as Orwells Victory, is a biographical essay by Christopher Hitchens. ... The Trial of Henry Kissinger, published in 2002, is Christopher Hitchens brief examination of the alleged war crimes of Henry Kissinger, the National Security Advisor and later Secretary of State for President Nixon, and Secretary of State for President Ford. ... Letters to a Young Contrarian is Christopher Hitchens contribution to The Art of Mentoring, a series published by Basic Books. ... The Missionary Position: Mother Teresa in Theory and Practice (ISBN 185984054X) is a book by Christopher Hitchens about Mother Teresas life and work. ...

As co-author or co-editor

  • 2002 Left Hooks, Right Crosses: A Decade of Political Writing (co-editor, with Christopher Caldwell).
  • 1994 International Territory: The United Nations, 1945-1995 (with Adam Bartos). Verso.
  • 1994 When Borders Bleed: The Struggle of the Kurds (with Ed Kashi). Pantheon Books.
  • 1988 Blaming the Victims: Spurious Scholarship and the Palestinian Question (contributor; co-editor with Edward Said). Verso, ISBN 0-86091-887-4. Reissued, 2001.
  • 1976 Callaghan, The Road to Number Ten (with Peter Kellner). Cassell, ISBN 0-304-29768-2

Blaming the Victims: Spurious Scholarship and the Palestinian Question, is a collection of esseys, co-edited by Edward Said and Christopher Hitchens, and first published by Verso in 1988 ( ISBN 0-86091-887-4). ... Peter Kellner is a journalist, political commentator and Chairman of the YouGov opinion polling organisation. ...

As a contributor

  • 2005 A Matter of Principle: Humanitarian Arguments for War in Iraq, Thomas Cushman (editor). University of California Press, ISBN 0-520-24555-5
  • 2000 Vanity Fair's Hollywood, Graydon Carter and David Friend (editors). Viking Studio.

References

  1. ^ PBS Interview with Christopher Hitchens
  2. ^ Interview with Bill Moyers
  3. ^ Hitchens' BBC Video Essay in support of George Orwell
  4. ^ Hitchens' NPR discussion regarding Thomas Jefferson
  5. ^ Hitchens' op-ed for Slate regarding Mother Theresa
  6. ^ a b Southan, Rhys (November 2001). Free Radical. Reason. Retrieved on 2007-05-09.
  7. ^ a b Tariq Ali v. Christopher Hitchens. Democracy Now. Retrieved on 2007-05-09.
  8. ^ Johann Hari, "In Enemy Territory: An Interview with Christopher Hitchens"", The Independent 23 September 2004.
  9. ^ Christopher Hitchens, "The End of Fukuyama", Slate 1 March 2006.
  10. ^ http://slate.com/id/2109377/
  11. ^ Letters to a Young Contrarian Excerpt
  12. ^ a b Massie, Alex (July 6, 2003). The Trial of Christopher Hitchens. Scotsman. Retrieved on 2007-05-09.
  13. ^ Lou Dobbs' interview of Christopher Hitchens (video)
  14. ^ Lynn Barber, The Observer, April 14 2002 Look who's talking April 14, 2002
  15. ^ Slate: Long Live Tony Blair
  16. ^ PBS Interview with Christopher Hitchens
  17. ^ International Socialism: Christopher Hitchens "Workers’ Self Management in Algeria" (1st series), No.51, April-June 1972, p.33
  18. ^ a b Christopher Hitchens. The Nation. Retrieved on 2007-05-09.
  19. ^ William Safire (2006).) "Islamofascism Anyone?" The New York Times, Language section. October 1, 2006. Retrieved November 25, 2006.
  20. ^ "Hitchens: Clinton could sell out Blair", BBC News, 1999-06-03. Retrieved on 2007-05-25. 
  21. ^ Hitchens, Christopher (1999). No One Left to Lie to: The Triangulations of William Jefferson Clinton. Verso Books. ISBN 1859847366. 
  22. ^ Christopher Hitchens, No One Left To Lie To (Verso, 2000)
  23. ^ George Galloway debates Christopher Hitchens. Retrieved on 2007-11-20.
  24. ^ Of Sin, the Left & Islamic Fascism September 4, 2001
  25. ^ Blaming bin Laden First October 4, 2001
  26. ^ Chomsky Replies to Hitchens
  27. ^ A Rejoinder to Noam Chomsky: Minority Report
  28. ^ Reply to Hitchens' Rejoinder October 4, 2001
  29. ^ Taking Sides September 26, 2002
  30. ^ All Against Bush: Whom would the Democrats nominate? Slate, Feb. 8, 2004
  31. ^ James Verini, The Liberal Hawks, Los Angeles CityBeat, 02-12-04
  32. ^ Liberal Hawks Reconsider the Iraq War, Slate.com, Monday, Jan. 12, 2004
  33. ^ Not Even a Hedgehog: The stupidity of Ronald Reagan. Slate June 7, 2004
  34. ^ Dennis Campbell The snivelers of the Left are not fit to judge Ronald Reagan Renew America; June 15, 2004
  35. ^ My Endorsement and Osama's Video: The news in Bin Laden's comments had nothing to do with our election. Slate, Nov. 1, 2004
  36. ^ The Case Against Henry Kissinger March 2001
  37. ^ Hitchens, Christopher (May 2007). God is not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything. New York: Twelve Books, 283. 
  38. ^ "Middle East: Missing Persons", Accessed June 17, 2006.
  39. ^ "Speech by Makarios", Accessed June 17, 2006.
  40. ^ a b Frontpage Interview: Christopher Hitchens Part II. Front Page Magazine. Retrieved on 2007-05-09.
  41. ^ Arafat's Squalid End. Slate. Retrieved on 2007-05-09.
  42. ^ Christopher Hitchens, Iraq Flexes Arab Muscle, New Statesman, July 5 2007 (originally published 1976)
  43. ^ Slate: Wowie Zahawie
  44. ^ Slate: Clueless Joe Wilson
  45. ^ Slate: So, Mr. Hitchens, Weren't You Wrong About Iraq?
  46. ^ "A War To Be Proud Of" September 5, 2005
  47. ^ "A War To Be Proud Of" September 5, 2005
  48. ^ The Hell of War June 5, 2006
  49. ^ New York Times
  50. ^ Statement - Christopher Hitchens, NSA Lawsuit Client
  51. ^ Stand up for Denmark! Feb. 21, 2006
  52. ^ Video: Christopher Hitchens (May 15, 2007) appearance on Anderson Cooper 360
  53. ^ Unmitigated Galloway May 30, 2005
  54. ^ Mel Gibson's Meltdown July 31, 2006
  55. ^ His material highness Salon.com article by Christopher Hitchens
  56. ^ Unfairenheit 9/11 June 21, 2004
  57. ^ Christopher Hitchens, "Daniel Pipes is not a man of peace", Slate 11 August 2003.
  58. ^ The stupidity of Ronald Reagan. Slate. Retrieved on 2007-05-09.
  59. ^ Christopher Hitchens, Cindy Sheehan's Sinister Piffle, Slate 15 August 2005.
  60. ^ Twelve Books: Christopher Hitchens
  61. ^ Foreign Policy, registration required
  62. ^ Foreign Policy, registration required
  63. ^ National Secular Society Honorary Associate: Christopher Hitchens
  64. ^ Associated Press
  65. ^ Lannan Foundation - Nonfiction Awards, webpage retrieved November 13, 2007.
  66. ^ Reason Magazine: Free Radical
  67. ^ Timothy Noah, Meritocracy's lab rat
  68. ^ Vogue daily news
  69. ^ Can Cindy Sheehan End the War? August 20 / 21, 2005
  70. ^ Reply to Cockburn
  71. ^ Michael Kinsley, The New York Times Review of Books
  72. ^ Here’s the hitch by Michael Skapinker in The Financial Times
  73. ^ The Cultural Illiteracy of Atheist Christopher Hitchens by Mary Grabar
  74. ^ Google video has the full debate
  75. ^ Look Who's Hammering Mel August 1, 2006
  76. ^ Hood, John Hollowed Be Thy Name Miami Sun Post
  77. ^ a b Tom Piatak, The Purest Neocon: Christopher Hitchens, an unreconstructed Bolshevik, finds his natural home on the pro-war Right, The American Conservative, 2005-10-10
  78. ^ Scarborough County Transcripts for March 12, 2004
  79. ^ Guy Raz, Christopher Hitchens, Literary Agent Provocateur, National Public Radio, June 21 2006
  80. ^ Christopher Hitchens, Living Proof, Vanity Fair, March, 2003.
  81. ^ Unmitigated Galloway , The Weekly Standard, 2005-05-30.
  82. ^ "There's only one popinjay here, George", Evening Standard,2005-05-19.
  83. ^ George Galloway Is Gruesome, Not Gorgeous, Slate(magazine), 2005-09-13.
  84. ^ Oliver Burkeman, War of words, The Guardian, October 28 2006.
  85. ^ Look who's talking April 14, 2002
  86. ^ Look who's talking April 14, 2002
  87. ^ Christopher Hitchens,Oh Brother, Where Art Thou
  88. ^ James Macintyre, The Hitchens brothers: Anatomy of a row, The Independent, 2007-06-11, accessed 2007-06-11

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see The Independent (disambiguation). ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Slate is an online news and culture magazine created in 1996 by former New Republic editor Michael Kinsley and owned by Microsoft (as part of MSN). ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Los Angeles CityBeat is a free alternative weekly founded in June of 2003. ... Categories: Magazines stubs | Microsoft subsidiaries | Websites | The Washington Post ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New Statesman is a left-of-centre political weekly published in London. ... Salon. ... Slate is an online news and culture magazine created in 1996 by former New Republic editor Michael Kinsley and owned by Microsoft (as part of MSN). ... is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Slate is an online news and culture magazine created in 1996 by former New Republic editor Michael Kinsley and owned by Microsoft (as part of MSN). ... is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Financial Times building The Financial Times (FT) is an international business newspaper printed on distinctive salmon pink broadsheet paper. ... The American Conservative magazine. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... NPR redirects here. ... American actress Demi Moore, on a typical Vanity Fair cover (August, 1991) Vanity Fair is a glossy American glamour magazine monthly that offers a mixture of articles based on sensational exaggerations, jet-set and entertainment-business personalities, politics, and lies. ... March is the third month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Weekly Standard is an American neoconservative [1] magazine published 48 times per year. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Headlines of the Evening Standard on the day of London bombing on July 7, 2005, in Waterloo Station The Evening Standard is a British tabloid newspaper published and sold in London and surrounding areas of southeast England. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Guardian. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

Christopher Eric Hitchens (born April 13, 1949, in Portsmouth, England) is an Anglo-American author, journalist and literary critic. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ...

Biographical

Interviews

Brian Patrick Lamb (born October 9, 1941) helped found the C-SPAN television network in the United States in 1979, and has been its chief executive officer since its founding. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Headquarters New York magazine is a weekly magazine, founded in 1968, concerned with the life, culture, politics, and style of New York City. ... The libertarian Reason Magazine dedicated an issue to Ayn Rands influence one hundred years after her birth. ...

Criticisms

Persondata
NAME Hitchens, Christopher
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Hitchens, Christopher Eric (full name)
SHORT DESCRIPTION Author, journalist and literary critic
DATE OF BIRTH April 13, 1949
PLACE OF BIRTH Portsmouth, England, United Kingdom
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH

  Results from FactBites:
 
Washingtonpost.com: Live Online (2094 words)
Christopher Hitchens: The ICC or the Rome statute as it is known colloquially, is quite correctly not retroactive.
Christopher Hitchens: The owner of the pharmaceutical plant in Sudan is bringing a civil suit in DC which will establish the deception of the public, and the damage to Sudan, which was involved in Clinton's dog-wagging.
Christopher Hitchens: The ICC is not retroactive in its jurisdiction, but it does reinforce the increasingly solid international consensus - vide House of Lords and Pinochet - that there is no immunity for crimes committed for alleged reasons of state.
Christopher Hitchens and the Issue of Faith (1599 words)
Christopher Hitchens, observed one critic recently, is a foul-mouthed man of little faith obsessed with homosexuality.
Hitchens caused a stir a while back when he came out in support of the Bush administration’s war on terror, leaving his long-time leftist allies angry and bemused, or some combination of both.
Chesterton and Malcolm Muggeridge, who were Hitchens sorts in their early years, found themselves circling always back to the realization that truth emerged not from the hustle and bustle of human beings caught in the material web, but from words – words spoken 2000 years ago.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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