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Encyclopedia > Christine Todd Whitman
Christine Todd Whitman


In office
January 18, 1994 – January 31, 2001
Preceded by James J. Florio
Succeeded by Donald DiFrancesco

Born September 26, 1946 (1946-09-26) (age 60)
Political party Republican
Spouse John R. Whitman
Religion Presbyterian

Christine Todd "Christie" Whitman (born September 26, 1946) is an American Republican politician and author, who served as the 50th Governor of New Jersey and was the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency in the administration of President George W. Bush. She is currently nominated to be a director at United Technologies. Picture of Christine Todd Whitman - taken from government website - fair use If not public domain, then fair use: The copyright status of this work is difficult or impossible to determine. ... Jon Corzine 54th Governor of New Jersey; Incumbent Christine Christie Todd Whitman, the first female governor of New Jersey The Governor of New Jersey is the chief executive of the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... James Joseph Florio (born August 29, 1937) was the Democratic Governor of the U.S. state of New Jersey from 1990 to 1994, the first Italian-American to hold the position. ... Donald Thomas DiFrancesco (b. ... September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ... September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... Cosette Dwyer is an amazing author. ... This is a list of governors of New Jersey. ... Jon Corzine 54th Governor of New Jersey; Incumbent Christine Christie Todd Whitman, the first female governor of New Jersey The Governor of New Jersey is the chief executive of the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... EPA redirects here. ... The presidential seal is a well-known symbol of the presidency. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... United Technologies Corporation (UTC) (NYSE: UTX) is a major multinational corporation based in Hartford, Connecticut. ...

Contents

Early life

Ms. Whitman was born in New York City. She was raised in Hunterdon County, New Jersey and attended the Chapin School in New York City. She graduated from Wheaton College in 1968, earning a Bachelor of Arts degree in government. After graduating, she worked on Nelson Rockefeller's presidential campaign. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Hunterdon County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... The brilliant girls at Chapin are now learning about posting on blogs and have their own wiki project, modeled after the idea of wikipedia. ... Wheaton College is a four-year, private liberal arts college with an approximate student body of 1,550. ... A B.A. issused as a certificate Bachelor of Arts (B.A., BA or A.B.), from the Latin Artium Baccalaureus is an undergraduate bachelors degree awarded for either a course or a program in the liberal arts or the sciences, or both. ... Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller (July 8, 1908 – January 26, 1979) was an American Vice President, governor of New York State, philanthropist and businessman. ...


Whitman is a descendant of two powerful New Jersey political families, the Todds and the Schleys, and related by marriage to the equally formidable political power of the New York Whitman clan. She is married to John R. Whitman, a prominent private equity investor and they have two children who went to private boarding school in Connecticut. She is the granddaughter-in-law of former Governor of New York Charles S. Whitman. Her maternal grandfather, Reeve Schley, was a member of Wolf's Head Society at Yale, as were his son and a grandson. Schley headed the Wolf's Head alumni association for six years. She retains her maiden name of Todd in part to continue the connection with Republican voters. Whitman is related by marriage to the Bush family; her brother, Webster B. Todd, married Sheila O'Keefe, the stepdaughter of James Wear Walker, whose sister Dorothy Walker Bush was the mother of George H.W. Bush and grandmother of George W. Bush. This is a list of the Governors of New York. ... Charles S. Whitman (September 29, 1868 - March 29, 1947) served as Republican Governor of New York between 1915 and 1919. ... Wolfs Head (W.H.S.), founded in 1883, is the third oldest secret society at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. ... YALE (Yet Another Learning Environment) is an environment for machine learning experiments and data mining. ... The Bush family:President George W. Bush, First Lady Laura Bush, former First Lady Barbara Bush, and former President George H. W. Bush sit surrounded by family in the Red Room (White House) on January 6, 2005, together to celebrate the senior couples 60th wedding anniversary. ... Dorothy Walker Bush (July 1, 1901 - November 19, 1992) was the mother of the 41st President of the United States, George H. W. Bush, and the grandmother of the 43rd president, George W. Bush. ... Order: 41st President Vice President: Dan Quayle Term of office: January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican George Herbert Walker Bush, KBE (born...


Career in Politics

Nixon Administration and Early Politics

During the Nixon administration, Whitman worked in the Office of Economic Opportunity under the leadership of Donald Rumsfeld. She also conducted a national outreach tour for the Republican National Committee, was Deputy Director of the New York State Office in Washington, and worked on aging issues for the Nixon campaign and administration. Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... The Office of Economic Opportunity was the agency responsible for administering most of the War on Poverty programs created during United States President Lyndon B. Johnsons Administration. ... Donald Henry Rumsfeld (born July 9, 1932) is a U.S. politician and businessman, who was the 13th Secretary of Defense under President Gerald Ford from 1975–1977, and the 21st Secretary of Defense under President George W. Bush from 2001–2006. ... Bush/Cheney, 2004 campaign manager Ken Mehlman is the current chairman of the RNC. The Republican National Committee (RNC) provides national leadership for the Republican Party of the United States. ...


She became involved in Somerset County politics in the 1980s and was appointed to the Board of Trustees of Somerset County College (now Raritan Valley Community College). Elected to two terms as a member of the Somerset County Board of Chosen Freeholders, she served as Deputy Director and Director of the Board. Among her accomplishments as freeholder was working to complete construction of a new county courthouse. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Board of directors. ... Raritan Valley Community College is an accredited, coeducational, two-year, public, community college located in North Branch (within Branchburg Township), New Jersey. ... The Board of Chosen Freeholders is the legislative body in each of the 21 counties in New Jersey. ...


From 1988 to 1990 she served as President of the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities in the cabinet of Gov. Thomas Kean. The New Jersey Board of Public Utilities (NJBPU) is a regulatory authority in New Jersey charged with the responsibility of seeing that safe, adequate, and proper utility services are provided at reasonable rates for customers in New Jersey. ... Thomas Howard Kean (born April 21, 1935) is an American Republican Party politician, who served as the 48th Governor of New Jersey, from 1982 to 1990. ...


In 1990, Whitman ran for the U.S. Senate against incumbent Bill Bradley, losing a close election.[2] She was considered a longshot candidate against the popular Bradley. During her campaign, Whitman criticized the income tax hike proposed by then Gov. James Florio, which Bradley did not take a stance on, citing his role as a federal official. Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Politics Portal      The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral United States Congress, the... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        An income tax is a tax levied on the financial income... James Joseph Jim Florio (born August 29, 1937) was a Democratic politician who served as the 49th Governor of New Jersey from 1990 to 1994, the first Italian American to hold the position. ...


Governor of New Jersey

Whitman ran against Florio for governor in 1993, defeating him by one percentage point plurality to become the first female governor in New Jersey history. She was re-elected in 1997, narrowly defeating Jim McGreevey (again with a one percent plurality), the mayor of Woodbridge Township.  Female Republican Governor  Female Democratic Governor  Female Republican and Democratic Governor Twenty-nine women have been or are currently serving as the governor of an American state, including two in an acting capacity. ... James Edward Jim McGreevey (born August 6, 1957) is an American Democratic politician. ... A plurality, relative majority or simple majority is the largest share of something, which may or may not be considered a majority, i. ... Woodbridge Township is a Township in Melissas Ass, New Jersey, United States. ...


As Governor, Whitman failed to fully fund the state pension system and instead issued bonds (i.e. borrowed) to avoid raising taxes to pay for them. While she can be faulted for fiscal irresponsibility compare to her predecessors on state pensions, recent governors have also failed to fund pensions. It is arguable that in the late 1990s, many financial commentators assumed that stock returns would simply continue and pension funding would not be a problem. But since the market correction of 2000, Governors who came after her do not have such an excuse. A pension is a steady income given to a person (usually after retirement). ...


As Governor, Whitman rejected the New Jersey Governor's Advisory Council on AIDS recommendations to permit needle exchange to reduce the incidence of HIV infections. [3]


She also rolled back the 1 cent sales tax increase her predecessor Florio had imposed, instituted education reforms and removed excise taxes on professional wrestling in 1997, which led The World Wrestling Federation to once again hold events in New Jersey. In 1999, Whitman vetoed a bill that outlawed partial birth abortion; the law was enacted when the Republican-controlled legislature overrode Whitman's veto and later declared unconstitutional by the courts. [4] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. ... The phrase partial-birth abortion is a controversial one used primarily by abortion opponents in the United States. ...


Under her environmental leadership as governor, the number of days New Jersey violated the federal one-hour air quality standard for ground level ozone dropped from 45 in 1988 to 4 in 2000. Beach closings reached a record low, the state earned recognition by the Natural Resources Defense Council for instituting the most comprehensive beach monitoring system in the nation, and a new watershed management program was instituted which resulted in New Jersey leading the nation in opening shellfish beds for harvesting. Governor Whitman also won voter approval for the state's first stable funding source to preserve one million more acres of open space and farmland in New Jersey, the most densely populated state in the country. For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Ozone generator be merged into this article or section. ... The Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) [1] is a leftist, New York City-based, non-profit, non-partisan environmental advocacy group, with offices in Washington, D.C., San Francisco, and Los Angeles. ... One of the most influential doctrines in history is that all humans are divided into groups called nations. ... Cooked mussels Shellfish is a term used to describe shelled molluscs and crustaceans used as food. ... A state is a political association with effective dominion over a geographic area. ... In political geography and international politics a country is a geographical entity, a territory, most commonly associated with the notions of state or nation. ...


In 1996, Whitman joined a police patrol in Camden, New Jersey. During the patrol, the officers stopped a 16-year-old black male named Sherron Rolax for "suspicious activity" and proceeded to frisk him. After finding nothing, Whitman also frisked the suspect while a New Jersey State Police officer photographed her. In 2000, the image of the smiling governor frisking Rolax was published in newspapers statewide, which drew criticism from civil rights leaders who saw the incident as a violation of Rolax's civil rights and an endorsement by Whitman of racial profiling - especially since the suspect was not arrested nor found to be violating any law . Whitman told the press that she regretted the incident and pointed to her 1999 efforts against the New Jersey State Police force's racial profiling practices. The City of Camden is the county seat of Camden County, New Jersey in the United States. ... Sherron Rolax (2003) Sherron Rolax (born June 3, 1979) of Lawnside, New Jersey, United States first achieved public fame when his civil rights were allegedly violated by then New Jersey Governor Christine Todd Whitman in 1996. ... The New Jersey State Police is the state police force for the state of New Jersey. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ...


Whitman was co-chair, with Bush, of the 1996 Republican National Convention. The 1996 Republican National Convention convened at the San Diego Convention Center (SDCC) in San Diego, California from August 12 to August 15. ...


Whitman is currently a board member of the Millennium Challenge Corporation. Participants in the Program; United States as donor is in green, red countries have active compacts, blue countries have active threshold compacts and purple countries are in negotations for either The Millennium Challenge Account (MCA), run by the Millennium Challenge Corporation, is a bilateral development fund announced by the Bush...


Environmental Protection Agency

Whitman was appointed by Bush as Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency. As head of the EPA, she challenged the validity of a government-commissioned report suggesting a human contribution to global warming.[1] Whitman appeared twice in New York City after the September 11 attacks to inform New Yorkers that the toxins released by the attacks posed no threat to their health.[2] On September 18 the EPA released a report in which Whitman said, "Given the scope of the tragedy from last week, I am glad to reassure the people of New York and Washington, D.C. that their air is safe to breathe and their water is safe to drink."[3] Later, a 2003 report by the EPA's inspector general determined that such assurances were misleading, since when the statements were made the EPA "did not have sufficient data and analyses" to justify them.[4] Further, the report found that the White House had "convinced EPA to add reassuring statements and delete cautionary ones" by having the National Security Council control EPA communications after the September 11 attacks.[5][6] Although according to some sources the air was safe for Manhattan residents,[citation needed] Whitman was careful to note that the air on the actual World Trade Center site was not clean and had elevated chemical levels that would be detrimental to the workers there.[citation needed] As a result, even though they were not required to do so, the EPA itself provided thousands of respirators for workers to wear during their efforts. EPA redirects here. ... Global mean surface temperatures 1850 to 2006 Mean surface temperature anomalies during the period 1995 to 2004 with respect to the average temperatures from 1940 to 1980 Global warming is the observed increase in the average temperature of the Earths atmosphere and oceans in recent decades and the projected... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Manhattan is a borough of New York City, New York, USA, coterminous with New York County. ... This article is about the former World Trade Center (Twin Towers) in New York City. ...


On June 27, 2003, after having had several public conflicts with the Bush administration, Whitman officially resigned from her position to spend more time with her family.[5] June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On February 2, 2006, U.S. District Court Judge Deborah A. Batts issued a ruling rejecting Whitman's request for immunity in a 2004 class action lawsuit brought by a group who claimed exposure to hazardous debris from the collapse of the World Trade Center. The judge stated that "No reasonable person would have thought that telling thousands of people that it was safe to return to lower Manhattan, while knowing that such return could pose long-term health risks and other dire consequences, was conduct sanctioned by our laws," and called Whitman's actions "conscience-shocking."[7]. February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (SDNY) is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction comprises the following counties: New York, Bronx, Westchester, Putnam, Rockland, Orange, Dutchess, and Sullivan. ... The Honorable Deborah A. Batts (born 13 April 1947) is a Federal District Judge in the United States. ... In law, a class action is an equitable procedural device used in litigation for determining the rights of and remedies, if any, for large numbers of people whose cases involve common questions of law and fact. ...


Whitman now has an energy lobbying group called the Whitman Strategy Group, "a consulting firm that specializes in government relations and environmental and energy issues".[8]


On June 25, 2007, Whitman testified in front of Congress about the Agency's culpability in telling rescue workers that the air was safe. Whitman was repeatedly booed by rescue workers and activists who attended the hearing. She defended herself against the accusations by saying her statements about the air being safe were to people living or working near the area, not rescue workers. She also said terrorists, not the EPA, were responsible for the tragedies that befell people after September 11. [6] is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Political philosophy

In early 2005, Whitman released a book entitled It's My Party, Too: Taking Back the Republican Party... And Bringing the Country Together Again in which she criticizes the policies of the Bush administration and its electoral strategy, which she views as divisive. Whitman has denied that she intends to run for the presidency in 2008. She formed a political action committee called It's My Party Too-PAC (IMP-PAC) that she intended to help elect moderate Republicans in 2006 and 2008 at all levels of government. She has allied her PAC with the Republican Main Street Partnership, The Wish List, the Republican Majority for Choice, Republicans for Choice, Republicans for Environmental Protection and The Log Cabin Republicans. Eventually, the IMP-PAC went (according to its website) under the auspices of the Republican Leadership Council. Whitman is a leader of the moderate wing of the Republican Party, and is now working on uniting and expanding Rockefeller Republican candidates and ideals. The Bush administration includes President George W. Bush, Vice President Richard Cheney, Bushs Cabinet, and other select officials and advisors. ... The Republican Main Street Partnership is a group of social liberals and moderates in the United States Republican Party. ... The Republican Majority for Choice is a moderate Republican organization dedicated to preserving legal access to a full range of reproductive health care options. ... Republicans for Choice, an organization based in the Washington, DC area (Headquarters: 2760 Eisenhower Ave, Suite #260, Alexandria, Virginia 22314) is a political action committee (PAC) composed of members of the United States Republican Party who support legalized abortion. ... Republicans for Environmental Protection (or REP America), is a national organization of Republican voters formed in 1995 with the stated purpose of educating and advocating environmental issues and supporting efforts to conserve natural resources and protect human and environmental health. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In the United States, the term Rockefeller Republican refers to those members of the Republican party who hold moderate views similar to those of the late Nelson Rockefeller, governor of New York from 1959 to 1973 and vice president of the United States under President Gerald Ford in the mid...


Electoral history

James E. Jim McGreevey (born August 6, 1957) is an American politician from the Democratic Party. ... James Joseph Jim Florio (born August 29, 1937) was a Democratic politician who served as the 49th Governor of New Jersey from 1990 to 1994, the first Italian American to hold the position. ... Results -- Republican holds in light red, pickups in dark red, Democratic holds in light blue, pickups in dark blue The U.S. Senate election, 1990 was an election for the United States Senate in which the Democratic Party increased its majority with a net gain of one seat from the... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Quotes

  • "It is time for Republican moderates to assert plainly and forcefully that this is our party too, that we not only have a place, but a voice - and not just a voice, but a vision - a vision that is true to the historic principles of our party and our nation.[7]
  • "The defining feature of the conservative viewpoint is a faith in the ability, and a respect for the right, of individuals to make their own decisions - economic, social, and spiritual - about their lives. The true conservative understands that government's track record in respecting individual rights is poor when it dictates individual choices." From It's My Party Too, p.73

References

  1. ^ Compilation of Exhibits for 110th Congress's examination of political interference with climate science. See Exhibit F(March 19,2007). Exhibit F is a memo EPA staff released to Whitman concerned that the edits made to the 4-page state of global climate change would "no longer represent the scientific consensus on climate change".
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ EPA Response to September 11, "Whitman Details Ongoing Agency Efforts to Monitor Disaster Sites, Contribute to Cleanup Efforts" (September 18,2001). Official statement published on the EPA's website.
  4. ^ EPA Report No. 2003-P-00012, page 7. August 21, 2003. http://www.epa.gov/oig/reports/2003/WTC_report_20030821.pdf. A report in July 2003 from the EPA's Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response gave extensive documentation supporting many of the inspector general's conclusions and carrying some of them still further. Comments on the EPA Office of Inspector General’s 1/27/03 interim report titled: "EPA’s Response to the World Trade Center Towers Collapse." A Documentary Basis for Litigation. Prepared by Cate Jenkins, Ph.D. July 4, 2003. http://www.nyenvirolaw.org/PDF/Jenkins-7-4-03-documentary-d2.pdf.
  5. ^ EPA Report No. 2003-P-00012, page i.
  6. ^ "White House edited EPA's 9/11 reports" by John Heilprin, Associated Press, August 23, 2003. Found in the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, accessed September 26, 2006
  7. ^ Judge Slams Ex-EPA Chief Over Sept. 11, ABC News, February 2, 2006
  8. ^ Website of the Whitman Strategy Group, accessed September 26, 2006

August 23 is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The daily Seattle Post-Intelligencer is the second leading newspaper in Seattle, Washington, United States. ... September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... ABC News is a division of ABC television and propaganda networks (ABC), owned by The Walt Disney Company. ... February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

External links

  • Laura Flanders, Bushwomen (ISBN 1-85984-587-8).

NNDB, ostensibly standing for Notable Names Database, produced by Soylent Communications, is an online database of biographical details of notable people. ... Political Graveyard logo. ...

See also

Preceded by
James J. Florio
Governor of New Jersey
1994–2001
Succeeded by
Donald DiFrancesco
Preceded by
W. Michael McCabe
Administrator of the EPA
2001–2003
Succeeded by
Linda J. Fisher

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gale - Free Resources - Women's History - Biographies - Christine Todd Whitman (1968 words)
Christine Todd Whitman managed to defeat her opponent, James Florio, the incumbent Governor of New Jersey, with very little political experience.
Whitman's ultimate goal was to see state income taxes reduced by 30 percent within her first three years in office.
Whitman was the first-ever governor chosen by the GOP to give the rebuttal to President Clinton's State of the Union address in 1995.
Christine Whitman (1902 words)
Christine Todd Whitman managed to defeat her opponent, James Florio, the incumbent Governor of New Jersey, with very little political experience.
Whitman's ultimate goal was to see state income taxes reduced by 30 percent within her first three years in office.
Whitman was the first-ever governor chosen by the GOP to give the rebuttal to President Clinton's State of the Union address in 1995.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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