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Encyclopedia > Christopher Bainbridge

Bainbridge, Christopher (1464?–1514), archbishop of York and cardinal, The Archbishop of York, Primate of England, is the metropolitan of the Province of York, and is the junior of the two archbishops of the Church of England, after the Archbishop of Canterbury. ... The word cardinal comes from the Latin cardo for hinge and usually refers to things of fundamental importance, as in cardinal rule or cardinal sins. ...



Bambridge came from a family based in Westmorland - he was a maternal nephew of Thomas Langton, Bishop of Winchester, which may account for his charmed early life. He was granted a papal indulgence in 1479 which allowed him to hold church benfices while still un-ordained and under the age of 16, and another in 1482 allowing him to hold more than one benefice concurrently. He was said to have been fifty years old at his death and must therefore have been born about 1464. Thomas Langton was Bishop of Winchester and chaplain to Edward IV. In 1483 he was chosen bishop of St Davids; in 1485 he was made bishop of Salisbury and provost of Queens College, Oxford, and he became bishop of Winchester in 1493. ... The diocese of Winchester is one of the oldest and most important in England. ...



He was described as a ‘magister’ by 1486; at Bologna he was admitted DCL in 1492; he was in Rome in 1492–4. He was appointed Provost of Queen's College, Oxford in 1496, and Master of the Rolls in 1504 - he was incorporated at Lincoln's Inn on 20 January 1505. By 1497, he was chaplain to Henry VII; in 1503 he was dean of York; in 1505 Dean of St George's Chapel, Windsor The Queens College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. ... The Master of the Rolls is the third most senior judge of England, the Lord Chancellor of Great Britain traditionally being first and the Lord Chief Justice second. ... Part of Lincolns Inn drawn by Thomas Shepherd c. ...


He was appointed Bishop of Durham on 27 August 1507 and was translated to York on 22 September 1508 - which see had been vacant when he was first appointed to Durham, a sign of his favour at Court. Arms of the Bishop of Durham The Bishop of Durham is the officer of the Church of England responsible for the diocese of Durham, one of the oldest in the country. ...


On 24 September 1509, Henry VIII (whose coronation he had attended) appointed Bainbridge to be his ambassador to Pope Julius II. Just at this time Julius had taken alarm at the invasion of Italy by Louis XII, and the support of England was therefore of great importance. Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) from 22 April 1509 until his death. ... Pope Julius II Julius II, né Giuliano della Rovere (December 5, 1443 - February 21, 1513), was pope from 1503 to 1513. ... Louis XII Louis XII the Father of the People (French: Louis XII le Père du Peuple) (June 27, 1462 - January 1, 1515) was King of France from 1498-January 1, 1515. ...


Julius left Rome to relieve Bologna, and was nearly taken prisoner in the war. A group of pro-French cardinals summoned a council in opposition to him at Pisa, which Julius opposed by calling another council at Ravenna, where he created (March 1511) a new group of Cardinals, of which Bainbridge was one, with the title of Cardinal St. Praxedis.


Immediately, Bainbridge was sent with an army to lay siege to Ferrara, but the creation of the Holy League relieved the papacy of some of the increasing pressure by involving Spain against the French forces. Throughout history there have been many alliances and organizations known as the Catholic League, including: Catholic League (USA) - Civil rights group in the United States. ...


After Julius' death, he was succeeded as Pope by Leo X, who was initially willing to grant the title of "Christianissimus Rex" (Most Christian King) to Henry, after Francis had automatically forfeited the title by waging war on the Pope. However, Henry's peace with France of 1514 probably ended these hopes. Pope Leo X Leo X, né Giovanni di Lorenzo de Medici (December 11, 1475 - December 1, 1521), was the only pope who has bestowed his own name upon his age, and one of the few whose original extraction has corresponded in some measure with the splendour of the pontifical dignity. ...


Bainbridge died on 14th July, 1514, having been poisoned by one of his own chaplains, Rinaldo de Modena. de Modena was imprisoned, and confessed to the crime, and implicated Silvester de Giglis, Bishop of Worcester as the instigator of the plot. De Giglis was the resident English ambassador at Rome, and regarded Bainbridge as a threat to his position: he also had sufficient power and influence to make de Modena retract his confession and have him killed in prison. The Bishop of Worcester controls the see of Worcester and has his seat in Worcester Cathedral. ...


Richard Pace and John Clerk, the cardinal's executors, were eager to prosecute De Giglis, but he maintained that the priest was a madman whom he had dismissed from his own service some years before in England, and his defence was accepted as sufficient. Richard Pace (c. ...


Bainbridge was buried at the English hospital at Rome.


(Source: Dictionary of National Biography, 1885)


  Results from FactBites:
 
Christopher Bainbridge - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (556 words)
Immediately, Bainbridge was sent with an army to lay siege to Ferrara, but the creation of the Holy League relieved the papacy of some of the increasing pressure by involving Spain against the French forces.
De Modena was imprisoned, and confessed to the crime, and implicated Silvester de Giglis, then-Bishop of Worcester, as the instigator of the plot.
Bainbridge was buried at the English hospital in Rome, Italy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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